«NOVEMBER 22, 1963 (Friday) 12:00 AM (Nov. 22, 1963) Nine Secret Service agents drinking at Pat Kirkwood’s bar the “Cellar Door” in Fort Worth, ...»
Secret Service units and trained military units that are required by regulations to be there are not in place. As a result there is limited ground and building surveillance.
Sewer covers along the way have not been welded shut.
The route is particularly hazardous, with sharp turns requiring slow speeds, in violation of protection regulations.
Beyond the triple overpass, the “barricade” suggested by the Warren Commission is a three-inch curb, which could have been easily navigated by every vehicle in the motorcade, with discomfort to none.
A total of 178 officers, including reserves, are assigned to the motorcade route today. Captain of the Dallas reserves, Charles Arnett, will later tell the Warren Commission that the reserves were ordered to take no action if spectators booed the president, but if there was a threat of bodily harm, they were to report their concerns to the nearest “regular officer.” SS agent Winston Lawson, riding in the motorcade’s lead car, tries to wave onlookers off the triple underpass. The Dallas police officer, standing with the railroad employees on the overpass, does not notice the signaling. Lawson will later say: “From Love Field to Dealey Plaza, there were 20,000 windows. How could we possibly check them all?” Arnold Rowland notices a Dallas police officer on the sidewalk in front of the TSBD.
Police Ban (Channel 2) Curry, in the lead car, reports that his car has just reached the underpass. Eight seconds later, the police dispatcher announces the time: “12:30:18 PM CST” Victoria Elizabeth Adams, a witness observing the motorcade from the 4th floor of the TSBD says: “I watched the motorcade come down Main, as it turned from Main onto Houston, and watched it proceed around the corner on Elm, and apparently somebody in the crowd called to the late President, because he and his wife both turned abruptly and faced the building, so we had a very good view of both of them.” WC ASSASSINATION SCENARIO as postulated by Craig Roberts, author of Kill Zone. Roberts is a former U.S. Marine sniper and veteran of the Vietnam War.
“As the Lincoln enters the kill zone -- the section of street where the firing trajectories of all sniper positions intersect -- the order is given to commence firing. “ Mary Moorman: “... just immediately before the presidential car came into view, we were, you know, there was just tremendous excitement. And my friend who was with me, we were right ready to take the picture. And she’s not timid. She, as the car approached us, she did holler for the president, ‘Mr. President, look this way!’ And I’d stepped out off the curb into the street to take the picture. And snapped it immediately.” MIDP The Zapruder film will later show that Moorman remained on the curb and didn’t step into the street to take her photograph. Later photographic tests will reveal that Moorman HAD to be standing in the street to have the photograph and the various elements in it aligned as they are. Researchers have used this fact to argue that the Zapruder film has been altered - that composites of various frames were utilized in a forgery of the actual film.
In describing his viewing of the Zapruder film days later (Nov. 25th), Dan Rather - CBS television’s New Orleans Bureau Chief who is in Texas to cover the President’s visit - describes JFK moments before the first shot: “President Kennedy had just put his right hand up to the side of his right eye, it appeared that he was perhaps brushing back his hair or rubbing his eyebrow.” Rather restates this particular movement again by saying: “At almost the instant the President put his hand up to his eyebrow... on the right side of his face, with Mrs. Kennedy looking away... the President lurched forward just a bit, uh, it was obvious he had been hit in the movie but you had to be looking very closely in order to see it.” POTP When JFK is embalmed, Thomas Evan Robison, one of the undertakers will describe three small wounds on the right side of the President’s face - one in the temple and two small shrapnel wounds in the face. Some researchers have described the wound in the temple as a bullet wound and the two “shrapnel wounds” as having hit the President when one of the bullets missed its target and hit the pavement, causing debris to fly up and strike the President on the right side of his face. It is further noted in the film that JFK abruptly stops waving and lowers his right arm just as the limo passes behind the Stemmons Freeway sign in the Zapruder film. Researchers have suggested that he has heard the sound of the first shot that has missed the limo and has instead hit the pavement of Elm Street - causing stinging debris to strike the right side of his face. If this is the case, JFK doesn’t have time to fully react to being hit by the debris before he is struck by another bullet and propelled forward. In an interview conducted on May 26, 1992 by Certified Legal Investigator Joe West,
Thomas Evan Robison will describe JFK’s wounds and partial embalming process as follows:
The President’s limo is just passing a Stemmons Freeway sign.
