«NOVEMBER 22, 1963 (Friday) 12:00 AM (Nov. 22, 1963) Nine Secret Service agents drinking at Pat Kirkwood’s bar the “Cellar Door” in Fort Worth, ...»
Building engineer J. C. Price is on the roof of the Terminal Annex Building on the south side of Dealey Plaza. He sees a man run from the area behind the wooden fence. Price states that the man has something in his right hand and “was running very fast, which gave me the suspicion that he was doing the shooting.” “I saw one man run towards the passenger cars on the railroad siding after the volley of shots. This man had a white dress shirt, no tie, and khaki colored trousers. His hair appeared to be long and dark and his agility running could be about 25 years of age. He had something in his hand. I couldn’t be sure but it may have been a headpiece.” - J. C.
Price CE 2003 Dallas Police Detective, Tom Tilson, is driving east on Commerce and approaching the triple underpass when he sees the Presidential limousine escort emerge from the underpass heading west at high speed and turn towards Stemmons Freeway. He then sees a suspicious white man slipping and sliding down the embankment on the north side of Elm, west of the triple underpass. According to Tilson, the man attracts his attention by the breakneck speed at which he is coming down the incline and he is the only person running away from the Plaza area. He describes the man as a white male, 38-40 years old, dark hair, and wearing dark clothes. H&L Emory Roberts waves LBJ’s car closer to his follow-up car and yells, pointing ahead: “They got him. They got him.” He then points to Agent McIntyre: “You and Bennett take over Johnson as soon as we stop.” TDKWS Roberts has chosen to use the word “they” in reference to whoever fired the shots.
L.C. Smith, of the Sheriff’s Office, hears “... a woman unknown to me say the President was shot in the head and the shots came from the fence on the north side of Elm.” Decker Exhibit 5323 Victoria Adams and Sandra Styles rush out of the back door of the TSBD. [Adams estimates that she and her friend were going outside about a minute after the shooting.] They are stopped by a policeman.
“Get back into the building,” he says.
“But I work here,” Adams pleads.
“That is tough, get back.” “Well, was the President shot?” “I don’t know. Go back.” The two women obey, yet they do not return the way they came, but rather by going all the way around the west side to reenter the TSBD through the front entrance--talking to people along the way.
On Capitol Hill, a closed session of the Senate Rules Committee presided over by B. Everett Jordan of North Carolina sparked by the unappeasable John Williams of Deleware is evoking well-documented testimony from an acutely panicked Don Reynolds. It implicates Lyndon B. Johnson. Billie sol Estes is leaking news from prison that he has paid off LBJ in a very substantial way, and references to all this are starting to break out in the newspapers. B&JE 12:32 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) Dashing into the Book Depository Building, Officer Marrion Baker and Roy Truly see and identify Oswald on the second floor (in the lunchroom) within 90 seconds of the last shot. He doesn’t appear to be winded or nervous. He has just gotten a soft drink from a vending machine. Oswald is also seen on the second floor by Depository employee Mrs. Robert Reid as she returns to her desk. Oswald will calmly walk east and south to the second floor stairway and descend to the first floor of the building to exit the TSBD from the main entrance -- before the building is effectively sealed off by police.
As Officer Marrion Baker and Roy Truly leave the lunchroom and run from the 2nd floor to the 5th floor, the electricity and telephone service in the TSBD are restored and the west elevator moved from the 5th floor to the 1st. H&L Postal Inspector Harry Holmes, viewing the assassination through binoculars from the window of the Terminal Annex Building overlooking Dealey Plaza from the south, observes a man in the grassy knoll area “trying to take a gun away “ from a woman. (Holmes will later explain that “it later developed that he was trying to protect her from the shots.” How the postal inspector came to “know” this later is unknown. He was never asked to describe her or her male companion.) Howard Brennan jumps off the wall where he has been sitting and is frightened enough to run to the Houston Street side of his position and crouch for protection.
Richard Randolph Carr notices a man wearing a brown suit coat walking very fast, proceeding south on Houston Street and then turning left on Commerce. In addition to his brown suit coat, Carr also says he is now wearing a hat and has on horn-rimmed glasses. [Some researchers speculate the man wearing the brown jacket and horn-rimmed glasses may have been Lyndon Johnson’s associate Mac Wallace, whose fingerprint may have been found on one of the boxes near the window on the 6th floor from where shots were fired. H&L] He steps into a 1961 or 1962 gray Nash Rambler station wagon parked along the street. The driver is a young Negro. The brown suit coat man is last seen as a passenger of this car going north on Record Street. (Carr is never called upon to testify.
