WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 44 |

«Juanwen Yuan Thesis committee Thesis supervisor Prof. dr. A. Niehof Professor of Sociology of Consumers and Households Wageningen University Thesis ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

The Household Responsibility System and Social

Change in Rural Guizhou, China:

Applying a cohort approach

Juanwen Yuan

Thesis committee

Thesis supervisor

Prof. dr. A. Niehof

Professor of Sociology of Consumers and Households

Wageningen University

Thesis co-supervisor

Dr. H.H.S. Moerbeek

Assistant Professor, Sociology of Consumer and Households Group

Wageningen University

Other members

Prof.dr.ir. A.P.J..Mol, Wageningen University

Prof.dr. J.L.S. Jiggins, Wageningen University Dr. N.B.M. Heerink, Wageningen University Dr. E.J. Spaan, Radboud University Nijmegen This research was conducted under the auspices of Mansholt Graduate School of Social Sciences The Household Responsibility System and Social Change in

Rural Guizhou, China:

Applying a cohort approach Juanwen Yuan Thesis Submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor at Wageningen University by the authority of the Rector Magnificus Prof. dr. M.J. Kropff in the presence of the Thesis Committee appointed by the Academic Board to be defended in public on Tuesday 15 June 2010 at 11 a.m. in the Aula.

Juanwen Yuan

The Household Responsibility System and Social Change in Rural Guizhou, China:

Applying a cohort approach Ph.D. Thesis, Wageningen University (2010).

With references – With summaries in English and Dutch.

ISBN 978-90-8585604-7 Acknowledgements Without the support of International Development Research Center (IDRC), I could not have done this PhD study. Special gratitude goes to Ms. Elaine Tang of the IDRC Singapore office and to the program officer of IDRC, Dr. Ronnie Vernooy, for his support and his friendship during my study period. I also would like to express my thanks to the Neys-van Hoogstraten Foundation for financing my field research.

I would like to give special thanks to my promotor Prof. Anke Niehof for her guidance and patience and her help with solving practical problems. Thanks also go to my co-promotor Dr. Hester Moerbeek, especially for her help with the quantitative data analysis, and to Dr. Lisa Price for her guidance at the beginning of my study. I would like to thank my colleagues and friends from the Sociology of Consumers and Households Groups. Special thanks go to Hedy Munro for her help with the logistics and all kinds of minor problems a PhD student in Wageningen experiences. Thanks are due to Dinie Verbeek and Margaret van Wissen for formatting the dissertation and make it nice and to Riet van de Westeringh for telling me about Dutch life and culture. I value the friendship of other PhD students from different countries whom I met in Wageningen – Nahid, Narayani, Marian, Mariame, Faith, Monica, Namizata, Rose, Julie, Raisa, Ekaete, and Stephanie – and of my country mates in Wageningen – Liu Jinlong, Peng Guangqian, Wang Guohong, Zhang Lu, Zhong Lijing, Wang Huashu, Yu Jihua, Sun Qiu, and Yang Huan.

I am indebted to the Guizhou College of Finance and Economics for granting me study leave, especially to Prof. Xu Zhuyan. Special thanks go to Kaizuo villagers and officials for their hospitality and assistance while in the field, especially the villagers of Dabuyang and Dongkou. I would like to thank the enumerators Wang Jiexiong, Wu Ju, Jiang Xiaolan, Zhu Yanxia, and Ye Chenfa for accompanying me in the field during the coldest month in fifty years. Thanks are also due to Lu Jinfang for joining my survey and sharing her experience.

Lastly but not least I would like to thank my husband Yan Qian for his sacrifice and my daughter Yongyong for her understanding. She is a self-disciplined girl and never gives me trouble, which enabled me concentrate on my studies. I am grateful to my sisters-in-law and my parents-in-law for taking care of my daughter when I was away and to my parents, my sisters and brothers for their encouragement.

It is hard to list all. If there is someone I forgot to mention, please forgive me and accept my sincere gratitude.

