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«READY NOW! Emergency Preparedness Tool Kit For People with Disabilities Oregon Office on Disability and Health (OODH) Institute of Development & ...»

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Emergency Preparedness Tool Kit For

People with Disabilities

Oregon Office on Disability and Health (OODH)

Institute of Development & Disability (IDD)

Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU)

Grant funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Grant # GCDRC0164B

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Information included in the Emergency Preparedness Tool Kit has been

adapted from invaluable resources and publications developed by national

and regional organizations and institutions. We extend our gratitude to:

The American National Red Cross, American Red Cross Disaster Services for People with Disabilities and General Disaster Services; Department of Homeland Security’s Ready Campaign; Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA); PDX Prepared; Delta Society; National Organization on Disability; June Isaacson Kailes and the Center for Disability Issues and the Health Profession at Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, CA;

Independent Living Resource Center, San Francisco; City of San Francisco Department of Emergency Management; University of California, Berkley;

and the Emergency Preparedness Tool Kit for People with Disabilities (2007) developed by the Occupation Therapy Department at Virginia Commonwealth University and the Virginia Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental Disabilities (Va-LEND), Tony Cahill, PhD and the University of New Mexico Center for Development and Disability; Women with Disabilities Health Equity Coalition.

Special thanks to the following Emergency Preparedness trainers and staff for their input in developing the Emergency Preparedness Tool Kit: Angela Weaver, M.Ed, Denise Spielman, Danielle Bailey, MPH, Chuck Davis, MSW, and Lisa Voltolina. Workshop participants continue to supply practical and helpful feedback on the Tool Kit and accompanying handouts.

The Emergency Preparedness project was made possible by a grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Grant # GCDRC0164B) via the Institute on Development & Disability at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU).

The Oregon Office on Disability & Health is a program of the Oregon Institute on Development & Disability, and a collaboration between Oregon Health & Science University and the Oregon Health Authority.

Copyright 2014 Oregon Office on Disability & Health. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this copyrighted work may be modified, reproduced, or used in any form or by any means -- graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping, web distribution or information storage and retrieval systems -- without the written permission of the Oregon Office on Disability & Health.

For additional copies or to order alternative formats of the training guide,

please contact:

Oregon Office on Disability and Health (OODH) OHSU Mail CodeCDRC PO Box 574 Portland, OR 97207-0574 Phone: 503-494-1205 Web site: http://www.oodh.org Why an Emergency Preparedness Tool Kit?

“Emergency preparedness” is a term used to describe a plan to prepare you in case of an emergency. Regardless of your gender, race, or disability, planning for emergencies such as hurricanes, tornadoes, fires, or terrorist attacks is an important part of being responsible. People with disabilities may have special needs to consider in an emergency. If you have a disability, it may require extra planning to handle an emergency.

This tool kit is a guide to help you prepare for an emergency. The tools and checklists in this handbook can be used as a step-by-step guide to making an emergency plan.

Making an emergency plan and putting together your emergency tool kit is a big job. Your plan may include family, friends, neighbors, and organizations that can support you and help you make decisions. Your tool kit does not have to be perfect, but it is important to plan ahead.

Because everyone’s situation is different, not all subjects of emergency preparedness are covered in this guide. Think about your personal needs and plan ahead for what you will need to stay safe in an emergency.

Remember: Some plan is better than no plan. You can do it!

Below is a list of important information to review as you prepare for an emergency. Put a check in the box after you review each section.

10 Steps to Emergency Preparedness

What Emergencies Can You Expect

Personal Ability Self-Assessment

How to Develop a Personal Support Group

Emergency Contact List

Neighbor Contact List Medical Information List Emergency Information List Emergency Telephone List Emergency ID Cards Emergency Papers

Tips for Specific Disabilities

Disability-Related Supplies and Equipment Should I Stay or Should I Go?

Emergency Go Bags 72-hour Emergency Supply Kit What Food Items to Include?

Emergency Supply Kit Check List Prepare Your Service Animals and Pets

Emergency Evacuation Plans

Summary Checklist for Personal Emergency Preparation......... Tab 11 Resources

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Detailed Table of Contents


Why an Emergency Preparedness Tool Kit?

Emergency Preparedness Tool Kit Checklist

10 Basic Steps (Tab 1)

10 Steps to Emergency Preparedness

What Emergencies Might You Expect (Tab 2)

What Emergencies Might You Expect?


Tsunami (soo-nah-mee)

Extreme Weather Conditions


Power Outage

Volcanic Eruption

Terrorist Attacks

Contagious Disease Emergencies

Personal Ability Self Test (Tab 3)

Personal Ability Self-Assessment

I: Daily Living

II: Getting Around

III: Evacuating

Emergency Support Group (Tab 4)

Emergency Support Group

Emergency Contact Lists (Tab 5)

Neighbor Contact List

Emergency Telephone List


Emergency Information List

Medical Information List

Emergency Information (ID) Cards

Emergency Information (ID) Cards

Emergency Papers (Tab 6)

Emergency Papers

Tips for Specific Disabilities (Tab 7)

Tips for Specific Disabilities

Communication Disabilities

Cognitive Disabilities

Hearing Impairments

Visual Impairments

Mobility Impairments

Mental Health Disorders

Disability-Related Supplies and Special Equipment List

Should I Stay or Should I Go? (Tab 8)

Deciding to Stay or Go

To Shelter in Place and Seal the Room:

Emergency Supply Kit

Emergency “To Go” Bag

Emergency Supplies to Gather Together

Storing Emergency Supplies

72-Hour Emergency Supply Kit

Storing Water

Storing Food

What Foods to Include

Examples of Foods to Pack

Example Menu: Day 1

Example Menu: Day 2

Example Menu: Day 3

Prepare Your Service Animals & Pets (Tab 9)

Things to Consider

An Emergency Supply Kit for your Service Animal or Pet

Service Animal and Pet Identification

Commonly Asked Questions About Service Animals in Places of Business

Service Animals [2010 Revised Requirements]

Emergency Evacuation Plans (Tab 10)

Emergency Evacuation Plans


Emergency Shelters

Summary Checklist (Tab 11)

Summary Checklist for Personal Emergency Preparedness............... 135 Resources (Tab 12)

Helpful Resources

My Local Resources

Learn How and When to Turn Off Utilities

Things to Know about Your Utilities in an Emergency




Sewer Service

How to Make a Home Inventory

10 Basic Steps

–  –  –

1. Know what kinds of emergencies could happen in your area and consider what your neighborhood might look like after one happens.

2. Complete a personal assessment. Think about what you will be able to do and what assistance you may need before, during, and after an emergency.

3. Make your own support group of family, friends, relatives, neighbors, roommates, care providers, and people you work with who could help you in an emergency.

4. Make an emergency information list so others will know whom to call if they find you unconscious, unable to speak, or if they need to help you leave your home quickly.

5. Make a medical information list with the names and phone numbers of your doctors, your medications, how much you take, and your medical conditions. Write down what special equipment you use, your allergies, and any communication difficulties you have.

6. Try to keep a seven-day supply of medications with you and fill your prescriptions as early as you can. Ask your doctor or pharmacist what you should do if you can’t get more right away. If you get treatments at a clinic or hospital, ask the person who helps you what to do if you can’t get your treatments during an emergency.

7. Install at least one smoke alarm on each floor in your home and test them every month. Know where the main utility cutoff valves are and learn how and when to disconnect them during an emergency.

Know evacuation routes and safe places to go during an emergency.

8. Fill out a summary checklist to make sure that your emergency plan covers every problem you might have.

9. Keep an emergency supply kit in your home, car, workplace, or anywhere you spend your time. Include food, water, a first aid kit, adaptive equipment, batteries, and supplies for your pets or service animals.

10. Make your home or office safer by checking hallways, stairwells, doorways, windows, and other areas for problems that may keep you from safely leaving a building during an emergency. Secure or remove furniture that may block your path.

Source: American Red Cross (2007). Disaster Preparedness Information.

Retrieved November 2008, from http://www.prepare.org/index.htm.

What Emergencies Might You Expect?

–  –  –

• Earthquakes

• Storms

• Floods

• Extreme weather conditions

• Tsunamis

• Fires

• Power Outages

• Terrorism

• Contagious Disease Outbreaks

• Volcanic Eruptions • _________________________

• _________________________

• _________________________

• _________________________

–  –  –

 Do lie on the floor against an inside wall. Cover your head and neck with your arms.

 Do lock the wheels of your wheelchair, if you use one. Cover your head.

 Do stay away from windows, hanging objects, mirrors, tall furniture, large appliances, and cabinets filled with heavy objects.

–  –  –

 If you are downtown, do stay inside a building unless there is a fire or gas leak.


 Do not run out of your house during strong shaking.

–  –  –

If you are outdoors when shaking starts:


 Do move to a clear area if you can get there safely.

 If you are driving, do pull to the side of the road and stop in a clear area.

 If you are on the beach, do move to higher ground.


 Do not go near power lines, buildings, or trees.

When the shaking stops:


 Do ask the people around you if they are hurt. Give them first aid if you know how.

 Do check around you for dangerous conditions, such as fires, fallen power lines, and damage to the building you are in.

 Do put out small fires if you have a fire extinguisher and know how to use it.

 If you don’t have a fire extinguisher, do buy one and learn how to use it.

 Keep the fire extinguisher somewhere in your house you can reach easily in an emergency, like your kitchen.

 Do hang up phones that have fallen off the hook.

 Do look around your house for damage.


 Do not move people with serious injuries unless they are in danger.

 Do not turn off the gas unless you smell a gas leak. If you do smell gas, turn it off. Call your gas company to have it turned on again. Do not try to turn your gas on again yourself.

If you are trapped in debris:


 Do cover your nose and mouth.

 Do tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can hear where you are. Use a whistle or your radio if you have it with you.


 Do not move around very much. Try not to kick up dust.

 Do not shout. Shout only as a last resort.

–  –  –

Tsunami waves can be caused by earthquakes. Even if you do not live close to the ocean or bay, you may take a vacation or visit close by. You should know what to do regardless of where you live.

When you vacation or visit near an ocean or bay, ask hotel staff, campground managers, or local residents what their communities are supposed to do if there is a tsunami warning. Ask if there is a particular radio station in the area for emergency information broadcasts. Learn about the meaning of siren alarms in that area. In some communities, a certain siren sound may be the warning to evacuate, and a different sound pattern may mean “all clear.” Look for road signs that show the evacuation route, and ask questions about emergency procedures if you do not understand what you have been told.

In any case, move to higher ground quickly if:

1. Authorities give a tsunami warning and tell you to leave your home, campground or hotel.

2. You hear the Outdoor Warning System and it is not a test.

3. The earth shakes so much that you cannot stand and lasts for longer than 20 seconds.

4. You notice water moving away from the shoreline.

–  –  –


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