Still, police and other officials repeatedly come to his house outside Dallas to intimidate him into silence. He suffers death threats and coercion at the hands of the FBI who tell him, “If you didn’t see Lee Harvey Oswald in the School book Depository with a rifle, then you didn’t see anything.” Jim Garrison secures Carr to testify at the Clay Shaw trial. The day before his testimony, Carr finds dynamite wired to the ignition of his car; however, he does testify. Carr will receive numerous threats and will suffer attacks on his life. He will even shoot and kill one of his attackers. He will eventually be stabbed to death in Atlanta in the 1970’s.) Further details on Carr: Just prior to the sound of shots, an unemployed steel worker, Richard R. Carr, has been looking for work at the site of the new courthouse on Houston St. He is seeking out the foreman on the ninth floor, and as he ascends, he stops at the sixth floor, from which he can view the top floor of the Depository. He notes a heavyset man looking out a window next to the one on the far east end. This man is wearing a hat, glasses, and, according to Carr, a tan sport coat. For a short time, Carr studies the man, and then he continues his ascent. About a minute or two later, he hears a loud noise that sounds like a firecracker. He turns s his eyes toward the triple underpass, which is where he thinks the shots have come from. In the grassy area between Elm and Main he can see several individuals falling to the ground. To learn more, he immediately begins to descend the stairs. After Carr reaches the ground, he again sees the man whom he has previously seen on the seventh floor of the Book Depository. He is rapidly approaching Carr at a very fast walking pace. When he gets to the corner of Commerce, he turns left. On the next street over is a 1961 or 1962 Nash Rambler station wagon, parked facing north. It has a luggage rack on top and Texas plates. In the driver’s seat is a young black man. The heavyset man opens the rear door and gets in. The car is last seen heading north on Record Street. [This momentary sighting dovetails with the observation of sheriff’s deputy Roger Craig, who also sees a Nash Rambler station wagon, also driven by a dark-complected man, about fifteen minutes after the shooting, heading west on Elm. It stops in front of the TSBD and a man later identified by Craig as Lee Harvey Oswald gets inside. The car is last seen going under the triple underpass in a direction that could have taken it toward Oak Cliff.] Police Ban (Channel 2) “There is a motorcycle officer up on Stemmons with his mike stuck open on Channel 1. Could you send someone up there to tell him to shut it off?” Report that Parkland has been notified.
Panic and confusion erupt in Dealey Plaza, yet the “Umbrella Man” calmly lowers his umbrella and gazes around. He then has a brief conference with another man who approaches him with what appears to be a two-way radio. After talking briefly together, the two men calmly leave the Plaza. Researcher Penn Jones will later locate the Umbrella Man. When questioned, the Umbrella Man, Mr. Witt, shows the HSCA an umbrella that has a different number of “ribs” than the one in the Zapruder film. His testimony about his actions during and after the shooting is disproved by films and photos.
Abraham Zapruder, according to his secretary, shakily puts down his camera and starts screaming “They killed him! They killed him! They killed him!” He is reportedly so stricken by the experience that he never quite gets over it. His own is the last film or news report about Kennedy he will ever watch. He appears later, however, quite calm when he is interviewed by a local Dallas TV station. Some researchers will later claim that what we know as “the Zapruder film” was not actually shot by Abraham Zapruder. This subject is covered in more than a few books, most notably in Jim Fetzer’s The Great Zapruder Film Hoax.
Author Doug Mizzer will eventually point out an apparent discrepancy between the Zapruder and Nix films. Clint Hill testifies that he grabbed Jackie Kennedy and put her back into her seat. In the Nix film, Hill gets both feet onto the limousine and puts one hand on each of Jackie’s shoulders. He even seems to be hugging her head and shoulders as he pushes her back into the seat. But the Zapruder film shows that he only reaches out and perhaps barely touches her outstretched hand when she turns and climbs back into the seat.
