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Don’t forget your pets! Store canned or dried pet food and an extra collar and leash, in addition to your pet’s emergency supply kit. Pets are usually not allowed in emergency shelters, so you may have to take them to a pet-friendly shelter while you go to an emergency shelter for people (if there is a pet-friendly shelter available). Your pets will need their emergency supply kits! Usually, it is not safe to leave your pet at home if you need to evacuate the area – you should try to plan ahead and leave early for a pet-friendly safer location away from the disaster. If you must leave your pet at home, leave them with additional food, water, and current identification tags.
Remember to pack a can opener, cooking and eating utensils, and some basic food seasonings in your emergency supply kit.
Source: PDXPrepared (2007). How to prepare a 72-hour Kit. Accessed January 2009, from http://www.pdxprepared.net/72hour.php.net.
Pick foods that you and your family enjoy.
It is very important that you choose foods that you and your family like to eat. Think about choosing foods you and your family enjoy but don’t get to eat very often.
Choose foods that are easy to make or ready to eat.
When you use the food in your emergency kit, you may have been evacuated from your home, so you won’t have your usual cooking supplies.
You may have to stay in a Red Cross Shelter, campground, or in your car while you drive to a safe place. Pick foods that are easy to make or do not need to be cooked.
Don’t spend a lot of money.
Foods that don’t need to be cooked can be expensive. Make a budget for the food you buy for your emergency supply kits and only buy what foods you will be able to use in an emergency.
Here’s a list of foods that you may want to add to your emergency supply kit:
• Beef jerky, dried beef, or beef sticks
• Corned beef or roast beef hash
• Applesauce cups or other fruit cups
• Canned or powdered milk and cereal snack packs
• Fruit rolls or fun fruits
• Unrefrigerated pudding cups
• Granola bars or power bars
• Juice boxes
• Suckers, lollipops, or hard candy
• Trail mix
• Saltine crackers or oyster crackers
• Soup for One
• Cheese and crackers
• Power Bars
• Hot cocoa or iced tea mix
• Powdered milk
• Fruit cup
• Box of orange juice Lunch
• Cup of soup
• Saltine crackers
• Box of orange juice
• Pudding cup Dinner
• Corned beef hash
• Box of grape juice
• Granola bar
• Instant oatmeal
• Fruit roll
• Box of apple juice
• Hot cocoa Lunch
• Beef jerky
• Box of grape juice Dinner
• Chili with beans
• Saltine crackers
• Box of orange juice
• Unrefrigerated pudding cup
• Granola bar
• Box of grapefruit juice
• Iced tea Lunch
• Box of orange juice
• Cheese and crackers
• Fruit cup
• Granola Dinner
• Beef stew
• Box of orange juice
• Fruit cup Source: University of California – Berkley. 72-hour kits. Accessed January 2009 at http://www-suares.stanford.edu/72hour-kit.html.
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Prepare Your Service Animals & Pets
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) defines a service animal as a dog [and in some cases, a miniature horse] that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for a person with a disability. Service animals are different than pets. They can go into public places where pets are usually not allowed.
In an emergency, a service animal must be allowed to come inside a shelter, clinic, or any other facility related to the emergency with their owners. A service animal can be made to leave only if it threatens the health or safety of other people, or bothers people with bad behavior, like barking.
We have included two publications from the federal Department of Justice about service animals in this section. Keep in mind that your state laws may offer additional protections for yourself and your service animal, in all situations (not just emergency preparedness). Look on your state website for these additional laws.
If you have pets, your state website is also a good place to find out if there are additional ways to protect your pet in a disaster. Some states have petfriendly emergency shelters during certain types of disasters.
• Buy stickers or make a sign to put on your doors and windows to show the types of animals you have and where they may be in your house.
• Make sure your service animals and pets have current licenses and ID tags.
• Your telephone number and your out-of-town contact person’s phone number should be on the tags.
• Become friends with other animal owners in your neighborhood so someone can help your animals if you are not home.
• Plan who will care for your pet if you have to leave your home in an emergency and can’t bring it with you. Call your local Office on Emergency Management for information, and/or check with your veterinarian.
• If you have a pet in a carrier, you have a greater chance of having emergency shelter personnel allow the pet into the shelter. Don’t forget to include your pet’s emergency supply kit (next page) – shelters may not have the supplies needed to care for your pet.
• If you use a service animal, realize that he or she may be affected by the disaster, too – and not able to work as well. Practice your emergency plans using other assistance and/or cues.
An Emergency Supply Kit for your Service Animal or Pet In an emergency, your service animal or pet will need supplies too! Here
are some supplies to think about:
A seven–day supply of food and can opener.
Two-week supply of water in plastic gallon jugs.
A blanket or newspaper to sleep on.
Plastic bags and paper towels for disposing of waste.
Rubber gloves for you to use when disposing of waste.
Neosporin ointment for minor wounds, bandages, and whatever other first aid supplies your veterinarian may recommend to keep your animal healthy.
An extra collar and leash, a muzzle (in case of injury or unusual behavior).
Medicine(s) your animal needs.
Pet/Animal shampoo and brush.
A carrier that has your contact information on it.
Make sure you have one for each animal.
