FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 32 | 33 ||

«CORA WEISS ORAL HISTORY PROJECT The Reminiscences of Cora Weiss Columbia Center for Oral History Columbia University PREFACE The following oral ...»

-- [ Page 34 ] --

Weiss: It was January 15, 1970. I had just come back from North Vietnam for Christmas of ’69. I was asked, I guess, by Bill [William M.] Kunstler, who was one of the two attorneys for the defendants, to be a character witness for Tom [Thomas E.] Hayden, because during the anti-war years (which were still on) we worked in the anti-war movement. Not always together, but he had his organization, I worked in the Committee of Liaison and Women Strike for Peace and The Mobilization, so I think that’s how it happened. Didn’t I tell the story? I can’t remember what I read of what I told.

–  –  –

Weiss: I was called as a witness. My husband came and our oldest daughter, Judy, who took the day off from school, which has since become a national holiday. Was it a national holiday in 1970? I doubt it. Bill Kunstler came to pick us up at the hotel. He had a migraine headache. He tossed his cookies in the spittoon in front of the elevator. I was anxious as all get out because a) I’d never been in a courtroom before, b) I’d never been a witness, c) I’d never had a lawyer who had a migraine.

Q: Had you talked to Tom Hayden before about your testimony?

Weiss: No. No. We got to the courtroom. I was sent up to the witness waiting room where Arlo Guthrie was sitting in a huge Abe Lincoln black hat, which was wrapped in the American flag.

Peter and Judy were sitting somewhere in the audience in the courtroom, which was absolutely packed—so packed that when I walked in, Tom came to the door and escorted me down the very narrow aisle to the witness stand. The defendants all rose. I think they sang a song. I sat in the witness chair, which was as close to the jurors as you are to me now.

Q: About three feet.

Weiss: Where the jury was sitting in the jury box. She was a wonderful looking woman, AfricanAmerican woman, and I think the jurors were as awed and fascinated by the choreography of the courtroom as any of us. There was silence, and I was scared, really frightened. I felt I had to take a little bit of control of the situation, so I said to the judge, “Your Honor, can we have a moment

–  –  –

short and he wheeled around in his chair, and he said, “The witness from the Bronx doesn’t know that I was the first northern judge to desegregate a school.” And Abbie Hoffman got up and sang “We Shall Overcome.” [laughter] It was a circus.

I had a letter given to me by a young girl, who was a survivor of the My Lai Massacre, whom I interviewed while I was in Vietnam in December ’69. I tried to read it. It was written to “Dear American Aunties,” A-U-N-T-I-E-S, which was a friendly, familiar way of speaking to women. I was stopped by the prosecution, but the jurors were fascinated. I doubt they had met anyone who had been to North Vietnam before. Not an American mother with little kids.

I spoke about Tom Hayden. I answered all the questions that I was asked. “Did I hear him speak?

Did I hear him say such-and-such?” Whatever they asked me, I answered. Then I was dismissed and Tom escorted me out of the room and the defendants all rose and sang another song. The prosecution asked that my testimony be stricken from the record and it was. But I believe it’s in a book that was written about the trial. How he got what was on the cutting room floor, I don’t know, but he did. That’s the story.

Q: Did they tell you what the grounds for the dismissal might have been?

–  –  –

Q: I wanted to ask you about your trip to Cuba. When you were an undergraduate at the University of Wisconsin, you went to Cuba in pre-Castro [Fidel Castro] days. What was that like?

Weiss: There were discount rates, I guess is the best way to put it, for students. It was pre-Castro.

I went with another friend from University of Wisconsin. We stayed at a fancy hotel. I assume it was a good hotel. It was all part of that airplane ticket. We used to date the bellhops in the evening because we were college co-eds, they were young guys, and we’d go dancing and all of a sudden at midnight, they would say, “We have to go.” We didn’t understand why they had to go. This must have been 1954 or ’5. Not after ’55. We subsequently found out that the reason they had to leave us at midnight was because they were on the night duty to guard the caches of ammunition that were beginning to be collected for what would become Castro’s revolution. We had no idea that that’s what it was all about. How I found out about that—I must have learned about it subsequently.

Q: Where’s your current work?

Weiss: Right this minute?

Q: Yes. Yes, I have here the resolution about this new Vietnam program that the Defense Department is going to—this might prolong—I just got it off the Internet—it’s a critique—but

–  –  –

Weiss: Did you sign it?

