WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 6 |

«ABSTRACT EU-related issues and patterns of behaviour are permeating the new member states’ domestic environments.The literature assess- ing the ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

Nieves Pérez-Solórzano Borragán

EU Accession and Interest Politics in Central and

Eastern Europe

ABSTRACT

EU-related issues and patterns of behaviour are permeating the

new member states’ domestic environments.The literature assess-

ing the domestic impact of the Eastward Enlargement focuses on

the institutional capability of the new member states to meet the

accession criteria as defined in Copenhagen in 1993. This article

expands the remit of the debate on Europeanisation in the new member states from Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) by assess- ing the impact of EU membership on interest politics. The analy- sis undertaken here focuses on Business Interest Associations (BIAs), their behaviour and patterns of interaction with decision makers at the national and transnational levels. Their experience illustrates the effect of EU accession on the new member states’ repertoires for interest intermediation and the relevance of pol- icy transfer paradigms as suitable research frameworks. At the same time, the impact of the communist heritage and the con- straints of domestic political cultures reveal patterns of behaviour at the national and supranational level in a path-dependency fash- ion.The evidence presented here will show that the Europeanised activities of Central and Eastern European interest groups con- stitute a peculiar model of interest intermediation, where the exchange and ownership of information take prominence over the actual impact on policy-making.

Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 5.2 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands, 2004 Introduction In view of their accession to the European Union (EU) in May 2004, EU- related issues and patterns of behaviour are permeating the new member states’ domestic environments. The literature assessing the domestic impact of the Eastward Enlargement focuses on the institutional capability of the new member states to meet the accession criteria as defined in Copenhagen in 1993. 1 This contribution seeks to expand the remit of the debate on Europeanisation in the new member states2 from Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) by assessing the impact of EU membership on interest politics. The analysis undertaken here focuses on Business Interest Associations (BIAs), their behaviour and patterns of interaction with decision makers at the national and transnational levels.

I argue that collective action and interest intermediation in the post-com- munist context are limited by an elitist perception and by the slow definition of subjective identities amongst Central and Eastern European citizens.

Secondly, it is possible to identify the impact of EU membership in the domestic patterns of interest intermediation through shifts towards more EU oriented priorities and an increasing identification with the EU amongst BIAs.

Similarly it is also evident, that organised interests are utilising their EUrelated activities as means to learn from their more experienced European counterparts (particularly European BIAs based in Brussels), while benefiting from the latter’s existing networks. Thirdly, presence at the EU level and recognition as trustworthy partners by European interest associations are used as source of support, recognition and legitimisation at the domestic level. The impact of the communist heritage and the constraints of the domestic political culture reveal patterns of behaviour and interaction with policymakers both at the national and supranational level in a path-dependency fashion. In sum the evidence presented here will show that in the accession context, the Europeanised activities of Central and Eastern European interest groups constitute a peculiar model of interest intermediation, where the exchange and ownership of information take prominence over the actual impact on policy-making.

For the purpose of this analysis, the article will be divided into the three

sections:

244 • Nieves Pérez-Solórzano Borragán The first section will present the neo-functionalist and Europeanisation paradigms as suitable analytical tools for the study of domestic change as a result of closer integration with the EU. This is not conceived as a thorough analysis of both conceptual frameworks but as a reflection of their validity for this study. The second section will analyse the impact of EU membership on the strategies for interest intermediation in the new member states from CEE.

The emphasis will be placed in the domestic and supranational environments.

As explained above, BIAs are the main case study because they are recognised as the avant-garde sectoral interest representation in CEE. Thus EuroCommerce3 in its analysis of the accession process maintains that “these economic actors in particular contribute significantly to the transformation of these economics” and their integration with Western Europe.4 The final section will provide a number of concluding remarks regarding the effect of EU accession on the new member states’ repertoires for interest intermediation and the relevance of policy transfer paradigms as suitable research frameworks.

