«Embargo information No embargo required Item downloaded from Downloaded on 2016-05-23T13:09:50Z Thesis to obtain the ...»
Under this context, milk quality management appears as a transversal component that formal dairy processors also have to deal with in order to satisfy the high demand of their consumers. Moreover, targeting high-valued markets such as urban supermarkets should push them to upgrade milk quality by implementing training and quality control programs, and organizing logistics such as better collection practices.
Improving milk quality depends also on stakeholders’ capacity to improve their management skills and on better coordination between them within the whole supply chain. Alternatives to improving milk quality in Mantaro valley may include strategies like (i) supporting the establishment of smallholder
win-win scenarios for all the stakeholders. Although the involvement of the Peruvian State in the dairy sector is limited, local and national public institutions can also help : (i) promoting the involvement of the informal dairy sector in more integrated dairy supply chains, by helping informal producers in the differentiation of their dairy products or the promotion of the artisanal quality of the cheese they produce; (ii) providing incentives to the stakeholders in the formal sector in order to avoid their migration to a parallel sector; and (iii) promoting consumers’ concerns regarding food quality and sanitary issues by stressing the importance of buying nutritional and hygienic products. The use of a supporting tool adapted to the dairy production in this area and dedicated to strategic issues such as selecting the best portfolio and the design of alternative payment system, contributed to increase the prospective thinking of dairy processors to increase mid-term profits on one hand, and to encourage dairy farmers to improve their milk quality with the idea to get a better income on the other hand.
However, implementation will depend on a constant measurement of milk quality parameters and stakeholders’ capacity to innovate and create a transparent payment system in the area.
Despite the fact that the informal dairy sector has a structured supply of dairy products to informal markets, this sector remains sensitive to the State’s willingness to apply stricter quality regulations.
Moreover, the current lack of involvement of the informal sector in more added value supply chains makes informal processors dependent on general market demand which most of the time means lower prices and profits. Alternatives for this sector need to be better explored in future research in order to integrate them in a more resilient dairy production system.
Aubron, C., 2007. Lait et fromage dans un pays andin: quelle place pour les filières artisanales péruviennes face aux industries laitières? Revue d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux 60, 189-197.
Babatunde, R.O., Qaim, M., 2010. Impact of off-farm income on food security and nutrition in Nigeria.
Food policy, 35, 303-311.
Barham, G.S., Khaskheli, M., Soomro, A.H., Nizamani, Z.A., 2014. Detection and extent of extraneous water and adulteration in milk consumed at Hyderabad, Pakistan. Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences 2, 47-52.
Bartl, K., Gómez, C., Aufdermauer, T., Garcia, M., Kreuzer, M., Hess, H., Wettstein, H.-R., 2009.
Effect of diet type on performance and metabolic traits of Peruvian local and introduced cow types kept at 200 and 3600 m of altitude. Livestock Science 122, 30-38.
Bennett, A., Lhoste, F., Crook, J., and Phelan, J., 2006. The future of small scale dairying. Livestock report.
Bernet, T., 1998. Past and present development of the Peruvian dairy sector: A base document for further research. Social Science Department Working Paper No. 1998-1. International Potato Center (CIP), Lima, Peru.
Bernet, T. 2000. The Peruvian dairy sector: Farmer perspectives, development strategies and policy options. PhD Thesis. ETH No 13830, Zürich, Switzerland.
Bernet, T., Staal, S., Walker, T., 2001. Changing milk production trends in Peru: Small-scale highland farming versus coastal agrobusiness. Mountain Research and Development 21, 268-275.
Andes: an economic assessment of small-scale sprinkler irrigation for milk production. Mountain research and development 22, 375-382.
Birthal, P. S., Joshi, P. K., 2007. Smallholder Farmers’ Access to Markets for High Value Agricultural Commodities in India, Cornel University, New York.
Birthal, P. S., Jha, A. K., Tiongco, M. M., Narrod, C., 2008. Improving farm-to-market linkages through contract farming: a case study of smallholder dairying in India. Intl Food Policy Res Inst.
Botaro, B.G., Gameiro, A.H., Santos, M.V.D., 2013. Quality based payment program and milk quality in dairy cooperatives of Southern Brazil: an econometric analysis. Scientia Agricola, 70, 21-26.
Brokken, R.F., Seyoum, S., 1990. Dairy marketing in sub-Saharan Africa, Proceedings of a symposium held at ILCA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Delgado, C., Maurtua, D., 2003. Evaluación bacteriológica de quesos frescos artesanales comercializados en Lima, Perú, y la supuesta acción bactericida de Lactobacillus spp. Rev. Panam.
