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«NOVEMBER 22, 1963 (Friday) 12:00 AM (Nov. 22, 1963) Nine Secret Service agents drinking at Pat Kirkwood’s bar the “Cellar Door” in Fort Worth, ...»

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It is suggested by some researchers that Tippit has been brought into the Dallas conspiracy convinced that he is going to be the one who will capture or kill the assassin of the president. Instead, some researchers avow, Tippit was set up to be killed from the inception of the plan - in order to further implicate Oswald. According to this train of thought, all aspects of the conspiracy, as planned, are now going according to schedule. LHO will be killed in the Texas Theater after allegedly shooting a Dallas policeman. It is further suggested that the plan begins to unravel when Oswald is soon taken into custody alive. Remember, too, that some researchers believe that this was a conspiracy conceived from the beginning to be revealed as such to the public - that JFK’s death WAS a conspiracy involving more than one shooter. According to this theory, Jack Ruby is a last ditch effort to silence LHO before he is able to talk, and the government, forced to become an accessory after the fact, simply decides that such a verdict (more than one shooter) will be unacceptable to the stability of the nation - since potential exposure of involvement by elements of the intelligence community would prove disastrous.

George Michael Evica states “I ‘ve studied Tippit, and when I went down to Dallas I found out that Tippit bore a remarkable resemblance to President Kennedy, so much so that his friends in the Dallas police department used to rib him and call him ‘Jack’ and ‘JFK’”.

R. D. Morningstar proposes a theory that the body of J.D. Tippit is the body used in photographs and X-rays supposedly depicting JFK’s head wound, noting that Tippit was shot in the right temple as he lay prone in the street - a gun shot that would produce a wound almost identical to JFK’s head wound. This final shot - seemingly administered as a “coup-de-grace” - is suggested to further bolster Morningstar’s theory. (The path taken by the bullet through Tippit’s brain approximates the trajectory described by the Warren Commission and House Select Committee on Assassination reports of the bullet’s path through the late President’s brain.) Dr. Earl Rose’s autopsy report describes the entry of Tippit’s head wound occurring in the area between the ear and the brow.

As mentioned earlier in this chronology, Morningstar also believes that J. D. Tippit is “Badgeman” - identified in Mary Moorman’s polaroid photograph. It is further noted that the Dallas Police Department lost track of Tippit’s body for over an hour, because he is removed from the murder scene by an ambulance before police arrive. On the way to - or once the body arrives at Methodist General Hospital - bullets are purportedly removed from Tippit’s body. Then at Parkland Hospital, by Dr. Earl Rose, who describes removing the same bullets supposedly removed at Methodist General, where Tippit has been pronounced DOA. Morningstar questions why Tippit’s body was transferred to Parkland when he was pronounced DOA at Methodist General Hospital. His answer is that Tippit’s body was substituted as a “double” for JFK’s body.

When Jack Tatum hears gun fire, he stops his car, looks over his shoulder and sees J. D. Tippit lying on the street next to his police car. He sees the gunman walk around the rear of the police car, then turn and walk along the driver’s side of the car to where Tippit has fallen. The man then shoots Tippit in the head. Tatum says “whoever shot Tippit was determined that he shouldn’t live and he was determined to finish the job.” The committee will eventually conclude that “This action, which is often encountered in gangland murders and is commonly described as a coup de grace, is more indicative of an execution than an act of defense intended to allow escape or prevent apprehension.” A total of four bullets hit J. D. Tippit. The last shot is fired into Tippit’s head as he lies in the street where he has fallen. The gunman starts back toward Patton Avenue, ejecting the empty cartridge cases before reloading with fresh bullets. In his book, WITH MALICE, Dale K. Myers places the time of Tippit’s murder at 1:14:30 P.M.

Police will find a set of fingerprints on Tippit’s car, but they are not Oswald’s. Officer Paul Bentley gives conflicting stories on the fingerprints, but tells George O’Toole that “we do know that his [Oswald’s] fingerprints were taken off the passenger side of Tippit’s car.” Yet Sergeant W.E. Barnes (who dusted Tippit’s car for prints) told the Warren Commission, “There were several smear prints.

