«Eugenio Martinez Anti-Castro activist. Martinez was born in Cuba and moved to Miami after Castro came to power in 1959. He was involved in Operation ...»
Cowell 103 - List of Characters
John Martino An anti-Castro activist who, in 1964, claimed he had important information about the death of
John F. Kennedy. Martino argued that Fidel Castro had planned the assassination of Kennedy as
retaliation for an American plot to overthrow Castro’s government. He claimed that Lee Harvey
Oswald had been in Cuba in 1963 and was recruited by Cuban intelligence to kill Kennedy.
Martino admitted Ced his role in the conspiracy, as a courier delivering money, to a friend and his wife (Fred Classen and Florence Martino). Just before he died in 1975 Martino also confessed to Miami Newsday reporter John Cummings that he had been guilty of spreading false stories implicating Oswald in the assassination of Kennedy, instead suggesting that two Cuban exiles were the gunmen, who are believed to be Herminio Diaz Garcia and Virgilio Gonzalez.
Eugenio Martinez Anti-Castro activist. Martinez was born in Cuba and moved to Miami after Castro came to power in 1959. He was involved in Operation Tilt and was one of five men recruited by G. Gordon Liddy and E. Howard Hunt to commit the Watergate Burglary in 1972.
Eddie Bayo Anti-Castro activist, originally born in Cuba. In 1962 Bayo claimed that two officers in the Red Army based in Cuba wanted to defect to the U.S. Bayo said they were willing to pass on technical information about the warheads and missiles that were still in Cuba despite the agreement following the Cuban Missile Crisis, and several members of the anti-Castro community took up his story. This led to Operation Tilt, the unsuccessful attempt to get those Soviet Officer out of Cuba which Bayo participated in. The officers were not located and the group returned to Miami. Bayo remained behind after the operation and it is rumoured that he had been captured and executed.
Sylvia Odio Daughter of an imprisoned Cuban refugee (imprisoned for attempting to assassinate Castro with Manolo Ray’s anti-Castro group). In her testimony she says that on the evening of September 25, 1963 her family home was visited by a man she says was Lee Harvey Oswald based on pictures she was shown of him after the assassination (note: She was visited by 2 Mexican men who claimed to be members of JURE claiming to be her father’s friend, they said the third man, whom was white, was named “Leon”. Presumably Leon is Lee Harvey Oswald based on the “Odio Incident”). The presence of Oswald at the Odio residence would place Oswald as a member of a right-wing militant group, when the Warren Report portrayed Oswald as a leftist sympathizer.
David Morales CIA employee, worked with a military cover. In 1958 he moved to Cuba to support the Batista government. In 1965, according to CIA agent Tom Clines, Morale helped capture Che Guevara in Bolivia. According to his friend, Ruben Carbajal, Morales also talked about his involvement in the Bay of Pigs. According to Carbajal, Morales claimed “Kennedy had been responsible for him having to watch all the men he recruited and trained get wiped out,” adding, “Well, we took care of that SOB, didn’t we?”. Bradley E. Ayers of the Assassination Records Review Board also claims to have a credible witness who can place Morales at the Ambassador Hotel the night of JFK assassination.
Rip RobertsonWas a US marine during WWII and then a CIA agent after the war. He was involved in
the ‘Executive Action’ plan (plan to remove unfriendly foreign leaders from power, example:
Guatemalan government of Arbenz 1954). Robertson commanded a supply ship during the Bay of Pigs operation and disobeyed orders by landing in Cuba with Brigade 2506. Afterwards he became a member of the CIA’s JM WAVE station in Miami, headed by Ted Shackley. Shackley and William Pawley later organized Operation Tilt (operation to get two Soviet defectors in Cuba to the US to gain information regarding atomic warheads and missiles) and assigned Robertson to help with the operation.
David Atlee Phillips CIA employee. Philips ran the propaganda campaign, known as Operation Success, in Guatemala against President Arbenz, as well as the CIA’s Voice of Liberation radio station. He also worked undercover in Cuba from 1959 to 1960 and was involved in the Bay of Pigs. During this period he worked with E. Howard Hunt in the attempts to assassinate Castro. There have been claims from CIA agents and committee members that Phillips assumed the identity of Maurice Bishop during covert operations in Cuba. The group Alpha 66 (established by Cuban exiles against Castro’s regime, the group launched several raids on Cuba) was organized by Antonio Veciana in 1959 and received funding as well as operational guidance from the CIA.
