«Transcript of the Safeguarding the Integrity of Sport Forum May 2015 A production of Play by the Rules In cooperation with © Play by the Rules 2015 ...»
Now, in terms of resources that we do offer, we do have an e-learning program. Has anyone here done our e-learning program? A couple of people—that’s great. We have a number of different modules in our e-learning. We have the level 1 e-learning module, which is really a
very basic program. It runs for about 60 minutes. It covers rights and responsibilities, where to find more information, some of the issues that we’re seeing—that program was relaunched in December last year, so it’s brand-new, and it’s really a great program. I’d strongly encourage you to have a look at it, and I have a bit of a primer to show you in a minute.
But basically, the education program is great for your members. It’s 60 minutes. At the end of it, you get a certificate. We find that a lot of sports are using this certificate for compliance purposes, so if they want a team to attend a particular event, they’ll mandate that every member, every athlete, does at least the level 1 course, and they send the PDF of the certificate in to the sport, and they have a record of that. You probably don’t need to go to that level, but there is an option there to do that.
Play by the Rules The program is available on all of the different tablets, smartphones, whatever you use. It will all be compatible with that. So, as I think I might have said, it’s free to register. You have your level 1. There’s also a level 2 course. There are courses for coaches. We have regular learning updates that go out, so once you’ve registered, you continue to get information from us about what’s happening in the world of anti-doping. And there’s also access to a whole lot of YouTube clips, tons of resources. So, definitely go and have a look at that.
To access the video and ASADA eLearning go to: www.elearning.asada.gov.au
So, I’ll just have finished—we’ll go back to education, actually. A few more things that we do offer—we do offer face-to-face sessions. They’re about 60 minutes. So, if you feel you have a team that you want to bring together, and you don’t think online is going to work for your group, or you have something specific that you want to talk to them about, we can provide a face-to-face session where one of our presenters come to you and do the presentation for you. There is a cost associated with that, though. But we do have presenters in all of the states, and we quite often attend team-based sports, usually, and do the face-to-face presentations.
Now, that’s, as I said, a 60-minute presentation, mainly around rights and responsibilities and general information. We do also offer an ethical decision-making workshop, which we’ve developed alongside Paul. So, we’re more than happy to take any questions about that, if you’re interested in something like that, as well.
We also offer sport facilitator sessions. So, if you would like to do a face-to-face session, and you don’t particularly want one of our people to come and do that for you, we can help you to develop the presentation, and we have templates that are available. We can talk you through any questions that you might have at that presenting, or questions that you think you might get from your athletes, and help you through the process that way. So, that’s another really good option, if you have a group that you want to bring together.
Just a few other things—what you can do—I think we’ve talked about the cultural issues already, and Paul mentioned that, around the ethics. Culture is really important. You’re the eyes and the ears of the sport. You’re the ones who deal with athletes as they come into the sport and develop the culture around that. So, I think making sure that you do risk assessment, you look at some of the cultural issues that you might have within your sport— all of those things are really important, from a governance perspective. And certainly, in recent times, I’ve been talking to quite a few sports about some of the issues that we’re seeing, around doping in sub-elite levels, and they’ve asked us to come and talk to their board and their state presidents about governance issues. So, that’s really important to start thinking about, as well. It’s not just about pushing the information out. It’s making sure you have the culture right within your organisation.
As Simon mentioned earlier, we really need information from you—what you’re seeing, what you’re hearing, information that you get from your athletes, from parents, from your support personnel, your coaches—all of that information. If you can feed it back up to us, 28 Keeping sport safe, fair and inclusive we’d really appreciate it, or through your national sporting organization, as well. We have an anonymous tip-off line. We also have a secure form that you can use online, or you can obviously talk to Simon or I if you have any information, as well. The more information we have, the better picture we can create. And it’s also an opportunity for us to work more closely with you. So, even if it’s information that you don’t necessarily think really fits within anti-doping, talk to us about it anyway, and we might be able to hook you up with some other people that can help.
Our website is a really great resource for information. It’s just recently been re-launched this week, actually, so it’s all been updated. It’s code-compliant. So, the World Anti-Doping Code came into effect on the 1st of January this year, so any information that you need about changes to that—have a look at our website. There’s also a link on there to a tool called “Check Your Substances.” So, if you’re interested, or if any of your athletes are interested, in finding out what medications they can and can’t take, go and have a look at the “Check Your Substances” tool, and that will tell you if that particular medication is prohibited in sport.
We also have a whole lot of other resources online, as well. We have, as I mentioned, all of our educational resources, YouTube videos—there’s a mountain of information on there.
And there’s also a whole lot of other opportunities for you to work with us, as well, to follow us on social media, to make sure you get some anti-doping messages in your newsletters— it’s a whole range of things that you can do. And we’re more than happy to talk to you about those options, as well, so please contact us, and we’re happy to help.
Play by the Rules Match-fixing and grassroots sport PART 3: MATCH-FIXING and
GRASSROOTS SPORTDamian Voltz (National Integrity of Sport Unit) Just by way of introduction, I’m attached to the National Integrity of Sport unit, but I’m also an officer of the Australian Crime Commission, and currently on secondment. So, basically, I live in the intel world and the classified world, and understand what’s going on with organized crime, and I can bring that across to sport. So, I’m not here to tell you that the sky is falling, either. And Australian sport is actually in pretty good shape, compared to some sports internationally, and I think we’re in a window, at this point, where Australian sport has maybe a couple years to get its house in order and to build the resilience in the industry, so that when organized crime comes knocking on our door, which it will, that the sport has the ability to basically repel organized crime and keep organized crime out.
