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«SASSARI UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AND DENTAL SCHOOL SARDINIA - ITALY DentEd Site Visit Report May 2000, 14-17 SASSARI Visit Report August 2000.doc TNP ...»

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TNP 39501-CP-3-99-1-IE-ERASMUS-ETN

SASSARI UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AND DENTAL

SCHOOL

SARDINIA - ITALY

DentEd Site Visit Report

May 2000, 14-17

SASSARI Visit Report August 2000.doc

TNP 39501-CP-3-99-1-IE-ERASMUS-ETN

SASSARI UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AND DENTAL SCHOOL

DentEd Site Visit May 2000, 14-17 Contents Part I Self Assessment Document Page 2 Part II Visitors Comments Page 90 Part I Self Assessment Document Visitors Chairman Prof. Arild Stenvik Oslo stenvik@odont.uio.no Rapporteur Dr. Frank Houston Dublin fhouston@dental.tcd.ie Prof. Maria Gajewska Krak¢w mdgajews@cyf-kr.edu.pl Prof. David McGowan Glasgow mcgrhu@talk21.com Prof. Francesca A. Miotti Padua miottif@ux1.unipd.it SASSARI Visit Report August 2000.doc 1 TNP 39501-CP-3-99-1-IE-ERASMUS-ETN SECTION 1 Introduction and general description This section was prepared according to the previous required Questionnaire for Dented-Site visit information

1.1 Please set out on one page a mission statement for your School identifying its primary functions and responsibilities. Do no exceed a page.

Function of Dental School of Sassari University as the other Dental School in Italy is to qualify undergraduate students in dental field and to prepare them to became dentist. Our students have and overall preparation on all dental disciplines but with no doubt our strength point is Paediatric Dentistry.

Dental School is part of the Faculty of Medicine, which accounts nowadays two under graduate curricula (Medical and Dental) and 8 Diploma curricula -3 year long- for auxiliary personnel (like Dental Hygienist). All the curricula are independent, under the control of singular Council, but final decisions and budget administration are under the control of the Faculty.

Regarding postgraduate dental students Sassari University has a Doctorate in Preventive Dentistry, a new Speciality School for Oral Surgery and apostgraduate advanced course in Paediatric Dentistry

1.2 Please In that statement please includes your School’s commitment to undergraduate, postgraduate, continuing, auxiliary education and training; patient services and researches. This should provide the visitors with a clear picture of what your responsibilities are and what you actually do.

1.2 (previous Questionnaire 1.3) Please provide a description of your dental school or organisation for the purpose to inform people from other countries about your school or organisation and its particular features of interest, including a brief historical references and its relationships within the University if it is appropriate (A format for this is provided in section 1 part 2)

• Dental curriculum in Italy History of Dental Schools is very short in Italy.

Our country was unified in 1860. Only after 60 years (1920) Dentistry was recognised as being part of Medical profession and introduced in student curriculum of Medical Faculty. Dental practice was allowed to physicians (Medicine graduate). Afterward Speciality in Dentistry was also introduced in Medical post-graduate curriculum, but optional.

Dental Schools were established in 1980 due to the statement of European Community (EEC) after many quarrels not yet concluded. In 1985 Dental profession was allowed after a Dental curriculum, but until 1990 it was allowed to Medical graduate too, and only in 1993 Medical Speciality Schools in Dentistry were closed.

Nowadays Dental School is the only way to Dental profession. On the total of 45.000 dentists enrolled in Italy, 10.000 are Dental graduate, 10.000 are Medical graduate with Speciality in Dentistry, and 25.000 are physicians without any Speciality. A new law is under discussion in Italian Parliament, and some changes could yet be introduced.

• School of Dentistry in the University of Sassari In the year 1980 Dental School for undergraduate students and Dental Speciality for Medical graduate were introduced in the University of Sassari. Dental Speciality remained until 1993 and specialised during ten years about 130 physicians.

