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«READY NOW! Emergency Preparedness Tool Kit For People with Disabilities Oregon Office on Disability and Health (OODH) Institute of Development & ...»

-- [ Page 2 ] --

 Do listen to local radio or television channels for emergency messages and instructions.

 Do unplug electrical appliances. Shut off electric circuits if authorities tell you to leave your home. Shut off the gas service if authorities tell you to.

 If your car stalls during a flood, do get out of the car immediately.

Leave it where it is and get to higher ground.

DO NOT:

 Do not walk through water that has come into your basement or garage.

 Do not try to drive over a flooded road.

 Do not walk through moving water. If you must walk through water, make sure it is not moving and check how deep it is with a stick.

–  –  –

In extreme weather conditions, authorities will tell you where shelters are that can keep you cool or warm. You may want to stay with family or friends if the bad weather is expected to last more than several days.

If the weather is extremely hot:

DO:

 Do have a fan and plenty of water if you do not have air conditioning.

 Do put wet towels or washcloths on your head and body to keep you cool.

 Do go to a building, like a shopping mall, theater, or church that has air conditioning for the hottest part of the day.

If the weather is extremely cold:

DO:

 Do make sure you have a lot of dry wood and matches for your fireplace, if you have one.

 Do go to a heated building for as much of the day as possible.

 Do keep hand warmer packets, warm clothing, gloves, hats, scarves, and a sleeping bag somewhere in your house that you can reach easily.

 Do keep enough food and water to last at least three to five days.

–  –  –

If your smoke alarm goes off or you see a fire:

DO:

 Do stay calm. Get out of your house or the building you are in.

 Do find another way out if you see smoke coming in under the door.

 Do touch the door with the back of your hand before you open it. If it is hot, find another way out.

–  –  –

 If your clothes catch on fire, do stop where you are, drop to the ground, and roll over and over until the flames are out.

 Do call 9-1-1 from a safe place. Wait for the operator to hang up before you get off the phone.

 If you can’t get out of your house or the building you are in, do stay near a window and close to the floor. Signal for help.

DO NOT:

–  –  –

 Do not open doors if you see smoke coming in under the door.

 Do not go back into your house or the building you were in until authorities tell you it is safe.

–  –  –

If there is a power outage in your neighborhood:

DO:

 Do turn off and unplug all your electrical appliances and computers.

 Do leave one light on so you will know when the power outage is over.

 If a traffic signal is not working, do stop at the intersection as if there were a stop sign.

 Do make sure food is stored at the right temperature. If you can’t store food the right way, you will not be able to eat the food without getting sick.

DO NOT:

 Do not use candles. They can cause fires.

 Do not use a gas stove to heat your house.

 Do not use generators inside your house or garage.

–  –  –

A volcano is a mountain with an opening in it that leads to lava under the ground.

When a volcano erupts, lava comes out the top. A volcanic eruption can cause poisonous gases, destroyed land, and flying rocks.

If there is a volcanic eruption near you:

DO:

 Do listen to the news on the radio or television for emergency information.

 Do leave your house immediately if authorities tell you to.

 Do watch out for mud flows. They move faster than you can run and can cause you to fall. Mud flows are very dangerous if you are outside, so avoid them as much as possible.

 Do wear shirts with long sleeves and long pants.

 Do stay away from ash, especially if you have breathing problems.

 Do use goggles and wear eye glasses instead of contact lenses.

 Do use a dusk mask or hold a damp cloth over your face to help you breathe. Keep many dusk masks in your house, car, and workplace so you can replace them as needed and/or share them with other people.

 Do stay away from windy areas so you don’t get ash in your eyes.

 Do stay inside your house unless you think your roof is falling down.

 Do close doors, windows, and all other vents in your house, like chimney vents, furnaces, air conditioners, and fans.

 Do clear heavy ash from flat or low roofs and rain gutters.

DO NOT:

 Do not run car or truck engines. Ash can clog engines and break moving parts, which can cause your car to stall.

