«by Dr. Karl Bergmeister Notes from the editor of this e-book: • The original scanned version of this book was downloaded from nazi.org.uk in July ...»
THE JEWISH WORLD
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion
before the Court in Berne
Dr. Karl Bergmeister
Notes from the editor of this e-book:
• The original scanned version of this book was downloaded from
nazi.org.uk in July 2012.
• All formatting & page breaks are identical to the original book.
• Some minor spelling & printing errors have been corrected.
The Jewish world conspiracy The lawsuit over the authenticity of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, which took place in Berne during the years 1934 and 1935, gave to Jewish and pro-Jewish publicists alike, the much wished-for opportunity to blazon forth into the world that in Berne, a judge after objective consideration, had pronounced judgement to the effect that the Protocols were a forgery.
It is in this sense that the Jew Alexander Stein writes in his work "Adolf Hitler, Schüler der Weisen von Zion" (Adolf Hitler, a Pupil of the Elders of Zion), Graphia Verlag, Carlsbad, 1936, and the Jew Ivan Heilblut in "Die öffentlichen Verleumder, die Protokolle der Weisen von Zion und ihre Verwendung in der heutigen Politik" (The Public Slanderers. The Protocols of the Elders of Zion and their Use in Present-Day Politics), Europa Verlag, Zürich, 1937;
similarly Irene Harland, the pro-Jewish propagandist, in her book "Sein Kampf, Antwort an Hitler" (His Struggle, a Reply to Hitler), Vienna, 1936, and the Freemason Count R. N.
Coudenhove-Kalergi – married to a Jewess – in "Judenhaß von heute (Jew Hate in the Present Day), Pan-Europa Verlag, Vienna-Zürich, 1935.
All the above, with apparent intent, pass over the fact that already in 1935, a short time after the proceedings in Berne, a book appeared from the pen of Dr. Stephan Vász, entitled "Das Berner Fehlurteil über die Protokolle der Weisen von Zion" (The Faulty Judgement in the Berne Protocols Case), Publishers the U. Bodung-Verlag, Erfurt, in which, from the documents submitted to the court, and the minutes of the proceedings, the author furnishes exhaustive proof of the fact that what took place in Berne was a mockery of justice.
Moreover when Jewry, with incredible frivolity, initiated the proceedings, and led them to an apparent victory, they do not seem to have reckoned with the possibility that this very lawsuit, and the far reaching research which it was to initiate, would bring to light material of so valuable a nature, that from then on, it would hardly be possible for any thinking person to maintain that the Protocols were a forgery.
In the present pamphlet, a certain familiarity with the Protocols is assumed.
1. How the Protocols came into existence.
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion form the text of a lecture under 24 headings, dealing with the political, economic and financial programme of Judaeo-Masonry for the establishment of Jewish world domination.
The authorship, time and place of the lecture, as well as the actual date at which it was written down, it has not up till now been possible to ascertain.
In the matter of the authorship, the American writer F. Fry, following upon investigations carried out in Russia by Henry Ford, states that the Protocols are the work of the Jewish writer and leader A c h a d H a a m (Ascher Ginsberg), and that they originated in Odessa. Certain circumstances go to show that the Protocols – perhaps following upon the lines of a concept by Achad Haam – formed the subject of a lecture in French Masonic Lodges. The bases for this supposition are the following, namely: that Freemason policy follows the lines of the Protocols, and that S. A. N i l u s tells us that the copy which came into his hands in 1901 bore the following inscription: "Signed by the Representatives of Zion of the 33rd Degree."
The story generally put about by Jewry, that in the case of the Protocols, we have to do with a pamphlet drawn up by the Russian Police, and more particulaly by Councillor P. J.
R a t s c h k o w s k y, the purpose of which was to calumniate Jewry, is one which simply will not hold water; the so-called evidence brought forward in support of this story, being wholly without foundation of any kind.
Equally untenable is the theory emanating from anti-Jewish quarters, that the Protocols owe their origin to the Zionist Congress in Basel in 1897. There are however some grounds for the supposition that the text which had already been drawn up between the years 1890 and 1895, formed the subject of a debate at a meeting of brethren of the Bnai-Brith Order in Basel in 1897.
