FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials

Pages:     | 1 ||

«CONCEPT BY Mr. Rohit Tandale Copyright © 2012 by Rohit Mahadev Tandale. All rights reserved. Concept Solution papers are in draft form. This paper ...»

-- [ Page 2 ] --

FIG. Live images of employees smoking in le defense and their thrown litters Calculation of Cigarette butts per dayWe assume entity X= 3,300,000 sq ft of flagstone walkways & sidewalk are there.

Then, B= Average butts per day on 1 sq ft = 5+ Y=Average 30% area among X I found with litters =990,000 sq ft Cigarette butts found per day in La defense =B*Y= 4,950,000+ butts So, per day in la defense near about 5 million butts littered, which is a very huge quantity we are getting here. This can cause bad effect in upcoming days to la defense and global pollution.

I Approached to:

Mr. Jean Yves, Assistant representative of la defense community Phone: 0146931902 Mail: Jean_yves@ladefense.fr After getting some review about la defense I came to know that la defense is not taking any preventive action against cigarette litters. And particularly I found this is the same happening in other areas as well all over the world. Finally the question generated is “what can we do about collecting cigarette butts?”.

–  –  –

6) SOLUTION- Recycle Solution I found, As we know from single la defense area we can get 5 Million butts per day which is very huge quantity and the solution is “Collect these butts by putting receptacles and Cig-bins at various locations and Recycle them to reuse”.

–  –  –

gives us low density cellulose acetate fine powder of fibers. If we use this powder in proportion with gypsum, water and sulfate material, which create mould for producing car engine part industry.

–  –  –

If we add high concentrated chemical solution that dissolves same HDCA and after steering for a while, that HDCA is then turned to strong inflammable plastic. The basic process is unbound the composition of HDCA and convert to Plastic like melamine, which is used to make various vessels and utensils for Microwave oven purpose. So, this can be used in various scale in plastic industry.

–  –  –

Now researchers in China say they have found chemicals that could make the recycling of cigarette butts.(CNN News). The Chinese scientists found that by

–  –  –

immersing the butts in water they were able to extract nine different chemical compounds, including nicotine.

The replacement of rusting steel pipes is a major ongoing cost for oil producers around the world. When these extracts were applied to a type of steel widely used in the oil industry they were found to be very effective in preventing corrosion, even under harsh conditions.

–  –  –

This we can a very great invention done by Montis textiles. The process they patented is very simple, When you collect all the butts together just follow 3 steps as shown in above diagram.

Collect the dry butts, Only we require is autoclave (autoclave is a structure where butts are processed by heating and disinfectant process to make butts fiber germfree and to reduce power cigarette which cause skin irritants). Then butts are processed by polar solvent and then rinsed and dried. From this whole process we get two things 1. Resulting liquid- which we can use or sell as biological insecticide 2.bundle Fiber like material, which is then shredded to create wool like material. This material can be used to create antique dresses, which has great value in current market. These all recycle methods are easy and cost efficient.



The above all summarized issued I mentioned in this case is to full understand the impact of cigarette litters on our environment.

How to create the business in Environment Management?

A crazy but I think good idea to develop from all point of view is… A concept, which can cover certain following fields of problems ……..

–  –  –


Idea is removing unsightly litter from the streets, creating jobs, and turning cigarette butts into useful items Fig. Creation of business in Environment management

–  –  –

We can establish small trust or organization; Litter can be picked up by volunteers or by paid employees. Hiring people to pick up smoking-related litter can cost a business, park, or school a great deal of money. Some businesses also have their employees pick up litter from parking lots, entrances, and landscaped areas.

"Adopt a Spot," "Adopt a Park" and other adoption programs involve volunteers in cleaning certain areas. Some schools can encourage student groups to Adopt a Spot on campus which they clean at least twice a year. Cleanups are also also organized by nonprofit groups, including the International Coastal Cleanup, an annual worldwide event organized by firm to pick up litter along highways. In this way we can maintain clean environment.

For hiring people we can also solve problem of low level employment generation and most oblivious problem is money. So, we can develop some rotation of blocked money by companies for paying them.

Lets understand the Recession mean “A recession is a phenomenon of slowing the pace of economic growth which reduces or by decrease in GDP (Buying power of entity, person, organization or community) tends to block the money” So, By taking benefit of CSR, donation or litter Tax generation ( tax created by every sell of Cigarette packet by government and again it is used for the same i.e for environment management) an organization can raise the funds for such activity, Analyze the economic structure of firm and hire paid employees to clean up environment. (To pick up or collecting cigarette butts).

Trust can take some profit x and can rotate the money from same manufacturers to sub-organization to employee tends to increase buying power, which unblocks the money and also tend to clean the environment.