Veciana says the man known as Bishop was his case officer, him and Bishop also worked on a plan to assassinate Castro. Although Phillips testified before the House Select Committee on Assassinations in 1978 saying he never used the name Bishop, his testimony compared with others and numerous documents/facts suggests that he was in-fact the character Bishop.
Antonio VecianaCreated Alpha 66 (group of anti-Castro Cuban exiles that committed several raids on Cuba and were funded and supported by the CIA) after Castro took power in 1959. He had worked with his caseworker Bishop (numerous testimonies and documents lead us to believe David Atlee Phillips used the pseudonym Bishop) during these raids and had also worked with him on a plan to assassinate Castro. March 1963 Alpha 66 attacks Russian ships docked in Cuba; Kennedy and the Department of State made it clear that they did not support these attacks amidst a time of tension between the SU and US. The group proceeded to attack another Soviet ship which led to Kennedy to order Veciana and other leaders of Alpha 66 to be arrested and placed in a confined area in Florida. After the assassination of Kennedy, Veciana began work for the International Development Agency under the State Department in Bolivia. During this time he was still focused on anti-communist activities and was in 1971 involved in another failed assassination attempt on Castro.
William HarveyFormer FBI officer who went to work for the CIA. Harvey was sent to West Germany where he worked with Theodore Shackely at the CIA Berlin Station. Later he would become part of the policy known as Executive Action, a plan to remove foreign leaders from power. This is one of the precursors to his involvement in anti-Castro activity, including his involvement in the 1961 plot to poison Castro. After the end of operations against Cuba in 1962, Harvey was sent to Italy where he became Chief of Station in Rome.
John Roselli (aka. Filippo Sacco)Roselli was a crime boss who first began working for Al Capone in the 1920’s. By the end of World War Two, he was one of the most powerful bosses in Las Vegas. The FBI identified him in 1947 as a leading figure in the Mafia and a close associate of Santo Trafficante. Roselli also participated in the 1961 plot against Castro, and it appears his goal was not just to assassinate Castro but to leave evidence implicating the CIA as well. Roselli told his attorney, Edward Morgan, that Castro had dispatched sniper teams to the U.S. to kill Kennedy in retaliation for plots against him. Roselli was interviewed in 1975 about his relationship with the government, and it was from this interview that it emerged that Roselli and Sam Giancana had been in talk with the CIA about killing Castro. In July 1976, Roselli disappeared on his way to play golf.
His body was brutally murdered, mutilated, and squashed into an oil drum floating in the ocean ten days after he disappeared.
Tony VaronaCuban born anti-communist who worked with Frank Sturgis and the CIA to plan a counterrevolution. In the late 1950’s he moved to the US and established the Movement for the Recovery of the Revolution (MRR Party). Later he became the head of the Cuban Revolutionary Council (CRC). It has been documented that he worked closely with organized crime leaders such as Trafficante and Roselli; Varona was also involved in several assassination attempts on Castro.
Richard Cain He joins the army in the late 1940’s and is discharged in 1950. After being discharged he becomes friends with private detective John Buenz (member of Office of Strategic Services during WWII, Batista was one of his most important clients and a friend) and is sent to Cuba to monitor government activity for various clients in Miami. He moved to Chicago later in the late 1950’s and had contacted his old family friend and mob boss Sam Giancana. During this time he became a “made member” of the Chicago mob and led numerous burglaries. Later in 1956 with the help of Giancana, he was admitted into the Chicago Police Department as a bagman for Giancana. He was later, with the help of Giancana, promoted to the detective bureau. After being caught installing a hidden camera in the commissioner of investigations room he was forced to resign. Later Giancana employed Cain to assassinate Castro after having met with the CIA and Dulles regarding an assassination plot to kill Castro, awarding $150,000 for the task. 1961 he moved to Mexico City to set up a base of operations for an investigative agency, it is believed that he was training Cuban expats for a second invasion of Cuba working with Varona and the Cuban Revolutionary Council. He later returned to Chicago and worked for the mob until his death in 1973 where he was murdered by two masked men who shot him in the face with a shotgun at a restaurant before removing a slip of paper from his pockets and walking off.
