«NOVEMBER 22, 1963 (Friday) 12:00 AM (Nov. 22, 1963) Nine Secret Service agents drinking at Pat Kirkwood’s bar the “Cellar Door” in Fort Worth, ...»
Tippit. LHO was then taken upstairs to the restroom and cleaned up before being taking out front where photographers were known to be waiting. This fact may account for a Dallas Police report which states that LHO was arrested in the balcony of the Texas Theatre.) Officers in Oak Cliff radio headquarters that they have seized the man who had entered the Texas Theater and they believe him to be the killer of the police officer (J.D. Tippit). Detective Paul Bentley tells Officer Charles T. Walker to cover the suspect’s face with his uniform hat. Walker removes his hat and holds it in front of LHO’s face, as Sergeant Hill motions for a patrolman to open the rear door of an unmarked squad car parked at the curb. WM When the police enter the front of the Texas Theater, Julia Postal originally tells them that the suspect is in the balcony of the theatre. The police (Lt. Cunningham and Detective John B. Toney) do question a man in the balcony of the theater. Lt. Cunningham says “We were questioning a young man who was sitting on the stairs in the balcony when the manager told us the suspect was on the first floor.” Detective Toney says “There was a young man sitting near the top of the stairs and we ascertained from manager on duty that this subject had been in the theater since about 12:05 PM.” Both Cunningham and Toney say they spoke to the “manager.” Manager?
Postal’s testimony states that the owner of the theater, John Callahan, left for the day around 1:30 PM. The projectionist remained in the projection room during Oswald’s arrest. Julia Postal remained outside at the box office. Burroughs is the only other theater employee and, according to his testimony, he “stayed at the door at the rear of the theater” (near the concession stand), “did not see any struggle” and then “remained at the concession stand” during Oswald’s arrest. Burroughs never left the main level of the theater. Clearly, neither Postal, Burroughs, nor the projectionist (the only theater employees on duty) speak to these officers either in the balcony or on the stairs in the balcony. Someone either identifies himself as a theater “manager,” or the officers mistook someone as the theater “manager,” or these officers are lying about speaking to the “manager.” The “manager” and the person whom they questioned in the balcony remain unidentified. Oddly, and inconsistently, the police homicide report of Tippit’s murder reads “suspect was later arrested in the balcony of the Texas Theater at 231 W. Jefferson.” Detective Stringfellow’s report states “Oswald was arrested in the balcony of the Texas Theater.” After (Harvey) Oswald’s arrest Lt. E..L. Cunningham, Detective E.E. Taylor, Detective John Toney, and patrolman C.F. Bentley were directed to search all of the people in the balcony and obtain their names and addresses. Out of 24 (the number of tickets Postal says she sold) theater patrons that day, the Dallas Police provided the names of two - John Gibson and George Applin. If the names of the other 22 theater patrons were obtained, that list has disappeared. The identity of the man questioned by police in the balcony remains a mystery.
He was not arrested and there is no police report, record of arrest, nor mention of any person other than Oswald.
