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«Status of Climate Finance in Indonesia Country Assessment Report Dennis Tänzler (adelphi) Martha Maulidia (GIZ) August 2013 Funded by: Climate and ...»

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First example is the public-private dialogue forum at the local level taken up by the KALTIM Carbon Alliance (KCA). The Indonesian province of East Kalimantan faces the task of integrating climate change mitigation into the system of local development planning and combining national climate change targets and green growth strategies. If successful, green growth in the province will decouple economic development from increase in GHG emissions.KCA is a discussion and work forum focussing on three sectors: palm oil plantations, natural forest management and open-pit mining. Its objective is to unlock the private sector’s potential to contribute to green growth in the province of East Kalimantan.

Under the KCA the provincial government of East Kalimantan and the 'environmental champions' from the private sector would work together as part of a working group for green growth under the provincialgovernment’s climate change council, the DDPI.

KCA activities are divided into three phases. A first phase focuses on discussions between the private sector companies and documents the contributions of 'environmental champions' to green growth recognized as such by the government. In a second phase companies would commit to improving their management practices and receive training sponsored and potentially incentives to support advances. In a third phase experiences will be transformed P a g e | 43 Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Indonesia Final Report, June 2013 into government policies and potentially scaled-up to the national level. Elements of the KCA

include:

• The government takes a proactive stance to recognizing the private sector’s contribution to climate change mitigation and passes regulations to create incentives.

• With capacity building support and using government incentives the private sector works towards improving the business practices to enhance productivity and reduce carbon emissions at the same time.

• International donors and agencies, including GIZ, support the KCA, providing this capacity building support. Some international donors may even consider cofunding a government support/incentive programme for the KCA and the participating private sector firms.

• For all of these activities, the companies and the government join together under the KCA where they can engage in a constructive dialogue that provides a semiindependent forum to track progress and contributions to green growth and emission reductions.

The second example in bridging investor groups and the public sector on a regional level is the Alliance for Public Private Climate Finance Asia-Pacific that was launched in November 2012 by GIZ and the Asia Investor Group on Climate Change (AIGCC) in Jakarta to facilitate private investment in climate action. The initiative aims to combine the considerable climate finance work carried out globally with a detailed understanding of the policy and investment environment in the Asia-Pacific region. This is expected to help support the development of effective public private financing mechanisms that can most efficiently facilitate investments in these regional markets. A regional platform to host stakeholder dialogues at many levels and regular consultations is planned, along with supporting capacity building of financial institutions and policy makers in developing countries and emerging markets and to strengthen communication between public and private sectors.. The intention is to have public and private sector actors actively exchange ideas on climate finance development and come up with concrete concepts on the design of the climate finance architecture in the region and within the different countries.

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8. Recommendations - Next steps in improving improve climate finance readiness As we see from the analyses in this report, there is good climate finance momentum underway in Indonesia, but further effort is still needed to improve national readiness for receiving and using climate finance. The following recommendations seek to build upon the mechanism and results achieved already while addressing some of the remaining gaps and

challenges:

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Adaptation Fund, 2009.Assessing Resources from the Adaptation Fund.The Handbook.

Available online at: https://www.adaptationfund.org/sites/default/files/AdaptationFund%20Handbook%20English.pdf.

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AGF. Work Stream 7 Paper: Public interventions to stimulate private investment in

adaptation and mitigation. Available online at:

http://www.un.org/wcm/webdav/site/climatechange/shared/Documents/AGF_reports/Work_S tream_7%20_Public_Private.pdf. Accessed in November 2012.

BAPPENAS/GIZ, 2011.Development of the Indonesian NAMAs Framework, Executive summary.

BAPPENAS/GIZ, 2011.RAN GRK and NAMAs: How do they go together? Policy briefing note.

Buchner, B., Brown, J.,Corfee-Morlot, J..2011. Monitoring and Tracking Long-term Finance to Support Climate Action.

Center of Policy for Climate Change Financing and Multilateral – Fiscal Policy Office, Ministry of Finance, and GIZ, 2011.Policy Brief: Instruments and Mechanism for Financing of





Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Program – in the Land Based Sector.Prepared by:

Niniek L. Gyat, Yuliana C. Wulan, HefrizalHandra and Herman HaerumanJs.

CPEIR. 2012. Mitigation Fiscal Framework. Draft: October 2012. UNDP.

CPI. 2012. The landscape of Climate Finance. Climate Policy Initiative.

Dathe, N. 2009.Climate change and the Clean Development Mechanism in Indonesia: An appraisal. Working Paper 003, The Governance of Clean Development Working Paper Series. School of International Development, University of East Anglia, UK.

EUMRVCB & GIZ PAKLIM 2012: Measurement Reporting Verification of GHG Inventory and RAN-GRK, RAD-GRK mitigation actions (NAMA). Gap Analysis Report for Indonesia Version 2.0 (August 2012). Jakarta.

Frankfurt School/UNEP 2012: Case Study: The Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund.Frankfurt Frankfurt School/UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance. Retrieved May 22, 2013, from http://www.fs-unep-centre.org/ Fankhauser, S. 2009. The cost of adaptation. Center for Climate Change Economics and Policy Economics Working Paper No. 8. Grantham Research Institute Working Paper No. 7.

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Fast Start Finance.www.faststartfinance.org, accessed in November 2012.