What I want to do today is provide you with an understanding of the capabilities of organized crime and how they operate, how they’re working overseas internationally, and basically what you’re dealing with and why we now find ourselves in the situation that we do, and why we’re now having match-fixing occur all around the world, basically on a daily basis. You’re in a better position to protect the sport if you understand, actually, what the problem is. And that’s what the aim of today is, basically to explain how this world operates.
So, essentially, the reason sports is threatened is because of these three elements that have now come together—the vulnerable targets, which is sport itself—the ACC did an Play by the Rules assessment back in 2010, which no one really knew about. But what we found was that Australian sport was highly vulnerable to infiltration. It wasn’t prepared for what was coming, because you haven’t ever had to deal with this before. Motivated and capable offenders is organized crime, and I’ll explain why they are so good at what they do, and what you’re actually dealing with. And then, liquid betting markets—that’s the key—is that we now have ever-increasing amounts of money being gambled on sport, and you can now make money out of co-opting sport by putting money through those liquid betting markets.
And what’s happening is that the amount of money that’s now moving through the system is actually creating the incentive to match fix, because the money is there, and you can actually now hide money and make more money out of this whole process. So, it’s almost like we’re in this vicious circle at the moment. The more money you can make out of it, it attracts more money into the market. And that’s where we are.
So, I want to focus, first of all, on organized crime and why they are such a threat. The United States did an assessment back in 2011, which was what they call an NIE, or National Intelligence Estimate. And it was the first one they’d done in about 15 years. And what they found was that organized crime, or the reach and impact of organized crime, was unprecedented, because organized crime was leveraging off the same developments and globalization and technology advancements and innovation, and basically using those in the illicit trade. The income, now, of some organized crime groups is bigger than the GDP of whole nations, and it’s actually becoming increasingly difficult, in some countries, to disentangle the state and organized crime, because they have actually become one.
For example, in West Africa, where criminal organizations have actually infiltrated whole governments, they can’t now disentangle the government from organized crime. And the reason for that was that they needed to get cocaine from South American into Europe, and West Africa was a perfect way to do that.
32 Keeping sport safe, fair and inclusive The other thing is that organized crime is now recognized as a national security threat by the U.N. Security Council, and that happened just a couple of years ago. So, it’s to that level now, that organized crime is now a threat to national security, and it’s the first time that that’s actually been recognized.
So, all illicit markets are basically global markets. If you look at the cocaine market, it comes from producing countries in South America, transits through the Caribbean and West Africa, and goes to the main demand, U.S., Europe, or Australia. You can look at basically every other illicit commodity, and it’s exactly the same. And match fixing is no different.
So, in this example here, you have Dan Tan, who—you’ll hear his name mentioned a few times through here. He has accomplices in Italy who can pay bribes to players. Money is transferred through Panama, through front countries, to the players to pay the bribes. And then, bets are placed in Asia.
To do that investigation is extremely complex. Where is the offense being committed? And the minute investigations go overseas, you can lose the ability to collect evidence, if you have to work through countries that don’t follow the same rules as us. You lose that money trail. So, if you put money through the British Virgin Islands, finding those financial trails is almost next to impossible. So, you’re dealing with a true transnational issue, and matchfixing is truly a global trade.
You wouldn’t have ever seen this guy. This is a U.N. special Security Committee notice. This is reserved for some of the most wanted people in the world. This guy is Dawood Ibrahim, head of D Company. I’ll just run you through his list of exploits—contract killing, money laundering, illegal gambling, arms trafficking, counterfeiting, drug trafficking, extortion, funding of the Mumbai bombings, and funding of Al Qaeda and Leshtal Toiba, and match fixing in the IPL. So, this gives you an example of the scale of grips that are involved in match fixing and corruption of sport internationally.
Play by the Rules Other groups that are involved include the triads, which are based in China, Russian organized crime, Yakuza in Japan with the sumo wrestling, Eastern European organized criminal groups, the Italian Mafia—so, we have some of the best organized crime groups in the world, who have been plying their trade for years, are embedded in societies, also involved in match fixing and corruption of sports. So, you are dealing with some of the best organized crime groups that exist. And the thing is that, no matter what these guys want to do, they will do it. They don’t play by the rules. And they have boundless resources, more resources than we have. And they can exploit, infiltrate, corrupt any industry that they want to.
So, we’re dealing with complex syndicates, and they have extensive international links. We know that, for example, the triads work with other groups in plying their trade—the same with the Yakuza. These three individuals here, down the right-hand side—Dan Tan at the top is being held by the Singaporeans at the moment. Raj Perumal in the middle and Ante Sapina—between those three individuals, there are literally hundreds of games, six, seven, eight hundred games in football, that have been fixed by these guys. Joiza Sapina—there’s the Joiza affair—Dan Tan and Perumal acted for quite a few years. Rosh Perumal in the middle there was involved in the Southern Stars match-fixing in Australia. So, here you have an example of an international match fixer targeting Australia in a sub-elite sport to corrupt that, and money was going through Asian betting markets.
International investigations so far have only identified a small number of these players.