Q: Yes. Yes.

Weiss: Good for you. So, a group of people have been coming together on the telephone and on email, to do a “lessons learned from the Vietnam War” on the anniversary of the first teach-ins (Ann Arbor and Berkeley) and the first early demonstrations against the war. It was stimulated by the Department of Defense, which has a huge amount of money and a huge number of staff people working on whitewashing the U.S. position in Vietnam. And building up the heroism of the soldiers, which is fine, but without recognizing the tragedy that occurred to so many soldiers.

Either they’re dead, or wounded, which may last for a lifetime, or they were exposed to Agent Orange, or they have PTSD [post-traumatic stress disorder]. We didn’t call it PTSD then, I don’t think, but now it’s referred to that way. And the tragic loss of wonderful young people, to say nothing of the tragic loss of the million or two million civilians in Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos. So, there’s going to be a positive event of learning the lessons of war. It’ll be April 30 to May 2.

Q: Of 2015?

Weiss: Yes. April 30, of course, is the date of the end of the war. There’s going to be an academic conference because people are concerned about how the Vietnam War is taught.

Textbooks, teachers, training. Then there will be a civil society day. All of that is being discussed

–  –  –

Q: The critique here indicates that the program that the Pentagon is planning is not going to say much at all about the anti-war protests.

Weiss: That’s why we have to say something for ourselves. The New York Times gave it a frontpage story, which was quite remarkable. The woman who wrote it is staying with the issue.

We’ll see what she comes up with next.

Q: Is there anything else you’d like to talk about?

Weiss: I just had a very wonderful experience. I was inducted as an honorary member of the International Society of Women Educators that has a Greek title, Delta Kappa Gamma. I always thought it was a sorority with Greek titles, but they insist it’s a society, started by a woman in

1929. I didn’t know until after I returned to the city that the other honorary members include Eleanor Roosevelt, Margaret Mead, Hillary Clinton. My jaw dropped. That was lovely.

I had to “pay” for the honorary membership by giving a half-hour talk, which included a peace lesson. The audience was a hundred women, half of whom were probably retired educators and the other half of whom were primary and secondary school teachers. I practiced a peace lesson with their permission. I asked them if they were ready to learn a peace lesson and they loved it and it worked. So that was wonderful, I must say. I mean, I’ve gotten awards, but this was a rather nice award. I’m going to be given an honorary doctorate in May, which took my breath away when I was invited. Doctor of Humanities at Adelphi University. That’s quite heady, too, I

–  –  –

Q: That’s going to be next June?

Weiss: May, yes.

Q: May. Terrific. Terrific. I want to thank you for all the time and effort you’ve put into this project.

Weiss: Well, thank you for doing it and for all the research that you did, which overwhelmed me.

Q: Well, sometimes we have people at a disadvantage because we’ve looked over things that they’ve forgotten about years and years and years and years ago and we dig up all these kinds of things that are beyond the pale of memory anymore. But thank you very much. It’s been a pleasure.

Weiss: The pleasure is mine.

Q: Terrific.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 32 | 33 ||

Similar works:

«Post Taylor: Complacency Overcome Nuno Gol Pires Every historian should, I think, write an autobiography. The experience teaches us to distrust our sources which are often autobiographical (Taylor, cited in Burk, 2000: 3). Introduction ‘If the office of history is to amuse, then Taylor stands without peer [.] No doubt [students] will continue to [read him] far in the future, whilst the learned rebuttals of critics lie mouldering in the shelves’; still, such ‘scholarly longevity speaks for...»

«The Ethnology of Okinawa: Between Folklore Studies and Social Anthropology. Patrick Beillevaire (French National Center for Scientific Research – Japan Research Center, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris) With a population of slightly over 1,300,000 people, Okinawa must be one of the regions of the world that has received the greatest attention from scholars, be they historians, folklorists, anthropologists or linguists, although this is hardly common knowledge outside Japan....»

«Urban Renewal North and South: The Case of São Paulo and New York During and After WWII Marcio Siwi Ph.D. Candidate New York University Research Report Note: This research report is presented here with the author’s permission, but should not be cited or quoted without the author’s consent. Rockefeller Archive Center Research Reports Online is an ongoing publication of the Rockefeller Archive Center (RAC) under the general direction of James Allen Smith, Vice President of the RAC and...»

