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«Professor: Eric D. Huntsman Office: 3010-Q JKHB, ext. 8-2259 Email: huntsman Consultations: MWF 1-1:50 p.m. GREEK 433: THUCYDIDES ...»

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Professor: Eric D. Huntsman

Office: 3010-Q JKHB, ext. 8-2259

Email: huntsman@jkhbhrc.byu.edu

Consultations: MWF 1-1:50 p.m.


Fall 1996

TTh 8:00-9:15 a.m.

Course Description: Greek 433 this semester will study Thucydides, one of the greatest and

most challenging Greek prose authors. A man of affairs in his own day, Thucydides was a

politician as well as a historian and a literary master as well a chronicler of events. His historical

approach and his written style made a permanent impact upon ancient historiography, and the education of any Classics student is not complete without an exposure to his works. We will approach Thucydides’ history of the Peloponnesian War in terms of his written Greek, his value as a historical source, and as part of the greater study of Classical historiography.

Written Classical Greek: Although much of Thucydides’ narrative is straight-forward, his style is idiosyncratic. The speeches which Thucydides composed and sprinkled liberally through his work are both stimulating and difficult. Consequently, the Greek studied this semester will be among some of the most challenging encountered by the undergraduate, but beginning to master it will result in a permanent improvement of the student’s facility translating Classical Greek prose.

Athenian History: Thucydides is the single greatest literary source for the study of Fifth Century Athens. Not only does his writing chronicle the first twenty years of the Peloponnesian War, it also provides information about earlier events. As a result it is impossible to separate the author’s writing from its historical content, and the thrust of this course will accordingly pay attention to some important historical issues. The pertinent sections of my syllabus for Clscs 430R: The Rise and Fall of Athens have consequently been appended to this syllabus where they can serve as a resource for further reading about specific historical issues that may interest the student.

Historiography: Today’s casual student of history, handicapped somewhat in recent generations by public education’s “text book history,” often confuses history with names, dates, and facts.

For ancient historians, however, the distinction between literature and “history” did not exist.

While history was meant to inform and frequently had an accompanying didactic purpose, it was always considered a literary genre and usually succeeded in presenting itself as a form of written art. In the English tradition perhaps the last great example of this is Edward Gibbon’s The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.

One must remember that historiography means “writing about history,” with an emphasis on the writing. This semester we will discuss Thucydides’ purposes in writing his history, we will evaluate the means by which he sought to achieve his purposes, and we will see the lasting impact that he made on the genre and how succeeding ancient historians were influenced by both his approach and style.

Greek 430: Thucydides, page 2 Nevertheless we must not forget Thucydides began his work by writing that he xunevgraye to;n povlemon. He was, then, not so much writing an account of the Peloponnesian War as he was writing the war, in some sense creating or recreating the events. Accordingly we must remember the maxim that “history is rhetoric,” which probably best approximates the ancient view of history.

Texts: The following texts are available in the B.Y.U. Bookstore and will be used regularly

throughout the class:

Dover, K.J. “Thucydides.” Greece And Rome: New Surveys in the Classics No. 7. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1973. [packet] Grant, Michael. Greek and Roman Historians. Information and Misinformation. New York: Routledge, 1995.

Thucydides. Book I. Edited by E.C. Marchant with an introduction by Thomas Wiedemann. Bristol:

Bristol Classical Press, 1993.

Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. Translated by Rex Warner with an Introduction by M.I.

Finley. New York: Penguin Books, 1972.

Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War. Book II. Edited by J.S. Rusten. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989, repr. 1993.

Copies of the following are being held in the reserve library:

Dionysius of Halicarnassus. On Thucydides. Translated, based on the Greek text of Usener-Radermacher, and edited with commentary by W. Kendrick Pritchett. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975.

Fornara, C. The Nature of History in Ancient Greece and Rome. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.

Gomme, A.W., A. Andrewes, and K.J. Dover. A Historical Commentary of Thucydides. 5 vols. (Books IVII). Oxford, 1945-70.

Kagan, Donald. The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1969.

--------. The Archidamian War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1974.

--------. The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1981.

--------. The Fall of the Athenian Empire. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987.

Kitto, H.D.F. Poiesis. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966.

Lausberg, Heinrich. Handbuch der literarischen Rhetorik: eine Grundlegung der Literaturwissenschaft 3.

Aufl. Stuttgart: Steiner, 1990.

Meiggs, Russell. The Athenian Empire. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972.

