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http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/publications/synopses/r39syn.htm Research presentations It is an expectation that you will present your research on at least one occasion during your Honours program. Research presentations will be organised within the School of Community Health, and also may be initiated by the Faculty of Science. Presenting your research in progress to your peers and to academic staff enables you to become more confident in articulating and defending your work. Feedback on your research is invaluable in helping you to further develop and refine your work. Practising your oral presentation skills is also excellent preparation for future conference presentations to disseminate your research outcomes.
RESOURCESRecommended books, articles, web sites, and bibliographic databases
Recommended texts The following texts are recommended, depending on the nature of your topic and the research you plan to undetake. Look at the contents of each book (e.g., via online bookshops) in order to decide what textbook best suits your planned research. Either purchase a new copy (the latest edition) or obtain an earlier edition more cheaply.
American Psychological Association (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. (6th ed.). Washington DC: Author.
Creswell, J. (2013). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (4th ed.). Australia: Footprint books. ISE 9781452274614 Gray, D. (2014). Doing research in the real world (3rd Ed.) London: Sage.
Hegde, M. N. (1987). Clinical research in communicative disorders: Principles and strategies. Boston, MA: College Hill.
Hicks, C. M. (1999). Research methods for clinical therapists: Applied project design and analysis. (3rd ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
Leedy, P. & Ormond, J. (2013). Practical research: Planning and design (10th Ed.). NJ:
Liamputtong, P. (Ed). 2010). Research Methods in Health: Foundations of evidencebased practice. Melbourne: Oxford University Press
McLeod, S., & McAllister, L. (Eds.). (2002). Getting started on research. Melbourne:
Speech Pathology Australia.
Nardi, M. (2014). Doing survey research: A guide to quantitative methods (3rd Ed.). CO:
Neuman, W. L. (2006). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. (2nd ed.). Boston: Pearson.
O'Leary, Z. (2014). The essential guide to doing your research project (2nd edition).
Portney, L. G., & Watkins, M. P. (2000). Foundations of clinical research: Applications to practice. (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall Health.
Saks, M. & Allsop, J. (Eds). (2007). Researching Health: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods. (Vol. 1). London: SAGE Publications limited Salkeld, N. (2012). Exploring research (8th Ed.). NJ: Pearson.
Qualitative research Bryman, A. (2001) Social Research Methods. Oxford University Press. Second edition.
Denzin, N., Lincoln, Y. (2000) Handbook of Qualitative Research (2nd ed.), Thousand Oaks: Sage Eastwood, J. (1988). Qualitative research: An additional methodology for speech pathology? British Journal of Disorders of Communication, 23, 171-184.
Grbich, C. (1999). Qualitative research in health: An introduction. St Leonards, NSW:
Allen & Unwin.
Higgs, C., & McAllister L. (2001). Being a methodological space cadet. In D. Horsfall &
H. Armstrong (Eds.) Critical moments in qualitative research. (pp. 31-43). Oxford:
Holloway, I. (2005). Qualitative research in health care. New York: Open University Press.
Rice, P. L., & Ezzy, D. (1999). Qualitative research methods: A health focus. Oxford:
Oxford University Press.
Pope, C., & May, S. (2006). Qualitative research in health care (Third ed.). Oxford:
Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Quantitative research / data analysis For practical guidance in quantitative data analysis, using SPSS / PASW / SPSS IBM software, Julie Pallant's (any edition) 'SPSS Survival Manual', published by Allen and Unwin, is highly recommended. Second hand copies are often available online.
Campbell, M., Machin, D & Walters, S.J. (2007). Medical statistics: a textbook for the health sciences (4th Ed). John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, England Giuliano & Polanowicz (2008) Interpretation and Use of Statistics in Nursing Research AACN Advanced Critical Care Volume 19, Number 2, pp.211–222
Nardi, M. (2014). Doing survey research: A guide to quantitative methods (3rd Ed.). CO:
Olswang, L. B., & Bain, B. (1994). Data collection: Monitoring children's treatment progress. Journal of the American Speech Language and Hearing Association, September, 55-66.
Sim, J. & Wright, C. (2000) Research in Health Care: Concepts, Designs and Methods.
Cheltenham, Stanley Thomas (publishers) Ltd.
Scholarly reading / Critical appraisal of research
Curtin, M. & Fossey, E. (2007). Appraising the trustworthiness of qualitative studies:
Guidelines for occupational therapists. Australian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 54, 88-94.
Ferreira, M., & Herbert, R. (2008). What does ‘clinically important’ really mean?
Australian Journal of Physiotherapy, 54, 229-230 Greenhalgh, T. (1997). How to read a paper: Assessing the methodological quality of published papers. British Medical Journal, 315, 305-308.
Greenhalgh, T. and Taylor, R. (1997). How to read a paper: Papers that go beyond numbers (qualitative research). British Medical Journal, 315:740-743.
Kuper, A., Lingard, L. & Levinson, W. (2008). Critically appraising qualitative research.
British Medical Journal, 337.
Mays, N. & Pope, C. (1995). Qualitative research: Rigour and qualitative research.
British Medical Journal, 331, 109-112.
National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC). (2000). How to review the
evidence: Systematic identification and review of the scientific literature. Canberra:
Commonwealth of Australia.
Schiavetti, N., & Metz, D. E. (1997). Evaluating research in communicative disorders.
(3rd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Sim, J., & Reid, N. (1999). Statistical Inference by Confidence Intervals: Issues of Interpretation and Utilization. Physical Therapy, 79, 186-195.
Scholarly writing American Psychological Association (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. (6th Edn.). Washington DC: Author.