None of value... No legible prints were found.” When Tippit’s cruiser is found, a police shirt is also found on the rear seat, and it does not belong to Tippit.

(When LHO is eventually arrested at The Texas Theater, he will be wearing a rust brown salt-and-pepper shirt. Tippit witnesses describe Tippit’s killer as wearing a white shirt underneath a tannish gray jacket, both of which are lighter in color than the rust brown shirt.) Only two of the 13 witnesses testifying to Tippit’s murder will be able to reconstruct it: Helen Markham and Domingo Benavides.

Markham will not describe any physical characteristics of the assassin when the police arrive at the scene. At the police station, Markham is shown a lineup which includes Oswald. At first she will not recognize any of them as the man who had killed the policeman. According to Mark Lane, the Dallas prosecutor makes five attempts. Since he needs a quick identification, he presses for a positive response on Oswald, contrary to the norms of the penal process. Markham, nervous, under pressure, and hesitant, will finally agree to the identification. Domingo Benavides, whose declaration will be taken by the Warren Commission lawyer, will not identify Oswald.

Helen Markham’s will be the only testimony upon which the Warren Commission can accuse Oswald of the death of Tippit. But days before testifying before the Commission, she will tell Mark Lane that the killer of the policeman was short and fat.

Domingo Benavides, driving by the scene, watches as the gunman empties his revolver, reloads, and moves from the scene.

Benavides waits “a few minutes” until the gunman is gone and then runs to Tippit’s car. Unfamiliar with the police radio, Benavides fumbles with the microphone unsuccessfully. (Benavides, who has perhaps the best view of Tippit’s murder, can not identify Oswald as the killer and will not be called to testify before the Warren Commission.) There is another vehicle that has also pulled over when the shooting occurs - a red Ford. It has been travelling west on Tenth Street in front of Benavides’ truck. As the shots rang out, it crosses Patton Street and pulls over at the corner. Benavides is not sure if the driver, a man in his twenties, gets out of the car.

T. F. Bowley is driving his daughter west on Tenth Street. He sees a group of by-standers gathered around a fallen policeman.

As Bowley gets out of his car to lend assistance, he looks at his watch and notes the time is 1:10 PM. (If LHO left the rooming house at 1:03 PM, he could not have gotten to Tenth and Patton is time to shoot Tippit, for it takes about twelve minutes to walk the distance between the two locations.) A medical technician for Baylor Hospital, Jack Tatum, is driving a red 1964 Ford Galaxie down Tenth St. When the shooting occurs, he pulls over and looks through his rear view mirror. A man with a gun is firing into the head of a prone police officer by the side of a squad car. When the gunman starts moving in a direction that is toward Tatum’s car, Tatum puts his car in gear and speeds away.

Aquilla Clemons, another eyewitness, sees two men at the scene. At the home of Mr. and Mrs. Smothers at 327 E. Tenth Street, Clemons hears the shots and goes outside. She looks down the street and sees two men standing on opposite sides of the street. The man nearest to a police car is short and heavy and he has a gun in his hand. The other man is tall and slender and is wearing a white shirt and light khaki pants. The heavy-set man is waving his gun with a sweeping gesture, urging the slender man to “go on.” The two men separate, leaving the scene in opposite directions. Before the gunman disappears from view, Clemmons sees him either unloading or reloading his gun - an action which is consistent with the observations of other witnesses. The Fourth Decade/Nov. 1996 When news comes over the police radio that a police officer has been shot, Deputy Roger Craig, searching the sixth floor of the TSBD, looks at his watch and notes that the time is 1:06 PM. (If LHO left the rooming house at 1:03 PM, he would only be a fourth of the way to Tenth and Patton.) Wes Wise, a reporter with KRLD-TV in Dallas (and later mayor of Dallas) says he receives information that a car near the scene of the Tippit shooting was traced to Carl Mather, a close friend of Tippit’s. Tippit has also worked part-time at Austin’s Barbecue. The owner, Austin Cook, is a member of the John Birch Society.