Sal. Publ 24, 157-163.
Dong, F., Hennessy, D. A., Jensen, H. H., 2012. Factors determining milk quality and implications for production structure under somatic cell count standard modification. Journal of dairy science 95, 6421Doss, C.R., 2006. Analyzing technology adoption using microstudies: limitations, challenges, and opportunities for improvement. Agricultural economics 34, 207-219.
Dries, L., Germenji, E., Noev, N., Swinnen, J.F., 2009. Farmers, vertical coordination, and the restructuring of dairy supply chains in Central and Eastern Europe. World Development 37, 1742
resources: a survey of available methods, Ecological Economics 36, pp. 1–18.
Dulcire, M., Salazar, I., Huamanyauri, K., Fuentes, E., 2012. Asociaciones agropecuarias y acciones colectivas como eje progresista hacia el futuro…¿Y el papel de la investigación?. Cirad, Montpellier, France, 48 p.
Elmoslemany, A.M., Keefe, G.P., Dohoo, I.R., Wichtel, J.J., Stryhn, H., Dingwell, R.T., 2010. The association between bulk tank milk analysis for raw milk quality and on-farm management practices.
Preventive Veterinary Medicine 95, 32–40.
Espinoza-Ortega, A., Espinosa-Ayala, E., Bastida-Lopez, J., Castañeda-Martinez, T., Arriaga-Jordán, C., 2007. Small-scale dairy farming in the highlands of central Mexico: Technical, economic and social aspects and their impact on poverty. Experimental Agriculture 43, 241-256.
Fałkowski, J., 2012. Dairy supply chain modernisation in Poland: what about those not keeping pace?
European Review of Agricultural Economics 39, 397-415.
FAO, 2006. Country Pasture/Forage Resource Profiles – Peru by Dr. Raúl R. Vera. Available at:
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/counprof/Peru/Peru.htm FAO, 2009. Milk testing and payment systems. Resource book – Practical guide to assist milk producers groups, Rome – Italy FAO 2010. Status of and Prospects for Smallholder Milk Production – A Global Perspective, Rome – Italy.
Quality Control. Food Safety Management in Developing Countries. Proceedings of the International Workshop, CIRAD-FAO, 11-13 December, Montpellier, France.
Faysse, N., Sraïri, M.T., Errahj, M., 2012. Local Farmers' Organisations: A Space for Peer-to-Peer Learning? The Case of Milk Collection Cooperatives in Morocco. The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension 18, 285-299.
Fernandez-Baca, E., Bajorquez, C., 1994. Producción lechera en el valle del Mantaro: Recursos disponibles para la producción. Revista de Investigaciones Pecuarias IVITA 7,97-106.
FOSS, 2005.The key to high quality products lies in your raw milk supply - Influence the composition,
volume and hygienic quality of your raw milk through payment systems. Available at:
http://www.foss.dk/~/media/Files/Documents/Industry%20solution%20documents/Brochures%20and% 20data%20sheet/BactoScanFC/key%20to%20high%20quality.ashx Fuentes, E., Bogue, J., Gómez, C., Vargas, J. and Le Gal, P.-Y., 2014. Effects of dairy husbandry practices and farm types on raw milk quality collected by different categories of dairy processors in the Peruvian Andes. Tropical Animal Health and Production. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-014-0658-6 Geary, U., 2010. Development and application of a processing model for the Irish dairy industry.
Journal of dairy science, 93, 5091-5100.
Gorton, M., Dumitrashko, M., White, J., 2006. Overcoming supply chain failure in the agri-food sector:
A case study from Moldova. Food Policy 31, 90-103.
Gow, H.R., Streeter, D.H., Swinnen, J.F., 2000. How private contract enforcement mechanisms can succeed where public institutions. Agricultural Economics 23, 253-265.
Zimbabwe: hygienic practices during milking and the microbiological quality of the milk at the farm and on delivery. Food Control, 13, 41-47.
Grimaud, P., Sserunjogi, M. L., Grillet, N., 2007. An evaluation of milk quality in Uganda: Value Chain Assessment and Recommendations. African Journal of Food Agriculture Nutrition and Development, 7, 5.
Grimaud, P., Sserunjogi, M., Wesuta, M., Grillet, N., Kato, M., Faye, B., 2009. Effects of season and agro-ecological zone on the microbial quality of raw milk along the various levels of the value chain in Uganda. Tropical animal health and production, 41, 883-890.
