«NOVEMBER 22, 1963 (Friday) 12:00 AM (Nov. 22, 1963) Nine Secret Service agents drinking at Pat Kirkwood’s bar the “Cellar Door” in Fort Worth, ...»
Michel Roux and Arnold Gachman are having lunch at this time in a Ft. Worth cafe, surrounded by witnesses. It is in this cafe that Roux and Gachman will hear about the assassination. TOD In Washington, Edwin Guthman, former Pulitzer Prize-winning Seattle Times reporter and close Kennedy friend, is having lunch with a congressman from Seattle on Capitol Hill. Brothers 12:05 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) In London (6:05 Greenwich Time) a newspaper reporter in Cambridge, England, receives an anonymous telephone call. The male caller tells the reporter to contact the American Embassy in London as they will have some big news to give the reporter. H&L Shortly after 12 noon, LHO will be seen on the south side of the 1st floor of the TSBD (facing Elm St.) by Bill Shelley and Eddie Piper. H&L 12:10 PM(Nov. 22, 1963) (California) A telephone company executive says that a woman caller is overheard whispering: “The President is going to be killed.” Ray Sheehan, manager of the Oxnard division of General Telephone Co., says the caller “stumbled into our operator’s circuits,” perhaps by misdialing. Sheehan says the woman “seemed to be a little bit disturbed.” Besides predicting the President’s death, he says, she “mumbled several incoherent things.” Sheehan says the call was reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Los Angeles, but not until after the President had been shot.
12:15 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) Arnold Rowland, a bystander in the Plaza, asks his wife if she would like to see a Secret Service agent. He points to a window on the sixth floor where he has noticed “a man back from the window -- he was standing and holding a rifle... we thought momentarily that maybe we should tell someone, but then the thought came to us that it is a security agent.” The man Rowland sees in NOT stationed in the now famous sixth floor window, but in the far left-hand window. Rowland also spots a second figure at the famous right-hand window. This second man is dark complexioned, and Rowland thinks he is a Negro.
Windows along the motorcade are not systematically being watched by law enforcement personnel since no order has been given (as eventually confirmed by Dallas policeman Perdue Lawrence), although it was agent Lawson’s “usual instructions” to do so. The Dealey Plaza triple underpass will not be cleared of spectators (as Lawson himself later testifies that he was trying to wave them off shortly before the shooting begins). In addition, ambulances (such as the one on standby for JFK that was called to Dealey Plaza five minutes before Kennedy arrived to pick up an alleged “epileptic seizure” victim) have been called to this same area on false alarms in the days and weeks before November 22, as ambulance driver Aubrey Rike will eventually testify.
ASSEMBLY OF THE RIFLE: The FBI will later report that it takes six minutes to assemble a Mannlicher-Carcano, using a dime (since no tools will be found). This leaves 4 to 9 minutes for LHO alone to have moved all of the 50-pound boxes into position to form “the sniper’s nest.” Mrs. R. E. (Carolyn) Arnold, secretary to the vice-president of the Book Depository, goes into the lunchroom on the second floor and sees Oswald sitting in one of the booth seats on the right hand side of the room. He is alone and appears to be having lunch.
The motorcade will pass the building in just fifteen minutes. The FBI will alter Arnold’s report to say that she merely glimpsed LHO in the hallway. If Carolyn Arnold is correct, LHO is obviously not the man holding a rifle in the sixth floor window - seen at precisely this same time by Arnold Rowland.
John Powell, one of many inmates housed on the sixth floor of the Dallas County Jail, watches two men with a gun in the sixth floor window of the Book Depository Building. He claims he can see them so clearly that he even recalls them “fooling with the scope” on the gun. Powell says, “Quite a few of us saw ‘em. Everybody was trying to watch the parade and all that. We were looking across the street because it was directly straight across. The first thing I thought is, it was security guards... I remember the guys.” Mrs. Carolyn Walther notices two men with a gun in an open window at the extreme right-hand end of the Depository on the fifth floor. One of the men is wearing a brown suit coat. “It startled me, then I thought, ‘Well, they probably have guards, possibly in all the buildings,’ so I didn’t say anything.” Ruby Henderson sees two men standing back from a window on one of the upper floors of the Book Depository. She particularly notices that one of the men “had dark hair... a darker complexion than the other.” Lee E. Bowers, Jr., a railroad employee who is perched in a fourteen-foot railroad switching tower overlooking the parking lot behind the stockade fence, sees a black 1957 Ford enter the lot. Bowers believes the driver is holding a microphone or perhaps a mobile telephone. The car leaves the lot around 12:20.