–  –  –

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

LIST OF ACRONYMS

GLOSSARY

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Motivation of the research

1.2 Setting the stage for the research

1.3 Problem statement and research objectives

1.4 Relevance of the research

1.5 Location and timing of the research

1.6 Structure of this thesis

CHAPTER 2 HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL CONTEXT

2.1 The collective era

2.2 The “Household Responsibility System” (HRS)

2.2.1 Initiation and implementation

2.2.2 Household structure and composition change

2.2.3 Household livelihood change and differentiation

2.2.4 Change related to gender roles

2.3 Transition to a market economy

2.4 Migration

2.4.1 Reasons for migration

2.4.2 Impacts of migration

2.4.3 The significance of the social network

2.5 Agricultural change

2.6 Development in rural areas

2.7 Family and household

2.7.1 The Chinese family and household

2.7.2 Kinship

2.7.3 Headship

2.7.4 Division of labour

2.8 Gender issues in China

2.8.1 Gender and land issues in China





2.8.2 Gender and household labour in China

2.9 Summary and conclusion

CHAPTER 3 LITERATURE REVIEW AND CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

3.1 Household, family, kinship and headship

3.1.1 Household

3.1.2 Family

3.1.3 Kinship

3.1.4 Headship

vii 3.2 Livelihood and migration

3.2.1 Livelihood

3.2.2 Migration

3.3 Gender

3.4 Social differentiation and social change

3.5 The cohort approach

3.5.1 Cohort analysis

3.5.2 Temporal perspective

3.6 Conceptual framework and operationalisation

3.6.1 Household

3.6.2 Livelihood

3.6.3 Gender

3.6.4 Social stratification

3.6.5 Life course

CHAPTER 4 THE RESEARCH AREA

4.1 Guizhou province

4.2 The municipality of Kaizuo

4.3 A profile of seven selected villages

4.4 The administrative system

4.5 Agriculture and livelihood

4.6 Cultural profile

CHAPTER 5 STUDY DESIGN, DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS

5.1 Methodological design

5.1.1 The cohort perspective

5.1.2 The household’s life course perspective

5.1.3 A combination of perspectives and methods in the study design

5.2 The fieldwork as a process

5.3 The data collection

5.3.1 The household survey

5.3.2 Secondary data collection

5.3.3 Key informant interviews

5.3.4 Self-ranking

5.3.5 Focus group discussions (FGD)

5.3.6 Life history

5.3.7 Case study

5.4 Data analysis

5.5 Issues in the research process

CHAPTER 6 WOMEN’S LIFE STORIES AND SOCIAL CHANGE

6.1 The relationship between cohort and life stage

6.2 Marriage and household formation

6.3 Female-headed households

6.3.1 Female-headed households in the literature

6.3.2 Female-headed households in the study area

6.4 Women’s life stories

6.4.1 Life story 1

6.4.2 Life story 2

6.4.3 Life story 3

6.4.4 Life story 4

6.4.5 Life story 5

6.4.6 Life story 6

6.4.7 Life story 7

6.4.8 Life story 8

6.5 Discussion and Conclusion

viii CHAPTER 7 LIVELIHOOD PORTFOLIOS

7.1 Assets and resources

7.1.1 Human resources

7.1.2 Physical and financial resources

7.1.3 Environmental resources

7.1.4 Social resources

7.2 Livelihood activities

7.2.1 Farming

7.2.2 Land use

7.2.3 Migration

7.2.4 Migrated households

7.3 Gender and livelihood portfolios

7.4 Conclusions

CHAPTER 8 FARMING HOUSEHOLDS AND THE HOUSEHOLD

RESPONSIBILITY SYSTEM

8.1 Marriage and household formation changes

8.2 Household composition and residence

8.3 Household livelihood portfolios, land use and cropping patterns

8.3.1 Household livelihood portfolio changes

8.3.2 Land use and cropping pattern changes

8.4 Food security

8.5 Gender

8.5.1 Gender and livelihood change

8.5.2 Gender changes in the division of labour and decision-making

8.6 Migration

8.6.1 Motivations for migration

8.6.2 Migration impact

8.7 Social resources

8.7.1 Changes in social resources

8.7.2 The importance of social resources

8.8 Case studies

8.9 Discussion and conclusions

CHAPTER 9 AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY EXTENSION AND ADOPTION....... 179

9.1 The extension structure

9.2 Extension activities and interventions

9.3 Farming households’ adoption behaviour and initiatives

9.3.1 Households’ technology adoption channels

9.3.2 Cohort and technology access

9.3.3 Gender issues in agricultural technology extension

9.3.4 Villagers’ experimentation and innovation

9.3.5 Cases

9.4 Discussion

CHAPTER 10 CONCLUSIONS AND DISCUSSION

10.1 The changes in farming households since the HRS

10.1.1 Characteristics of Chinese farming households in the collective period

10.1.2 Land allocation and land use

10.1.3 Changes in farming households after the implementation of the HRS

10.2 Interrelated changes in household, gender roles, land use and livelihoods............ 199 10.2.1 Household types and decision making on land use