Haenlein, G., 2003. Nutritional value of dairy products of ewe and goat milk. Retrieved January 28, from: http://ag.udel.edu/extension/information/goatmgt/gm-10.htm Hanf, J.H. and Pieniadz, A., 2007. Quality Management in Supply Chain Networks - The Case of Poland. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 10.
Helrich, K. C., 1990. Official methods of Analysis of the AOAC. Volume 2. No. Ed. 15. Association of Official Analytical Chemists Inc..
IDF., 1990. Handbook on milk collection in warm developing countries IDF special issue N 9002. 148 pp. Brussels,Belgium.
IDF., 2006. Payment Systems for Ex-Farm Milk – Results of IDF Questionaire, Bulletin 403.
International Dairy Federation, Brussels, Belgium, 106 pp Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática (INEI)., 2010. Junín: Series Estadísticas 2000 – 2009.
Oficina Departamental de Estadística e Informática de Junín.
bulk tank milk. Medycyna Weterynaryjna, 60, 323-326.
Kasemsumran, S., Thanapase, W., Kiatsoonthon, A., 2007. Feasibility of near-infrared spectroscopy to detect and to quantify adulterants in cow milk. Analytical Sciences 23, 907.
Kasirye, I., 2013. Constraints to Agricultural Technology Adoption in Uganda: Evidence from the 2005/06-2009/10 Uganda National Panel Survey. African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 8, 90-107.
Kelly, P.T., O'Sullivan, K., Berry, D.P., 2009. Farm management factors associated with bulk milk somatic cell count in Irish dairy herds. Irish Veterinary Journal, 62, 45–51.
Key, N., Runsten, D., 1999. Contract farming, smallholders, and rural development in Latin America:
the organization of agroprocessing firms and the scale of outgrower production. World Development 27, 381-401.
Kilic, A. and Kilic, S., 1994. Feeding and milk. Bilgehan Press. Izmir.
Knips, V., 2006. Developing Countries and the Global Dairy Sector, Part II: Country Case Studies.
Kivaria, F., Noordhuizen, J., Kapaga, A., 2006. Evaluation of the hygienic quality and associated public health hazards of raw milk marketed by smallholder dairy producers in the Dar es Salaam region, Tanzania. Tropical animal health and production 38, 185-194.
Koussou, M. O., Grimaud, P., 2007. Evaluation de la qualité physico-chimique et hygiénique du lait de brousse et des produits laitiers locaux commercialisés dans les bars laitiers de N'Djamena au Tchad.
Revue d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux 60,1-4.
2007. Poverty dynamics and the role of livestock in the Peruvian Andes. Agricultural Systems 94, 294Larsen, M. K., 2010. Milk quality as affected by feeding regimens in a country with climatic variation.
Journal of dairy science 93, 2863-2873.
Lejars, C., Auzoux, S., Siegmund, B., and Letourmy, P., 2010. Implementing sugarcane quality-based payment systems using a decision support system. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 70, 225Makita, K., Desissa, F., Teklu, A., Zewde, G., Grace, D., 2012. Risk assessment of staphylococcal poisoning due to consumption of informally-marketed milk and home-made yoghurt in Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. International journal of food microbiology 153, 135-141.
Martínez-García, C. G., Dorward, P., Rehman, T., 2013. Factors influencing adoption of improved grassland management by small-scale dairy farmers in central Mexico and the implications for future research on smallholder adoption in developing countries. Livestock Science 152, 228-238.
McDermott, J. Staal, S., Freeman, H. Herrero, M., Van de Steeg, J., 2010. Sustaining intensification of smallholder livestock systems in the tropics. Livestock Science, 2010. In press.
Millogo, V., Ouédraogo, G., Agenäs, S., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K. 2008. Survey on dairy cattle milk production and milk quality problems in peri-urban areas in Burkina Faso. African Journal of Agricultural Research 3, 215-224.
Mdoe, N., Wiggins, S., 1996. Dairy products demand and marketing in Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania.
Food Policy 21, 319-336.
Ministerio de Agricultura del Perú (MINAG)., 2009. Estadísticas de Producción de Productos Pecuarios: 1990-2008.
Miyata, S., Minot, N., Hu, D., 2009. Impact of contract farming on income: linking small farmers, packers, and supermarkets in China. World Development 37, 1781-1790.
Moran, J., 2005. Business Management for Tropical Dairy Farmers. CSIRO publishing.