* Emmett Hudson, groundskeeper at Dealey Plaza, will later reveal that one of the two fixed points [the Book Depository window and the car positioned at the Stemmons Freeway sign] - the Stemmons sign is shifted from its place soon after the assassination and removed completely by early in 1965. Sylvia Meagher points out in her book, Accessories After The Fact, that “we do not know if the sign was moved before or after the FBI reenactment tests of May 24, 1964 or, for that matter, before or after the Secret Service reenactments of December 5, 1963. The repositioning and ultimate disappearance of the Stemmons sign is a mystery with ominous undertones. Having no interest in evidence which did not incriminate Oswald, the Warren Commission took not the slightest interest in the Stemmons sign and, needless to say, made no investigation into when and why it was moved.” In the soon-to-be-famous Zapruder film, JFK’s limo is now briefly obscured as it passes behind the Stemmons Freeway sign located on Elm St. John P. Costella, Ph.D. states in The Great Zapruder Film Hoax that: “The inescapable conclusion is that the Stemmons Freeway sign as seen in the extant ‘Zapruder” film is a fabrication. It does not represent a physically real object that was present during the assassination. Rather, it has been inserted into the film after the event.” Costella bases his conclusions on the absence of “pincushion distortion” that should be present on the sign if the film is genuine. Costella believes the Stemmons Freeway Sign was superimposed on the film after the background was already pincushion distorted. The sign’s edges aren’t pulled towards the corners of the frame like everything else in the extant film.
Lampposts are also visible in the Zapruder film. In 1963 the lampposts were 16’ tall, and next to the curb. After the assassination, lampposts were moved away from the curb and changed to 14’ height. This makes photo replications much harder. Note also that Hugh Betzner took a little-studied black and white image of the assassination. Close examination of Betzner shows what could be another movie photographer. He is the same size as Zapruder and seems to be holding a camera to his face. If this is another photographer, his position is only about ten feet away from Zapruder’s pedestal. He could be the source of the “other” film seen by several researchers.
Also of interest is the fact that freshly painted yellow stripes are photographed on the south curb of Elm Street today. At least two of these stripes appear in the Zapruder film. Color photos taken in the 1990s show that the stripes have been lengthened to about 40 inches
- considerably longer than their original size of about 24 inches. Some researchers believe the stripes were painted by the assassination team and later repainted as part of the cover-up. Beverly Oliver, who has been shooting movies near the south curb, will later notice that she has stepped in yellow paint today. It is all over the soles of her shoes. She tries to get the paint off, but can not get it all off.
TGZFH A man standing to the right of the freeway sign opens and umbrella, holds it above his head and pumps it up and down as the limousine passes his location.
In the next few moments, while almost everyone in Dealey Plaza will be reacting to the shots by either falling to the ground or rushing towards the area of the Grassy Knoll, the man identified as the “Umbrella Man” will sit down next to a dark complected man on the sidewalk of Elm Street. Several photographs taken at this time indicate that the dark-complected man talks into a radio. Jim Towner snaps a photograph in which an antenna - or an antenna-like device - can be seen jutting out from behind the man’s head while his hands hold an object to his face. A few moments later, both men will stand up and walk away - each in different directions: the dark-complected man heads toward the Triple Underpass while the “Umbrella Man” is seen walking towards the Texas 8School Book Depository. A public appeal will eventually result in the “Umbrella Man” being identified to author and researcher Penn Jones by an anonymous caller.