Dental School is organised (see Section 3) with a Dean and a Council for teaching problems, with the help of two Committees:

Teaching Committee and Tutorial Committee. It graduated until now (1999) 140 dentists on 160 registered students.

Dental School is related in the Medical University Hospital, which, at the moment includes Dental Department (Institute), Orthopaedic and Urology Depts. Other Medical Clinical Depts. are directly connected with the National Health Service, supported by Minister of Health. Some other Biological Institutes.

Dental curriculum (see Section 5 to 16) includes Basic Sciences (Chemistry, Physics, Biology), that are attended in conjunction with Medical students, Bio-medical Sciences and Oral Sciences. We have bio-medical and basic versus dental disciplines 18 : 9 respectively; the dental disciplines include biannual and triennial courses so that results professional, and biomedical and basic sciences have a ratio 1:1 (18:18).

All professors are Medical graduates, and only some junior researchers are Dental graduates, recently entered in the staff.

Please, note that professors derived from Medical School and often keep teaching, clinical and research responsibilities it. This is due partially to the short history of Italian Dental Schools and partially to budget problems.





In addition, Sassari is a small University with few professors, usually charged for both Medical and Dental Schools, or for other courses. Consequently, their time is divided in many different Schools, and only a part time is dedicated to Dental School.

Only the Staff at the Dental Institute is working full time to Dental School.

In the staff of Dental Institute are 9 persons (7 full time and 2 part-time. The seven ones are dedicated to clinical training, and 2 of them are junior researchers (clinical tutors). In addition 7 voluntary part-time tutors (3 post-graduate students and 4 appointed parttime professors in Dental Hygienist School).

Dental Institute provides pre-clinical and clinical training:

Pre-clinical with 15 manikins and 8 phantom heads for clinical units

–  –  –

Clinical with 28 dental units for different Departments.

Some lectures are done in the same Institute, and other lectures are done in lecture theatres of the Faculty of Medicine (see section 2.2).

Preliminary Data from Dental School Please note that you need not complete the entire question at once. If some questions cause difficulty you may decide to leave them unanswered until a later date.

–  –  –

Please note: *Doctorate is annually renewed under the authorisation of the Minister of University, nowadays (academic year 1999-2000) the authorisation of the University Academic has not yet arrived.

** Paediatric Dentistry is a course allowed by the Faculty each time only for no more than one year. We asked for a Speciality in Paediatric Dentistry (submitted to approval of the Minister of University) *** Specialities are submitted to approval of Minister of University; for Oral Surgery the Speciality School is recent approved and we are organising for starting in the current year.

–  –  –

1.9 (previous Questionnaire 1.13) Annual total salary budget for all staff of Institution (1998) in Euro (include all costs even if covered by another faculty/school/institution)

–  –  –

1.11 (previous Questionnaire 1.15) what is the average number of hours per week spent by full time senior clinical academic staff treating patients?

–  –  –

1.13 (previous Questionnaire 1.17) Please indicates the number of hours students spend in “simulated” patient treatment (on average) per week (such as manikin or phantom head laboratory).

–  –  –

SECTION 2 - Facilities (including Library, Lecture Theatres, Seminar rooms, etc)

2.1 Clinical Facilities

General Explanation - Dental Institute provides pre-clinical and clinical training:

Pre-clinical with 15 manikins and 8 phantom heads for clinical units Clinical with 28 dental units for different Departments.

The Clinic is a part of the University Hospital. University Hospital follows the roles and the laws of national Health Service and at the same time of the University.

Strengths - With 28 units, each student during the clinical training may have one unit with own responsibility and can visit and treat a certain number of patients.

Weaknesses - Not all units are new and exactly functional. The clinical facilities are common for Dental School (20 students acting as operator + 10 students acting as assistant) and for Dental Hygienist School (10 students acting as operators + 5 acting as assistant).

Innovations - We are trying to renew the old units.

