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The illicit spread and trafficking of conventional arms within and from Libya continues to fuel insecurity in the region, including through further diversion of improvised explosive devices (IEDs)51 or MANPADS52. Militias in Libya have reportedly also seized chemical weapons from arsenals stored under poor conditions, which are at risk of falling in the hands of violent extremist groups or terrorists.

Once a Government of National Accord is formed, the EU will, as a matter of priority and in coordination with other relevant international partners, offer counter-terrorism capacity development programmes to the Libyan authorities. Tackling the illicit trafficking of firearms and use of explosives will be a vital component of such a package.

Enhancing cooperation with Ukraine

It is in the interest of both the EU and Ukraine to enhance their cooperation against common threats posed by the illicit trafficking and use of firearms and explosives. At same time, the EU could strengthen its support to reform the civilian security sector in Ukraine, including in the area of interest covered by this Communication.

Enhancing cooperation with Turkey The current EU-Turkey dialogue on Counter-terrorism should be extended to the illicit trafficking and use of firearms and explosives.

Enhancing cooperation with other regional actors and international organisations Terrorist and criminal groups add to the volatile security situation in Libya, with an impact on Sahel (e.g. Mali) and the security situation in the Lake Chad region (in particular Nigeria).

The Commission, in coordination with the EEAS, will ensure relevant support to counter these groups through security-related assistance, possibly including under the newly set-up European Union Emergency Trust Fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa.

The Commission will assist the League of Arab States (LAS)53 countries in the development of a computerised system of control of transfers of arms and armaments and will explore ways in which the LAS contact points on SALW could work with comparable EU structures.

Based on existing EU efforts undertaken through the implementation of the 2005 EU Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) Strategy54 as well the European Security Strategy55, the EU will continue promoting the ratification, transposition and implementation of relevant international conventions, such as the Arms Trade Treaty, and the Firearms protocol to the UN Convention on Transnational Organised Crime. Use will also be made of the CBRN regional networks as established in eight regions under the EU Risk Mitigation Initiative.

Weapons from Libya have been found in countries such as Chad, Egypt, Gaza, Mali, Niger, and Tunisia.

Man-portable air-defense systems.

The LAS is a regional organization of Arab countries in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia.

http://eeas.europa.eu/non-proliferation-and-disarmament/conventional_weapons/salw/index_en.htm http://www.eeas.europa.eu/csdp/about-csdp/european-security-strategy/

Specific actions:

 Enhance operational activities and enlarging the scope of the EU-South East Europe Action Plan;

 Strengthen cooperation with Middle East and North African countries (MENA);

 Enhance cooperation with Ukraine and Turkey;

 Enhance cooperation with other relevant Third Countries', regional actors and international organisations


The Commission calls upon the Member States and all other relevant stakeholders to take all necessary steps to ensure the swift implementation of this Action Plan. The Commission will report to the European Parliament and the Council on the implementation of this Action Plan within the framework of the six-monthly update on the implementation of the European Agenda

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