Proved beyond all doubt however is the fact that the first person to possess a copy of the document in French, was the late Russian Major and Court Marshal A l e x e i N i c o l a j e w i t s c h S u c h o t i n of Tschern, in the Government of Tula. S. A. Nilus in his book "The Great within the Small" confirms this fact. It is further confirmed by S. S. Nilus, son of the above, in a written declaration dated 1936, to the effect that he personally was present when Suchotin handed the document to his father.
I was successful in finding out a further relation of Suchotin's in the person of Madame A n t o n i a P o r p h y r j e w n a M a n j k o w s k y, née Suchotin, widow of the Russian Admiral of that name, and resident at the moment in Jugoslavia. This lady gave me on the 13 th of December 1936, a written declaration to the effect that in her youth, she on many occasions visited the Suchotins on their estate. On the occasion of one of her visits about the year 1895, she was witness of how a transcript was made of a copy of the Protocols by Suchotin's sister Mademoiselle Vera Suchotin and his niece Mademoiselle O l g a W i s c h n e w e t s k y, later Madame L o t i n.
Vera Suchotin being long since deceased, Madame Manjkowsky advised me to visit Madame Lotin who was still living in Paris. Much to my disappointment, I found that in consequence of the death of her husband Madame Lotin had become completely insane, and was now living in an asylum near Paris, and no longer capable of being interviewed.
Having regard to the date in question, the declaration of Madame Manjkowsky assumes particular importance, for the reason that in her books "Waters Flowing Eastward", p. 89, and "Le Juif Notre Maltre", p. 95, Mrs. L. Fry publishes a letter written to her on the 17 th of April 1927 by P h i l i p p P e t r o w i t s c h S t e p a n o f f (deceased 1932) late Procurator of the Holy Synod in Moscow, in which Stepanoff states that already, in 1895 he had received a transcript of the Protocols from Major Suchotin, and adds that he received it through the intermediary of a lady in Paris.
Who this lady was, it has not been possible up till now to ascertain. S. A. Nilus also writes in his book that Suchotin, on handing the document to him in 1901, mentioned her name to him, but that he had forgotten it. In this connection Nilus's son informed me that his father had only mentioned the matter because Suchotin had made him promise to keep the lady's name a secret as long as she lived. From all this it becomes clear that a transcript of the Protocols was in existence in Russia in the year 1895 already, that is to say two years before the first Congress in Basel.
According to data furnished by Nilus's son, the first publication of the Protocols took place in the Winter of 1902/1903 in the "Moskowskija Wiedomosti". I have unfortunately not up till now succeeded in obtaining a copy of this paper. As against this, it is a matter beyond all doubt that the Protocols were published in the "Snamja", the Paper formerly edited by K r u s c h e w a n, in the numbers appearing between the 28th of August and the 7th of September 1903. It was first in the year 1905, that S e r g e j A l e x a n d r o w i t s c h N i l u s included the text of the Protocols in his book on Antichrist entitled "Welikoje w Malom i Antichrist kak bliskaja polititscheskaja wosmoschnost" (The Great within the Small, and the Antichrist as a Political Possibility in the Near Future). This was in the second edition of his book, of which the first edition which appeared in 1901 did not contain a copy of the Protocols. The third edition appeared in 1911, and the fourth in 1917, under the altered title "Blis jest pri dwerech" (He is at the Doors!).
In the year 1906, the Russian author G e o r g e B u t m i published the Protocols in his book "Oblitschiteljenja rjetschi, wragi roda tschelowjetscheskago" (Speeches which reveal the Truth, the Enemies of Mankind), the fourth edition of which appeared in 1907.
In the rest of Europe the Protocols remained completely unknown. It was first after the World War that Russian emigrants brought Nilus's book to North America and to Germany. It was thus that a copy came into the hands of the President of the "Verband gegen die Überhebung des Judentums" in Berlin, M ü l l e r v o n H a u s e n, who had it translated in the year 1919, and published under his pseudonym G o t t f r i e d z u r B e e k, under the title "The Secrets of the Learned Elders of Zion".
