WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 12 | 13 ||

«by Johnathon P. Ehsani A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Health Behavior ...»

-- [ Page 14 ] --

The goal of this dissertation was to advance the existing body of knowledge of the effect of each GDL component on 16- to 17-year-old drivers’ crashes, and the effect of GDL on 18-year-old drivers’ crashes. A distinctive feature of this research was the use of natural experiments in GDL policy implementation, and an analytical method that controlled for pre-existing trends in crashes. Despite the limitations of a small study sample and subset of crashes, we established that an extended learner license and strict passenger restrictions are associated with declines in 16- and 17-year-old drivers’ fatal crashes. Our findings suggest that the effectiveness of GDL programs in reducing crashes may not be due to the individual contribution of each component, but the synergy that results from multiple GDL components operating within a comprehensive GDL program. Furthermore we observed that 18-year-old drivers possible-injury/PDO crash rates increased in Michigan and declined in Maryland, which is consistent with the presence of an ‘offset effect’ that incorporates the crashes of novice 18-year-old drivers.

Requiring novice drivers of all ages to complete some form of graduated licensing is recommended. Further research is required to identify the elements of a GDL program that would be most effective in reducing crashes in this population of new drivers.

REFERENCES Chen, L. H., S. P. Baker and G. Li (2006). "Graduated driver licensing programs and fatal crashes of 16-year-old drivers: A national evaluation." Pediatrics 118(1): 56Dahl, R. E. (2008). "Biological, Developmental, and Neurobehavioral Factors Relevant to Adolescent Driving Risks." American journal of preventive medicine 35(3, Supplement): S278-S284.

Ericsson, K. A. (2005). "Recent advances in expertise research: a commentary on the contributions to the special issue." Applied Cognitive Psychology 19(2): 233-241.

Ericsson, K. A. (2006). An introduction to the Cambridge handbook of expertise and expert performance: its development, organization, and content. The Cambridge handbook of expertise and expert performance. K. A. Ericsson, N. Charness, P.

J. Feltovich and R. R. Hoffman. New York, Cambridge University Press.

Foss, R. D. (2002). "Graduated Driver Licensing: What Works?" Discussion Paper."

Injury Prevention 8, Supplement II: ii36-ii38.

Gagne, R. M. and N. E. Paradise (1961). "Abilities and learning sets in knowledge acquisition." Psychological Monographs: General and Applied 75(14): 1-23.

Hemenway, D. (2009). While We Were Sleeping: Success Stories in Injury and Violence Prevention. Berkely, University of California Press.

Karaca-Mandic, P. and G. Ridgeway (2010). "Behavioral impact of graduated driver licensing on teenage driving risk and exposure." Journal of Health Economics 29(1): 48-61.

Keating, D. P. (2004). Cognitive and brain development. Handbook of adolescent psychology. R. Lerner and L. Steinberg. New York, Wiley Keating, D. P. and B. L. Halpern-Felsher (2008). "Adolescent Drivers: A Developmental Perspective on Risk, Proficiency, and Safety." American journal of preventive medicine 35(3, Supplement): S272-S277.

Lam, L. T. (2003). "Factors associated with young drivers car crash injury: comparisons among learner, provisional, and full licensees." Accident Analysis & Prevention 35(6): 913-920.

Males, M. (2007). "California's graduated driver license law: Effect on teenage drivers' deaths through 2005." Journal of Safety Research 38(6): 651-659.

Masten, S. V., R. D. Foss and S. W. Marshall (2011). "Graduated Driver Licensing and Fatal Crashes Involving 16- to 19-Year-Old Drivers." JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 306(10): 1098-1103.

Mayhew, D. R., H. M. Simpson, K. Desmond and A. F. Williams (2003). "Specific and Long-Term Effects of Nova Scotia's Graduated Licensing Program." Traffic Injury

–  –  –

McCartt, A. T. and E. R. Teoh (2011). "Strengthening Driver Licensing Systems for Teenaged Drivers." JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 306(10): 1142-1143.