Tom Dillard, the chief news photographer of the Dallas Morning News, sees two men in the arched windows (6th floor) of the TSBD as the car he is riding in turns the corner from Main onto Houston.
Seven eyewitnesses report seeing a man wearing a white or light-colored shirt. Six witnesses (and perhaps as many as 40 inmates) see TWO men on the 6th floor of the TSBD. Four witnesses say the second man is wearing dark clothing or a brown coat.
Most of the witnesses say the man wearing the white shirt looks like LHO. When LHO is confronted by Marion Baker in the 2nd floor lunchroom of the TSBD - moments after the shooting - LHO will be wearing a long-sleeved brown shirt. H&L Gordon Arnold, a young army soldier, wants to get a good view of the motorcade in order to use his movie camera. As he approaches the overpass bridge, he is rebuffed by a plain clothes man identifying himself as CIA. Arnold then moves off to a spot near the grassy knoll where he will watch the motorcade. (AP photographer James Altgens has also been denied permission to be on the bridge.) And yet, thirteen railroad employees of the Union Terminal are allowed on the bridge. Police officers White and Foster, are assigned places at the East and West sides of a bridge than runs North-South. Access to the overpass bridge may have been limited to those with photography equipment.
Roy Truly prepares to leave the TSBD for lunch in the company of Orchus Virgil Campbell. The two men decide to delay their departure, however, in order to see the motorcade pass the building.
Deputy Sheriff Roger Craig is standing [as ordered by Sheriff Decker at 10:30 this morning] with other officers in front of the court house at 505 Main Street. Decker has ordered his men to observe but to take no part in the motorcade. Observing the motorcade route, Craig remembers thinking to himself: “There were no officers guarding the intersections or controlling the crowd. My mind flashed back to the meeting in Decker’s office that morning, then back to the lack of security in this area.” Referring to the expected arrival of the Presidential motorcade, Deputy Sheriff Jim Ramsey, standing near Craig, remarks: “Maybe somebody will shoot the son of a bitch.” 12:17 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) J.D. Tippit checks out in the 4100 block of Bonnieview at Kiest. He radios the dispatcher and says “be out of the car for a minute, 4100 block of Bonnie View.”
THE MOTORCADE IS NOW PASSING CEDAR SPRINGS ROADr A young man described as wearing green Army fatigues suddenly collapses at 100 N. Houston, near the front door of the Texas School Book Depository. He apparently is suffering some sort of seizure. An ambulance is called at 12:19 P.M. to take him to Parkland Hospital. Parkland never records a patient registering at this time. This “emergency” results in the opening of a route directly and exactly to Parkland Hospital (“cut all traffic for the ambulance going to Parkland”) -- not for the President, who will be shot only midway through this “emergency”, but for the man with the “epileptic seizure.” “Patient” is later identified as Jerry B. Belknap. He dies in 1986.
Photographer James W. Altgens sees a man having an epileptic fit and watches as an ambulance arrives to pick the man up. Altgens also notices about a dozen people on top of the railroad bridge. He thinks to himself, “What the heck are all those people doing up there,” at the spot where he was not allowed to stay and take his pictures. “And just as the ambulance was clearing the triple underpass, you could see the red lights as the motorcade cut onto Main Street.” POTP In the motorcade, SS agent Clint Hill moves four times from the forward position of the left running board of the follow-up car to the rear step of the Presidential automobile and back again - due to crowd surges along the route.
