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«NOVEMBER 22, 1963 (Friday) 12:00 AM (Nov. 22, 1963) Nine Secret Service agents drinking at Pat Kirkwood’s bar the “Cellar Door” in Fort Worth, ...»

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Judge Sarah Hughes arrives at Love Field, boards Air Force One. LBJ is to be sworn in. He requests that Jacqueline Kennedy come into the stateroom and stand with him while the oath is being administered. Mrs. Kennedy is found by Evelyn Lincoln in the lavatory on the airplane. When Mrs. Kennedy steps into the stateroom, LBJ grasps both her hands and whispers, “Thank you.” He downs a glass of ice water before taking the oath. General Godfrey McHugh is demanding to know why the plane has not taken off as he has ordered. Malcolm Kilduff, passing the communications shack, hears the voices and tells the plane’s pilot, Colonel Swindal, not to take off. Judge Hughes administers oath of office to LBJ. He is now -- officially -- President Of The United States. His first order is “Let’s get airborne.” TDKWS This is the critical time period that author/researcher David Lifton theorizes that the body of JFK is left unguarded and could have been removed from the bronze casket aboard Air Force One during LBJ’s swearing in. David Lifton puts forward in his book, BEST EVIDENCE, the theory that JFK’s body was stolen from its coffin in the rear of the plane in the first few minutes directly after it was brought on board in Dallas. “The critical period was 2:18 to 2:32 PM (CST). It appeared, from the public record, that the coffin was then unattended.” During the swearing in of LBJ as President, only General Godfrey McHugh remains with JFK’s casket. Godfrey McHugh was listed in Who’s Who in the CIA, a book confirmed by the Pentagon Papers as being accurate. McHugh’s home of record is Fort Worth, although he was born in Belgium and educated in Paris. Jackie had known and dated McHugh during her “Paris days.” Penn Jones, Jr. -- an assassination researcher who also retired from the military a brigadier general says: “Since the assassination was planned and executed by the military of the United States, we feel now that General McHugh was a high-ranking traitor for the military inside the Kennedy camp. We hope we are wrong, and we hope McHugh will defend himself, but the evidence so for indicates treachery.” Alan Belmont at FBI headquarters in Washington has prepared a teletype to all offices to “immediately contact all informants and sources to immediately establish the whereabouts of bombing suspects, Klan and other racial group members, racial extremists, and any other individuals who on the basis of information in the files might have been involved.” The Fourth Decade/May 1996 2:40 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) The Dallas Police radio, Channel 2, reports that: “One of the Secret Service men on the field--Elm and Houston, said that it came over his Teletype that one of the Secret Service men has been killed.” NBC newsman Robert MacNeil logs the following: “Dr. Malcolm Perry reported that the President arrived at Parkland Hospital in critical condition with neck and head injuries...A bullet struck him in front as he faced the assailant. He never regained consciousness.” [italics added] At some point during this afternoon, two men in police uniforms, carrying guns, visit Abraham Zapruder in his office and demand to have his film. He refuses. There is no report of this visit in Dallas Police files. TGZFH 2:45 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) John Franklin Elrod is arrested in Dallas. (During the assassination, Elrod had been about two and one half miles from the scene at lemon and Oaklawn Streets in Dallas.) Before the end of the day, Elrod will later say that his cell mate is Lee Harvey Oswald -- who will speak to him, while in jail, of a gun deal involving a man with a “smashed-up” face, a Thunderbird loaded with guns -- and of Jack Ruby. One other person also held in the Dallas jail today is a man named “Daniel Wayne Douglas” who is held in either cell F-1 or F-4. Douglas is described as 19 years old, from Memphis and a confessed car thief. Elrod will not recount the story of his conversation with LHO until August 1964. The driver of the Thunderbird mentioned by LHO is later determined to be Donnell Whitter, Jack Ruby’s mechanic. The man with the smashed up face is later determined to be Lawrence Reginald Miller -- a passenger in the Thunderbird. His face hit the windshield when the car crashed on November 18, 1963 after a high speed chase with police. The car contained a large quantity of guns. Miller was treated at the emergency room of Parkland Hospital and charged with multiple criminal violations arising out of the incident. After having his face stitched up, he was remanded to the Dallas city jail. Miller and Whitter were hired to run guns by John Thomas Masen - a right-wing gun shop owner. (Masen is one of only two dealers in Dallas selling 6.5 mm Mannlicher-Carcano ammunition.) (The information on Elrod’s arrest and conversations with LHO will not surface until 1992. A book on Elrod and this incident will finally appear in 1996.) 2:47 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) Air Force One is now airborne and climbs to 40,000 feet over a storm. LBJ orders soup and crackers. He will shortly talk to both Rose Kennedy and Mrs. Connally by phone from the plane. LBJ, while talking to Rose Kennedy, puts Mrs. Johnson on the telephone. Rose Kennedy does not ask Mrs. Johnson to switch her to Jacqueline Kennedy, who is sitting fifty feet behind the Johnsons. Nor does Mrs. John F. Kennedy phone her mother in law. (Four months after the assassination, Rose Kennedy will tell author Jim Bishop: “I have not heard from ‘Mrs. Kennedy’ since the funeral.”) General Godfrey McHugh notices Merriman Smith and other news writers aboard the plane and reminds them that “throughout this trip I remained back there with the President.” Jim Bishop will write that LBJ seems to be telephoning McGeorge Bundy in the White House Situation Room every few minutes.