Richard Nixon cancels a golf match set for this afternoon with Roger Blough, the U.S. Steel executive. He also cancels an evening at the opera with Tom Dewey. Instead, he stays in, watching the networks’ hastily-thrown-together profiles of JFK’s life and career, with himself cast as the foil. Prior to a later interview on the JFK assassination, CBS producer Don Hewitt, who directed the Great Debate three years earlier, asks Nixon if he wants the makeup person, Frances Arvold, to prepare him for the broadcast. Nixon accepts. Hewitt can’t resist kidding, “If Frannie had done your makeup three years ago, you’d be president now.” Nixon replies: “I’d be dead now, too.” K&N From police broadcasts, the police are supposedly looking for a suspect wearing a white shirt, white jacket, with dark brown or black hair, and hiding in the balcony. But their attention quickly focuses on a man wearing a brown shirt with medium brown hair, on the main floor. When this man is approached by Officer McDonald, he allegedly hits McDonald and then tries to fire his.38 revolver. Several police officers and theater patrons hear the “snap” of a pistol trying to fire. A cartridge is later removed from the.38 and found to have an indentation on the primer. An FBI report describes the firing pin as “bent.” The man in the brown shirt, Harvey Oswald, is subdued by Officers Hawkins, Hutson, Walker, Carroll and Hill, and then handcuffed. Captain Westbrook orders the officers to “get him out of here as fast as you can and don’t let anybody see him.” As he is taken out the front, Julia Postal hears an officer remark “We have our man on both counts.” An FBI report states: this was the first time that she [Postal] had heard of Tippit’s death, and one of the officers identified the man they arrested by calling out his name, “Oswald”.… (FBI report 2/29/64 by Arthur E. Carter.) Author Walt Brown points out that “the search for any additional evidence, or assassins, was totally halted once it was ‘officially recognized’ that Oswald was a suspect in the Tippit murder and was missing from the TSBD.” TID There are no reports that anyone has checked Oswald’s identification at this time. Yet as they take LHO out the front of the theater, a DPD officer tells Julia Postal “we have our man on both counts.” She says this is the first time she hears of Tippit’s death and the officers arresting LHO identify him to her by calling his name --- “Oswald.” (Interview with Postal by SA Carter 2/28/64) It is surmised that some of the Dallas police officers at the Texas Theatre have arrived from the Tippit murder scene. WFAA news film shows Dallas police officers looking through LHO’s wallet which was reportedly found at the scene.
FBI Agent Bardwell Odum, who observes Oswald as he is being brought out the front of the Texas Theater, says Oswald is wearing a “brown jacket”. Other witnesses mistakenly identify Oswald as wearing a “brown jacket” at the time of his arrest. Oswald is actually wearing a “brown shirt” (not a brown jacket) over a “white t-shirt”.
During his first interview today, Oswald tells Captain Fritz that he had arrived at N. Beckley and changed his trousers. The following day he tells Fritz he had changed both his trousers and shirt. Oswald described his dirty clothes as being a reddish colored, long sleeved shirt with a button down collar and gray colored trousers. He indicated that he placed these clothes in the lower drawer of his dresser (FBI memo of James Bookout). One “brown shirt with button down collar” and “one pair of gray trousers” were found at Oswald’s N.
Beckley address by Dallas Detective Fay M. Turner. Both articles of clothing were inventoried by Dallas Police and listed as “1 brown shirt with button-down collar and 1 pair gray trousers and other miscellaneous men’s clothing” The gray pants, remembered by Bledsoe and Jones from the bus and by cab driver William Whaley, were also found at N. Beckley -exactly where Oswald had told Fritz he had placed them. They were inventoried by Dallas Police Detective Fay M. Turner. The gray jacket worn by Oswald the morning of November 22, as remembered by Linnie Mae Randle and Wesley Frazier, may have been found by the Dallas Police at the TSBD. They found a heavy, blue colored, “Sir Jac” brand jacket at the TSBD. This jacket is never claimed by anyone.
Marina Oswald will testify that her husband owned only two jackets, one blue and the other gray. The blue jacket was found in the TSBD and was identified by Marina as her husband’s. Marina also identified Commission Exhibit No. 162, the jacket found by Captain Westbrook, as her husband’s second jacket. Sylvia Meagher maintains, in Accessories After The Fact, that the jacket was NOT found by Westbrook. According to the list of items of evidence turned over to the FBI by the Dallas police on November 28, 1963, the gray zipper jacket which bears a laundry tag with the number “B 9738.” When Captain Will Fritz interrogates LHO about his visit to his rented room at one o’clock, LHO will state that he had “changed both his shirt and trousers before going to the show.” Fritz. with the gray zipper jacket (or a white jacket) already presumably in his possession, will not even ask LHO if he had put on any garment over his shirt. In short, both at the lineups and the interrogations, the police will act as though there is NO jacket, gray or white. The police never confront LHO with the jacket or give him the opportunity to confirm or deny that it is his property. “Oswald complained of a lineup wherein he had not been granted a request to put on a jacket” like the other men in the lineup. [WR 625] If the police really had in their hands a gray zipper jacket which they believed belonged to LHO and which they thought he had worn at the Tippit scene, why didn’t they let him wear that jacket in the sight of witnesses for whose benefit LHO will soon be displayed in lineups? (AATF)
* COMMISSION EXHIBIT 162 IS A LIGHTWEIGHT GRAY ZIPPER JACKET.