12:20 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) Bonnie Ray Williams testifies that, at this time, the sixth floor of the Book Depository Building is apparently vacant as he leaves it to go downstairs. Williams has gone to the sixth floor to eat his lunch. (The Warren Commission will later say that Oswald is on the sixth floor from 11:55 AM until 12:30 P.M.) If the Warren Commission is correct, LHO must now arrange a “sniper’s nest” consisting of some 24 cartons, each of which weigh about 50 pounds, most of which will have to be lifted physically and placed atop one, two, or three other cartons. In order to enter and leave this “nest,” he will have to squeeze his body through a narrow opening between several stacks of cartons. He will then assemble his rifle [which the FBI says takes six minutes using a dime - since no tools are later found], and arrange a gun-rest. He will leave only one palmprint on the carton on which he will sit. He will accomplish all of this in the 10 or 15 minutes remaining after Bonnie Ray Williams leaves the sixth floor and before the motorcade appears.
Mrs. Robert E. (Pauline) Sanders is in the 2nd floor lunchroom of the TSBD until this time and does not remember seeing LHO.
Carolyn Arnold will see LHO in the lunchroom five minutes later. H&L Railroad worker, Lee E. Bowers, Jr. sees another unfamiliar vehicle, a 1961 Chevrolet, enter the parking lot behind the stockade fence. The car circles around and leaves about 12:25. In addition to the strange cars circling the lot, Bowers also notices two men standing behind the stockade fence. They remain there until after shots are fired at the motorcade.
About this time, Danny Arce, an employee from the TSBD, is standing outside - in front of the building. An older man approaches him and asks to be directed to a restroom inside the building. Arce says: “he said he had kidney trouble, could I direct him to the men’s room and I said I would and I helped him up the steps and walked him into the restroom and I opened the door for him and that’s when I went inside to eat my lunch and then I seen him walk out.” Arce remembers the man getting in a black automobile and driving away. WC Don Campbell, an advertising employee with the Dallas Morning News, says this is the last time he sees Jack Ruby sitting in one of the newspaper’s offices. The next time Campbell sees Ruby, it will be 12:45 PM. This leaves a 25-minute gap of Ruby’s time unaccounted for, precisely when witnesses place him in Dealey Plaza. H&L Police Ban (Channel 2): Reports crowd along motorcade spilling into street from Harwood to Ross 12:21 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) J. D. Tippit clears back in service.
12:22 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) The motorcade stops at Ervay Street.
Lee Bowers, observing from the railroad tower in the railroad yard next to the TSBD sees another car enter the area. “Third car, which entered the area, which was some seven or nine minutes before the shooting, I believe was a 1961 or 1962 Chevrolet, four-door Impala, white, showed signs of being on the road. It was muddy up to the windows, bore a similar out-of-state license to the first car I observed, occupied also by one white male. He spent a little more time in the area. He tried-he circled the area and probed one spot right at the tower in an attempt to get and was forced to back out some considerable distance, and slowly cruised down back towards the front of the School Depository Building...The last I saw of him he was pausing just about in--just above the assassination site.” Bowers also sees two men behind the picket fence: “Directly in line, towards the mouth of the underpass, there were two men. One man, middle-aged, or slightly older, fairly heavy-set, in a white shirt, fairly dark trousers. Another younger man, about midtwenties, in either a plaid shirt or plaid coat or jacket.” 12:23 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) From his office on the 7th floor of the Mercantile Building, H.L. Hunt reportedly watches JFK ride towards Dealey Plaza. A few moments later, escorted by six men in two cars, Hunt leaves the center of Dallas without even stopping by his house. He eventually flies to Mexico where he remains for one month. He will also be eventually joined by General Edwin Walker.
He does not return until Christmas. (According to a research paper now known as The Torbitt Document - H.L.. Hunt and his family are flown to New York on orders from J. Edgar Hoover. Five FBI agents keep the Hunts at a hotel in New York three weeks until it is determined that Hunt’s alleged part in the assassination is going to be kept from public knowledge. Other reports actually place H.L.
Hunt in Washington following the assassination. Supposedly it was there that J. Edgar Hoover could better protect the Texas oil man and his interests.) 12:24 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) The Presidential motorcade passes FBI agent James Hosty.
12:25 PM (Nov. 22, 1963) Depository employee Carolyn Arnold sees Oswald on the first floor near the front door of the building.