«READY NOW! Emergency Preparedness Tool Kit For People with Disabilities Oregon Office on Disability and Health (OODH) Institute of Development & ...»
Here are some examples:
• “I talk to people in a different way. I can point to pictures or key words, which you can find in my wallet or emergency supply kit.” • “I may have a hard time understanding what you are telling me.
• Please speak slowly and use simple words.” • “I forget easily. Please write down information for me.” Checklist Think of ways to help you remember important things.
Practice how to tell someone what you need.
Hearing Impairments Batteries Keep extra batteries in your emergency supply kit for the devices you use to help you hear.
Hearing Aids Keep hearing aids in a place you can find them easily during an emergency.
Alarms Put different kinds of alarms in places you spend a lot of time to help you see if an emergency is happening.
Communication Think about how you will communicate with police officers and fire fighters.
Have paper and pens or pencils with you.
Consider a headlamp and batteries in addition to a flashlight, so you have your hands available to communicate.
Think about writing down things you need to say on paper and keeping it
with you. For example:
• “I speak American Sign Language (ASL) and need an ASL interpreter.” Checklist Keep things you need to hear and extra batteries in a place you can find easily if an emergency happens.
Put alarms around your house that let you see a flashing light if there is an emergency.
Write down things you need to say to police officers and firefighters.
Visual Impairments If you have some vision, put security lights in each room to light walking paths.
Store high-powered flashlights with wide beams and extra batteries where you can find them easily.
Make sure you have extra glasses or contact lenses. You may need to have other things to help you see during an emergency.
Service animals may not handle an emergency well. Make sure you have a way to keep your animal safe and keep other people safe from the animal.
Be prepared to use another way to get around.
If you use a cane, keep extras at work, home, school, and volunteer sites to help you get around obstacles and hazards. Keep a spare cane in your emergency supply kit.
Checklist Plan what to do if you lose the hearing cues you usually use.
Mark emergency supplies with large print, fluorescent tape, and/or Braille.
Make sure the things you use to help you get around – like a cane – will be safe during an emergency.
Mobility Impairments Keep your emergency supply kit in a backpack attached to your walker, wheelchair, or scooter.
Keep things that help you get around close to you.
• Keep gloves in your emergency kit to keep your hands clean if you have to travel over glass, dirt, or trash.
• Extra batteries to keep your mobility device working.
• Make sure you know how to fix a tire if one goes flat.
• Identify the easiest route to get around.
Escape Plan Make sure furniture will not get in your way if you need to get out of your house quickly.
If you spend time in a building with an elevator and several floors, plan another way to get out of the building. Practice using the stairs to escape if you can.
If you can’t use your wheelchair or the stairs, learn how to tell people how to lift and carry you safely.
Checklist Store the aids you need someplace you can reach easily.
Put extra things you need in your emergency kit.
Make sure you have a safe way to get out of your home and other buildings.
Mental Health Disorders Think about what a police officer or firefighter may need to know about you.
Be ready to say important information, or write it down and keep it with you.
Here are some examples:
• “I have a mental health disability and may become confused in an emergency. Please help me find a quiet place. I will be okay shortly.” • “I have a panic disorder. If I panic, give me __name of your medicine and how much you take___ located in my emergency supply kit.
• “I take __name of your medicine and how much you take__ and my blood level needs to be checked.
Reactions There are many ways you may react emotionally during an emergency.
• Be confused
• Have memory or thinking problems
• Feel anxious or panicky
• Cry or scream
• Feel that everybody is against you
• Have problems sleeping
• Shake or tremble
• Get angry easily
• Not want to be around people
• Feel depressed
• Not be able to sit still comfortably Think about the reactions you may have. Plan how you will deal with your emotions.
Think about getting advice from your family, friends, or therapist.
You may need medical help or to go to the hospital. Write down the name and phone numbers of the people you would like your doctors to call if you need medical help.
Checklist Practice how to communicate your needs to other people.
Think about the types of reactions you may have if an emergency happens. Plan ways to deal with your emotions.
Source: Krumpe A., White E., Virginia Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental Disabilities. Emergency Preparedness Tool Kit for People with Disabilities, 2007. Retrieved November 2008 from www.vcu.edu/partnership.PDF/Emergency PrepToolkit.pdf.
Disability-Related Supplies and Special Equipment List This is a list of some disability-related supplies you may use. Write down where you keep them and any information about them you may need during an emergency.
Source: Adapted from Red Cross Disaster Preparedness for People with Disabilities. Accessed January 2009, from http://www.prepare.org/disabilities/disability.pdf This page purposefully left blank.
Should I Stay or Should I Go?
The first important decision you need to make in an emergency is whether you should stay where you are or leave. Plan for both possibilities and, when an emergency arises, use your common sense and the information you have to make a decision.
Local authorities may not always be able to give information about what is happening and what you should do immediately. You should watch TV or listen to local radio news reports for information and instructions.
If you are told to leave your home or seek medical treatment, grab your emergency supply kit and leave immediately.
There may be times when it is safer to stay where you are than leaving. If you see debris in the air, or if local authorities say the air is contaminated, stay inside! If the air is contaminated, it’s dangerous to breathe.