–  –  –

2.3 Teaching Laboratories General Explanation - Students can do pre-clinical training with 15 manikins + 8 phantom heads to be placed on the dental unit.

They can also be present in technical Dental laboratory. They utilise laboratories of Medical Faculty in different Institutes during the courses of Bio-medical lectures.

Strengths - A ratio of one manikin/ one student is sufficient for Pre-clinical training in Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Paediatric Dentistry.

Weaknesses - No pre-clinical training is used until now for Prosthodontics Best Practices Innovations

–  –  –

Strengths - These contacts allow a culture interchange between different students. The Dental School send all the students to a visit Academic Institution of other countries.

Weaknesses - Not all students can use this way.

Best Practices Innovations Visitors comments – 2.6.2 Describe briefly student-counselling services in the University The University organise a tutorial service. In our Dental School a Tutorial Committee (chairman professor Tadolini) organises

the service as following:

at the beginning of each semester, the curriculum is presented to all students;

at the end, every student should fill a questionnaire regarding the evaluation of their education and the teaching quality;

each student has a professor as personal tutor for personal counselling;

during the clinical training, junior tutors (junior academic staff or voluntary postgraduate students) assist students Students can ask directly the Committee (Chairman) for solving his personal curriculum problem.

According to a National Law in Italian University each professor should be tutor for his own students.

Every professor reserve, usually one hour per week for specific counselling regarding the professor specific matter, usually assisted by a junior tutor.

Strengths- Students are really helped by professors for specific counselling on teaching matter.

Tutorship is really accepted and asked for the clinical training (iv) Weaknesses- only sometime some students ask for the personal curriculum problems (v). Students don’t ask for other services, particularly for the general counselling (iii)

–  –  –

SECTION 3 - Organisational and Administrative Structures

Person in School who will explain and show this to visitors :

Name Rag. Luciano Nuvoli e-mail Please explain (in simple diagram form if possible) the organisational structures under which the school operates including its relationship to hospital, univerisity, medical school/faculty as well as the departmental structures within the dental school 3.6 - Organisational structures The Dental School has not full-time secretarial staff. Sometimes the School is supported by the staff of the Faculty of Medicine, but mostly is the secretarial staff of Dental Institute to support if necessary.

There is a Council of the School with a Dean, and two Committees, Teaching Committee and Tutorial Committee;

Each problem regarding teaching, tutorial and clinical training are submitted to the Council of the School.

3.7 - Relationship to Hospital University From administrative point until this year (2000) the University hospital included only three Departments (Dentistry, Urology, Orthopedics). All others departments and clinics of the faculty of Medicine were intermingled with the NHS. Starting from the next few months all departments and clinics of the faculty will join together to build up a new University Hospital directly connected to NHS with own administrative staff.

Of course a good co-operation and co-working with the School and all the Departments of the faculty has been established since Dental School started.

3.8 - Relationship to University by means the Faculty 3.9 - Relationship to Medical Faculty Dental School is a part of the Faculty of Medicine. The Faculty includes two Schools (Medicine and Dentistry) and seven Diploma courses. The Faculty should approve all Dental school’s Councul Administrative deliberations.

3.10 - Departmental structures within the Dental School In the Faculty there are several departments shared by Medicine, Dental School and Diploma courses.

Please explain what information technology systems your school employs in respect of student education/training, patient records, and management and finance system. Explain if any of these systems are innovative or potentially useful to other dental schools 17Information technology for student education/training At the moment we are planing to put in University Web site all the information about curricula, objectives, textbooks, assessment methods and organisation of the Dental courses.

18- Information technology for patient records Some clinics have an informatic patient records technology and this technology is used for clinical and research work. In the dental Institute a informatic system will be carried out in this period. The system works under Windows NT4.0® server; the software Pcdental® Softwork-Italy allows to schedule patients records archives and the day time-table work.

19- Information technology for management and finance system

–  –  –

An Introduction:



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