Pritchett, W. Kendrick. Dionysius of Halicarnassus: On Thucydides. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975.

de Ste. Croix, G.E.M. The Origins of the Peloponnesian War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1972.

Other helpful bibliography is appended to the end of this syllabus before the selections from the Clscs 430R syllabus.

Requirements: The student should come prepared each day having already translated the assigned Greek passages and having read any secondary readings. Exams and the paper are due when scheduled, and late work will not be accepted. Only in cases of extreme duress (in medical cases with a physician’s note) will the instructor make exceptions. B.Y.U. dress, grooming, and Greek 430: Thucydides, page 3

behavior standards will be enforced. Grades will be calculated by the following formula:

–  –  –


Unless otherwise noted, all readings in Thucydides are to be done in Greek.

Tu03Sep First Day of Class. Introduction to the Study of Thucydides.

Th05Sep The Figure of Thucydides. His Place in Ancient Historiography. J.D. Denniston s.v. “Thucydides (2),” OCD 1067-1070; Dover, 3-8; Grant, 5-60; Rusten 1-4; Wiedemann, ix-xxi.

Tu10Sep Composition and Style. Aims of Thucydides. Th. 1.1, 20-23. Dover, 9-20, 28Rusten, 4-7, 21-32. See also: Dion. Hal. Thuc.

Th23Sep Archaeologia I. Th. 1.2-9. Wiedemann xxi-xxvi.

–  –  –

Peloponnesian War,” CQ n.s. 9 (1959) 223-239; Kagan, Outbreak, 193B. McDonald, “The Megarian Decree,” Historia 32 (1983) 385-410; de Ste. Croix, Origins, 225-289, 388-91.

Th17Oct Pausanias and Themistokles Considered. Th. 1.126-138 (English). W. den Boer, “Themistokles in Fifth Century Historiography,” Mnemosyne 15 (1962) 225-237; R.J. Lenardon, “The Chronology of Themistokles’ Ostracism and Exile,” Historia 8 (1959) 23-48; Meiggs, 465-468; J.L. O’Neil, “The Exile of Themistokles and Democracy in the Peloponnese,” CQ n.s. 31 (1981) 335-46; de Ste. Croix, 378-9.

Tu22Oct MIDTERM Th24Oct Thebes and Plataia. Th. 2.1-9. Kagan, Archidamian War, 43-49; Rusten 17-32.

Tu29Oct Preparations for the Conflict. Th. 2.10-17.

Th31Oct The First Year of the War. Th. 2.18-33. Ar. Ach. (English) Tu05Nov Funeral Oration of Perikles I. Th. 2.34-38. Rusten, 16-17; Plut. Vit. Per. (begin reading in English).

Th07Nov Funeral Oration of Perikles II. Th. 2.39-46. Plut. Vit. Per. (keep reading in English).

Tu12Nov The Second Year: Invasion and Plague. Th. 2.47-55. D.L. Page, “Thucydides’ Description of the Great Plague at Athens,” CQ n.s. 3 (1953) 97-119;

J.C.F. Poole and A.J. Holladay, “Thucydides and the Plague of Athens,” CQ n.s. 29 (1979) 282-300; Plut. Vit. Per. (keep reading in English).

Th14Nov The Periklean Policy. Th. 2.56-65. Kagan, Archidamian War, 17-42, 350-364;

I.G. Spence, “Perikles and the Defense of Attika During the Peloponnesian War,” JHS 10 (1990) 91-109; Plut. Vit. Per. (finish reading in English).

Tu19Nov The Fall of Potidaia and Siege of Plataia. Th. 2.66-78.

Th21Nov The Third Year: Phormio I. Th. 2.79-86. Kagan, Archidamian War, 101-123.

Tu26Nov Phormio II. Th. 2.87-92. The End of the Third Year. Th. 93-103 (English).

Th28Nov Thanksgiving Tu03Dec The Effects of War... On to the Peace of Nikias. Th. 3-5 (English) Th05Dec The Sicilian Expedition. Th. 6-7 (English)

–  –  –

(In addition to our texts and items listed above as on reserve; see also the texts, reserve items, and bibliography of the appended syllabus of Clscs 430R: Rise and Fall of Athens) Adcock, F.E. Thucydides and his History. 1963.

Bétant, Lexicon Thucydideum. 2 volumes. New York: Georg Olms Verlag, 1843, repr. 1969.

