«NOVEMBER 22, 1963 (Friday) 12:00 AM (Nov. 22, 1963) Nine Secret Service agents drinking at Pat Kirkwood’s bar the “Cellar Door” in Fort Worth, ...»
Marvin Robinson, Helen Forrest and Dallas Deputy Sheriff Roger Craig, independently of each other, reportedly see two men leaving Dealey Plaza in a light-colored Rambler station wagon ten minutes after JFK is shot. TAC Vol. 1 Issue 3 According to Harrison Edward Livingstone in “Killing The Truth”: “Then there was the getaway of the shooters. There are repeated reports that cars were changed in Temple or Paris, Texas, and that a man recognized Mac (Malcolm) Wallace there. He is believed by Madeleine Brown and others of being one of the shooters.” John S. Craig notes the following: The 1996 book The Men on the Sixth Floor creates an interesting perspective to the testimony of the previously mentioned witnesses. Loy Factor, a Chicasaw Indian from the American Midwest, told authors Glen Sample and Mark Collom that he was paid eight thousand dollars to be a part of a team of gunmen stationed on the sixth floor of the Depository. Factor’s fantastic story involves Oswald, a woman who coordinated the shooting with a hand-held radio, a dark-complected man known only as “Wallace,” and Factor. Just prior to the shooting Factor claims he entered the back door of the depository and climbed the stairs with the woman to the sixth floor where they found Oswald and Wallace handling a 6.5 Mannlicher Carcano and a scopeless 30.06 rifle.
Vice presidential aides arrive at the Trade Mart, where a crowd is awaiting the president’s arrival.
Patrolman J.W. Foster leaves his station atop the triple underpass in Dealey Plaza and hurries to the area behind the wooden fence. There he discovers footprints and cigarette butts near the spot where witnesses observed a puff of smoke during the shooting.
Emmett Hudson, who was standing directly in front of the picket fence at the time of the shots will testify that he does not see any guns except in the possession of the police.
Mrs. Donald Baker runs quickly to the knoll and sees only policemen and those working around the tracks.
Police Ban (Channel 2) -- Curry says it appears to him that the President’s head was practically blown off.
Aboard the military aircraft carrying six members of the President’s cabinet to Japan, a Teletype message reports that shots have been fired at the President in Dallas. With specific procedures for such an emergency, officials attempt to reach the White House Situation Room. They are initially prevented from doing so because the official code book is missing from its special place aboard the plane.
General Edwin Walker, aboard a Braniff flight from New Orleans, reportedly becomes upset when word of the assassination is broadcast over the plane’s loudspeaker. He roams up and down the aisle telling fellow passengers to remember that he is on this flight at the time of JFK’s death.
Norman Similas, of Toronto, witnesses the assassination of JFK and promptly leaves town.
In Washington, McGeorge Bundy and Commander Oliver Hallet man the Situation Room in the White House. Much of their information is coming from the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) in the Pentagon. Officials in the Pentagon are calling the White House switchboard at the Dallas-Sheraton Hotel asking who is now in command. An officer -- a member of the Presidential party -- will eventually grab the microphone and assure the Pentagon that Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara and the Joint Chiefs of Staff are now the President.
Mrs. John Connally will later recall: “ There was no screaming in that horrible car. It was just a silent, terrible drive. We got to the hospital, I guess it was the hospital, the car stopped and John was still in my lap, but I knew he was alive and people were swarming all around the car.” 12:43 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) The motorcade arrives at Parkland Hospital. Emory Roberts rushes up to the presidential limo.
“Get up, “ he says to Jacqueline Kennedy. There is no reply. From his side Roberts can see JFK’s face. He lifts Mrs. Kennedy’s elbow for a closer look. He drops her arm and turns to Kellerman, saying: “You stay with the President. I’m going to Johnson.” (MIDP) Jacqueline Kennedy at first refuses to get out of the car. She has been holding the President’s head in her lap. Clint Hill, realizing she doesn’t want JFK to be seen like he is, takes his coat off and drapes it over JFK’s head. Only then does Mrs. Kennedy allow JFK’s body to be removed from the automobile. (Jesse Curry testifies: “Agent Hill finally convinced her to let go of the President. Apparently she didn’t want anyone to see that the back of the President’s head was partially blown off. He gave her his coat which she used to carefully wrap the President’s head and neck as five or six Secret Service men lifted him toward the stretcher. His body was limp like a dead man’s; they struggled to get him on the stretcher.”) Secret Service agent Winston Lawson remembers: “You could see the damage to the head, which was devastating. You could see the color of the skin, which was gray, but not gray, really. I knew it had to be a fatal wound. I never saw the president alive again or his body again.” Merriman Smith remembers: “Clint Hill... was leaning over into the rear of the car. ‘How badly was he hit, Clint?’ I asked.
‘He’s dead,’ Hill replied curtly.” PKHBS Governor Connally, who has lost consciousness on the ride to the hospital, regains consciousness when the limousine stops abruptly at the emergency entrance. Despite his serious wounds, Connally tries to get out of the way so that medical help can reach the President. Although he is reclining in his wife’s arms, he lurches forward in an effort to stand upright and get out of the car, but he collapses again. He then experiences his first sensation of pain, which becomes excruciating. The Governor is then lifted onto a stretcher and taken into Trauma Room #2. W.C.