Desmond Fitzgerald Member of the OSS during World War Two. Was an active member of the Republican Party before becoming executive officer of the CIA’s Office of Policy Coordination’’s Far Eastern Division. In 1962 he was appointed Chief of the Cuban Task Force. Fitzgerald would personally be involved in multiple plots to assassinate Castro, and continued to participate in planning in Cuba until operations against Castro ended, and in 1965 he was appointed as head of the Directorate for Plans. Fitzgerald died of a heart attack in Virginia while playing tennis in July 1967.
Richard Helms OSS agent who worked in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland after the war. He joined the CIA and helped successfully and covertly subvert the Communist Party during the Italian General Election. By 1962, he was more deeply involved in Vietnam. After Kennedy was killed Helms was given the job of investigating Lee Harvey Oswald and the CIA. He initially appointed John M. Whitten to do the agency’s in house investigation. Whitten originally concluded that Oswald had acted alone, but when Whitten realized the FBI had withheld important information on Oswald, he said his initial conclusion about the case was “completely irrelevant”. Helms responded by removing him from the case.
Manual ArtimeCuban born leading anti-communist, worked closely with the Catholic University Association (CUA). Helped plan a rebellion in Cuba against Castro organized by Frank Sturgis and the CIA.
In 1959 arranged for Sturgis to drop thousands of revolutionary leaflets in Havana by plane. He then moved to the US and worked to establish the Movement for the Recovery of the Revolution (MPR party). Artime during this time built strong relationships with Robert Kennedy. He took part in the Bay of Pigs invasion as one of the leaders of Brigade 2506. Artime was captured and then rescued by his friends whom paid his ransom. He then worked with Howard Hunt on plots to kill Castro. In 1963 he starts receiving funds from the CIA via Ted Shackley, during this time Artime alongside other influential Cubans moved to Nicaragua where they formed a 300 man army. They were covertly acquiring arms, supplies, and boats for an invasion of Cuba. After the assassination of Kennedy, Johnson cancelled the Second Naval Guerrilla operation.
Rafael Quintero (Chi Chi)Disillusioned with Castro’s government, Chi Chi joined Artime in his anti-Castro struggle. Chi Chi was apart of operation 40 (the assassination group that would assassinate members of the military or political parties in foreign countries that the US was going to infiltrate, in this case Cuba and the plot to assassinate Castro). He was working with Artime when they moved to Nicaragua to form the Second Naval Guerilla operation. Chi Chi later was recruited by the CIA to assassinate certain people including a Libyan dissident in Egypt. He remained involved in covert operations until his death in 2006.
Manual RayOriginally supportive of Castro’s regime, Ray was the Minister of Public Works under Castro.
By the end of the first year he had left Castro’s government displeased and in 1960 he had formed the Revolutionary Movement of the People (MRP). Kennedy brought Ray on as Chief of Sabotage and Internal Affairs for the CIA. He also during this time became part of the Frente Revolucionario Democratico (FRD) and Cuban Revolutionary Council (CRC). After the failed invasion of Cuba, Ray withdrew the MRP from the CRC criticising the operation and showing opposition to CIA backed invasions. He resigned as the leader of MRP and in 1962 formed a new anti-Castro organization called Junta Revolucionario Cubana (JURE). He was caught having illegally purchased $50,000 worth of arms for JURE from a California arms manufacturer. As a result, he had to move all his operations outside of US territory. In 1972 he formed the People’s Revolutionary Party, failing to make an impact he moved to Puerto Rico in 1978 and headed his own engineering consulting firm.
Carlos Prio SocarrasPart of coup that deposed Machado’s dictatorship in Cuba 1933. He was appointed minister of labour and then president in 1948. He was overthrown by Batista (with US support) in 1952. Prio supported Castro financially during his conquest of Cuba and in 1959 after Castro had gained power he broke off connections and went to Miami where he worked as a property developer and businessman. Prio was linked in a testimony with Jack Ruby and Frank Sturgis that suggests he had information on the assassination of Kennedy. He was wanted for questioning by the Select Committee on Assassinations in 1977 and was found dead from gunshot wounds outside his Miami home that same year after having been summoned.