10.2.2 The household’s life course and decision making on land use

10.2.3 Gender and decision making on land use

10.2.4 Livelihood strategies in relation to gender and life course

10.2.5 Impacts of changing household livelihood strategies on rural society

10.3 Implications for agricultural extension policies

10.3.1 Agricultural extension and farming households’ perspective

10.3.2 Implications for agricultural extension

ix 10.4 General discussion

10.4.1 Dimensions of social change

10.4.2 Social change and stratification

10.5 Final notes on methodology

BIBLIOGRAPHY

ANNEXES

SUMMARY

SAMENVATTING

CURRICULUM VITAE

TRAINING AND SUPERVISION PLAN

–  –  –

Figure 3.1: Conceptual framework

Figure 4.1: Location of the municipality of Kaizuo (Tyler, 2006)

Figure 4.2: The location of the seven research villages in the municipality of Kaizuo (adapted from CBNRM, 1999)

Figure 4.3: The administrative system

Figure 4.4: Land use in Dabuyang village (adapted from the CBNRM project, 1995).

.... 59 Figure 5.1: The study design

Figure 6.2: The genealogy of Zhi

Figure 6.3: The genealogy of Xiu

Figure 6.4: The genealogy of Zhen

Figure 6.5: The genealogy of Fen

Figure 6.6: The genealogy of Yan

Figure 6.7: The genealogy of Xiao

Figure 6.8: The genealogy of Ming

Figure 6.9: The genealogy of Ying

–  –  –

ACWF All-China Women's Federation CAB County Agricultural Bureau CAPAO County Agriculture and Poverty Alleviation Office CBNRM Community-based Natural Resource Management FGDs Focus Group Discussions GPG Guizhou People’s Government GPLSSD Guizhou Provincial Labour and Social Security Department GSGSSB Guizhou Survey Group of State Statistics Bureau HRS Household Responsibility System IDRC International Development Research Center, Canada IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development KPG Kaizuo People’s Government RCRE Research Center for Rural Economy ROSCA Rotating Savings and Credit Association RTDI Rural Transformation and Development Institute SPONRMT Sunshine Project Office of National Rural Migration Training Project

–  –  –

1.1 Motivation of the research When I came to Wageningen University for my PhD study, I had been involved for seven years in a community-based natural resource management project, funded by the International Development Research Center (IDRC, Canada). I had been working in research during these years and could observe many changes. From the villagers and local officials I also heard about the changes taking place. During the past two decades, the impacts of both the Household Responsibility System (HRS)1 and migration have become visible in a major way. Men and young people migrate, leaving women and the aged at home to manage the field and natural resources. The natural resource management (including land use) is undergoing change because of labour shortage and other factors.

My tentative topic for the PhD study was community organization and natural resource management. I was interested in understanding women’s organizations at the community level, not so much in phenomena at the individual or household level. After I began to study at the chair group of Sociology of Consumers and Households at Wageningen University, I became interested in the concepts of household and livelihood and the perspectives they represent. This motivated me to reformulate my research topic and try to open the ‘black box’ of the household, chiefly because the household became the unit of agricultural production from the moment the Household Responsibility System was implemented. In developing the research proposal, I applied the concepts of household and livelihood to address the topic of rural social change in relation to natural resource management and changing land use. Gender was seen as a crosscutting issue from the start of the research. Thus, this research focuses on the interrelated dynamics of household change, changing livelihoods, land use, and changing gender roles.



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 44 |


Similar works:

«Rural Sociology 78(1), 2013, pp. 1–28 DOI: 10.1111/j.1549-0831.2012.00095.x Copyright © 2012, by the Rural Sociological Society A More Perfect Commodity: Bottled Water, Global Accumulation, and Local Contestation Daniel Jaffee Department of Sociology *Washington State University Soren Newman School of the Environment Washington State University Abstract Bottled water sits at the intersection of debates regarding the social and environmental effects of the commodification of nature and the...»

«www.defra.gov.uk Dangerous Dogs Law Guidance for Enforcers Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Nobel House 17 Smith Square London SW1P 3JR Telephone: 020 7238 6000 Website: www.defra.gov.uk © Crown copyright 2009 Copyright in the typographical arrangement and design rests with the Crown. This publication (excluding the logo) may be reproduced free of charge in any format or medium provided that it is reproduced accurately and not used in a misleading context. The material must...»

