«Annual Report 2011-2012 WaterAid in Madagascar WaterAid à Madagascar – Rapport annuel 2011-2012 Executive summary With the efforts of all the ...»
A booklet “No comment” on EAH (Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene) realities in Madagascar and illustrating all appeals made.
i What are the distinguishing characteristics of this group? (For instance who were the stakeholders in this case: community, citizens as they relate to gender, disability, place of residence, cast origin, tribe, indigenous population, age, urban or rural setting, service providers, beneficiaries, rights, groups for mutual help, etc.) Achieve SWA objective entails that the committee composed of the Ministers of Water, Health, UNICEF, WaterAid, the World Bank, the African Development Bank, UNDP, NGO GRET, and Ran’Eau network are busy developing an action plan focused on the preparation of the participation of Madagascar in the high level meeting (in Washington), 3 phone conferences, support from consulting firm Piers International for the preparation of the participation of the two Ministers respectively in charge of finances and water at high level meeting.
The committee has issued a declaration on commitments for the two Ministers. This draft contains the institutional and structural commitments in terms of equity, coordination, planning, and budgeting with special emphasis on sanitation.
The result of the intense lobbying by the committee was an invitation letter from the World Bank in February 2012 followed by another one from UNICEF.
The 2 Ministers declared to be officially ready to publically declare at international level the engagements of their respective Ministries. Difficult commitments in a climate of various claims in the country. For example, one of the greatest priorities given to sanitation and hygiene entails the transfer of credits allocated under development aid to the sector from 34% to 45% by 2014 (cf. SWS declaration for high level meeting).
m. What are the main reasons that explain why this group cannot benefit from the intervention? (Think for example of the characteristics of the group in institutional, environmental terms or aspects related to their attitude or any other important reason) The two ministers were not be able to attend this meeting given that they did not get their visa.
n. What modification could be introduced in the modalities of intervention to increase the benefits?
From this analysis, we could draw : the international community makes no difference between politics and social stakes. Politics unreasonably influence the life of an entire population, preventing the two Ministers to declare the solemn commitments mentioned above. The large budget reform and the prioritization of the sector they were preparing to achieve have not finally been heard by donor-countries who were present at the high level meeting. The case of Madagascar was not treated in terms of basic priority needs as an exception during this capital event.
population of the project area (0, 1 à 25 %, 26 à 50 %, 51 à 75 %, 75 à 99 %, 100%), This shows its proportion in the total population of the partner’s project.
The absence of the 2 ministers at the HLM will reduce the chance of 55% Malagasy to have access to potable water and 67.5% of them to adequate sanitation.
p. Estimation of the number of people who represent this group (percentage multiplied by the number of people in total), that is, how many people represent this group in the urban or rural project/programme zone so as to give an idea of the impact of this case study on the larger population.
Missing the high level meeting will undermine the access to drinking water to 11 million Malagasy and access to sanitation for 13,5 million.
In conclusion, this great majority of Malagasy basically need access to water and sanitation just as to nutrition, health, and education to live a decent life.