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«Dispute or Residing Together in Harmony? Bean Cultivation and Theft in Rural Ethiopia Tesfanesh Zekiwos Gichamo Uppsala 2011 EX0681 Master Thesis 30 ...»

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52 The overall aim of the study is to assess factors that affect adoption of bean cultivation in Beseku with a view to enhancing food security. Specific objective is assessing people‟s attitude and perceptions toward bean theft and elucidating the reasons for lack of adoption of bean reintroduction in two villages in Beseku.

The data, which will be collected from this discussion, will be used for research purpose as part of partial fulfillment of Rural Development and Natural Resource Management in Swedish University of Agricultural Science.

The data collected from this interview will be confidential. Your name and other information will not be disclosed to anybody. In addition to I will not use your name when I transcribe recorded interview.

Name __________________________

Sex_____________________________

Age_____________________________

Marital Status_____________________

Educational level__________________

Occupation_______________________

Religion_________________________

1. Do you have farm?

2. What types of crops do you produce in your farm?

3. Is your land good to grow beans?

4. Do you grow bean? 1. Yes 2. No

4.1. If your answer is yes where?

4.2. If your answer is no Why?

4.3 Is theft a problem in this area?

5. How do you perceive bean theft in your community?

6. How do people perceive bean theft in your community?

7. How do people react if they find someone stealing bean?

8. What do you think about bean theft in this community?

9. Why people steal bean?

10. Do they sell in the market stolen bean?

53

11. Or they use for consumption purpose?

12. Did you participate in the formulation of the by-laws through Iddir in order to stop bean theft in this village?

13. How do you see community‟s willingness in practicing the by-laws? Are you as a person respectful to it? If yes, how do you describe your respect to it?

14. Did the by law that your Iddir formulate could not stop bean theft? 1. Yes

2. No

12.1 If your answer is yes, then did farmers in your village start growing bean?

12.2. If no, why people fear to cultivate bean after the by-law?

12.3. What about the by-laws that you formulated through Iddirs?

12.4. Did not the by-law and the collective action consider these facts mentioned when first formulated?

12.5 What options do you think can work in the future?

15. Do you have anything else you want to tell me which we do not cover in the above questions?

16. Theft is culturally unacceptable

1. Strongly Agree 2. Agree 3. Neutral 4.Disagree 5. Strongly disagree

17. Theft is a common practice in this community

1. Strongly Agree 2. Agree 3. Neutral 4. Disagree 5. Strongly disagree

18. Theft should be allowed if someone has nothing to eat (poor).

1. Strongly Agree 2. Agree 3. Neutral 4. Disagree 5. Strongly disagree

19. Theft is a strong social and economic crisis

1. Strongly Agree 2. Agree 3. Neutral 4.Disagree 5.Strongly disagree

20. Poverty is the major driver for theft

1. Strongly Agree 2. Agree 3. Neutral 4.Disagree 5. Strongly disagree

21. Weak law enforcement from both local and state institutions are the root problem to stop theft

1. Strongly Agree 2. Agree 3. Neutral 4.Disagree 5. Strongly disagree

22. Impossible to stop theft at any cost 54

1. Strongly Agree 2. Agree 3. Neutral 4. Disagree 5. Strongly disagree

23. Collective actions such as the by-laws can be effective in curbing theft

1. Strongly Agree 2. Agree 3. Neutral 4.Disagree 5. Strongly disagree

1. For how many years you have lived in this village?

2. Have you ever involved as mediator of community problems at different occasions in the past, such as elder, etc.?

3. What was people‟s response in the past when you agree to do something together as community?

4. How do you express people‟s behavior in the past and present time in this village?

5. If there exist a change in behavior, why do you think is the case?

6. When do you think bean theft started in this area?

7. What have you done to stop bean theft?

8. Do you think formulating by-laws in order to stop beans theft is better than going to police or kebele?

9. If you agreed to grow beans, why you or some people in the village did not start growing?

10. How do you describe bean cultivation in this village compared to others?

11. If there is low bean reintroduction here, why do you think so? Why this village is so low in reintroduction? I.e. why farmers in other villages grow beans?

12. If you have by laws, which prevent bean theft, what are the factors, which you think as a main problem hindering farmers not to grow bean in this village?

13. What other options do you foresee that can overcome the lists of problems you mentioned?

14. Do you have anything else you want to tell me which we do not cover in the above questions?

–  –  –

2. How many of you agreed to formulate by-laws through Iddir in order to stop bean theft in this village?

3. What is the importance of the by laws?

4. How do you describe the practice of bean cultivation before and after? Is there any change?

5. If cultivation is not as expected, what do you think the main problem?

6. Do you think that your village is different from other villages of the Peasant association? If yes what are these unique features of your village compared to the others?

7. Why do you think other villages farmers started growing beans?

8. What hope for the future?

1. How do you describe the practice of bean cultivation before and after you formulated by-laws to stop bean theft?

2. What was people‟s response to by-laws? Or how people react to by-laws?

3. Why do you think farmers in this village are successful in reintroducing bean cultivation?

4. How do you express people‟s commitment to by-laws?

5. Have you found anyone who does not act in accordance with the by-laws?

If so, have you taken any action based on your agreement?

6. Did all farmers in Beseku Peasant association start growing?

1. Yes 2. No If no, why do you think they did not start growing?

7. Would you like to say anything to farmers who do not adopt reintroduction of bean?

Thank you!

–  –  –

57

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