A Case Study from Africa: In South Africa a local company is making huge progress in solving the disposal of cigarette butts outdoors. Ash n Ad has introduced a unique outdoor ashtray that is fast becoming a recognized icon for the correct disposal of cigarette butts. Each month the Ash n Ad team is collecting 10 000 cigarette butts and this number is increasing by 30% each month. A recycling program has begun and very soon Ash n Ad will also be announcing its successful experiments ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT- IPAG MBA 2011-12. MR. ROHIT TANDALE CIGARETTE BUTTS 2012


It is recommend that the tobacco industry be held at least ``partly accountable'' for the environmental impact of tobacco-related litter. ``The tobacco industry should improve the biodegradability of filters, reduce packaging waste, and educate its customers,'' they say. Special taxes might also be added to the price of cigarettes to fund environmental clean-up efforts, according. Finally, they believe that all worksites and public buildings should reduce cigarette littering by supplying ashtrays and other ``disposal mechanisms'' at building entrances.


Educate smokers & nonsmokers about the need to dispose of waste properly.

Studies show that smoking-related litter can be decreased by 50 percent or more through educational campaigns. Signs, messages printed on packaging, personal messages to smokers, and presentations about the harmful impacts of cigarette litter will decrease some littering behavior. However, like any public education campaign, the educational message must be continual. A one-time educational effort will not result in long-term changes in behavior. If smokers and nonsmokers knew that cigarette butts contain toxins, and they cost us millions of dollars in fire-fighting and cleanup, we as a society would not tolerate this littering behavior.

Have a "no smoking" policy or allow smoking only in designated areas.

More and more public beaches, parks, open-air shopping malls, and college campus are trying to concentrate cigarette butt litter by requiring smokers to use only designated areas. These areas should have ash receptacles, lighting, seating, and be convenient. Often, the use of these designated smoking areas is promoted for public health reasons (secondhand smoke) and fire prevention, as well as a litter-control mechanism. This approach is sometimes attacked because it restricts smokers' rights (after all, smoking is a legal activity), and it is trying to address one behavior (littering) by restricting another behavior (smoking).

Provide ash receptacles at all entry/exit points of buildings, at bus stops, and other areas where people frequently need to discard their cigarettes.

According to Keep America Beautiful, which is conducting a scientific study on cigarette littering behavior, these "Transition Points" are the places smokers need ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT- IPAG MBA 2011-12. MR. ROHIT TANDALE CIGARETTE BUTTS 2012 to discard their cigarettes before entering buildings or getting on a bus. Once installed, these receptacles need to be monitored and maintained regularly; once smokers become accustomed to using these receptacles you may need to add more to keep up with the cigarette waste being properly discarded. Studies show that more ashtrays help.

Distribute pocket ashtrays. Many types of pocket ashtrays are on the market.

Some are made of foil and are disposable, while others are made of plastics or metals, and can be used for years. These can be purchased in bulk and distributed by community groups or businesses as part of a litter-prevention campaign.

Enforce litter laws. Cigarette butts are litter, yet rarely do smokers get ticketed for littering. The law enforcement solution to litter is difficult; however, as many taxpayers would like to see law enforcement personnel spend their time on more meaningful work.

Other ideas:

Engaging Tobacco Manufacturers:

A Cigarette butt in the environment is litters issue-not a smoking issue. Just as the manufacturers of sodas have no control over the consumer's disposal of empty cans or bottles, cigarette manufacturers cannot control smoker's behavior when it comes to the disposal of cigarette butts. Just as beverage manufacturers contribute to anti-litter campaigns, and have invested in public education on litter issues, so too should the tobacco industry.

Thus far, some cigarette manufacturers have made efforts at anti-litter education.

They need to take an active and responsible role in educating smokers about this issue and devote resources to the cleanup of cigarette litter. Strategies can include anti-litter messages on all packaging and advertisements, distribution of small, free portable ashtrays, and placement and maintenance of outdoor ashtrays in areas where smokers gather. Maybe cigarette packages can be redesigned to accommodate discarded butts.

–  –  –

Anti-Litter Taxes:

In some states, consumers pay a small "anti-litter tax" every time they purchase a canned or bottled beverage. These funds support anti-litter efforts. A similar tax on cigarette purchases has been considered by some states that would go towards funding campaigns aimed at eliminating the littering of butts. Picking up littered cigarette butts costs schools, businesses, and park agencies money. By taxing smokers for anti-litter educational efforts, some of the costs of cleaning up cigarette butts will shift onto smokers.

–  –  –


www.ladefense.fr, Mr. Jean Yves, Assistant representative of la defense community Phone: 0146931902 Mail: Jean_yves@ladefense.fr http://en.wikipedia/filters.in, www.Ripplelife.org, Mr. Curtis contact0124 @ ripplelife.org www.recycleinfo.in www.googlerecyclopedia.fr www.caw recycled.org/issues/cigarettes www.treehugger.com/.../ recycled - cigarette – butts


rohit.mtandale@yahoo.co.in 0668046779 ( Paris)

Pages:     | 1 ||

Similar works:

«DR DOROTHY LUCKS Nationality Australian and British Dual Nationality Education 2012 Accredited Facilitator – Probe Business Modelling & Benchmarking. 2010 PhD Sustainable Development, University of W. Australia. 1996 Masters of Business Administration, University of Strathclyde. 1985 Post-graduate extension course (Entrepreneurial Development), Glasgow Business School. 1980 Bachelor of Science, University of Edinburgh. Membership of Professional bodies AES Representative to the International...»