 Do not drive when ash is falling unless you truly have to. If you have to drive, go 35 miles an hour or slower. Carry an extra oil filter and air filter in your car in case you have to drive when there is a lot of ash in the air. Write down how to change the filters and keep it in your car.





Source: Krumpe A., White E., Virginia Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental Disabilities. Emergency Preparedness Tool Kit for People with Disabilities, 2007. Retrieved November 2008 from www.vcu.edu/partnership/PDF/EmergencyPrepToolkit.pdf

–  –  –

Terrorists try to cause fear in people by using many types of weapons.

They may use chemicals, nuclear weapons, or other explosives to hurt other people. The best way to stay safe from terrorism is to be aware of your surroundings.

To stay safe from terrorist attacks:

DO:

 Do pay attention to your surroundings. Look for things you may need in an emergency, like emergency exits, pay phones, fire alarms, and fire extinguishers.

 Do tell someone in charge – like a store manager, supervisor, firefighter, or police officer – if you see or hear something that makes you suspicious or feel worried.

 Do stay calm. If there is an emergency, do what authorities ask you to do in order to stay safe.

DO NOT:

 Do not spread rumors. If you are told something about a terrorist attack, check the information with someone you trust.

–  –  –

A contagious disease emergency (Pandemic Flu, Avian Flu, and Swine Flu) can make a lot of people sick. People may not feel well and may have to go to the hospital. If the disease is very serious, it sometimes can cause death.

If there is a contagious disease emergency, the State or County Department of Public Health will give you information and tell you how to stay healthy in reports in newspapers, on television and the radio.

If there is a contagious disease emergency:

DO:

 Do listen to your television or radio for information and instructions from authorities, like the State or County Department of Public Health.

 Do stay home unless you truly need to go out.

 Do wear latex gloves and a mask over your nose and mouth if you have to leave the house.

 Do wash your hands often.

 Do cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when sneezing or coughing.

 Do avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.

 Do avoid contact with those who are not feeling well.

 Do practice other good health habits – get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids and eat nutritious foods.

 Do seek medical attention from a doctor if you feel flu like symptoms (high temperature, vomiting, sneezing, coughing, body chills).

Personal Ability Self-Assessment

–  –  –

Decide what you will be able to do for yourself and what help you may need before, during, and after an emergency based on the environment after the emergency, your capabilities, and your limitations.

Make a list of your personal needs and your resources for meeting them during an emergency. Think about the questions on the next few pages and write down your answers or record them using a cassette tape recorder to share with your support people.

These answers should describe both your physical abilities right now and the help you will need during an emergency. Plan as if you are having a bad day because of your disability and need a lot of help.

I: Daily Living Personal Care Do you need help with personal care, such as bathing and grooming?

 My Abilities Today:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Help I May Need in an Emergency:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Do you use adaptive equipment to help you get dressed?

 My Abilities Today:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Help I May Need in an Emergency:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Water Service What will you do if water service is cut off for several days, or if you are unable to heat water?

 My Abilities Today:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Help I May Need in an Emergency:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Personal Care Equipment Do you use a shower chair, tub transfer bench, or other similar equipment?

 My Abilities Today:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Help I May Need in an Emergency:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Adaptive Feeding Devices Do you use special utensils that help you prepare or eat food independently?

 My Abilities Today:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Help I May Need in an Emergency:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Electric Equipment How will you use equipment that runs on electricity – such as dialysis machines, electrical lifts, and power chairs – if there is a power outage?

 My Abilities Today:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Help I May Need in an Emergency:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

II: Getting Around Disaster Debris How will you clean up the debris in your home after an emergency?

 My Abilities Today:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Help I May Need in an Emergency:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Transportation Do you need a specially equipped vehicle or accessible transportation??

 My Abilities Today:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Help I May Need in an Emergency:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Errands How will you get groceries, medications, and medical supplies if your support people are unable to reach you?

 My Abilities Today:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Help I May Need in an Emergency:

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

III: Evacuating Building Evacuation Do you need help to leave your home or office?

 My Abilities Today:



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