«NOVEMBER 22, 1963 (Friday) 12:00 AM (Nov. 22, 1963) Nine Secret Service agents drinking at Pat Kirkwood’s bar the “Cellar Door” in Fort Worth, ...»
•The Review Board intends to work with Congress to exercise its authority under the JFK Act to direct that the film be transferred to the JFK Assassination Records Collection on August 1, 1998;
•The Review Board will do all in its power to ensure that the best available copy of the Zapruder film will become available to the public at the lowest reasonable price; and
•The Review Board will continue to work cooperatively with LMH Company to (a) make the best possible copy of the Zapruder film to be placed in NARA for scholarly and research uses, (b) to establish a base reference for the film through digitization, and (c) to conduct all appropriate tests to evaluate authenticity and to elicit historical and evidentiary evidence.
Lesar says that in his view, the board’s action immediately opened the way for Freedom of Information Act requests for copies. He says his organization may file such a request. “It is now a government record,” he says. The original piece of film has been in the custody of the National Archives under an agreement with the Zapruder family.
July 3, 1997 It is revealed through newly released documents today that, as a member of the Warren Commission that investigated the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy, Gerald R. Ford suggested that the panel change its initial description of the bullet wound in Kennedy’s back to place it higher up in his body. The change, critics say, may have been intended to support the controversial theory that a single bullet struck Kennedy from behind, exited his neck and then wounded Texas Gov. John Connally.
The Warren Commission relied on it heavily in concluding that Lee Harvey Oswald was Kennedy’s lone assassin, firing from the Texas School Book Depository, above and behind the president Ford’s handwritten editing, revealed in newly disclosed papers kept by the commission’s general counsel, was accepted with a slight change. The initial draft of the report stated: “A bullet had entered his [Kennedy’s] back at a point slightly below the shoulder to the right of the spine.” Ford wanted it to read: “A bullet had entered the back of his neck slightly to the right of the spine.” The effect of Ford’s change was to strengthen the commission’s conclusion that a single bullet passed through Kennedy and severely wounded Texas Gov. John Connally - a crucial element in its finding that Lee Harvey Oswald was the sole gunman. A small change, said Ford when it came to light, one intended to clarify meaning, not alter history. ‘’My changes had nothing to do with a conspiracy theory,’’ he said in a telephone interview from Beaver Creek, Colo. ‘’My changes were only an attempt to be more precise.’’ July 12, 1997 News report: Blasts Hit Havana Hotels Loud explosions rocked two top Havana hotels within minutes of each other today, injuring at least three people. Authorities suggested they were caused by bombs. The blasts took place at the Hotel Nacional and the nearby Hotel Capri, shattering windows in the lobby areas. Witnesses said at least three people were injured in the explosion at the Nacional. Asked by reporters what caused the explosions, Tourism Minister Osmany Cienfuegos said, “Obviously they are enemies of ours.’’ July 27, 1997 Lady Bird Johnson visits the John F. Kennedy Library and Museum. The former first lady, 84, comes to see a recently unveiled exhibit devoted to Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, who preceded her in the White House. The politicians’ wives developed a friendship in Washington during the Kennedy administration and stayed in touch for decades, museum Director Brad Gerratt says. The widow of former President Lyndon Baines Johnson visits the museum while traveling to Martha’s Vineyard, the resort island where the two women last visited in 1993 before Mrs. Onassis’ death. Mrs. Johnson spends about 40 minutes viewing displays.
September 25, 1997 ABC’s Peter Jennings appears on the television show 20/20 to discredit documents that are about to be used by ABC’s own contracted reporter for an upcoming show scheduled for broadcast. The contracted reporter is Seymour Hersh.
The documents purport to show a secret deal involving Marilyn Monroe, Sam Giancana, and President JFK. They are to be the cornerstone of Hersh’s upcoming book, The Dark Side of Camelot. TA October 23, 1997 Many of the 324 recently released documents about John F. Kennedy were declared to be forgeries by forensic examiners. Some revealed an affair with Marilyn Monroe. One was a contract between Monroe and Kennedy which was proven to be forged by examiners working for ABC and Seymour Hersh. The document was proven to have been typed on an IBM Selectric II, which wasn’t produced until 1973. The man responsible for releasing these documents is Lawrence “Lex” Cusack.
October 24, 1997 (In the news today) In his testimony before the House Select Committee on Assassinations in 1978, James Rowley, Secret Service Chief in 1963, stated several leads to conspiracies to assassinate President Kennedy may not have been checked out. He stated the Secret Service had begun looking into several assassination plots, but stopped when President Johnson ordered the FBI to take over the investigation of the president’s murder. The Secret Service was ordered to turn over all relevant information to the FBI. Rowley stated the FBI never informed the Secret Service of any of the leads it turned over. One lead was the Miami Secret Service Report on Joseph Milteer. Milteer, a right wing activist, was taped by the Secret Service saying Kennedy would be assassinated with a rifle from a window in a downtown business district. Rowley was asked why Milteer was not put on constant surveillance. A reply to this was made by another Secret Service aid, Thomas Kelley. He replied that they didn’t have enough manpower.
October 28, 1997 According to a Newsweek article about one of the Nixon White House tapes (June 30, 1971), Richard Nixon wanted information that would hurt the reputations of John F. Kennedy and Franklin D. Roosevelt. Nixon said, “We’re going to expose, God, Pearl Harbor.” He hoped to find President Roosevelt at fault for Pearl Harbor, which led the US into World War II. Regarding Kennedy, he hoped to find damaging information about the Cuban Missile crisis and suggested a break-in at the National Archives to get it.
