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«The High Energy Accelerator Research Organization Working Safely at KEK In the event of an injury or other emergency at KEK, contact the KEK ...»

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The High Energy Accelerator Research Organization

Working Safely at KEK

In the event of an injury or other

emergency at KEK, contact the KEK

Information/Emergency Center at

ext. 3399 (mobile +81 (0)29-864-5572).

For non-emergency medical assistance,

contact KEK’s Medical Care Section at

ext. 5600.

ABOUT KEK

The High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, known

as KEK and located in Tsukuba, Japan, is the country’s largest

particle physics laboratory and hosts a multitude of international collaborators annually.

Working Safely at KEK CONTENTS Introduction

Work Planning

Personal Protective and Safety Equipment

Safety at Elevation and Fall Protection

Signage

Electrical Safety

Radiological Safety

Chemical Hazards

Communications at KEK

General Emergency Preparedness

KEK Users Office

KEK: Important Phrases

The High Energy Accelerator Research Organization

INTRODUCTION

SAFETY AT KEK STARTS WITH YOU

This booklet has been prepared for KEK users, primarily working on the Belle II experiment, with useful information for maintaining a safe working environment.

In it, topics from initiating and fulfilling a work plan to radiological and electrical safety to fall prevention are introduced with instructions and hints for keeping your workplace safe.

All users are reminded that you must do your part by performing work safely and contributing to the overall safety environment at KEK. You should know and understand your surroundings at all times and be prepared to ask questions. When it comes to safety, all KEK users should recognize that they are empowered to suspend their work and walk away should a situation be unsafe.

Thank you for working safely as you pursue important research tasks at KEK.

Working Safely at KEK

WORK PLANNING

» Work planning is a process that will help you to focus on your job tasks and decide what steps are needed to achieve particular goals.

Deviations from the plan should be reevaluated and discussed with your supervisor and team members prior to continuing.

Guidelines for Job Task Planning » Review work scope and confirm that all participants have a mutual understanding of the work » Discuss each person’s role in the tasks to be completed » Identify the tools and any personal protective and safety equipment required to complete the tasks » Discuss any hazards or risks involved with the work, e.g., “If anything could go wrong, what would it be?” » Verify emergency contacts including appropriate phone numbers, as well as emergency alarms and staging areas » Review the process for suspending or stopping work if a hazardous situation develops.

In the event a hazardous condition or unusual event occurs during execution of work, KEK users

should consider the following steps:

1. Stop work

2. Warn others

3. Isolate the area, if possible

4. Evacuate the scene.

The High Energy Accelerator Research Organization

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE AND

SAFETY EQUIPMENT

Hard Hats » Hard hats are a requirement throughout most of the KEK facilities and will be provided to you at the entrance area of each building.

Eye Protection » Protection of the eyes is essential for many research activities.

Eye protection should be used:

- When chemicals, glassware, or a heating source is being used

- When working with solid materials or equipment under stress, pressure, or force that might cause fragmentation or flying particles

- When an activity generates projectiles, or uses elastic materials under stress (e.g., springs, wires, rubber, glass), or causes collisions

- When dust or fumes are present (eye protection reduces dust or fumes reaching the eye).

» Safety glasses with side shields provide adequate protection for activities involving projectiles.

» Only safety goggles provide the level of protection needed for activities involving hazardous liquids.

If you need safety glasses, please contact the Belle Secretary (ext. 5342).

Working Safely at KEK

Hearing Protection If it is necessary to speak loudly or shout into someone’s ear to be heard, it is likely that the noise levels in your work environment are high enough to warrant hearing protection. Using hearing protection can prevent hearing loss and ringing in the ears.

If you determine that your work environment is excessively loud, please contact the Belle Secretary (ext. 5342) to obtain hearing protection.

Hand Protection » The most common causes for hand

injuries include:

- Pinch or crush points

- Hot surfaces

- Rotating devices

- Chemicals

- Machinery not properly locked out.

Protective gloves prevent or minimize the risk to these dangers. You also may need to use leather gloves for mechanical hazards or nitrile, vinyl, or rubber gloves for chemical hazards.

If you need protective gloves, please contact the Belle Secretary (ext. 5342).





The High Energy Accelerator Research Organization

SAFETY AT ELEVATION AND FALL

PROTECTION Working at elevation is a common activity, but it can pose serious hazards. Falls frequently result in severe injuries or even fatalities.

Protect yourself by managing the risks of working at heights. Learn to assess and control hazards related to working at heights, including fall prevention and fall protection.

During the work planning phase, if it is deemed necessary to work at an elevation of several meters or higher, determine if a suitable ladder can be used first. If not, a fall-restraint system may be needed.

Ladders and Step Stools Many injuries occur due to falls from step stools and ladders. Ladder setup and placement are important in staying safe. Straight ladders should be positioned so the horizontal distance between the foot of the ladder and the support it is placed against is equal to one-fourth the ladder’s height at the top point of support. The top of the ladder should extend at least 3 feet (~0.9 m) past the point of support. The following tips also can

prevent accidents and injuries while using ladders and step stools:

» Use the appropriate ladder for the job (determining when a ladder is needed should be part of the initial work planning process).

» Place the ladder base on a firm, solid surface.

» A straight or extension ladder should be placed 1 foot (~0.3 m) away from the surface it rests against for every 4 feet (~1.2 m) of ladder height.

» When climbing, always face the ladder and grip the rungs—not the side rails.

Working Safely at KEK » Keep your body between the ladder side rails.

» Always keep at least three points of contact with the ladder (i.e., two hands and one foot or two feet and one hand).

» Do not climb with tools in hand. Use a tool belt.