«SOMALIA 2015 HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Federal Government of Somalia, formed in 2012, was led by President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud. Clan elders nominated the members of the House of the People of the Federal Parliament in 2012. Parliament elected Hassan Sheikh Mohamud as president later that year. Former Transitional Federal Government (TFG) president and presidential candidate Sheikh Sharif described the presidential vote as fair and conceded defeat. The regional governments of...»

«The role of wild grasses in subsistence and sedentism: new evidence from the northern Fertile Crescent Manon Savard, Mark Nesbitt and Martin K. Jones Abstract Sedentism is usually regarded as a pre-condition for the development of crop husbandry in Southwest Asia and, consequently, sedentary pre-agrarian sites are an important focus of research on the origins of agriculture. It is often assumed that wild grasses were as important for huntergatherers as domesticated cereals were for early...»

«Citation: Osman Mohammed, Wani, S.P., Vineela, C and Murali, R. 2009. Quantification of Nutrients Recycled by Tank Silt and its Impact on Soil and Crop A Pilot Study in Warangal District of Andhra Pradesh. Global Theme on Agroecosystems Report no. 52. Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India; International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics. 20 pages. Abstract Tanks were an integral part of rural life in India traditionally. However, with decreasing collective action by the...»

«Milk Fat Globule Stability Lipolysis with Special Reference to Automatic Milking Systems Lars Wiking Faculty of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences Department of Food Science Uppsala Doctoral thesis Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Uppsala 2005 Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae 2005: 49 ISSN 1652-6880 ISBN 91-576-7048-X © 2005 Lars Wiking, Uppsala Tryck: SLU Service/Repro, Uppsala 2 Abstract Wiking, L. 2005. Milk Fat Globule Stability Lipolysis with Special Reference...»

«FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQs): MINNESOTA’S STAFF DEVELOPMENT STATUTES Minnesota Statutes, sections 122A.60 and 122A.61 Created September 2001 Updated July 2002, March 2006, February 2008, November 2010, August 2013 In response to many interpretation and implementation questions about Minnesota’s staff development statutes, the organizations listed below have jointly developed this set of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs). The statutes discussed in this set of FAQs can be found at Minn....»

«International Journal of Plant Production 1(1), March 2007 ISSN 1735-6814 GUASNR This is a refereed journal and all articles are professionally screened and reviewed. www.ijpp.info Tea yield and soil properties as affected by slope position and aspect in Lahijan area, Iran F. Khormalia,*, Sh. Ayoubia, F. Kananro Foomania, A. Fatemib, Kh. Hemmatic a Department of Soil Science, cDepartment of Horticulture, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran. b Tea...»

«ZOLTÁN KODÁLY’S SONATA FOR UNACCOMPANIED CELLO, OP. 8: ONE CELLIST’S PATH TO PERFORMANCE A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of the Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Musical Arts in The School of Music by Celeste Power B.M., University of New Mexico, 2005 M.M., University of Oklahoma, 2007 May 2013 Acknowledgements I would first like to thank my professor, Dennis Parker,...»

«Research in ISSN : P-2409-0603, E-2409-9325 AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK and FISHERIES An Open Access Peer Reviewed Journal      Open Access Res. Agric. Livest. Fish. Research Article Vol. 2, No. 1, April 2015: 125-133 FISHERS ACCESS TO THE COMMON PROPERTY WATERBODIES IN THE NORTHERN REGION OF BANGLADESH Md. Amzad Hossain1*, Mousumi Das1, Md. Shahanoor Alam2 and Md. Enamul Haque3 1 Department of Aquaculture, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU), Gazipur-1706,...»

«Remote estimation of chlorophyll concentration in productive waters: Principals, algorithm development and validation A.A. Gitelson, Y.Z. Yacobi, D. C. Rundquist, R. Stark, L. Han, and D. Etzion Anatoly A. Gitelson is a professor with both the School of Natural Resource Sciences, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA and the Institute of Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel. Gitelson holds a Ph.D. in Radio Physics (Russia,...»

«Faculty of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences Department of Urban and Rural Development Rural Development and Natural Resource Management Dispute or Residing Together in Harmony? Bean Cultivation and Theft in Rural Ethiopia Tesfanesh Zekiwos Gichamo Uppsala 2011 EX0681 Master Thesis 30 hp Dispute or Residing Together in Harmony? Bean Cultivation and Theft in Rural Ethiopia Tesfanesh Zekiwos Gichamo Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Department of Urban and Rural Development...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.