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«VisionMAX™ Silviculture Herbicide COMMERCIAL SOLUTION CAUTION POISON WARNING – EYE AND SKIN IRRITANT REGISTRATION NO. 27736 PEST CONTROL PRODUCTS ...»

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Engelmanii and their hybrids). Conifers must be planted in the same year as treatment and in the field for at least 18 days prior to treatment. Seedlings to be treated must clearly show bud set and bud hardening following a dormancy induction regime in the nursery. The need for such early release treatments is expected on sites which are subject to the rapid development of herbaceous and shrub communities.

Most annual and perennial weeds will be controlled or suppressed. Applications must be made after formation of final conifer resting buds. Applications made during period of active conifer growth may result in conifer injury. Avoid application during Lammas or late season conifer growth. Some autumn colours are acceptable provided no major leaf fall has occurred on undesirable brush and tree species.

For conifer release, apply where conifers have been established for more than a year.

Vegetation should not be disturbed immediately prior to treatment or until visual signs appear after treatment. Symptoms of treatment are slow to appear, especially in woody species treated in late fall. Injury may occur to conifers treated for release, especially where spray patterns overlap or the higher rates are applied or when applications are made during periods of active conifer growth.

NOTE: This product is not recommended for use as an over-the-top broadcast spray in forest tree nurseries or in Christmas tree plantations. Applications in such sites should be limited to directed sprays (see "Conifer Release by Directed Spraying" section). DO NOT TREAT Christmas tree plantations in the year of anticipated harvest.

5.2.2 CONIFER RELEASE BY DIRECTED SPRAYING Use this product to control herbaceous and woody species as listed in the "Vegetation Controlled" section of the label.

Apply when the undesirable species are actively growing and the foliage is full and well developed. This product does not provide pre-emergent weed control. Repeat treatments may be necessary to control weeds that generate from underground parts or seed.

Undesirable deciduous species may be treated when they already have autumn colours, provided there has been no major leaf fall. For perennial broadleaf species, apply when most weeds have reached early head or early bud stage of growth. For annual and perennial grasses, apply when most weeds are 20 cm in height (3-4 leaf stage of growth).

Direct spray so that the foliage of undesired vegetation is thoroughly wetted. Do not spray foliage to the point of run-off. Applying the product to conifers during their period of active growth (before lignification) may cause tree injury. Under such conditions, take the necessary precautions to ensure that spray, mist or spray drift does not come into contact with the foliage or green bark of conifers being cultivated.

The product may be applied on sites regenerated by the following species (partial list):

SPRUCE (Picea spp.), PINE (Pinus spp.), HEMLOCK (Tsuga spp.), FIR (Abies spp.), DOUGLAS FIR (Pseudotsuga spp.). No time interval is required between tree planting and application of the product. For specific rates and application instructions, see the "Mixing Instructions", "Application Instructions" and "Vegetation Controlled" sections of the product label.

Do not allow spray to come in contact with foliage, green stems or fruit of non-target crops, since they may be killed or severely damaged.

5.2.3 DECIDUOUS RELEASE (Ground Only) Use this product to control herbaceous weeds and woody brush mentioned in the "Vegetation Controlled" section of the label.

Apply when the undesirable species are actively growing, and the foliage is well developed.

This product has no pre-emergent activity. Repeat treatments may be required for species which regenerate from underground stems or from seeds. Applications may be made to undesirable deciduous species with some autumn colours, provided that major leaf fall has not yet occurred.

Use a directed spray to thoroughly cover the foliage of the undesirable vegetation. Take all necessary precautions to prevent contact of the spray, spray mist or spray drift with the foliage or green bark of desirable species.

A partial list of species for use with this product on regenerated sites includes: ASH (Fraxinus spp.); WALNUT (Juglans spp); LINDEN or BASSWOOD (Tilia spp); CHERRY (Prunus spp.); OAK (Quercus spp); ELM (Ulmus spp) and POPLAR (Populus spp).

Product may be applied immediately after transplanting.

For use rates and application instructions, refer to the "Application Rates" and "Application Instructions" sections of this label.

5.2.4 INJECTION APPLICATIONS Woody vegetation may be controlled by injection application of this product. Apply using suitable equipment, which must penetrate into living tissue, at a rate of at least 0.33 mL (either undiluted or 1: 1 with water) per 5cm tree diameter at breast height (DBH). The cuts should be spaced evenly around the tree and below all major branches. Application may be made at any time of year, except when cold temperatures prevent adequate penetration of injection equipment, or in the spring during periods of heavy sap flow. Control of tree species with tree diameters greater than 20 cm may not be acceptable at this rate.

Total control may not be evident for 1-2 years following treatment.

A partial list of species controlled includes:





–  –  –

* This treatment may only provide suppression of Big-Leaf Maple. Late fall applications will provide optimum suppression of Big-Leaf Maple 5.2.5 CUT STUMP APPLICATION Woody vegetation may be controlled by the application of this product to freshly cut stumps to prevent regrowth. Because the treatment uses a concentrated solution, application must be made using low-pressure equipment e.g. squirt bottle or similar device. This product must be applied immediately to the surface of the freshly cut stump i.e. within 5 minutes, for optimum control at the prescribed rates. Only the cambial tissues of the cut surface should be treated. Apply the herbicide solution at a rate equivalent to at least 0.33 mL VisionMAX Silviculture Herbicide for every 5cm of DBH. Do not cover the remaining area nor any exposed roots, as this product does not penetrate bark well. This treatment may be used at any time of year, except during periods of heavy sap flow or when low temperatures prevent solution application due to freezing. A water soluble colorant may be added to the solution as a means of indicating which surfaces have been treated. Total control may not be evident until 1-2 years after treatment.