«Forthcoming, Management Science The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Firm Value: The Role of Customer Awareness Henri Servaes London Business School and Ane Tamayo London School of Economics July 2012 _ We are grateful to Bruno Cassiman, Paul Coombes, Julian Franks, Bruce Hardie, Kanishka Misra, Madan Pilutla, Richard Taffler, Nader Tavassoli, an anonymous associate editor, three anonymous referees, and seminar participants at London Business School for useful comments and...»

«July 2016 Curriculum Vitae WEI-HSIN YU University of Maryland Phone: (301) 405-6422 Department of Sociology Fax: (301) 314-6892 College Park, MD 20742-1315 Email: whyu1@umd.edu EDUCATION 1999 Ph.D. Sociology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 1995 M.A. Sociology, The University of Chicago 1992 B.B.A. Business Administration, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan PROFESSIONAL POSITIONS 2016 – present Director of Research, Department of Sociology, University of Maryland, College...»

«THE ROLE OF TRUST IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS NEGOTIATIONS: A CULTURALLY DETERMINED PERSPECTIVE Mohammad Niamat Elahee Universidad de Monterrey, Mexico and the University of Texas Pan American ABSTRACT Drawing from the literature of cross-cultural management, negotiation behavior, trust, and ethics, this paper presents a theoretical framework explaining the relationship between different dimensions of national culture and trust, and consequently how that might affect the cross-cultural...»


«Small Economies in the Face of Globalisation Third William G. Demas Memorial Lecture at the Caribbean Development Bank Delivered by José Antonio Ocampo, Executive Secretary, Economic Commission for Latin American and the Caribbean (ECLAC) Cayman Islands, 14 May 2002 Globalisation certainly poses new questions as to the relation between size and development. On the one hand, globalisation is making all countries smaller relative to the relevant (world) market. By reducing the transaction costs...»

«THE DETERMINANTS OF ISLAMIC BANKS PROFITABILITY IN MALAYSIA BY KOK YOKE TENG TAN KER WEI TAN SIM YONG YONG MAN SIEW A research project submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of BACHELOR OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (HONS) BANKING AND FINANCE UNIVERSITI TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN FACULTY OF BUSINESS AND FINANCE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE MAY 2012 The Determinants of Islamic Banks Profitability in Malaysia Copyright @ 2012 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this paper may be reproduced,...»

«Risk Measurement and Management An in-depth look at how Wall Street professionals deal with market risk Presented by: Kwon Joon Chang Christopher Lin Tianqi Zhu December 10, 2008 1 Introduction Wall Street has always been known to be a place where you can multiply your money – a place where you can cash in big on free-market capitalism to fast track your way to the American Dream. With the advent of all sorts of financial derivatives, arbitrage schemes, and the growing inclination for...»

«OPEN SESSION: There were no members of the public present.MINUTES OF THE POLICY & FINANCE COMMITTEE Held on 18th January 2012 at 7.00pm PRESENT: Cllr J D Heron (Chairman) Cllr W S Rippon-Swaine (Vice Chairman) Cllr L C Ford Cllr R Frampton Cllr S Stokes Cllr M A Steele Cllr B H Terry Cllr M H Thierry IN ATTENDANCE: Terry Simpson, Town Clerk Martin Townsend, Finance Manager Sam Poulter, Student Advisor Jenny Baldwin, Student Advisor Cllr A Wiseman The Town Clerk reported that apologies for...»

«1 SB15 2 172486-1 3 By Senator Ward 4 RFD: Finance and Taxation General Fund 5 First Read: 02-FEB-16 6 PFD: 12/16/2015 Page 0 1 172486-1:n:11/09/2015:EBO-KB/jak 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 SYNOPSIS: This bill would amend Sections 9-13-84, 9 22-9A-23, 22-21-24, 27-4A-3, 28-3-74, 28-3-184, 10 28-3-201, 28-3-202, 28-3-204, 28-7-16, 38-4-12, 11 38-4-12.1, 38-4-13, 40-1-31, 40-8-3, 40-21-51, 12 40-21-87, 40-23-35, 40-23-50, 40-23-77, and 13 40-25-23 of the Code of Alabama 1975, to provide 14 further for the...»

«The Tea Party at the Election Zachary Courser Abstract This article is an examination of the Tea Party movement's effects on the 2010 midterm elections. The Tea Party proves to be a grassroots movement that was initially spurred by economic crisis and gradually pulled within the Republican Party. While a handful of experienced conservative interest groups—and the Republican Party itself—managed to use the energies of Tea Party sentiment to effect a Republican takeover of the House of...»

«Health Systems in Transition Vol. 17 No. 2 2015 Ukraine Health system review Valery Lekhan • Volodymyr Rudiy Maryna Shevchenko • Dorit Nitzan Kaluski Erica Richardson Erica Richardson (Editor) and Ellen Nolte (Series editor) were responsible for this HiT Editorial Board Series editors Reinhard Busse, Berlin University of Technology, Germany Josep Figueras, European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies Martin McKee, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom Elias...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.