McCartt, A. T., E. R. Teoh, M. Fields, K. A. Braitman and L. A. Hellinga (2010).

"Graduated Licensing Laws and Fatal Crashes of Teenage Drivers: A National Study." Traffic Injury Prevention 11(3): 240-248.

Moeckli, J. and J. D. Lee (2007). The making of driving cultures, AAA Foundation for

–  –  –

Morrisey, M. A., D. C. Grabowski, T. S. Dee and C. Campbell (2006). "The strength of graduated drivers license programs and fatalities among teen drivers and passengers." Accident Analysis and Prevention 38(1): 135-141.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and European Conference of Ministers of Transport (2006). Young Drivers: The Road to Safety. Paris, France.

Reason, J. (1998). "Achieving a safe culture: Theory and practice." Work & Stress 12(3):

293-306.

Redelmeier, D. A. and M. B. Stanbrook (2012). "Graduated drivers' licences for seniors:

reclaiming one benefit of being young." Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Rikers, R. M. J. P. and F. Paas (2005). "Recent advances in expertise research."

Applied Cognitive Psychology 19(2): 145-149.

Romano, E., J. Fell and R. Voas (2011). "The role of race and ethnicity on the effect of graduated driver licensing laws in the United States." Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine 55: 51-61.

Schneider, K. C. (1977). "Prevention of Accidental Poisoning Through Package and Label Design." Journal of Consumer Research 4(2): 67-74.

Senserrick, T. M. (2007). "Recent developments in young driver education, training and licensing in Australia." Journal of Safety Research 38(2): 237-244.

Shope, J. T. (2007). "Graduated driver licensing: Review of evaluation results since 2002." Journal of Safety Research 38(2): 165-175.

Shope, J. T. and L. J. Molnar (2003). "Graduated driver licensing in the United States:

evaluation results from the early programs." Journal of Safety Research 34(1):

63-69.

Simons-Morton, B. and M. C. Ouimet (2006). "Parent involvement in novice teen driving:

a review of the literature." Injury Prevention 12(suppl 1): i30-i37.

Trempel, R. E. (2009). Graduated Driver Licensing Laws and Insurance Collision Claim

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 12 | 13 ||


Similar works:

«CURRICULUM VITAE DATE PREPARED: Jan 20th, 2011 PERSONAL INFORMATION Maurice Alan Brookhart Name: Department of Epidemiology Office Address: UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill McGavran-Greenberg, CB # 7435 Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7435 EDUCATION 2002 Ph.D. (Biostatistics), University of California, Berkeley 1996 M.A. (Biostatistics), University of California, Berkeley 1994 M.A.M.S (Applied Math), University of Georgia 1990 B.A., University of...»

«News@MITSloan Volume XIX Issue 16 February 8, 2010 http://mitsloan.mit.edu/newsatmitsloan/ Schoolwide News A New Twist on Get Fit with MIT Inside This Issue By Sarah Foote 5 Town Hall & State If you’re like most people, you probably made a New Year’s Resolution to of the School become healthier—eat better, and join a gym. One month into the new year, are you still adhering to your resolution? FitLAB can help you achieve your 7 MIT Sloan Appreciation Awards fitness and workout goals. 9...»

«Office of the General Counsel 3211 FOURTH STREET NE WASHINGTON DC 20017-1194 202-541-3300 FAX 202-541-3337 August 31, 2011 Submitted Electronically Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Department of Health and Human Services Attn: CMS-9992-IFC2 P.O. Box 8010 Baltimore, MD 21244-8010 Re: Interim Final Rules on Preventive Services File Code CMS-9992-IFC2 Dear Sir or Madam: On behalf of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, we respectfully submit the following comments on the...»

«Connelly, C. and Hodelet, N. (2010) Conflict of discourses: medical experts and the restriction of mentally disordered offenders. Edinburgh Law Review, 14 (1). pp. 138-141. ISSN 1364-9809 http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/37763/ Deposited on: 02 April 2012 Enlighten – Research publications by members of the University of Glasgow http://eprints.gla.ac.uk Analysis EdinLR Vol 14 pp 80-85 DOI: 10.3366/E1364980909000924 By-Election Records and Black Bin Bags: A Short Story about Democracy A by-election for...»

