«Annual Report 2011-2012 WaterAid in Madagascar WaterAid à Madagascar – Rapport annuel 2011-2012 Executive summary With the efforts of all the ...»
The rural program presented in the 2010-2015 strategy of WaterAid Madagascar showing the limits of the rural people to basic services because of their physical isolation, poverty and random climate conditions are increasing. In effect, 3 rural projects (661RE, 661RK, 661RN) out of the 9 financed this year reach more and more remote villages with a great dispersion of homesteads with families living sometimes in 4 to 5 houses. This difficult geopraphocal terrain generates high costs for suitable project implementation. The cost of 661RM project has been revised on the rise to include for instance two requesting homesteads that were not initially identified in the design studies.
Five projects are being implemented in new municipalities (661RH, 661RI, 661RM, 661RO, 661RP) while continuing to provide support for managing committees of the old sites in connection with the outline plan of sustainability.
For the 2011/12 fiscal year the Rural Programme has provided drinking water to 23,449 people compared with 22,629 initially predicted. 20,721 people were finally able to have access to toilets when we had planned for 19,682. In effect, the program has realized 172 community water facilities, 79 in schools, and 13 institutional facilities for 23,449 users. 37 latrines for schools and 2279 for families (CLTS type) and an institutional toilet was constructed for 32,509 people.
This year all the rural projects have opted for a gravity-fed technology for provision of drinking water. WaterAid policy on the security of water resources has been vigorously applied by the partners. The tools we developed were truly mastered: flow rate analysis and 2 water quality tests were properly conducted. Smile and joyful colour welcoming the new water point The true motivation of the beneficiaries for the concretization of their deep desire to have drinking water entails sustained local participation. 24 people have been appointed as artisan repair-men by village people and have acquired skills by directly participating in construction work. The users were prepared to ensure effective management of the systems through trainings and support provided for the 247 committees and organizations living on those sites. The capacity building of those local future groups in charge of managing is about the modalities of fixing the price for drawing water, the follow up of the proceeds, the use of cash, and the rules and regulations. 60% of the committees are led by women.
WaterAid à Madagascar – Rapport annuel 2011-2012 All gravity-led systems that are realized have devices allowing multiple use of water, which the beneficiaries have agreed on from the start of the projects. The reservoirs or water distribution points provide derivations to allow income generating activities corresponding to the needs of the communities.
Regarding sanitation all the rural projects have adopted the new CLTS approach this year for the pre and launching phases. They are also in favour of the after launch marketing. Hence rural projects this year aimed at implementing the links of the marketing process: identification, formalization and training of local technicians who make sanplat slabs, collaboration with the authorities of the municipality for the installation of sanimarkets, thinking on the acquisition modalities of the slabs and latrines given the low willingness of the hard-to-reach communities to pay. The first method to support the purchase of improved latrines by those poor families would be to accept a deadline corresponding to the harvest season for payment.
However, the partners are questioning us on the difficulties to satisfy the number of the beneficiaries of sanitation. This number is deemed high given the challenges of marketing for sanitation in those remote zones.
As per our 2011/2012 strategic note, we have started an increase of our urban program with an emphasis on suburban areas.
The intervention in the urban area was mostly focused on the provision of drinking water through JIRAMA, on action research for marketing sanitation, on the elaboration and implementation of the communication strategy and initiation to the management of solid and household waste.
The launching of the intervention in the cities of Mahanoro and Vatomandry is very important this year because we have put our efforts together in the urban area through our potential partners for the orientation and support of the partners working in those zones. Hence we were able to capitalize the results of our research which was conducted on the small cities in Vatomandry and Mahanoro in 2010-2011 and the capitalization of the results on the urban influence started in Mahabo. In effect, we have provided support to the local actors of the commune of Mahanoro for the formulation of the master urban plan for this city with the objective of securing a road map for short and medium term interventions. The Ministry in charge of land-use policy was heavily involved in this process. In the process, the local actors took charge of the destiny of their municipality. In other terms the two actors in charge of Mahanoro and Vatomandry have developed activities related to the management of solid and household waste by involving private organizations and ensuring a delegation of services by the commune. Consequently, for the case of the Project 661UM in Mahanoro we took into account the needs of the users of solid and household waste instead of those of latrines.
Compared with the targeted 914, we reached 1,728 users of household waste.
competence transfer and training of local actors (masons, baluster technicians, grassroots, hardware dealers, and outlet managers) were conducted.
In terms of infrastructure, for 12,918, the programme has constructed 61 solar water points, 55 JIRAMA water booths and 3 institutional yard taps in the Miandrivazo prison. 2,827 people have benefited from 23 school latrines, 7 school latrines, and 1,462 sanplat slabs were sold.
National Programme During the fiscal year 2011-2012 the National Programme aimed at supporting the authorities and the partners in the sector of water, sanitation, and hygiene to develop policies and governance practices, and intervention logic that strengthen the coordination of actions and equity as well. In the system civil society is a partner for sensitization and hygiene education through joint activities we conduct with scouts, the platform of people with disabilities, and the Governance Transparency Fund (GTF) programme. Civil society also benefitted from our capacity building activities under the GTF programme.
Partnerships with the Federation of Scouting in Madagascar (FSM) have generated sensitization campaigns for hygiene in several towns and villages in the country where 7000 scouts are mobilized. Three events in Dobodoboka were celebrated: one during the inauguration of the leasing system in the urban commune of Miandrvazo in late March 2012. The Minister of Water and his staff expressed their satisfaction there on the quality of the job accomplished by the Country Programme as well as their commitment to invest more to improve the results of water, sanitation, and hygiene sector.