Analytical Tools: Neofunctionalism and Europeanisation

Neo-functionalism The neo-functionalist framework provides an answer to the logic of collective action at the EU level, by explaining why groups form and develop while portraying interest groups in coalition with the European Commission as the driving force behind Europeanisation.5 Due to the integration project and the limited scope of the Community’s policy making, Commission and European interest group activities encourage solutions at the technocratic rather than at the political level. According to Lindberg “the necessity for lobbying will force groups to emphasise collective needs rather than national differences”.6 Furthermore, “interest groups and political parties organise beyond the national level in order to function more effectively as decision-makers vis-à-vis the separate national governments or the central authority”.7 In this increasing Europeanisation of interest group activities Haas foresaw the creation of a European community of interests. Similarly, the progressive Europeanisation of policies would provoke a “transfer of loyalties” away from the national level to the supranational level.





EU Accession and Interest Politics in Central and Eastern Europe • 245 However, the automatic nature of this transfer of loyalties has been contested for it undermines the role played by national authorities. As argued by KohlerKoch, the growth in the number of European interest group federations did not occur as a result of the increase in the EC’s policy-making powers. Rather, “it was the anticipation of a growing importance of the EC [...] that stimulated the establishment of transnational organisations”.8 Furthermore, it overlooked the fact that interest groups operating in Brussels, particularly Eurogroups (usually federations of national groups) are not completely autonomous from their national counterparts, thus restricting interest group activity and effectiveness. Clearly, the peculiarities of the EU polity and governance do not allow for the simple adaptation of normative frameworks of state-group relations to the analysis of the role of interest groups at the EU level, “the European system of intermediation has its own specific features”.9 In the context of this contribution, the neo-functionalist approach and its critics serve the purpose of providing the analytical backbone to our proposed case study. Hence, by assessing the Europeanisation of Central and Eastern European interest representation, it is possible to identify the characteristics that define interest politics in the post-communist context. In this manner, this contribution accounts for the impact of EU membership without overlooking the influence and constraints emanating from the domestic environments.

Europeanisation The concept of Europeanisation has traditionally been used in order to assess the impact of EU governance on the member states’ domestic environment.

Radaelli defines Europeanisation by incorporating both its mechanisms and effects as A process of construction, diffusion, and institutionalisation of rules, procedure, paradigms, styles, ways of doing and shared beliefs and norms, formal and informal, defined and consolidated first in the decision-making process of the EU and then incorporated in the logic discourses, identities, political structure and policies at the domestic level.10 Ladrech offers a narrower definition of the process highlighting its incremental nature and the domestic policy shift “to the degree that EC political 246 • Nieves Pérez-Solórzano Borragán and economic dynamics become part of the organisational logic of national politics and policy-making”.11 As Radaelli, Cole and Drake focus on the mechanisms of Europeanisation and define the process as “an independent variable, a form of emulative policy transfer, a smokescreen for domestic reform, and as an imaginary constraint”.12 Knill and Lehmkuhl identify two effects of Europeanisation on the domestic setting: the alteration of domestic opportunity structures with certain domestic actors benefiting over others; and the alteration of beliefs and expectations of domestic actors leading to changes in cognition and preference formation.13 The 5th Enlargement of the EU has challenged this inward-looking use of the concept. The experience of the new member states from CEE14 shows that Europeanisation is not self-contained and limited only to the existing EU member states. Indeed as Pridham argues the effects of Europeanisation are more easily identifiable in the former because they are more recent, extensive and abrupt.15 Grabbe identifies the rapid speed of adjustment, the openness to EU influence, the breadth of the EU’s agenda in CEE and the asymmetrical relationship in favour of the EU as the features differentiating Central and Eastern European Europeanisation distinctive from that observed in the existing fifteen member states.16 In their analysis, Lippert, Umbach and Wessels define Europeanisation as a process “about the resources in time, personnel and money directed by current and future members states towards the EU level”.17 Ágh offers an additional dimension by stating that a precondition for the accession to the EU, Europeanisation “has to be accompanied by the emergence of public support for integration as tested ultimately in a referendum”.18 The overwhelming support for EU membership shown in the accession referenda would conclude that public support is well secure in the new member states.19 Unlike the alternative approaches to Europeanisation reproduced above, Grabbe elaborates further in her analysis and highlights the significance of the EU’s conditionality principle as an Europeanising force in the applicant countries. She argues, “The EU accession process is pushing the applicant countries towards greater convergence with particular institutional models than has occurred within the existing EU”.20 In her view, gate-keeping, benchmarking and monitoring, models, aid and technical assistance and advice and twinning are the mechanisms that illustrate the EU-ization of CEE.21 EU Accession and Interest Politics in Central and Eastern Europe • 247 I maintain that this so-called conditionality model while suitable for the study of the institutionalisation of EU rules in the accession countries from CEE, fails to account for the effect of EU membership when non-governmental actors are concerned. In the context of interest politics, the EU model of interest intermediation while incorporated into the domestic discourse has not been fully embraced by BIAs in the accession countries from CEE. As the examples discussed below will show, the 2004 Enlargement has developed through a process of formal and informal integration which at times, flows parallel and beyond EU activity. This informal process includes transnational networking of policy-makers, political parties, interest groups and NGOs.