November 2, 1997 Private notes recently released by Senator Richard Russell’s family reveal a man reluctant to serve on the Warren Commission. He didn’t trust Chief Justice Earl Warren, and he was already busy being a Senator. He tried to resign in February of 1964, but President Lyndon Johnson talked him into staying. He was opposed to the single bullet theory and stated so in a memo. He wrote, “Reviewing the Zapruder film several times adds to my conviction that the bullet that passed through Governor Connally’s body was not the same bullet as that which passed through the president’s back and neck.” Also in earlier released documents, Senator Russell suggested a government conspiracy between Earl Warren, the CIA, and FBI to convince the public that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone.
November 18, 1997 The Pentagon plotted elaborate schemes to invade Cuba and overthrow Fidel Castro, according to documents released by the Assassinations Records Review Board today. Documents total 1500 pages of secret military records from 1962 to 1964.
In a March 12, 1962 top secret report, Pentagon officials stated, “The courses of action which follow are a preliminary submission suitable only for planning purposes... we could develop a communist Cuban terror campaign in the Miami area, in other cities and even in Washington. The terror campaign could be pointed at Cuban refugees seeking haven in the U.S. We could sink a boat load of Cubans en route to Florida (real or simulated). We could foster attempts on the lives of Cuban refugees in the U.S. even to the extent of wounding in instances to be widely published. Exploding a few plastic bombs in carefully chosen spots, the arrest of Cuban agents and the release of prepared documents substantiating Cuban involvement also would be helpful in projecting the idea of an irresponsible government.” Also -- The Assassinations Records Review Board releases Clay Shaw’s secret diary today. Shaw was the New Orleans businessman who was tried by DA Jim Garrison and found not guilty in 1969 of conspiracy to assassinate President Kennedy. He wrote of being wrongly prosecuted: “I am still dismayed to find myself charged with the most heinous crime of the century,” he wrote, “but I am completely innocent, and the feeling of being a stunned animal seems to have gone now. “ In another part he wrote about his feelings of being accused of associating with Lee Harvey Oswald and David Ferrie: “Aside from any questions of guilt or innocence, anyone who knows me knows that I would have better sense than to plot with two nuts like that.” December 31, 1997 Michael Kennedy, 39 years old, is killed in a skiing accident in Aspen, Colorado.
n During this year, Mikhail Gorbachev is asked during an interview if he believes the Warren Commission’s assessment that LHO was the lone gunman in JFK’s assassination. Gorbachev answers: “You want me to answer the question, which the entire U.S. couldn’t solve for so many years after conducting extensive investigations. Well, I think I have great doubt that it reflects what really happened at that time... I have serious doubts that the Warren Commission presented a true picture of what happened. I don’t believe it.” January 3, 1998 Centerville Mass. Although his final year was darkened by scandal, Michael Kennedy was mourned Saturday by his famous family as a loving father and a force for public good. ‘’A whole nation knows his name, but few know the best of what he did,’’ U.S. Rep. Joseph P. Kennedy II said. ‘’Michael was one man, but he was 100 points of light.’’ Mourners arriving for the funeral of the sixth of 11 children born to the late Sen. Robert F. Kennedy and Ethel Kennedy were given cards with Michael’s picture. It included the text of an Irish ballad that lamented ‘’Oh! why did you leave us Michael, why did you die?’’ Allegations last year that he had an affair with an underage baby sitter added to the history of scandal that has tainted his family’s image of public service. Joseph Kennedy, who remained close to Michael after withdrawing from the Massachusetts governor’s race this year, was among pallbearers who carried the casket, covered in white roses and lilies, up the church steps. All of Michael Kennedy’s surviving brothers and sisters, along with friends and relatives, packed the oak pews of Our Lady of Victory Church. His estranged wife, Victoria Gifford Kennedy, accompanied Ethel Kennedy into the church. During the private service, Michael Kennedy was praised for accomplishments on behalf of others. He was campaign manager in his uncle Sen. Edward M. Kennedy’s tough 1994 reelection campaign for the Senate against Mitt Romney, son of former Michigan Gov. George Romney. He also was active in charity efforts in Massachusetts and Africa.
He worked to get American companies to invest in Angola and South Africa, and gave seed money to open a Catholic university in Angola, which has said it will name a new library after him. A Harvard graduate, Kennedy had proven himself a businessman as chair of Citizens Energy Corp., a nonprofit company providing home heating fuel to the poor and shelter to the homeless. He had planned to help his brother Joseph’s run for governor. After his brother withdrew, Michael was treated for alcohol and sex addiction. Kennedy had been shunning the limelight at the time of the skiing accident. Family members were playing a game of touch football on skis when Kennedy lost control on the slope and ran head-on into a tree. At the end of the service, a long funeral cortege drove from Cape Cod to Brookline for Kennedy’s burial at Holyhood Cemetery, where his brother, David, who died of a drug overdose, and his grandparents, Rose Fitzgerald and Joseph Kennedy, are buried.
January 25, 1998 Penn Jones, one of the earliest JFK assassination researchers, dies in Texas from complications of n Alzheimer’s Disease. Former editor of the Midlothian Texas Mirror, he wrote a series of articles which resulted in his books “Forgive My Grief”.
March 11, 1998 John F. Kennedy, Jr. named President of George magazine publication.
March 18, 1998 ( New York ) -- A collector whose JFK memorabilia goes on the block beginning today reached a last-minute settlement with the late president’s children, agreeing to hand over several ‘’intensely personal’’ items, the collector’s lawyer said.