«Copyright © 2016 Milepost Simulations and Dovetail Games -1Contents 1. Introduction 3 2. History 3-5 3. Gradient Profile 5 4. Area Map 6 5. Detailed Route Map 7 6. Route Guide 8-9 7. Locomotive B4D 10-11 8. Locomotive Controls B4D 12-13 9. Driving the B4D 13-15 10. Rolling Stock 16-19 11. Scenarios 20-21 12. Signalling and Signage 22-23 13. Credits 24 Copyright © 2016 Milepost Simulations and Dovetail Games -2Introduction The route is set in the 1930s when the route was operated by the...»

«RHesiS: Newsletter of the Religious History Society 2010 RHesiS Newsletter of the Religious History Society No. 12 March 2010 RHesiS, for those without a copy of Liddell and Scott to hand, is the classical Greek word for speech or declamation.The Religious History Society exists for the following objects:  to promote the study of all fields of religious history  to encourage research in Australian religious history  to improve means by which the long-term supporters and individual...»

«''The Greatest Issue of All'': Berlin, American National Security, and the Cold War David G. Coleman A dissertation submitted for fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of D octor of Philosophy. Department of History University of Queensland February 2000 Abstract The Berlin problem was a constant test of wills in the early Cold War. In a contest where resolve was pre-eminent or more specifically, the international credibility of that resolve Berlin became in Washington's view the...»

«Tyndale Bulletin 46.1 (1995) 1-27. THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE PSALTER Roger T. Beckwith Summary The Psalms are full of references to music, Jerusalem and the sanctuary. Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah say they were being performed there by the Levites, and the titles (which have a marked community of ideas and language with those books, though without dependence) endorse this. The division into five books pre-dates the LXX version, but there are many indications, in the text and titles, of a still...»

«Curriculum Vita Muhamad Ali Associate Professor University Of California, Riverside 20420 Stanford Ave Riverside, CA 92507 951-300-8939 951-827-5111 muali@ucr.edu EDUCATION Ph.D., History, Islam, Southeast Asia 2002 2007 University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hawaii, USA. M.Sc. in Islam and Politics, Islamic and Middle 2000 2001 Eastern Studies Edinburgh University, Scotland, Great Britain. Master of Management and Certificat d'Aptitude a l'Administration Des Entreprises, International 1998 1999...»

«U.S. Coast Guard Oral History Program Attack on America: September 11, 2001 and the U.S. Coast Guard U.S. COAST GUARD ORAL HISTORY PROGRAM Operation Noble Eagle Documentation Project Interviewee: MST1 John Kapsimalis, USCGR Atlantic Strike Team Interviewer: PAC Peter Capelotti, USCGR Date of Interview: 21 February 2002 Place: Atlantic Strike Team CDR Gail Kulisch (left) and MST1 John Kapsimalis brief President George W. Bush on the equipment used by the CG Atlantic Strike Team during his visit...»

«Textile Evidence Supports Skewed Radiocarbon Date of Shroud of Turin M. Sue Benford and Joseph G. Marino ©2002 All Rights Reserved ABSTRACT The most studied artifact in human history is the Shroud of Turin, a 14 by 3.5 foot sheet of linen with lightly-shaded ventral and dorsal images of an apparently crucified man matching the wounds reported to have been incurred by Jesus of Nazareth. In 1988, Carbon-14 (C-14) dating of a corner section of the cloth produced dates ranging from 1260 to 1390...»

«Research in Higher Education Journal Volume 26 – October, 2014 Do MOOCs pose a threat to higher education? Todd A. Finkle Gonzaga University Evan Masters Gonzaga University ABSTRACT Higher education is facing several obstacles, one of which is the prolific rise in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). This article examines the history of online education and also provides a background of the current organizations that are competing in the MOOC industry. The success of MOOCs and the current...»

«A HISTORY OF THE SENDAI PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA, 1973-2005 BY MAUREEN MURCHIE DISSERTATION Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Musical Arts in Music in the Graduate College of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2010 Urbana, Illinois Doctoral Committee: Professor Tom R. Ward, Chair Professor Sever Tipei Associate Professor Donald Schleicher Associate Professor Rudolf Haken ABSTRACT The Sendai Philharmonic Orchestra began in 1973 as the...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.