Bring your family and pets inside.
Lock your doors and close windows, air vents, and fireplace dampers.
Seal all the windows, doors, air vents and fireplace openings with plastic sheeting and duct tape. Think about measuring and cutting the sheeting ahead of time to save time during an emergency.
Turn off fans, air conditioning, and forced air heating systems.
Stay in a room at the center of your house that doesn’t have many windows. Take your emergency supply kit with you unless you think it has been contaminated.
Be prepared to use what you have on hand to create a barrier between yourself and anything that has been contaminated.
Watch the news on television, listen to local radio news reports, or check the Internet often for official news and instructions from local authorities.
Your emergency supply kit should include things you may need in an emergency situation away from home. Keep it someplace that is easy to remember and reach when you need it.
Think about the things you own that mean a lot to you – like a family photo album, or a jewelry box – and keep them where you can find them quickly in an emergency.
It is also a good idea to keep a “To Go” bag, a backpack or larger bag you can carry with you to hold your keys, cell phone, wallet, credit cards, a change of clothes, medications, medical supplies, food, water, money, check book, identification cards, flashlight, pet supplies. Remember to bring this bag with you if you have to leave your home quickly because of an emergency.
Emergency “To Go” Bag Emergency Supplies to Gather Together The purse or bag you usually use Extra money, Keep the amounts small, like five or one dollar bills and quarters, dimes and nickels. (Remember that ATMs may not function during a power outage.) Bottled water and water purification tablets Food - store enough canned or dried food to last 3 to 5 days.
First Aid supplies and fire extinguisher Can opener Paper towels Plastic bags for throwing away trash Toilet paper and feminine products Hand sanitizer or liquid soap Bleach and an eyedropper for making water drinkable (see page 105 for instructions) Paper to write on and pens, pencils, crayons or wax pencils Cell phone. Save your emergency contacts’ phone numbers under the name ICE (this stands for In Case of Emergency). Police officers or firefighters will know how to look for the number if you need help.
Health Information Card Emergency papers, like vaccination records and insurance policy numbers Medicine and copies of your prescriptions. Make sure you have enough medicine to last at least 7 days.
Flashlight that runs on batteries or can be wound Signaling device, like a whistle, bell, or beeper Small radio that runs on batteries or can be wound Watch or clock that runs on batteries or can be wound Blanket Extra batteries Walking stick
Comfortable shoes Special equipment specific to your needs, like extra contact lenses or glasses, communication devices, laptop computers, hearing aids and batteries, or mobility aids
What other items do you think you’ll need?
Source: Adapted from the ‘Emergency Preparedness Tool Kit for People with Disabilities’ from the Occupation Therapy Department at VCU & Virginia Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental Disabilities (VaLEND) 2007.
• Make sure the supplies you put in your emergency supply kits work well and won’t break easily.
• Choose a safe place for your emergency supply kits. Spaces that are cool in temperature and dark, like a closet or an accessible place in your garage, are good options.
• If you live in an apartment or don’t have a lot of space, get creative! Put your emergency supply kits under your bed or stairs.
• Layer supplies in your 72-hour emergency supply kit in a large container, like a plastic garbage can on wheels. Look at the picture on
the next page:
o Put toothbrushes, soap, eating and cooking utensils, and personal supplies into a box and place it at the bottom of the container.
o Next, put in blankets and clothing.
• If you’re a camper or backpacker, you already have a head start. You can use the tent, stove, and other gear you use for fun as part of your emergency supplies.
72-Hour Emergency Supply Kit
• Store enough water so that everyone in your family will have enough to drink
for at least 3 days. Here are some things to consider when storing water:
• In some emergencies, you may need to take water from your hot water heater.
Remember to turn off the gas or electricity to the tank before you take any water. Water from your hot water heater is not safe to drink or use for cooking or cleaning unless you bring it to a rolling boil and let it cool. To make water clean enough that it’s safe to drink, you can boil the water, use water purification tablets or filter systems, or add a few drops of household bleach to it.
• Adding bleach to your water can be tricky. Look at the ingredients on the bottle of bleach. Make sure it contains 5.25% hypochlorite in it.
• The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) suggests adding 16 drops of bleach to a gallon of contaminated water to make it safe to drink. Use the eyedropper in your emergency kit to measure the 16 drops of bleach.
Storing Food Canned foods can be stored easily and last a long time. Choose items like ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits, and vegetables that you and your family enjoy. Put reminders on your calendar to check your food supplies to make sure they are fresh. If you replace foods about three weeks or a month before their expiration date, you can still eat them before they go bad so that they don’t go to waste.
Buy canned or dried juice mixes, powdered or canned milk, cereals and rice. Choose foods that are “high energy”, like peanut butter, jelly, crackers, unsalted nuts, and trail mix.
Make sure your food is stored at the right temperature. Some foods spoil if they are not stored the right way, and you may get sick if you eat them.
Remember to rotate your food. Most food comes with an expiration date on it. Eating food after that date can make you sick, so put a reminder on your calendar to check your foods every 6 months so you’re sure they are safe to eat. Eat the food that is going to expire soon and buy new food for your emergency supply kit.