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Heinrich Boell Foundation/ODI 2012: The Principles and Criteria of Public Climate Finance A Normative Framework. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://www.odi.org.uk/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/publications-opinion-files/7909.pdf Heinrich Boell Foundation/ODI 2013a: Global Climate Finance Architecture. Heinrich BöllStiftung and Overseas Development Institute. Retrieved May 22, 2013 from http://www.climatefundsupdate.org/global-trends/global-finance-architecture

Heinrich Boell Foundation /ODI 2013b: Climate Funds Update, Recipient Country:

Indonesia. Heinrich BöllStiftung and Overseas Development Institute. Retrieved May 22, 2013 from http://www.climatefundsupdate.org/country-pages/indonesia GIZ 2012a: Ready for Climate Finance - GIZ’s Approach to Making Climate Finance Work.Eschborn.

GIZ 2012b: Advisory services on Readiness (v2). Eschborn.

Hindarto, D. 2012. Indonesia Carbon Update 2012. Presented at workshop on “Putting Framework into Action: Mitigation Actions, Governance and Approaches for Implementation.

Jakarta, 22 November 2012.

ICCTF 2013a: Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund website. Retrieved May 22, 2013 from http://www.icctf.or.id/ ICCTF 2013b: ICCTF Progress Report 2010-2012. Jakarta: Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund. Retrieved May 22, 2013, from http://www.icctf.or.id/download/document/3416a75f4cea9109507cacd8e2f2aefc.pdf IIGC.2011.Investment-Grade Climate Change Policy: Financing the Transition to the lowcarbon economy.Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change.

Maulidia, M. 2013: Strengthening public and private climate finance in ASIA (CDKN-GIZ).

Scoping Study on Climate Finance in Indonesia. Jakarta.

Ministry of Finance.2008.Domestic Fiscal Policy Framework for Climate Finance in Indonesia. Summary of Focus Group Discussions August to November 2010.

Ministry of Finance. 2009. Ministry of Finance Green Paper: Economic and Fiscal Policy Strategies for Climate Change Mitigation in Indonesia.Ministry of Finance and Australia Indonesia Partnership. Jakarta. Prepared by: Frank Jotzo and SalimMazouz.

Ministry of Finance. 2011. Ministry of Finance Green Paper Follow Up: Regional Incentive Mechanism for emissions reductions from land based sectors and Geothermal Policy and Electricity Supply Efficiency.Ministry of Finance and Australia Indonesia Partnership.

Jakarta. Prepared by: SalimMazouz.

Mountford, H. 2012. Setting the Scene: Long-term Climate Finance. UNFCCC: First

Workshop on Long term finance, 9–11 July 2012, Bonn, Germany. Available on:

http://unfccc.int/cooperation_support/financial_mechanism/longterm_finance/items/6963.php Murdiyarso, D. et al. 2011.Indonesia’s Forest Moratorium: A Stepping Stone to Better Forest Governance?CIFOR. Bogor, Indonesia.

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Neuhoff, K. et al 2009. Structuring International Financial Support to Support Domestic Climate Change Mitigation in Developing Countries.Climate Strategies.

ODI 2012: Mapping of Knowledge Management Initiatives Related to Climate Change Finance in the Asia-Pacific Region. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://www.aideffectiveness.org/images/stories/mapping%20of%20knowledge%20initiatives %20on%20climate%20finance.pdf ODI 2013: At cross-purposes: subsidies and climate compatible investment.Working Paper.

Retrieved May 22, 2013, from http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/7343-subsidies-climatecompatible-investment-fossil-fuel-private-finance ODI/EDC2020 2011: Climate Finance in Indonesia: Lessons for the Future of Public Finance for Climate Change Mitigation.Working Paper. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://www.edc2020.eu/fileadmin/publications/EDC_2020_-_Working_Paper_No_11_Climate_Finance_in_Indonesia.pdf ODI/HBF.2011a.Adaptation finance. Overseas Development Institute, Heinrich-Boell Foundation.

ODI/HBF. 2011b. REDDplus Finance. Overseas Development Institute, Heinrich-Boell Foundation.

ODI/UNDP 2011: Direct Access to Climate Finance: Experiences and Lessons Learned.Discussion Paper. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://www.odi.org.uk/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/publications-opinion-files/7479.pdf OECD.2011a. Financing Climate Change Action.Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. Paris, France.

OECD.2011b. OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050.Climate Change Chapter.OECD. Paris, France.

OECD/IEA 2011: Monitoring and Tracking Long-term Finance to Support Climate Action.

Retrieved December 19, 2012, from http://www.oecd.org/environment/climatechange/48073739.pdf Prasetyantoko, A., Dani, S. 2011 Climate Finance - Between People’s Needs and Safety, Friends of the Earth (WALHI): Jakarta.

Pew Research Center. 2012. Who’s winning the clean energy race? G-20 investment powering forward.Washington D.C, USA.

PricewaterhouseCoopers.2012. The Report Indonesia 2012. Jakarta. Indonesia. Available online at: http://www.pwc.com/id/en/publications/assets/TheReport_Indonesia2012_OBG.pdf Robinson, M. Why the Bank Rakyat Indonesia has the World’s Largest Sustainable Microbanking System and What Commercial Microfinance Means for Development.Bank

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–  –  –

Romani, M. 2012. Mobilizing Resources for Climate Finance. UNFCCC: First Workshop on

Long term finance, 9–11 July 2012, Bonn, Germany. Available on:

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Mitigation Actions, Governance and Approaches for Implementation. Jakarta, 22 November 2012.

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