Boots and perhaps coat in case the animal needs to walk and there is much dangerous debris on the ground.
Source: The American National Red Cross. Prepare.org. 2006 Source: National Organization on Disability. Disaster Readiness Tips for Owners of Pets and Service Animals. 2007
Take a photo of your service animal or pet beside an object that will show its size (like a dining room chair or a kitchen stove). Take a picture of the face and then a
picture showing the animal from the side. On the back of the picture, write:
1. The animal’s name and owner contact information
2. The current date
3. If the animal has an identification chip implanted, note that.
4. The animal’s birth date & current weight
5. Your vet’s name, address and contact info
6. What shots your animal has had & when
7. What medications the animal takes, if any, & the dosages
8. What food the animal normally eats
9. Any allergies the animal might have
10. What you DON’T let your animal have in the way of food/toys/treats
11. Any quirks your animal has that first responders need to know about (e.g., is afraid of thunder & might try to run away; is frightened by big dogs and may get aggressive, etc.)
12. What kinds of things calm the animal (classical music playing on a transistor radio? A ticking clock?).
Laminate the picture(s) with the information with laminating paper or clear contact paper and put the picture inside the carrier. Mark your calendar to update the picture as the animal’s looks change over time.
Source: The American National Red Cross. Prepare.org. 2006 Source: National Organization on Disability. Disaster Readiness Tips for Owners of Pets and Service Animals 2007.
Commonly Asked Questions About Service Animals in Places of Business [Note: This document was last updated in 2008. A document updated in 2010, with new regulations and information, is also provided in this section.]
1. Q: What are the laws that apply to my business?
A: Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), privately owned businesses that serve the public, such as restaurants, hotels, retail stores, taxicabs, theaters, concert halls, and sports facilities, are prohibited from discriminating against individuals with disabilities. The ADA requires these businesses to allow people with disabilities to bring their service animals onto business premises in whatever areas customers are generally allowed.
2. Q: What is a service animal?
A: The ADA defines a service animal as any guide dog, signal dog, or other animal individually trained to provide assistance to an individual with a disability. If they meet this definition, animals are considered service animals under the ADA regardless of whether they have been licensed or certified by a state or local government.
Service animals perform some of the functions and tasks that the individual with a disability cannot perform for him or herself. Guide dogs are one type of service animal, used by some individuals who are blind. This is the type of service animal with which most people are familiar. But there are service
animals that assist persons with other kinds of disabilities in their day-today activities. Some examples include:
• Alerting persons with hearing impairments to sounds.
• Pulling wheelchairs or carrying and picking up things for persons with mobility impairments.
• Assisting persons with mobility impairments with balance.
• A service animal is not a pet.
3. Q: How can I tell if an animal is really a service animal and not just a pet?
A: Some, but not all, service animals wear special collars and harnesses.
Some, but not all, are licensed or certified and have identification papers. If you are not certain that an animal is a service animal, you may ask the person who has the animal if it is a service animal required because of a disability. However, an individual who is going to a restaurant or theater is not likely to be carrying documentation of his or her medical condition or disability. Therefore, such documentation generally may not be required as a condition for providing service to an individual accompanied by a service animal. Although a number of states have programs to certify service animals, you may not insist on proof of state certification before permitting the service animal to accompany the person with a disability.
4. Q: What must I do when an individual with a service animal comes to my business?
A: The service animal must be permitted to accompany the individual with a disability to all areas of the facility where customers are normally allowed to go. An individual with a service animal may not be segregated from other customers.
5. Q: I have always had a clearly posted "no pets" policy at my establishment. Do I still have to allow service animals in?
A: Yes. A service animal is not a pet. The ADA requires you to modify your "no pets" policy to allow the use of a service animal by a person with a disability. This does not mean you must abandon your "no pets" policy altogether but simply that you must make an exception to your general rule for service animals.
6. Q: My county health department has told me that only a guide dog has to be admitted. If I follow those regulations, am I violating the ADA?
A: Yes, if you refuse to admit any other type of service animal on the basis of local health department regulations or other state or local laws. The ADA provides greater protection for individuals with disabilities and so it takes priority over the local or state laws or regulations.
7. Q: Can I charge maintenance or cleaning fee for customers who bring service animals into my business?
A: No. Neither a deposit nor a surcharge may be imposed on an individual with a disability as a condition to allowing a service animal to accompany the individual with a disability, even if deposits are routinely required for pets. However, a public accommodation may charge its customers with disabilities if a service animal causes damage so long as it is the regular practice of the entity to charge non-disabled customers for the same types of damages. For example, a hotel can charge a guest with a disability for the cost of repairing or cleaning furniture damaged by a service animal if it is the hotel's policy to charge when guests without disabilities cause such damage.
8. Q: I operate a private taxicab and I don't want animals in my taxi; they smell, shed hair, and sometimes have "accidents." Am I violating the ADA if I refuse to pick up someone with a service animal?
A: Yes. Taxicab companies may not refuse to provide services to individuals with disabilities. Private taxicab companies are also prohibited from charging higher fares or fees for transporting individuals with disabilities and their service animals than they charge to other persons for the same or equivalent service.
9. Q: Am I responsible for the animal while the person with a disability is in my business?