Domingo Benavides says LHO was wearing a light beige zipper-type jacket.
Helen Markham says it was “a short jacket, open in the front, kind of grayish tan.” (When LHO’s jacket was shown to her she said that she had never seen it before.) William Scoggins does not give an independent description of the killer’s jacket. (When LHO’s jacket is shown to him, he fails to identify it.) Barbara Jeanette Davis says the suspect wore “a dark coat.” William Arthur Smith thinks that the killer wore “a sport coat of some kind.” Virginia Davis testifies that the killer “had on a light-brown-tan jacket.” Ted Callaway describes it as “a light tannish gray windbreaker jacket. (When shown LHO’s jacket, he says that it is the same type jacket but “actually, I thought it had a little more tan to it.”) Earlene Roberts fails to identify the jacket.
Wesley Frazier is unable to recognize the gray zipper jacket.
Sam Guinyard is the only witness who describes the gray zipper jacket accurately and then identifies it without qualification.
The other seven witnesses either do not describe the gray zipper jacket accurately, or fail to identify it as the one worn by the suspect, or identified the wrong jacket. The W.C. does not call attention to the fact that the same group of witnesses fail to identify the brown long-sleeved shirt which LHO supposedly was wearing under his jacket - not because they could not see the shirt but because they did not recognize it. (AATF) As LHO is being driven to the police station, the detectives who are with him in the car note his behavior. C.T. Walker says, “He was real calm. He was extra calm. He wasn’t a bit excited or nervous or anything.” Sgt. Gerald Hill says, “He gave the appearance of arrogance, but he did not talk boastfully. In fact, he talked very little. This was one of the things that stuck out most about him in my mind, was how quiet he did keep.” LHO does, however, protest his arrest. He says, “I don’t know why you are treating me like this. The only thing I have done was carry a pistol in a movie.” “Yes, sir, you have done a lot more. You have killed a policeman.” With absolutely no emotion, he replies, “Well, you can only fry for that.” “Maybe you will get a chance to find out.
“Well, I understand it only takes a minute.” Someone asks, “Why did you kill the officer?” LHO does not answer.
He is asked other questions, but he refuses to respond to any of them.
He just sits in silence for the rest of the way to the police station.
Officer Gerald Hill testifies that he has custody of the.38 revolver found on Oswald. He says that Bob Carroll, driver of the car, gets in and hands the gun to him. He breaks it open and finds six shells in the chambers of the gun. (3 Western.38 Specials and 3 Remington-Peters.38 Specials. Five live cartridges are found in LHO’s pocket, all Western.38s and 2 Remington-Peters.38s. Four bullets are recovered from Tippit’s body - 3 Western-Winchesters and 1 Remington-Peters. NO bullets of either kind are found in LHO’s room in Dallas or in the Paine home at Irving. If LHO did NOT purchase two boxes of ammunition, how did he acquire the 11 Western and the 4 Remington-Peter’s 38s? If he DID purchase supplies of each brand, there is no evidence of the transaction, no evidence of use, and no leftover ammunition among his possessions.) (AATF) LHO is wearing an identification bracelet on his left wrist at the time of his arrest. Sergeant Gerald Hill will testify that when Oswald is asked his name in the car, he makes no reply. Hill says that he then suggests that Detective Paul Bentley should see if the suspect had identification on his person. Bently reportedly takes LHO’s wallet from his left hip pocket and, in it, finds a selective service card bearing the name “Alek J. Hidell.” LHO also has, among other ID cards, a social security card in the name of Lee Harvey Oswald. Bentley will fail to mention the Hidell card in his report dated Dec. 3, 1963. (Author’s note: A wallet belonging to LHO has already supposedly been found at the Tippit murder scene.) The Secret Service will ask Marina Oswald on Dec. 10, 1963, if LHO had used the name “Hidell” as an alias. He will reply in the negative. Her testimony will have changed by Feb. 4, 1964 - when she will tell the Warren Commission that LHO used the name in New Orleans. There is immediate publicity on this day about the alias “O.H. Lee”, which becomes known after the investigation, but NOT about Hidell, supposedly discovered at one in a search of Oswald’s person.