CARL MATHER: is now an employee of Collins Radio, an international firm based in Dallas, which specializes in the field of telecommunications. He has been here for twenty-one years. Prior to this job, he worked in Tulsa, Oklahoma at the Harley Davidson Motorcycle Co. In 1956, at the age of twenty-nine, he moved to Dallas, where he got his job with Collins Radio. He has been given a security clearance to work on secret projects. One of his assignments has taken him to Andrews Air Force Base in Brandywine, Maryland, where he has done electronic work on Air Force 2, which at this time is being used by Vice President Lyndon Johnson. In 1963, Collins Radio leases a boat which ostensibly is being used for electronic and oceanographic research, but is actually being used to transport illegal shipments of firearms to anti-Castro rebels. The Fourth Decade/Nov. 1996 Despite a preponderance of evidence that the killer and Tippit’s car were moving toward each other, the Warren Report will conclude that the killer was walking in the opposite direction. This will be necessary for the Warren Commission’s tenuous version to work at all. If he is Oswald, the killer has to be walking EAST, in the same direction as the police car is moving when it overtakes the killer. Otherwise, Oswald, on his exceedingly tight time schedule, would have had to move from the rooming house to a point BEYOND the scene of the shooting and then to have turned and been heading BACK to reach the location of the murder.

Of the four bullets eventually extracted from Tippit’s body, three are Winchester-Western brand, and one is Remington-Peters.

Of the four shells found at the scene of the crime, two are Winchester, and two Remington.

The.38 revolver eventually taken from Oswald in the Texas Theater had been rechambered (slightly enlarged) to accept.38 Special cartridges. When discharged through a rechambered weapon,.38 Special cartridges “bulge” in the middle and are noticeably “fatter” than cartridges fired in an unchambered revolver. The empty cartridges, found in the National Archives, appear normal in size, indicating that they were fired in an original.38 revolver-not in a rechambered revolver such as the one taken from Harvey Oswald at the Texas Theater.

Witness, Helen Markham, rushes over to the fatally wounded Tippit. She will testify that he tries to say something to her, but she can not understand his words. He quickly expires after this.

In order for the Warren Commission to assert that Oswald killed Tippit, there has to be enough time for him to walk from his rooming house to 10th & Patton - over a mile away. The Warren Commission and HSCA will ignore Markham’s time of 1:06 PM, will not interview Bowley (1:10 PM), will not ask Roger Craig (1:06 PM) and will not use the time shown on original Dallas police logs. Instead, the Warren Commission (1964) will conclude that Oswald walks that distance in 13 minutes. The House Select Committee on Assassinations (1978) will determine the time was 14 minutes, 30 seconds. Both will conclude that Oswald was last seen at the corner of Beckley and Zang at 1:03 PM. Either of their times, 13 minutes or 14 minutes and 30 seconds, would place Oswald at 10th & Patton at 1:16 PM or later. The time of the Tippit shooting as placed by the Commission, 1:16 PM, contradicts the testimony of Markham, Bowley, Craig and the Dallas Police log. Another problem for the Warren Commission to overcome is the direction in which Oswald is supposedly walking. If he was walking west, as all of the evidence suggests, he would have had to cover even more ground in the same unreasonably short period of time. The Dallas Police record that the defendant was walking “west in the 400 block of East 10th.” The Commission will ignore the evidence - 5 witnesses and the official Dallas Police report of the event - and will state that he was walking east, away from the Texas Theatre.

In his book, WITH MALICE, Dale K. Myers gives the time of Tippit’s murder as 1:14:30 PM.

Frank Cimino runs outside and encounters Helen Markham who tells him to “Call the police!” Frank Wright hears some shooting and immediately comes out of his apartment at 501 E. Tenth. At a distance of 70 yards, he says he sees a policeman falling beside a squad car and rolling face down. A man who is wearing a long coat is standing over him, looking down. He is not armed with a gun. Wright is puzzled by this lack of a firearm, for he knows that the policeman has just been shot and the shots must have come from somewhere. The man turns away from the dead policeman and runs back to a gray, 1951 Plymouth coupe which is parked behind the squad car but facing the opposite direction. He gets in the car and drives away as fast as he can.

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