Cornford, Francis M. Thucydides Mythistoricus. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1971.

Dover, K.J. “Thucydides as ‘History’ and ‘as Literature.’” History and Theory 22 (1983) 54-63.

Finley, John H., Jr. Thucydides. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1942.

Harrison, E. “Thucydides’ Mode of Presenting His Speeches.” PCPhS 79-81 (1908) 10-13.

Loraux, N. The Invention of Athens. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986. [Study of the funeral oration in Athens] Poppo, E.F. Bétantii Lexici Thucydidei Supplementa I, II, III. 1845, 1847, 1854.

Stadter, P. The Speeches of Thucydides. North Carolina, 1973.

Westlake, H.D. Essays on the Greek Historians and Greek History. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1969.

–  –  –

Course Description: More than any other city-state in Greece, fifth century Athens exemplifies the apogee of Greek civilization. This semester Classics 430R will study the history of Athens from 509 B.C., the year of Kleisthenes’ “democratic” reforms, through Athens’ period of strength and empire until her fall at the hands of Sparta in 404 B.C. Accordingly the seminar will cover the Persian Wars, the development of the Athenian Empire, and the Peloponnesian War. Any of these three areas could, on its own, form the basis of a serious graduate course;

taken together, however, these periods of Athenian history will provide a case study of the “organic” phases of a state’s rise and fall as well as providing a fuller history of Sparta’s animosity towards Athens and a comprehensive view of Persia’s critical role and the beginning and end of the Fifth Century.

This course will focus on issues of constutional development, inter-state relations, and military and political history while not neglecting cultural developments. Significant attention will be given to source issues and criticism: primary literary texts and other documents (in translation) form the core of our study, allowing for significant discussion regarding the developing genre of Greek historiography and for an introduction to the proper use of epigraphy.

Texts: The following texts are available in the B.Y.U. Bookstore and will be used regularly

throughout the class:

Fornara, Charles W. Translated Documents of Greece & Rome (Vol. 1, Archaic Time to the End of the Peloponnesian War). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Green, Peter. The Year of Salamis. London: Widenfeld and Nicolson, 1970. [packet] Herodotus. The Histories. Trans. Aubrey de Sélincourt. New York: Penguin Books, 1972.

Hignett, C. Xerxes’ Invasion of Greece. Oxford: Clarnedon Press, 1963. [excerpts in packet] Kagan, Donald. The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1969.

Meiggs, Russell. The Athenian Empire. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972.

Plutarch. The Rise and Fall of Athens. Nine Greek Lives. Trans. Ian Scott-Kilvert. New York: Penguin Books, 1960.

Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. Trans. Rex Warner. New York: Penguin Books, 1972.

Copies of the following are being held in the reserve library:

[Aristotle]. The Athenian Constitution. Translated by H. Rackham. (Loeb Classical Library, Diodorus vols IV-VI). Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971

Bradley, Pamela. Ancient Greece. Using Evidence. Edited by David Patterson. Caufield East Victoria:

Edward Arnold (Australia), 1988.

Burn, A. R. Persia and the Greeks. Second Edition. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1984.

Bury, J.B. and Meiggs, Russell. A History of Greece to the Death of Alexander the Great. Fourth Edition.

New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1975, repr. 1985.

Diodorus. Diodorus of Sicily. Translated by C.H. Oldfather (Loeb Classical Library, Diodorus vols IVGreek 430: Thucydides, page 8 VI). Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1946-1954.

Fornara, Charles. Herodotus. Oxford, 1971.

Gomme, A.W., A. Andrewes, and K.J. Dover. A Historical Commentary of Thucydides. 5 vols. (Books IVII). Oxford, 1945-70.

Hignett, C. Xerxes’ Invasion of Greece. Oxford: Clarnedon Press, 1974.

How W. W. and Wells, J. A Commentary on Herodotus. 2 volumes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1912 Kagan, Donald. The Archidamian War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1974.

--------. The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1981.

--------. The Fall of the Athenian Empire. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987.

de Ste. Croix, G.E.M. The Origins of the Peloponnesian War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1972.

Traill, John S. The Political Organization of Attica; a Study of the Demes, Trittyes, and Phylai, and Their Representation in the Athenian Council. Princeton, N.J.: American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 1975.

Xenophon. Hellenica I-IV. Trans. Carleton L. Brownson (Loeb Classical Library) Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1918.

One book is on reserve in the J. Reuben Clark Law library, namely:

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