Freeman, J., Walters, S., & Campbell, M. (2007). How to display data. Sheffield:
McAllister, L. (1998). What constitutes good qualitative research writing in theses and
papers? In J. Higgs (Ed.) Writing qualitative research. (pp. 217-232). Sydney:
Polgar, S. & Thomas, S.A. (2008). Organisation and presentation of data. In Introduction to Research in The Health Sciences (5th Edn). London UK: Churchill Livingstone Silvia, P. J. (2007). How to write a lot: a practical guide to productive academic writing (1st ed.). Washington, DC: APA Life Tools.
Writing a dissertation Becker, H. S., & Richards, P. (1986). Writing for social scientists: How to start and finish your thesis, book or article. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Berry, R. (1994). The research project: How to write it. (3rd ed.). London: Routledge.
Howard, K., & Sharp, J. (1983). The management of a student research project. Hants, UK: Gower.
Webster, F., Pepper, D., & Jenkins, A. (2000). Assessing the undergraduate dissertation. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 25, 71-80.
Human Research Ethics sites
For research involving humans, CSU is conforming to the national guidelines developed by the National Health and Medical Research Council. These are set out in the publication ‘National statement on ethical conduct in human research 2007’.
http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/publications/synopses/e72syn.htm The Charles Sturt University Ethics in Human Research Committee (which meets
monthly) has developed specific procedures for ethics approval:
http://www.csu.edu.au/research/ethics_safety The form required for ethical approval of your proposed research can be found at http://www.neaf.gov.au Other Useful Internet Sites Additional information on Honours study at Charles Sturt University can be found at http://www.csu.edu.au/study/Honours/ Research and Development and Support. This site has links to many useful topics (some listed below) and is aimed at those starting a research project for the first time. The authors of these resource packs are experts in their field and include the likes of Stephen Walters and Mike Campbell who are internationally regarded medical statisticians.
http://www.rds-eastmidlands.org.uk/resources/cat_view/13-resource-packs.html o Experimental Design o Introduction to Qualitative Research o Introduction to the Research Process o How to Search and Critically Evaluate Research Literature
o Managing Referenceso Presenting & Disseminating Research o Qualitative Data Analysis o Sampling o Surveys & Questionnaires o Using Interviews in a Research Project o Practical Statistics Using SPSS o Using Statistics in Research Critical appraisal of research: http://www.phru.nhs.uk/Pages/PHD/CASP.htm (follow link on left ‘Appraisal tools’) National Health and Medical Research Council: http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/ Australian Research Council: http://www.arc.gov.au/ Australasian Data and Story Library (Oz Data) – has been called the statistics site of the century! It contains simple explanations and reference material on most statistical topics: http://www.statsci.org/data/index.html Recommended Bibliographic Management Software EndNote is the software supported by CSU and if you are not already using this software, you are strongly recommended to become familiar with it. Once mastered, EndNote is invaluable for organising literature and organising references for your written work.
Queries about EndNote and training courses should be directed to staff in the library. A workshop on using bibliographic management software will be organised early in third year.
THE DISSERTATIONWhat is an Honours dissertation?
In the School of Community Health, beginning in 2014, a ‘portfolio’ dissertation is the expected outcome of your two years of Honours study (this is further explained, below).
Any dissertation or thesis – whether in a traditional or portfolio format – consists of an argument or a series of arguments combined with the description and discussion of research you have undertaken. In the case of a PhD, and to a lesser extent, a Masters (by research) thesis, the research is expected to make a significant contribution to the chosen field. It does not need to revolutionise the field (though some PhDs may).
Smaller-scale research (e.g., for coursework Masters or Honours courses) might also contribute to the knowledge in the field, though the main requirement is that they provide evidence of an understanding of the field and future research potential.
Any Honours dissertation – whether in a traditional or portfolio format – must document research conducted during the Honours candidature. The research should be original and rigorous, resulting in a well-written document that contributes substantially to the current knowledge in the field of study and/or critically reviews a substantial component of a field of knowledge.
The dissertation should be prepared under the mentorship of the research supervisor(s). Honours students must engage in a quite narrow area of research.
Thus, specialist academic advice will often be required in order to narrow the scope of research, formulate a specific research questions and/or construct hypotheses, prepare a research proposal, and review literature. Research students should seek this specialist advice from their supervisors.
The university holds a number of publications, including codes of practice for maintaining academic standards in higher degrees, and guidelines on fraud and serious misconduct in research. Many of these publications refer to guidelines set by the Australian Vice-Chancellors’ Committee, which were followed in producing this handbook.
Thesis or dissertation?
CSU distinguishes between a thesis and a dissertation. A thesis is a written document resulting from research that comprises more than fifty percent of a study program and is, hence, the principal basis of assessment for that award (e.g., a PhD). If fifty percent or less of a study program is based on research, the resultant document is referred to as a dissertation. In the School of Community Health, as mentioned above, a portfoliostyle dissertation is the basis for assessment, and includes a publishable research report. The length of that research report must abide by the word limit of the journal to which the research report is intended to be submitted. (The publishable research report component of the dissertation should be submitted only following examination, after acting on examiner advice).
Requirements for any dissertation (traditional or portfolio format)
The dissertation submitted must:
be an accurate account of the research;
be an account of a candidate’s own work, albeit under the guidance of their supervisors;
relate to the approved research topic;
comprise research completed subsequent to admission to the program, although existing and secondary data sources may be used;
comply with the word limit imposed;
not include as its main content work that has been submitted for any other academic award or work conducted prior to the commencement of candidature;
be written in English except where, on the recommendation of the Sub-Dean, the Dean approves that it may be written in another language;
achieve a satisfactory standard of expression and presentation; and include acknowledgment of any substantial assistance provided to the candidate during the conduct of the research and the production of the examinable work.
How long should the dissertation be?