This mode of integration is more extensive than the accession process itself as I will argue in the next section of this article.

The Europeanisation of Eastern European repertoires for interest representation During the negotiation of the Association Agreements in the early 1990s, national governments from post-communist Europe were the main interlocutors voicing the interests of CEE at the EU level. They were the only legitimate representatives of their countries’ interests at a time when the process of domestic political and socio-economic transition was still at a very early stage of development. Consequently, during the negotiations of the Europe Agreements, the most active interest groups trying to influence the outcome of the negotiation process were those Eurogroups whose members and interests were to be most affected by the result of such negotiations.



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 6 |


Similar works:

«Appointment of SLSEAA Officers 2014-2016 Get involved and get connected Short biographies and manifestos Alexander Radzyner (incumbent) for Treasurer Amal Safi for Events Officer Darshana Towakel for Events Officer Gil Shidlo for Events Officer Ivan Sobol for Events Officer Josef Perrez for Events Officer Nurit Soni for Events Officer Raffaele Petrone for Events Officer Susan Brown-Shafii for Events Officer Alexander Radzyner (incumbent) for Treasurer I am a Senior Partner of Zurich Management...»

«CITY COUNCIL, CITY OF ROCKFORD JOURNAL OF PROCEEDINGS SEPTEMEBER 8, 2008 COUNCIL CONVENED AT 6:16 P.M.1. The invocation was given by Chaplain Anthony Wilson, Faith Walker Assembly/Police Chaplain and the Pledge of Allegiance was led by Council Page Carla Centeno.2. Roll Call: Mayor Lawrence J. Morrissey Aldermen: Sosnowski, Curran, Mark, Wasco, Bell, Jacobson, Thompson-Kelly, Johnson, Timm, Beach, Holt, McNeely, Conness -13Absent: Beck -13. Alderman Mark moved to accept the Journal of...»

«1 CHAPTER IMPORTANCE OF QUALITY Quality is the business of doing business —Anonymous The importance of quality, be it in product or service, cannot be overemphasized. Just study some of the tips given from time to time to make matters easier for everyone. For instance, Indian Government’s Postal Department, one of the most extensive, popular and efficient in the world issues guidelines such as “PIN Code helps speed up your mail. If the PIN Code in your address is missing or inaccurate,...»

«PROLOGUE Updated July 18, 2011 Almost two years ago I created this work not to become an author, but originally as a single blog posting as a work of fiction to warn my friends that the entire system is indeed a house of cards that could be crashed with little or no notice. The disaster which we faced in 2008-2009 was averted temporarily yet once again at this moment in history, the world finds itself on the brink, with the European Union facing collapse and the United States displaying further...»

«PSEA’s Updated White Paper on Pennsylvania’s School Funding Crisis June 2013 TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary Introduction Background The Persistent Fiscal Crisis Consequences of the Fiscal Crisis Money Matters in Education Answer the Alarm PSEA Recommendations References Appendix A: 2013 Impact of Funding Cuts Appendix B: 2012 Curtailment Requests Appendix C: 2012 Impact of Funding Cuts Appendix D: Chart on Salaries and Benefits Appendix E: Solutions That Work Appendix F: Funding Cuts...»