» Only reach for items directly in front of you.

» Never stand on the top rung.

» Climb down the ladder one rung at a time.

» Wear closed-toe shoes.

Fall Restraint Systems » Safety belts or body belts should not be used for personal fall arrest systems, but they may be used as part of a fall-restraint or positioning-device system. Safety and/or body belts used as part of a positioning-device system should be rigged so a worker cannot free-fall more than a meter.

» A full-body harness may be used in a personal fall-restraint, positioning, or fall arrest system.

» Body belts are not suitable for fall arrest because of the concentration of fall forces on the abdomen. Full-body harnesses distribute fall forces throughout the body, substantially reducing the chance for injury.

Again, fall protection and related safety A safety belt (top) is not suitable as a fall-arrest equipment should be identified and addressed system. However, a fullbody harness is ideal for as part of the work planning phase of any task. the job (bottom).

The High Energy Accelerator Research Organization

If a safety restraint system is used, remember the following:

» Inspect your equipment before each use. It is elemental to your safety.

» Request that defective equipment be replaced.

If there is any doubt about the safety or usability of the fall protection equipment, do not use it. Refer defects to your project manager and KEK’s Building Manager. The Belle Secretary also can assist in determining the proper contact.

Slips, Trips, and Falls Be aware of tripping hazards throughout the KEK facilities.

Conditions change constantly. As such, there may be a tripping hazard where there were none before.

Common Locations for Falls:

» Ramps » Doorways » Cluttered hallways » Areas with heavy traffic » Uneven surfaces » Areas prone to wetness or spills » Unguarded heights » Unstable work surfaces » Ladders » Stairs » Uncovered channels (for rails) in the concrete floors.

–  –  –

Fall Prevention Tips:

» Secure electrical and phone cords out of traffic areas » Remove tripping hazards from stairs and walkways » Never stand on a chair, table, or other surface with wheels » Clean up all spills immediately.

The High Energy Accelerator Research Organization SIGNAGE At KEK, there has been an effort to add signs in English wherever any critical safety information is being communicated. However, there still may be areas where safety signs are exclusively in Japanese. While working at KEK, if you do not understand a sign, please ask for a translation. Always obey signage instructions as appropriate.

Examples of signage at KEK:

–  –  –

This group of signs may be found on transformers/ This red sign means this is electrical substations within KEK. They indicate it a flammable storage area is a dangerous, high-voltage area where access is and warns to keep ignition restricted to qualified electrical workers. sources away.

–  –  –

The High Energy Accelerator Research Organization

ELECTRICAL SAFETY

Working around electricity can be a serious hazard. Be alert and aware when working with or around electrical equipment. Follow some basic guidelines. All electrical work on line voltage (100 VAC or higher) equipment must Belle II worker conducting low-risk electrical work.

be done by certified KEK electricians. Do not attempt to wire equipment on your own.

» Pull the plug, not the cord.

» Do not reset circuit breakers.

» Try not to daisy chain or overload power strips.

» Visually inspect electrical equipment and cords prior to use.

Clues that an electrical hazard may exist include:

» The odor of hot or burning insulation » Sizzles, buzzes, or other unusual sounds emanating from the electrical system » Tools, wires, cords, connections, or junction boxes that are hot to the touch » A mild tingling sensation stemming from contact with a panel, case, or equipment.

Report any of these conditions to the KEK Building Manager and your KEK Detector System Liaison. The Belle Secretary (ext. 5342) also can assist in determining the proper contact.

For more information visit: https://belle2.cc.kek.jp/twiki/bin/view/ Public/Structure.

Working Safely at KEK

RADIOLOGICAL SAFETY

Before working in a radiological area, all KEK visitors must complete the KEK Radiation Worker Safety Training and wear a dosimeter while in a radiation area. Visitors also must adhere to any radiological safety procedures prescribed by their respective home institutions. All radiological work should be performed according to accepted work plans. The KEK Radiation Safety Office approves all radiologic work plans. Notably, there are some standard operating procedures in place for low-risk and routine radiological work, such as entering the accelerator tunnel.

Registration for KEK radiation workers should be completed before visiting KEK every Japanese fiscal year, which runs April 1 through March 31.

http://belle.kek.jp/secured2/secretary/registration/user_registration.

html#Radiationworker Radiation Science Center, KEK Oho 1-1, Tsukuba 305-0801, Japan Tel/Fax: +81-(0)29-864-5495/1993, Ext. 3500 http://rcwww.kek.jp/index-e.html For information regarding KEK Radiation Worker Safety Training and how to obtain a dosimeter while in a radiation area, contact the Belle Secretary (ext. 5342).

The High Energy Accelerator Research Organization

CHEMICAL HAZARDS

Visitors must adhere to all chemical safety practices in place at KEK.

Prior to bringing any chemicals onsite, proper notification is required to KEK’s Environmental Safety Office (ext. 5498). The Belle Secretary (ext. 5342) also can offer assistance.

Working Safely at KEK

COMMUNICATIONS AT KEK

The internal phone system at KEK operates similarly to those used in the United States. Visitors may prearrange to use a KEK Personal Handy System (PHS) cell phone through the Belle Secretary using the checkout form at http://belle.kek.jp/secured2/secretary/. Please note: this is a password-protected website for Belle/Belle II users.

Of note, PHS phones are used to communicate on site and are able to receive calls from phones outside of KEK. However, PHS phones cannot be used to make local or international calls outside of KEK.

If you experience any difficulties in communication, especially due to a language barrier, the Users Office and/or Belle Secretary (ext. 5342) are available for assistance.

The High Energy Accelerator Research Organization

GENERAL EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS



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