The “Umbrella Man” is identified as a former Dallas insurance salesman named Louis Steven Witt. Jones contacts local newsmen and together they confront Witt. Although Witt refuses to talk to the newsmen, he confirms that he was in Dealey Plaza when JFK was shot and killed. Jones will later write: “I felt the man had been coached. He would answer no questions and pointedly invited us to leave.
His only positive statement, which seemed to come very quickly, was that he was willing to appear before the House Select Committee on Assassinations in Washington.”
SHOTS ARE FIRED AT THE MOTORCADE *
At approximately Zapruder frame 200, Kennedy’s movements suddenly freeze; his right hand abruptly stops in the midst of a waving motion and his head moves rapidly from right to his left in the direction of his wife. Based on these movements, it appears that by the time the President goes behind the sign at frame 207 he is evidencing some kind of reaction to a severe external stimulus. (HSCA) Gerry Patrick Hemming states: “The one thing we do know is none of the [assassination] teams knew the existence of the others...
when they heard the shots, they would flinch because they weren’t sure that they’d been spotted and somebody was trying to take them out.... you can put a smile on the shooter’s face because then he realizes that it’s a super-pro job and there are backup and decoy teams and that’s where those shots are coming from. Silencers were used extensively. These were sonic silencers purchased through Mitchell Werbell.” BT On hearing the first burst of firing, Sheriff Bill Decker glances back and thinks he sees a bullet bouncing off the street pavement.
Motorcycle officer, Starvis Ellis also will testify he sees a bullet hit the pavement. (Neither Decker nor Ellis will ever be questioned about this by the Warren Commission.) Motorcycle officer James Chaney will also tell newsmen this day that the first shot missed. It is suggested that JFK is hit by small pieces of the street pavement, and stops waving for a moment.
James Tague is standing near the triple underpass in Dealey Plaza. He is about 450 feet from the TSBD.
Lee Bowers, in the railroad tower behind the knoll, is aware of some kind of “commotion” behind the picket fence - where he has previously noticed two men milling around: “ I just am unable to describe rather than it was something out of the ordinary, a sort of milling around, but something occurred in this particular spot which was out of the ordinary, which attracted my eye for some reason, which I could not identify.” Mrs. Donald Baker, standing in front of the TSBD, says that she sees a shot hit the pavement near the Stemmons Freeway sign. “I thought it was a firecracker. It looked just like you could see the sparks from it and I just thought it was a firecracker and I was thinking that there was somebody was fixing to get in a lot of trouble and we thought the kids or whoever threw it were down below or standing near the underpass or back up here by the sign.” WC Governor John Connally recognizes the first noise as a rifle shot and the thought immediately crosses his mind that this is an assassination attempt. From his position in the right jump seat immediately in front of JFK, he instinctively turns to his right because, to him, the shot seems to have come from over his right shoulder. [W.C.] Mrs. Connally will later recall: “I heard a noise that I didn’t think of as a gunshot. I just heard a disturbing noise and turned to my right from where I thought the noise had come and looked in the back and saw the President clutch his neck with both hands. He said nothing. He just sort of slumped down in the seat. John had turned to his right also when we heard that first noise and shouted, “no, no, no...” James T. Teague, standing near the concrete abutment of the triple underpass, about 260 feet downhill from the President’s position, is hit on his cheek by a piece of concrete blown off the street curb when it is hit by one of the bullets fired at the President. Teague is standing on a curb on Main Street, not Elm Street. He is more than one full block away from the President’s car. Teague will not be questioned by the Warren Commission and his existence is not even publicly announced for seven months following the assassination.
If one draws a line from the point of impact on the curbstone (where Teague was standing) back to a position within a circle with an eighteen-inch diameter around the President’s head and shoulders and then project that line back to some firing point, the gunman is placed in a window on the second floor of the Dal-Tex building, behind the President’s car. On the other hand, if a line is drawn from that same point of contact with the curbstone back to the alleged lone gunman’s lair on the sixth floor of the Book Depository building, the bullet would have traveled about twenty-two feet to its right.