A second edition was published by T h e o d o r F r i t s c h with the incorrect title of "The Zionist Protocols". A seventeenth edition of this brochure appeared in 1936 in the HammerVerlag, Leipzig, this time with the correct title "The Protocols of Zion".
2. The first Jewish attempts at defence.
In the year 1921, Jewry took up the defence against the Protocols. In rapid succession the three following articles appeared.
On the 25th of February 1921, the "American Hebrew" published an interview given by the Russian Princess C a t h e r i n e R a d z i w i l l to the the Jewish reporter I s a a c Landman.
On the 12th and 13th of May 1921, the French Count A r m a n d d u C h a y l a published an article in two parts in the Russian paper "Posljednije Nowosti" ("Dernières Nouvelles") in Paris.
The third article was from the pen of the English journalist P h i l i p G r a v e s, and appeared in three parts in the London "Times" on the 16th, 17th and 18th of August 1921.
Princess Radziwill declared that the Protocols were first drawn up after the Russo-Japanese war and the first Russian Revolution in 1905 by the Russian State Councillor P e t e r I v a n o w i t s c h R a t s c h k o w s k y, Chief of the Russian Secret Police in Paris, and by his agent M a t t h e w G o 1 o w i n s k y. During her stay in Paris at the time, the last named had shown her the manuscript which he had just composed, and which had moreover a large blue inkstain on the front page. It had been planned in Russian Conservative circles to incite the Czar Nicholas II against the Jews by means of this publication.
Comte du Chayla wrote that he visited Nilus in Russia in the year 1909. The latter had shown him the manuscript with the blue jnkstain, and had told him that he had received it from his life-long friend Madame N a t a l i a A f a n a s s i c w n a K. (du Chayla afterwards stated that her name was Komarowsky) who had in turn received it from Ratschkowsky in Paris.
Philip Graves wrote that the Protocols had been composed with the aid of the "Dialogue aux Enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu", a book written by the French advocate M a u r i c e J o l y, the first edition of which appeared in Brussels in 1864, and the second in 1868.
The only thing that is true about these reports, with which I will deal later on, is the statement that the author of the Protocols made extensive use of Joly's book, in that he copied whole sentences, and even whole paragraphs from it. He committed an open plagiarism on Joly. This fact however cannot be taken as furnishing the least proof that the Protocols are an anti-Semitic forgery; for it is not a question of whether the text of the Protocols came into being partly through the misuse of the text of another book, but solely of whether the Protocols contain the programme of Jewish world domination, and were written by a Jew for the Jewish people. The fact that externally a plagiarism is to hand, is no proof that the contents are a forgery. The question of forgery would first arise when it could be proved that the Protocols had actually been composed by an Anti-Semite for the purpose of slandering Jewry.
Jewry even made the attempt to bring proof of this, in that they caused Princess Radziwill to announce that Golowinsky had composed the document under the guidance of Ratschkowsky. The attempt to prove this however, as I will afterwards show, was a complete failure.
3. The Proceedings in Berne.
When, in spite of the above, the Protocols made their way round the world, and made their appearance in practically every country, and in a variety of languages, Jewry finally decided to obtain a judicial finding upon the subject.
On the 26th of June 1933, " T h e F e d e r a t i o n o f J e w i s h C o m m u n i t i e s o f S w i t z e r l a n d " and the " T h e B e r n e J e w i s h C o m m u n i t y " brought an action in the courts with a view to obtaining a judgement to the effect that the brochure by Theodor Fritsch, "Die Zionistischen Protokolle" was literary trash, and further with a view to obtaining an order prohibiting its publication. As a matter of form the action was brought against five members of the "National Front", and of the "Heimatwehr", and among them, as principal defendant, S y 1 v i o S c h n e l l, who had distributed the brochure at a party meeting. As expert to the Jewish plaintiffs the judge appointed D r. A. B a u m g a r t e n, Professor of Criminal Law at the University of Basel, and as Expert to the defendants the Director of the World Service at Erfurt, Lieut. Colonel U. F l e i s c h h a u e r. As presiding expert he appointed the Pro-Jewish Swiss author C. A. L o o s 1 i.