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«DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF THE AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES IN THE MEKONG DELTA, VIETNAM: SIGNIFICATION OF DIVERSIFICATION INTO BUSUNESS AND ACTITITIES ...»

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The research results shows that 1) Vietnam’s ACs, in general, and the MD AC, in particular, have both opportunities and challenges after the First Cooperative Law in 1996. 2) The current status development of ACs in MD, South of Vietnam is similar to ACs in Vietnam, ACs in MD have faced some challenges as simple business and activities, low educational degree of management staff, low ratio of farmers enrolment into ACs. But, some ACs in MD have been successful business and activities. 3) ACs have contributed to the improvement of farming practices for both members and non-members. Members use a greater variety of services from ACs than do non-members. Hence, contributions of ACs to farming practices have more significant effects on members than on non-members. In addition, the contribution of ACs to farming practices widely differs between P0, when the AC did not give services, and PT, when it provided services. 4) Case studies of successful ACs show that these ACs have succeeded because their business and activities are diversified, beneficial, convenient and based on the needs of members and non-members. Also, AC's services reduce production cost and increase revenue and profit and the AC has developed its internal resources for sustainable development. 5) Development strategy of ACs in the Mekong Delta includes 2 periods, 3 implementation suggestions, 4 strategies and 5 stages development business and activities.

–  –  –

Kagoshima University, Faculty of Agriculture, Doctoral course (2011-2014) Topic: Development strategy of agricultural cooperatives in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam Questionnaire for Member of Agricultural Cooperative I. General information of farmer 1. Date:………………………… Interviewer:………………………… Code [….]

2. Name of interviewees:………………………………. Male/female:……….

Common Name (nick name):…………………………. Age: ……..Years Experience on rice produce: ……Year Home/cell phone:…………………………… Education level:…./12

3. Address: #……….hamlet:……………Village:………….District………….An Giang

4. Number of household members # Member name Relation Gender Age Education Occupation Farm HH work 1 2 3 4 5

5. Are you a member of any farmer’s organizations?

 Farmer club  Associate production  Cooperative group  Other:…………

6. Are you member of agricultural cooperative?

Code [….]

–  –  –

2.3.1 Second product:………………………….

Type of information Unit Description Amount Area, quantitative..

Total cost investment Total of income Yield Price/unit

1. Cooperative; 2. Local small collector; 3. Big collector; 4. miller; 5. Food company 87

2. contract; 2. Non- contract 88

–  –  –

3.11 What kind of advantages when you become member?

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Kind of advantages compare with non member or private farmer Kind of advantages Description and measurement  Irrigation pump service  Fertilizer service  Pesticide service  Seed service  Micro credit  Harvest  Rice selling  Chance for learning  

–  –  –

3.13 What kind of activities that agricultural cooperative should be improved?

And how is improve?89 Activity 1:……………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………… Activity 2:……………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………… Activity 3:……………………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

3.14 What kind of activities/service that agricultural cooperative should do?

Kind of activities Description and measurement Relate to production  Non – agricultural activities  Other activities 

–  –  –

Notes: ask name of activities, status now, expect of farmer and suggestion from farmer for 89 improving 171 IV. Social indicators relate to agricultural cooperative (ask for both groups)

4.1 What kind of social benefits that AC brings to farmers, community and society?

………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………

4.2 How is your evaluation on those sentences?

Totally Agre No Dis-a Totally Agree e Idea gree Disagree

1. AC helps to improve farming skills

2. AC helps to improve quality of product

3. AC creates job for local people

4. AC helps people receive new information and technology 5 AC helps to reduce effects from natural disaster (flood, drought, insect…)





6. AC helps community development & rural development

7. Any people can become member (The poor, landless )

8. AC help to reduce cost production and increase profits

9. When AC provide service (fertilizer, goods…), it helps control price in the community

10. AC is a good organization for linking small farmers for increasing competition

11. AC is a good representative of farmer for market services and 4 hours linking

12. AC is easy get programs from government & other organizations

13. AC can provide health care service

14. AC can provide insurance service

15. AC is good model for the future

–  –  –

Questionnaire for Non - member of agricultural cooperative I. General information of farmer 1. Date:………………………… Interviewer:………………………… Code [….]

2. Name of interviewees:………………………………. Male/female:……….

Common Name(nick name):…………………………. Age: ……..Years Experience on rice produce: ……Year Home/cell phone:…………………………… Education level:…./12

3. Address: #……….hamlet:……………Village:………….District………….An Giang

4. Number of household members # Member name Relation Gender Age Education Occupation Farm HH work 1 2 3 4 5

5. Are you a member of any farmer’s organizations?

 Farmer club  Associate production  Cooperative group  Other:…………

6. Is your land inside the area of any agricultural cooperative?

–  –  –

2.3.1 Second product:………………………….

Type of information Unit Description Amount Area, quantitative..

Total cost investment Total of income Yield Price/unit

–  –  –

3.9 What kind of activities that agricultural cooperative should be improved? And how is improve?92 Activity 1:……………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………… Activity 2:……………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………… Activity 3:……………………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

3.10 What kind of activities/services that agricultural cooperative should do in the future?

What kind of activities that agricultural cooperative that you want to join into Notes: ask name of activities, status now, expect of farmer and suggestion from farmer for 92

–  –  –

IV. Social indicators relate to agricultural cooperative

4.1 According to you, what kind of social benefits that AC brings to farmers, community and society?

………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………

4.2 How is your evaluation on those sentences?

Totall Agre No Dis-a Totally y e Ide gree Disagre Agree a e

1. AC helps to improve farming skills 178

2. AC helps to improve quality of product

3. AC creates job for local people

4. AC helps people asset to new information and technology 5 AC helps to reduce effect from natural disaster (flood, drought, insect…)

6. AC helps community development & rural development

7. Any people can become member (The poor, landless )

8. AC help to reduce cost production and increase profits

9. When AC provide service (fertilizer, goods…), it helps control price in the community

10. AC is a good organization for linking small farmers for increasing competition

11. AC is a good representative of farmer for market services and 4 hours linking

12. AC is easy get programs from government & other organizations

13. AC can provide health care service

14. AC can provide insurance service

15. AC is good model for the future

–  –  –

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–  –  –

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–  –  –

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–  –  –

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