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«PRESCRIBING INFORMATION Pr VIBRAMYCIN* CAPSULES doxycycline hyclate capsules USP doxycycline 100 mg Pr VIBRA-TABS* FILM COATED TABLETS doxycycline ...»

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In a one year chronic toxicity study, groups of four rhesus monkeys each received doxycycline in oral doses of 0, 5, 25 and 50 mg/kg/day, respectively. Oral dosage of 100 mg/kg produced severe gastrointestinal symptoms, e.g., vomiting and diarrhea. In one out of 4 monkeys receiving the 50 mg/kg/day dose, occasional anorexia and diarrhea were observed during the first six months.

Significant pathologic changes noted in monkeys sacrificed after receiving doxycycline for 1 year at dose levels of 50 mg/kg/day were: 1) grossly, very light brown discoloration of the thyroid gland in one of the four monkeys, and 2) microscopically, brownish intracytoplasmic inclusions in the acinar cells of thyroid follicles of three out of four monkeys. Bone and dentin exhibited slight to moderate ultraviolet fluorescence.

Two monkeys, in another study, receiving the 25 mg/kg/day dosage, were sacrificed after 6 and 8 months on test, respectively. Significant gross and histopathologic findings were slight yellow ultraviolet fluorescence of the endosteum and periosteum of bone, and microscopic appearance of small amounts of granular intracytoplasmic material in the acinar cells of thyroid follicles.

The highlights of the chronic toxicity studies can be summarized as follows:

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2) Yellow staining of bones and teeth, which is thought to be due to formation of a tetracycline-calcium-phosphate complex.

Otherwise doxycycline was well tolerated by the rat and monkey at doses up to and including 500 and 50 mg/kg/day for 18 and 12 months, respectively. In dogs, however, repeated daily oral administration of large doses of doxycycline resulted in certain hepatic functional and histopathologic changes which are reversible after drug withdrawal. No adverse hepatic effects were noted in the hamster (1 month), rats (18 months) or monkeys (12 months) for doses up to and including 500, 500 and 50 mg/kg/day, respectively. In view of this and in view of the lack of notable toxicity in our wide human clinical program, it is our opinion that this is a species specific phenomenon, for the dog only.

d) Reproduction and Teratogenic Studies Doxycycline has no teratologic effects in rats, rabbits or monkeys.

Breeding rats received doxycycline by gavage in doses of 50 and 250 mg/kg/day prior to and throughout two consecutive litters. There was no evidence that doxycycline interfered with the reproductive process in rats.

Pregnant female white New Zealand rabbits received doxycycline orally in doses of 8 and 40 mg/kg/day, respectively, from day 8 to day 16 of pregnancy. Spina bifida and partial anencephaly in one pup each in the control and the 8 mg/kg group, respectively, are believed to be spontaneous and drug-induced.

In teratogenic studies using a limited number of monkeys, doxycycline, in doses ranging from 1 to 50 mg/kg/day, did not produce any teratologic effects.

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Doxycycline Hyclate with Ascorbic Acid Studies in mice and rats showed the LD50 of VIBRAMYCIN I.V. to be 75 mg/kg in mice and 88 mg/kg in rats of doxycycline (using a preparation of doxycycline hyclate equivalent to 100 mg of doxycycline with 480 mg of ascorbic acid as a sterile powder).

No signs of drug toxicity were seen in dogs receiving 20 to 21 daily doses of VIBRAMYCIN I.V. at a dose level of 5 mg/kg when administered as a 0.5% solution at a rate of 1 mg/kg/min. Dogs receiving 14, 16 or 17 daily intravenous doses of 10 mg VIBRAMYCIN I.V. per kg of bodyweight, or 4 daily 60 minute infusions of 300 mg VIBRAMYCIN I.V., or 300 mg degraded VIBRAMYCIN I.V. evidenced serum alkaline phosphatase and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase elevations. No morphological basis for these enzyme elevations was established although moderate bile ductular proliferation was seen in 1 of 2 dogs receiving 4 daily intravenous infusions of degraded VIBRAMYCIN I.V.

In 8 dogs receiving daily intravenous doses of 10 mg VIBRAMYCIN I.V./kg/day (0.5% solution), 5 of 24 vessels used for injections evidenced degrees of thrombosis with recanalization.

Thrombosis in 3 of 6 sites occurred in 2 dogs receiving infusions of degraded VIBRAMYCIN I.V. (30 mg/kg-0.5% solution). Injection site thrombosis did not occur in 6 dogs (18 sites) receiving daily doses of 5 mg VIBRAMYCIN I.V./kg bodyweight administered as a 0.5% solution at a rate of 1 mg/kg/min (approximately 1 mL/min).

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23. Williamson GM. Laboratory studies of Vibramycin (doxycycline) International Symposium. New resource in antibiotic therapy: doxycycline, Buenos Aires, June 14-15, 1967.

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12. Ritzerfeld W, Westerboer S, Geller R. Doxycyclin in serum, diallysate and urine in patients with renal functional disease. Intl J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol 1970; 3:325-29.

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9. Thompson SE, ed. Urogenital chlamydial infections: an international perspective with a focus on doxycycline. Proceedings of a symposium held in conjunction with The Second World Congress of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Paris, June 1986. Clin Ther 1986;9(Suppl A):1-39.


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Read this carefully before you start taking Vibramycin/Vibra-Tabs and each time you get a refill.

This leaflet is a summary and will not tell you everything about this drug. Talk to your healthcare professional about your medical condition and treatment and ask if there is any new information about Vibramycin/Vibra-Tabs.

What is Vibramycin/Vibra-Tabs used for?

 Vibramycin/Vibra-Tabs is used to treat infections caused by germs (bacteria).

 Vibramycin/Vibra-Tabs is NOT used to treat viral infections (e.g. the common cold).

How does Vibramycin/Vibra-Tabs work?

 Vibramycin/Vibra-Tabs is an antibiotic. It stops the bacteria’s ability to make what it needs to grow new cells. This helps get rid of the infection.

What are the ingredients in Vibramycin/Vibra-Tabs?

Medicinal ingredients:

 Vibramycin/Vibra-Tabs: doxycycline hyclate.

Non-medicinal ingredients:

 Vibramycin: FD & C Blue #1 dye, gelatin, magnesium stearate/sodium lauryl sulfate, microcrystalline cellulose, sulfur dioxide, titanium dioxide.

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