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«Annual Report 2011-2012 WaterAid in Madagascar WaterAid à Madagascar – Rapport annuel 2011-2012 Executive summary With the efforts of all the ...»

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The outcome of this technical support was WaterAid Madagascar decision to align staff objectives in accordance with those of Multi Year Plan and Budget (MPB).

Regarding the plan of staff development the country programm started the fiscal year with team building and in April all staff members spent 3 days in the Andasibe reserve to learn about team building (661ED).

At the end of this process the team developed friendships and was well skilled to address the new challenges in sector of water and sanitation.

For the first time we hired a recruitment firm (FTHM) for the recruitment of the new Senior Manager for Advocacy and Research (SMAR). This was a good experience. The HRO provided orientation on the implementation of the performance evaluation of his team: format, ranking…… To address the recommendations of Global Employee Survey the team had decided to elect two staff delegates whose main mission consist in serving as spokesmen for staff. A salary study (661) was conducted by the firm Coef Ressource. The results were confronted with those of the firm Birches that WaterAid UK had hired. WaterAid will then take an informed decision as to revise the salary grid or not.

In terms of staff development (6661ED) 3 members of the finance team attended training on Accesssoftware, 5 managers and PME Officer were trained on managing change, and 5 people from administration and finance department built up on their skills with Excel software through distance learning online and received certificates. Female PME officer attended an international training session on monitoring and evaluation in Tunisia. The majority of the team are learning English language.

7 members of the team attended international meetings on equity and inclusion, sanitation, urban area intervention, and water resource management to share experiences and increase their knowledge and skills.

WaterAid à Madagascar – Rapport annuel 2011-2012

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10. Project progress Rural community projects 661 RP : Project 661RP was realized in Androvakely Commune in two fokontany at Andranonahoatra with two systems equipped with 14 public standpipes and two water tanks. 14 water point committees were formed, 4 local technicians were selected and trained for management, servicing, and maintenance of the systems.

Despite difficulties such as bad roads and village access problems and insecurity during the realization of the project, the targeted objectives were achieved. The hauling of construction materials was done on men’s backs from 3 to 6 kms to the village because of impossible access by car. The permanent insecurity also traumatized the project team. The Mihaingo team was forced to stop their interventions in that commune and will move to a neighboring one the next fiscal year 2012-2013.

The first application of CLTS approach is an opportunity for learning for Mihaingo where the launch and post launch activities went well in the Andranonahoatra fokontany. Conversely the results are mitigated in Androvakely fokontany where the number of latrines constructed was very small because drinking water provision took place before mobilizing the users of sanitation and hygiene.

All planned, capacity building and mobilization activities for hygiene and sanitation as well as competence transfer were realized. All water point committees were formed and trained on management techniques, servicing and maintenance of construction works. In Water Point Committees the number of women was way greater than men’s. The natural existence of a woman leader markedly contributed to the success because she easily mobilized the users, women, and children for behaviour change in hygiene and sanitation. The involvement of women and men for the hauling of construction materials also triggered the success.

The presence of local civil society organization – FTL (civil society organization) favoured capacity building and ownership at water committee level for the continuation of activities in the commune.

The lesson learned from the project is the use of key local events and local farming calendar for planning and implementing activities based on population availability before the rainy season.

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661RG- Project 661RG was realized in Tsarahotana commune the Antsiraraka fokontany and is being completed at the end of this year 2011-12. It has implemented an approach empowering local authorities to continue drinking water and sanitation activities. This commune is reputed for resistance to the installation of latrines because of cultural traditions and lack of water which remains a crucial problem. The partner CARITAS has changed the execution calendar of the project by seeking collaboration with the mayor for total coverage of the fokontany with latrines before starting drinking water supply. The mayor has mobilized several local services: heath personnel conducted mass sensitization activities; commune technical service enumerated the households without latrines and those having difficulties to get one. The commune has recruited masons initially trained by CARITAS to make slabs and provided necessary materials so that the sanplat slabs are available. Very poor families were donated slabs and other families have contributed depending on what they could pay and the rest was covered by traders to pay the salaries of the masons.





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passengers who are not residents of the fokontany. The latter have to pay 100AR per 20 liters of water for access and will deal with a private manager. In terms of sanitation, 4 hand washing facilities (DLM) were built in 2 schools and 1 Catholic institution.

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Despite cultural barriers the populations were convinced to build latrines. However, the issue of space and land has forced them to multiple uses of the latrines among several households. Apart from the issue of security in the area during the implementation of the project, organizational problems at CARITAS became blocking factors. This situation has brought a negative impact on the motivation of project team and partnership relations.

661RN: Project 661RN was realized in the Fokontany of Marofangady in the Alakamisy rural commune.

For more than 3 planned systems equipped with 3 reservoirs and 23 public standpipes, 2 were fully realized and one is still under construction because of the site owner’s opposition. He finally accepted to donate the plot after negotiations in the presence of local authorities. Impounding is scheduled for May. The 4 Hand Washing Facilities (HWF) and 2 school hygienic latrines (SHL)) were also realized.

Collaboration with the center for hearing-impaired education influenced sensitization activities. The opening of a second outlet for selling sanplat slabs (DSP) near the fokontany of current intervention added to the motivation of local population to have latrines. To start the construction, materials were provided to local masons for sustainability purpose. All capacity building and empowerment activities for User’s Association and Water Point Committees in terms of management skills, servicing and maintenance of the infrastructures were realized. The existence of a committee in the commune for Integrated Management of Water Resources since last year has guaranteed the protection of the sources because that committee is systematically conducting reforestation activities around the catchment basin of previous projects. A local advocacy group was formed based on local initiative to help poor families in the construction of latrines.