McGeorge Bundy will be quite busy on November 22, 1963. After having spent a good deal of time on the telephone with President Johnson, he manages to be at the new President’s side when Air Force One lands. He is seen with Lyndon B. Johnson when the President emerges from the South Lawn of the White House. Bundy will remain with President Johnson to be designated by him as one of the leading hawkish advisers of the Johnson Administration. McGeorge Bundy and his brother, William, will continue to help shape the foreign policy of the Johnson Administration. McGeorge Bundy becomes part of Johnson’s Tuesday lunch arrangement which will be in fact the National Security Council, Johnson style. Bundy will do most of the foreign policy coordinating for Johnson in the early part of his administration. It is McGeorge Bundy who by happenstance will be in South Vietnam when Pleiku is shelled. After an inspection of the Pleiku base, he will recommend to President Johnson instant retaliation. He will urge upon the President a steady program of bombing the North, which recommendation will be followed with horrendous consequences to peace. In the Gulf of Tonkin farce, Bundy will be full of admiration for Johnson’s decisiveness. Bundy will say to friends that he has “...never seen a man who knew so clearly what he wanted to do or so exactly how to go about it.”) The communications crew at the forward end of Air Force One cannot handle the traffic. The outgoing calls are heavy. Mrs.

Kennedy is not accepting any incoming calls unless they are from her brother-in-law RFK. Other calls are referred to her secretary, Pamela Turnure. General Clifton asks Andrews Air Force Base to have a forklift ready to carry the casket down the rear exit. He also phones the Army’s Walter Reed Hospital and says that the autopsy will be performed there.

At one point during the flight, Brigadier General Godfrey McHugh, JFK’s Air Force aide, finds LBJ “hiding in the toilet...muttering, ‘Conspiracy, conspiracy, they’re after all of us!” Brothers WASHINGTON, DC -- While Air Force One is airborne, a senior Secret Service agent, Robert I. Bouck, begins disassembling the Tandberg tape-recording systems JFK has secretly ordered to be installed in the Oval Office, Cabinet Room, and in the president’s living quarters on the second floor of the White House. There is also a separate Dictabelt recording system for use on the telephone lines in the president’s office and his upstairs bedroom. Bouck has apparently told only two people of the system’s existence - his immediate superior, James J. Rowley, chief of the Secret Service, and a subordinate who helps him monitor the equipment. It is Bouck’s understanding that only two others knew of the system while JFK was alive -- Bobby Kennedy and Evelyn Lincoln, the president’s longtime personal secretary. During its sixteen months of operation, Bouck will later say that the taping system produced “at least two hundred” reels of tapes. “They never told me why they wanted the tapes and I never had possession of any of the used tapes.” “I didn’t want Lyndon Johnson to get to listen to them.” The tape recordings remain in direct control of the Kennedy family until May 1976 when they are deeded to the John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. In a report issued in 1985, the library acknowledges that it is “impossible to establish with any certainty how much might have been removed” from the collection prior to 1975. “That at least some items were removed cannot be doubted.” Some Dictabelt tapes of telephone conversations were also discovered to be in the possession of Evelyn Lincoln after her death in 1995. The tapes made after November 8, 1963 are now missing.

RFK places a call to Presidential aide McGeorge Bundy, directing him to change the combinations on White House safes containing JFK’s personal files. Bundy, after checking with the State Department, orders that the combinations to JFK’s locked files be changed at once -- before LBJ’s men can begin rummaging through them.

Today, Patrolman J. Raz brings into the Homicide and Robbery Bureau, Dallas PD, a brown paper sack which contains a snubnosed.38 caliber Smith & Wesson, SN 893265... has been found... near the curb at the corner of Ross and Lamar Streets and is turned in by one Willie Flat.

2:50 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) Dallas police take a paraffin test of Oswald’s hands and right cheek. Test is positive for hands;

negative for the face. His interrogation continues.

Charles O’Hara and Gregory L. O’Hara, in Fundamentals of Criminal Investigation (5th Edition), p. 771, explain and note some problems with the paraffin test: “The dermal nitrate test (paraffin gauntlet test) is a procedure designed to determine whether a suspect has recently discharged a firearm. Melted paraffin is brushed over the “shooting” hand of a suspect until a thin coat is obtained. The glove can be built up in layers by using thin sheets of fabric until it is about 1/8 inch thick. The diphenylamine reagent is prepared by adding 10 cubic centimeters of concentrated sulfuric acid to 2 milliliters of distilled water. To this is added 0.05 grams of diphenylamine. The reagent is dropped on the paraffin mold with a pipette. Dark blue specks appearing on the inner surface of the cast indicate a positive reaction.... Theoretically, the diphenylamine reagent is used to test for the presence of nitrates, which are contained in the residue of gunpowder blown back on the hand in discharging the firearm....

Objections: There are several scientific objections to the test as described above in its simplest form. The role of the nitrate on the hand is that of an oxidizing agent. Other strong oxidizing agents can produce the same effect. Hence, launderers, chemists, pharmacists, and other persons handling bleaches or other oxidizing compounds may have materials on their hands which would yield a positive reaction.

Thus the test does not necessarily indicate the presence of nitrates, but establishes merely that an oxidizing substance is present on the hand. In brief, the test is nonspecific. Another objection is concerned with the fact that there are many non-incriminating sources of nitrates such as fertilizers, explosives, tobacco, urine, and cosmetics. Certain foods also contain nitrates. Finally, some experimenters have found that it is possible to obtain a negative reaction from the hand of a person who has recently fired many rounds of ammunition...” Captain Will Fritz wrote the following remarks concerning Oswald’s knowledge of police interrogation methods: “I noted that in questioning him that he did answer very quickly, and I asked him if he had ever been questioned before, and he told me that he had.

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