Under the campaigns the celebration of the thematic days of the sector (World Day for Hand Washing with Soap, World Toilet Day, and World Water Day ) were taken advantage of by the national programme to strengthen the cohesion of stakeholders in the sector at national level. Those events are opportunities to bring together the different advocacy topics in the sector with those that are developed at the global level such as “The World Walks for Water“celebrated during the World Water Day in 6 regions of the Island.
Water Works campaigns support WaterAid’s global advocacy efforts for Sanitation and Water for All process. This was evidenced in late 2011 the organization of a media campaign circulating messages fund raising messages for the sector while reminding the leaders of the importance and urgency and the major issues of water and sanitation in the country. Our FSM partners contributed by organizing “flash mobs” based on Water Works messages in 5 regions of the country (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XDQ5hrmrr-M).
Thus, journalists, radio or television channels, daily papers and periodicals are then key partners of the National Programme to bring to public attention the realizations and most striking examples of the sector as well as those supported by the country programme. It is worth mentioning the launching of the report “Off-track, off target” in November 2011 were the decision makers of several ministries (water, land-use policies, education, health, …) massively declared their commitment to overcome the challenges of the sector.
The Country Programme has also invested greatly in research and increasing knowledge. Three important achievements that were financed and realized mostly by the Country Programme are seen as good examples at national and international levels in the sector. First, there is results capitalization on the infrastructures and equitable approaches that were presented at the Rural Water Supply Network in Africa and the World Forum on Water in Marseille. Second, there was the publication of the booklet on the nomenclature of drinking water infrastructures and latrines for the use by enumerators and analysts in the WaterAid à Madagascar – Rapport annuel 2011-2012 sector. This booklet has given rise to the expression of needs and prompted the realization of several experience sharing and exchange sessions throughout the African continent: in Rwanda during AfricaSan 3, in Tanzania for data reconciliation workshop, with AMCOW during the discussions on the monitoring and evaluation system on the continent. Lastly, those capitalization products were also realized and shared among local donors in working group meetings of PTF Water, Sanitation, and hygiene sector where WaterAid presented the achievements of the Objective based Regional Plan and Budget (BPOR) process with the involvement of local, regional, and national authorities in its intervention zones. Let us recall that the country programme has funded the BPOR process in the Analanjirofo region at the beginning of the Fiscal Year 2011-2012.
At the national level WaterAid has funded and supported the realization of the sector review in October 2011 allowing the restart of the coordination process of the water, sanitation, and hygiene sector. This review was also the kick-off for several initiatives in the sector and the country programme has fully participated or contributed in those: in January 2012 a first workshop of the inter ministerial committee PSNA on the definition of the broad lines of the future national plan for sanitation. In 2012 the Ministry of water has also published a strategic orientation note based on the results of the sector review. There was also the organization of the General Assembly of Diorano WASH coalition where new orientations were adopted in order to support the Ministries in charge of water and sanitation in their missions. With WSUP (Support Fund for Sanitation) UNICEF and USAID have launched a consultation process to contribute to this important initiative. It should also be noted that the country was able to participate in international processes such as Global Analysis Assessment for Sanitation and Drinking Water, the Joint Monitoring Programme and confirmed once again its commitments for the sanitation sector at the end of AfricaSan 3 conference in Kigali.
Lastly, despite the reduction of the budget of the Ministry of water in half for 2012 and the frequent changes in the leadership of the Ministry, the current government strongly expresses its commitment to prioritize the water, sanitation, and hygiene sector by addressing the key issues such the definition of a framework for managing drinking water systems, the development of new plans for the sector and the participation in the processes suggested by SWA initiative which has scheduled for April 2012 the preparation a high level meeting.
Programme organizational effectiveness 2011-2012 fiscal year was marked by changes for two strategic posts:
- Country Representative took his post on March 01, 2011
- The SMAR started in early May 2011 The new configuration of the administrative team came into force since January 2012. Hence the former Administrative and Human Resource Officer now focuses on the management of human resources and the former IT Officer holds concurrently the supervision of the administration team and the function of IT Officer.
2011-2012 fiscal year was for the alignment of the country programme that conceived and updated 3 major policies. In effect, in order to take into account the new instructions of the Global Account Manual that is being used since March 2011. We hired a consulting firm (Lamina) to do the updating of administrative and financial procedures manual of WaterAid Madagascar. The first draft of the manual was submitted to WaterAid UK/Southern Africa Region in early April 2012 for validation. The last version of the rules of procedure that goes back in 2005 was also updated in accordance with the Global Human Resource Manual. The document is under finalization and will be sent soon to Malagasy Labour inspection and the human resources department in London for approval. The policy and safety and security plans were developed and validated par WaterAid team in Southern Africa and the department of human resources of WaterAid UK. This policy was developed to complete the health and security policies and the local health and security of local people.
WaterAid à Madagascar – Rapport annuel 2011-2012 Concerning monitoring and evaluation the country programme conducted its first Post implementation survey (PIS) and the results of the first phase « Field data collection » were validated in late March 2012. In accordance with PIS guide we have realized a baseline study among communities and institutions that represent the users in 2010-11, 2008-09, 2006-07 and 2001-02. The next step of PIS concerns salient facts to draw lessons and take necessary corrective actions.
During this year we have welcome donors such as Bill Thomas in March 2012 and Stone Foundation early this fiscal year. The latter has renewed his agreement to provide funds for 3 years starting from October 2011 for the Country Programme.
The Country Programme was audited internal and external (661ED). Plans of action were developed and implemented to address the recommendations of those audits.