This year, they were able to mobilize the rich and the Diaspora to donate money as contribution to the fund for making of low-cost slabs by local masons.

Bad roads and the problem of access to the village were the main obstacles during the implementation of the project. Consequently, two members of the team had accidents, which caused a delay in the completion of the work.

661RE : Project 661RE was realized in the commune of Ambohimanambola in the fokontany of Soavinarivo and Vinanisoa. All planned activities were realized. The number of users increased after a recounting. Out of 230 people 97 were served at community level and 133 school children in 3 schools. The project succeeded in putting in place 2 schools, known as Friends of WASH, instead of one that was planned. This was possible with the support of Norwegian Cooperation.

One of the successes of the project is the existence of fences the beneficiaries themselves built around the standpipes. An evolution in fencing is remarkable: starting with bamboos then logs, and now using bricks and cement (Ankelaka site). Local actors such as User’s Association, Water Point Committees CSOs, commune, Diorano-WASH Communal Committees attended trainings and presently the police for water have acquired knowledge on law, equity, and inclusion. Actors and local partners play a key role in the expression of population rights to water and sanitation. They have intervened several times in the implementation of the 2011-2012 Project (negotiation of capture sites, monitoring missions for all WaterAid à Madagascar – Rapport annuel 2011-2012 construction works for drinking water supply, community mobilization for the promotion rights to drinking water, equity and inclusion at village level).

The number of realized family latrines is way beyond the set objective: 317 latrines compared with 150 initially planned. Adjoining villages were influenced by the existence of latrines with CLTS approach and have constructed latrines by themselves. All the 488 enumerated households have easily adopted the use of garbage pits. The committee for Integrated Management of Water Resources (GIRE) successfully realized prevention measures that were planned in the catchment area.

Besides, they attended the workshop on risk and natural Let’s have our bucket of water for cleaning disaster management. Regarding hygiene, 488 targeted hands and blackboard households have adopted the 4 elements of hygiene and the use of garbage pits.

Close monitoring is necessary until completion of latrine construction on this site because vulnerable families (elderly people) are very late in the realization of their latrines. Hence in accordance with the community plan of action after CLTS an extension for the construction of latrines was validated in favour of those vulnerable families.

661RI : The project was realized in the Ambohimasina rural commune in 3 main fokontanys. The security issue negatively impacted the local team that was forced to interrupt the project and leave the site in December 2011. However, all planned water infrastructures were fully realized (2 gravitation-fed systems and 5 community wells) and the number of initial users registered in the project document was achieved in December 2011 before the abandonment. Tools for local response to MDG RLOMD were handed over to the commune for them to continue the activities. The Diorano-WASH Communal Committee CC WASH was put in place and its plan of action was aligned with the one from WASH regional committee of Vakinakaratra. All the capacity building activities for the AUE and local technicians were realized.

The application of CLTS was successful because the households were able to build their latrines rapidly with the effect of marketing for sanitation. A group of women was formed after the project and it is very active in the embellishment activities of water points, the management of vegetable gardens, and sensitization actions.

The unpredicted interruption of the project created frustration feeling for the team because part of capacity building activities and institutional support such as training on human rights related to water and sanitation, training on advocacy, equity and inclusion, construction work, and risk and disaster management were not realized.

661RK : The projet was realized in the Antanifotsy commune and more precisely in the fokontany of Andohariana and Morarano. It achieved more results than predicted. 2 other public standpipes and none additional school type were realized with remaining construction materials. In total, 2 gravity-fed systems equipped with 2 reservoirs and 26 fountains were realized. An increase in the number of water users in comparison with previsions was recorded because the project served 2,299 people instead of 2,222.

All the capacity building activities about the commune-owned construction works, management, servicing and maintenance of construction works for User’s Association / Water Point Committees and local technicians were fully executed.

The Antanifotsy project is a reference because the users realized the fences for all construction works by themselves (public standpipes, reservoirs, and sources) and embellished them. This has expressed a sentiment of ownership and emulation among themselves. From their own initiative they designed a place for laundry and toilet on the site of each public standpipe.

Targeting sanitation and based on CLTS 447 family latrines were built instead of 150 as a result of sensitization and collaboration among all local actors. The existence of a social sanction/social convention as part of their initiative concerning the obligation to have one latrine per household also favored the WaterAid à Madagascar – Rapport annuel 2011-2012 increase of the predicted number of latrines. The realization of a durable and nicely built infrastructure with cement and equipped with 4 slabs by the parents of school children is one reason for the success and good reference of the project. The Project only took in charge the inside parts of the latrine. The existence of a sani market to show people around in the different fokontanys and the commune also had a positive influence on the households and their decision to buy sanplat slabs. The collaboration with scouts and local community agents is not to be neglected because they volunteered to conduct sensitization activities mainly during the celebration of World Days. The commune must now find ways of motivating actors to ensure sustainability.

CNEAGR difference in comparison with other partners of WaterAid is the fact of involving permanent and multi disciplinary interns who learn and contribute to the realization of the project. The family Multiple Use System (MUS) in the use of excess water for family needs such as fish farms, growing vegetables, and pools for animal husbandry was also another success achieved by the project.

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