«North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, Inc. Standards for Cancer Registries Volume V Pathology Laboratory Electronic Reporting Version 2.2 (Effective January 1, 2008) Edited by Lori A. Havener September 2007 Revised January 2008 Revised May 2008 Revised February 2009 SPONSORING ORGANIZATIONS Canadian Association of Provincial Cancer Agencies Centers for Disease Control and Prevention College of American Pathologists National Cancer Institute National Cancer Registrars...»

«Center for Corporate Ethics and Governance A R A N D I N STI TU TE F O R C I V I L JU S T I C E C E N T E R THE ARTS This PDF document was made available from www.rand.org as a public CHILD POLICY service of the RAND Corporation. CIVIL JUSTICE EDUCATION Jump down to document6 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT HEALTH AND HEALTH CARE INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit research NATIONAL SECURITY organization providing objective analysis and effective POPULATION AND AGING solutions that...»

«Auction Categories Live Auction Wine Dining Beauty, Health, & Fitness Professional Services Kids Jewelry Shopping Entertainment Sports Travel Parties Live Auction AMERICAN IDOL FINALE RESULTS SHOW AND AFTER PARTY It is the most exciting, singing battle to the very end, between two incredible singers who are striving to be your next American Idol! You get to be there on Thursday, May 16, 2013 when the winner is announced, then party it up at the exclusive after party. You receive 4 tickets and 4...»

«TE PUKE MEDICAL CENTRE Western Bay of Plenty PHO 14 Queen Street, PO Box 242, Te Puke www.tepukemedicalcentre.co.nz Phone 07 573 9511 Fax 07 573 4815 NHI *(Office Use Photo I.D. (Office Use Only) Enrolment Form Only) e.g. Passport; Drivers Licence Mr Mrs Title First Family Name Ms Miss Name(s) Dr Other Names Your Preferred Doctor Your Preferred Name Known By (e.g. maiden name) Gender Date of Male   Female /_/ Birth Day Month Year Street Physical Place/Country Name of Street or Road Number...»

«Hanna Sallinen Ovarian Cancer and Gene Therapy – Modelling, Angiogenesis and Targeting Vascular Supply Publications of the University of Eastern Finland Dissertations in Health Sciences HANNA SALLINEN Ovarian cancer and gene therapy – modelling, angiogenesis and targeting vascular supply To be presented by permission of the Faculty of Health Sciences of University of Eastern Finland for public examination in Auditorium 1, Kuopio University Hospital on Friday 24th September 2010, at 12 noon...»

«What's a Script? Donald L. Nathanson, MD Executive Director, The Silvan S. Tomkins Institute Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College Bulletin of the Tomkins Institute Volume 3, Spring-Summer 1996, pp. 1-4 As Dr. Kelly and I study the responses from those who are involved in the second year of the study group process, we note with some interest that many, if not most, people find it difficult to comprehend exactly what Tomkins means when he introduces the...»

«EUROPEAN COMMISSION HEALTH & CONSUMER PROTECTION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL SUMMARY RECORD OF THE STANDING COMMITTEE ON THE FOOD CHAIN AND ANIMAL HEALTH HELD IN BRUSSELS ON 6 FEBRUARY 2007 (Section Animal Health and Welfare) (Section Controls and Import Conditions) Presidents: Bernard van Goethem and Alberto Laddomada. All the Member States were present but Austria was absent for some points and Poland represented by the Netherlands for some points. 1. Russian import conditions for animals and...»

«Citation: Sillence, Elizabeth, Briggs, Pamela, Fishwick, Lesley and Harris, Peter (2006) A framework for understanding trust factors in web-based health advice. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 64 (8). pp. 697-713. ISSN 1071-5819 Published by: Elsevier URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhcs.2006.02.007 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhcs.2006.02.007 This version was downloaded from Northumbria Research Link: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/3829/ Northumbria University has developed...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.