«Sl. No. Company Name 14423 SURAJ STAINLESS LTD 6TH FLOOR, KALPANA COMPLEX, NR. MEMNAGAR FIRE STATION, NAVRANGPURA, AHMEDABAD 380 009 14424 SHREE FINSAV LTD B21-FLOOR RECORD ROOM, CAR PARKING BLOCK, F-78, INDUSTRIAL AREA, PARBATPURA, AJMER305 002 14425 S & A FINANCE & INVESTMENTS PVT.LTD. 168, MOUNT POONAMALLEE ROAD. PORUR CHENNAI 600 116 14426 S & A FINMAN LTD. A401 DEFENCE COLONY NEW DELHI 14427 S & S LOW TENSION SWITCHGEAR LTD 168 MOUNT,POONAMALLEE PORUR CHENNAI 600 116 14428 S B FINE HEALTH...»

«JAMS Clause Workbook A Guide to Drafting Dispute Resolution Clauses for Commercial Contracts Effective April 1, 2015 In today’s competitive marketplace, most companies either cannot afford or do not wish to incur the time, expense and adverse business consequences of traditional litigation. Unfortunately, in every business relationship there is the potential for conflict over contractual agreements or business operations. When such conflicts arise, there is no need to incur the onerous...»

«Executive Summary “Does trade credit facilitate access to bank finance? An Empirical evidence from Portuguese and Spanish small medium size enterprises” Ana Paula Matias Universidade da Beira Interior 1. Introduction The trade credit represent 17.8% of total assets for all American firms in 1991 and in European countries trade credit represents more than a quarter of total corporate assets (Petersen and Rajan, 1995). These numbers are recently confirmed by Mateut (2005). Attend to this...»

«HISTORY OF MONEY REPORT Course ECNX 9003 By: Dr. Francisco J. Collazo Beauchamp September 30, 2013 This report is comprised of six annexes: Annex A provides the Economic aspects of the money supply. Annex B is a description of the Evolution of the coinage standard. Annex C describes in a Chronological order the evolution of paper money and coinage as currency in different countries to include the USA withdrawal of the Gold Standard as directed by President Nixon and endorsed by Congress in...»

«1 ‘THE TRUE AND FAIR VIEW’ OF EXECUTIVE STOCK OPTION VALUATION August, 9 2006 Forthcoming in European Accounting Review Seppo Ikäheimo* Nuutti Kuosa Vesa Puttonen Helsinki School of Economics Runeberginkatu 22-24 FI-00100 Helsinki, Finland * Corresponding author (seppo.ikaheimo@hse.fi). The authors thank Kari Lukka (the editor), two anonymous referees, David Aboody, Panu Jousimies, Panu Kalmi, Markku Kaustia, Matti Keloharju, Juhani Linnainmaa, Lisa Meulbroek, Timo Mäkelä, Tapio Pekkala,...»

«VESNA GARVANLIEVA ANDONOVA, MBA CURRICULUM VITAE ADDRESS: VASIL GJORGOV 34-1/47, 1000 SKOPJE +389 (0)70 347 411 TEL. E-MAIL: vesna_nl@yahoo.com Professional experience in numerous assignments in the area of business development consultancy KEY both in the private, public and civil sector. Specific expertise with the focus in: QUALIFICATIONS (1) Consultancy for Business Development Management and Financial Management (Financial Screenings, Analyses, Planning & Forecasts); Strategic Document...»

«UNIVERSITY | NEWARK School of Law GRADUATE RECOGNITION CEREMONY May 22, 2015 U N I V E R S I T Y | N E WA R K SCHOOL OF LAW | NEWARK NEW JERSEY PERFORMING ARTS CENTER NEWARK MAY 22, 2015 10 A.M.RUTGERS UNIVERSITY-NEWARK ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS Robert L. Barchi, Ph.D. President Nancy Cantor, Ph.D. Chancellor Todd R. Clear, Ph.D. Provost Shirley Collado, Ph.D. Executive Vice Chancellor and Executive Vice Provost Nabil Adam, Ph.D. Vice Chancellor for Research and Collaborations Roland Anglin,...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.