Parkland nurse, Diana Hamilton Bowron, approaches the limo and sees JFK: “He was very pale, he was lying across Mrs.
Kennedy’s knee and there seemed to be blood everywhere. When I went around to the other side of the car I saw the condition of his head...The back of his head...I just saw one large hole...I helped to lift his head and Mrs. Kennedy pushed me away and lifted his head herself onto the cart and so I went around back to the cart and walked off with it. We ran on with it to the trauma room and she ran beside us.” Parkland nurse Doris Mae Nelson will testify: “Mrs. Kennedy was walking beside the stretcher and the roses that she had been given at the airport were lying on top of the President and her hat was also lying on top of the President as he was brought into the emergency room.” At almost the same time, three agents -- McIntyre, Bennett and Youngblood - hustle Vice-President LBJ inside the hospital through the emergency door. JFK is immediately wheeled into Trauma Room #1. SA Taylor follows LBJ with Mrs. Johnson. They place the Johnsons in an isolated room and draw the shades. SA Emory Roberts tells LBJ that, at the moment, no one knows whether this is a widespread plot to assassinate the leading men in the United States government. He also informs LBJ that he doesn’t think the President will make it. Youngblood asks LBJ to “think it over. We may have to swear you in.” LBJ asks for Congressman Homer Thornberry and Congressman Jack Brooks to join him. He also asks that someone go to get coffee for him and Mrs. Johnson. Cliff Carter does so.
Stavis Ellis sees a young boy, who has taken photographs along the motorcade route, taking pictures of the limousine while its parked at Parkland Hospital. A Secret Service agent grabs the boy’s camera and exposes his film by rolling it out of the camera. Dallas Police Officer James W. Courson, another motorcade officer, corroborates this account of the Secret Service agent destroying the film.
MIDP A Secret Service agent is stationed at the entrance of the Vice President’s room to stop anyone who is not a member of the Presidential party. U.S. Representatives Henry B. Gonzalez, Jack Brooks, Homer Thornberry, and Albert Thomas join Clifton C. Carter and the group of special agents protecting the Vice President. (On one occasion Mrs. Johnson, accompanied by two Secret Service agents, leaves the room to see Mrs. Kennedy and Mrs. Connally.) [W.C.] Malcolm Kilduff contacts White House transportation official Wayne Hawks and tells him to “get hold of the telephone company and start moving [additional] phones [into the hospital.]” PKHBS Miss Doris Nelson asks Mrs. Kennedy to leave Trauma Room #1. Diana Bowron, S.R.N. and Margaret Hinchcliffe, R.N., undress JFK swiftly, removing all his clothes except his undershorts and brace and fold them on a corner shelf. The first physician to arrive, Charles J. Carrico, a second-year surgical resident, examines JFK quickly. There is no pulse, no blood pressure at all. Yet, JFK is making slow, agonizing efforts to breathe, and an occasional heart beat can be detected. Blood is caked on JFK’s steel-gray suit, and his shirt is the same crimson color. Dr. Charles A. Crenshaw notices that the entire right hemisphere of his brain is missing, beginning at his hairline and extending all the way behind his right ear. Pieces of skull that haven’t been blown away are hanging by blood-matted hair. Part of his brain, the cerebellum, is dangling from the back of his head by a single strand of tissue. It is reported that someone in the Trauma Room orders the medical team to “Get him (JFK) some steroids.” This order refers to JFK’s secret Addison’s disease and that it creates the life-or-death urgency of an immediate infusion of cortical hormones in order to treat JFK’s shock. Testimony reveals that “some admiral” behind Dr. Paul Peters gives this order. Some researchers credit the order to Dr. George G. Burkley. This, however, is impossible, since evidence points to the fact that Burkley does not arrive until around 12:53 PM. The late arrival by Burkley at Parkland Hospital is documented on film and corroborated by other photographs and testimony. It has also been suggested that Burkley’s late arrival could have been innocent and covered up to protect his reputation or it could have been planned. Trauma to someone with an adrenal deficiency will result in death if hydrocortisone is not administered immediately.
Other doctors rush into Trauma Room #1 to help. SS agent, Clint Hill, is rambling around the room in wild-eyed, disoriented
fashion, waving a cocked and ready-to-fire.38 caliber pistol. Doris Nelson, supervisor of the emergency room turns to Hill and snaps:
“Whoever shot the President is not in this room.” Hill leaves. Dr. Charles Crenshaw removes the President’s shoes and right sock and begins cutting off his suit trousers, with nurses Diana Bowron and Margaret Hinchcliffe assisting. Don Curtis, an oral surgery resident, is doing the same thing to the left limb. Dr. Crenshaw notices that one of the oxford shoes that he has tossed to the side of the room has a lift in the sole. The President’s right leg is three-quarters of an inch longer than his left leg. As the doctors cut away JFK’s suit pants, they also unstrap his back brace and sling it to the wall and out of the way. Admiral George Burkley, JFK’s personal physician, traveling with the Presidential party, gives Dr. Carrico three 100-mg vials of Solu-Cortef from the medical bag he carries which contains JFK’s personal medication. (As a matter of policy, the government has not furnished the President’s blood type or medical history to Parkland prior to the President’s arrival. This has to be determined on the spot.) JFK’s blood type is O, RH positive. Everyone in the emergency room remains in utter bewilderment. FBI and Secret Service agents, as well as the Dallas police, are rushing around, trying to identify one another and secure the hospital.