There are at least four versions of “the Zapruder film” currently available to the public or to students of the film. One is David Lifton’s “’Z’ Film” (undated). Another is on the Macmillian CD, “JFK Assassination: A Visual Investigation” (1993). A third - several versions, actually - is found in Robert Groden’s video, “The Assassination FIlms” (1995). The fourth - in digitally enhanced form - is presented in MPI’s “Image of an Assassination” (1998). These prints do not have the same properties. TGZFH David Lifton writes: “The original records of the Kodak lab establish that although the Zapruder film went through as film number 0183, and that - after returning from Jamieson with three ektachrome duplicates (which went through the processor as 0185, 1086, and 0187)
- there is a missing number in the sequence: 0184. That number is unaccounted for. What this means is that something went through the processor that afternoon, between the Zapruder original and the three copies. There are only supposed to have been four film cans
- the genuine original, plus the three copies exposed at Jamieson (and then brought back to Kodak for processing.) That something else
- i.e. one additional item, resulting in a fifth film can - went through the processor raises the possibility that an extra copy was made that afternoon.” TGZFH Jim Hicks, an eyewitness in Dealey Plaza, walks toward the knoll as the motorcade’s press bus speeds by on its way to Parkland hospital. Photographs of Hicks, taken from the rear, show something in his back pocket resembling a radio with an antenna. (Hicks will later tell New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison that he was the radio coordinator for the assassination team. Shortly after admitting this to Garrison Hicks is beaten up, kidnapped, and taken to an Air Force mental institution in Oklahoma, where he will be incarcerated until 1988. A few days after his release, Hicks will be murdered in Oklahoma.) It will later be suggested that Jim Hicks is possibly the man photographed in the Cuban and Soviet Embassies in Mexico by the CIA. If so, he is identified incorrectly as Oswald in those photographs. It will be further suggested that Hicks may have provided the radio communication for the snipers in Dealey Plaza.
Jerry Coley (a thirty-year old employee of the Dallas Morning News) and his friend, Charlie Mulkey, cross Houston St. from their vantage point near the old county jail. They circle behind the TSBD and cross a dirt field to reach the knoll. Heading to the TSBD from the knoll they notice a pool of red liquid on the steps leading down to Elm St. Mulkey touches the liquid with his finger, tastes it and says: “My God, Jerry, that’s blood.” Both men return to the Morning News building and get photographer Jim Hood. Returning to the scene Hood takes several pictures of the red liquid from different angles. Both men then hurry back to the newspaper offices to develop the photographs.
Dallas Police Officer Joe Marshall Smith has drawn his pistol and is checking out the parking lot directly behind the fence on the grassy knoll. He smells gunpowder and encounters a man behind the stockade fence on the grassy knoll who produces Secret Service credentials. He is allowed to continue on his way. Deputy Sheriff Seymour Weitzman is with Smith. Years later, Weitzman will be interviewed by the author Michael Canfield and shown a photograph of Bernard Barker (a future Watergate burglar along with Hunt and Sturgis). Weitzman will say, “Yes, that’s him,” and identify Barker as the man who showed him Secret Service credentials on the grassy knoll. H&L “I rushed towards the park and saw people running towards the railroad yards beyond Elm Street and I ran over and jumped a fence and a railroad worker stated to me that he believed the smoke from the bullets came from the vicinity of a stockade fence which surrounds the park area.” - Deputy Sheriff A. D. McCurley Decker Exhibit No. 5323 Crossing Elm Street to the area of the wooden fence, Malcolm Summers is stopped by a man in a suit with an overcoat over his arm. The man reveals a small automatic weapon under the overcoat and tells Summers, “Don’t you’all come up here any further. You could get shot.” Sergeant D. V. Harkness goes to rear of the Book Depository Building where he encounters several “well armed” men dressed in suits. They tell Sergeant Harkness they are with the Secret Service.
OF THE TWENTY-EIGHT SECRET SERVICE AGENTS PRESENT IN DALLAS THIS DAY, NOT A SINGLE MAN WAS EVER IN
THE GRASSY KNOLL AREA OR THE PARKING AREA BEHIND IT. NO AGENT WAS ON FOOT IN THE AREA BEFORE ORIMMEDIATELY AFTER THE SHOOTING. SS Agent, Forrest Sorrels, will return to Dealey Plaza from Parkland Hospital.
One secret service agent is momentarily stranded in Dealey Plaza when he leaves a Secret Service follow-up car, but is quickly picked up by another passing motorcade car and taken immediately to Parkland Hospital.