See the INJECTION APPLICATIONS section of this label for a partial list of species controlled.

5.2.6 FOREST TREE PLANTING NURSERIES (Ground Only) This product may be used to control most annual and perennial weeds for site preparation prior to establishing plantations, or as a post directed spray in established plantations.

Application may be made to established deciduous plantings of ASH, Fraxinus spp.;

CARAGANA, Caragan spp.; CHERRY, Prunus spp.; ELM, Ulmus spp.; LILAC, Syringa spp.; MAPLE, Acer spp.; MOUNTAIN ASH, Sorbus spp.; POPLAR, Poplulus spp.;

RUSSIAN OLIVE, Elaeagnus spp.; and WILLOW, Salix spp. Applications may be made prior to or in established conifer plantings of FIR, Abies spp.; JUNIPER, Juniperus spp.;

PINE, Pinus spp.; SPRUCE, Picea spp.; and YEW, Taxus spp.. SPRAY MAY CONTACT

MATURE BARK ONLY. AVOID SPRAY CONTACT WITH FOLIAGE OR GREEN

BARK OF ESTABLISHED PLANTINGS IN POST DIRECTED APPLICATIONS.

For specific rates and applications instructions, see "Application Instructions" section of this booklet. DO NOT APPLY UNDER WIND OR OTHER CONDITIONS WHICH ALLOW DRIFT TO OCCUR. If weeds have been mowed or tilled do not treat until regrowth has reached the recommended stages.

This product does not provide pre-emergence weed control. Repeat treatments may be necessary to control weeds generating from underground parts or seed.

NOTE: This product is not recommended for use as an over-the-top broadcast spray in forest tree nurseries or in Christmas tree plantations. Applications in such sites should be limited to directed sprays (see "Conifer Release by Directed Spraying" section). DO NOT TREAT Christmas tree plantations in the year of anticipated harvest.

5.2.7 SELECTIVE EQUIPMENT - WIPER APPLICATORS This product may be applied with a wiper applicator, after dilution and thorough mixing with water, to listed weeds in the “Vegetation Controlled” section of this label. It may be used in any forestry site specified in this label.

A wiper applicator applies the herbicide solution onto weeds by rubbing the weed with an absorbent material containing the herbicide solution. Equipment must be designed, maintained and operated to prevent the herbicide solution from contacting desirable vegetation, except in cases of conifer release operations where conifers are well hardened off (see "Conifer Release Section"); in these cases, a slight contact between the wiper and the conifer may be acceptable. Performance may be improved by reducing speed in areas of heavy infestations to insure adequate wiper saturation. Best results may be obtained if 2 applications are made in opposite directions.

AVOID CONTACT WITH DESIRABLE VEGETATION. Contact of the herbicide solution with desirable vegetation may result in damage or destruction. Applicators used above desired vegetation should be adjusted so that wiper contact point is at least 5 cm above the desirable vegetation. Droplets or foam of the herbicide solution settling on desirable vegetation may result in discoloration, stunting or destruction.

Applications should be made when the weeds are a minimum of 15 cm above the desirable vegetation. Best results may be obtained when more of the weed is exposed to the herbicide solution. Weeds not contacted by the herbicide solution will not be affected. This may occur in dense clumps, severe infestations, or when the height of the weeds varies so that not all weeds are contacted. In these instances, repeat treatments may be necessary.

NOTES • Maintain equipment in good operating condition. Avoid leakage or dripping onto desirable vegetation.

• Adjust height of applicator to insure proper contact with weeds.

• Keep wiping surfaces clean.

• Keep wiper material at proper degree of saturation with herbicide solution.

• DO NOT use wiper equipment when weeds are wet.

• DO NOT operate equipment at ground speeds below 4 and greater than 10 km/h.

Weed control may be affected by speed of application equipment. As weed density increases, reduce equipment ground speed to insure good coverage of weeds.

• Be aware that on sloping ground the herbicide solution may migrate, causing dripping on the lower end and drying on the upper end of the wiper applicator.

• Variation in equipment design may affect weed control. With wiper applicators, the wiping material and its orientation must allow delivery of sufficient quantities of the recommended herbicide solution directly to the weed.

• Care must be taken with all types of wipers to insure that the absorbent material does not become over-saturated, causing the herbicide to drip onto desirable vegetation.

• With all equipment, drain and clean wiper parts immediately after using this product, by thoroughly flushing with water.

For Wick or other Wiper Applicators--Mix 0.67 litre of this product in 2 litres of water to prepare a 25% solution unless otherwise directed on this label.

5.3 INDUSTRIAL, MILITARY BASES, RIGHTS-OF-WAY,

RECREATIONAL, AND PUBLIC AREAS.

ALWAYS READ PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS, GENERAL

INFORMATION AND MIXING AND APPLICATION SECTIONS (1.0, 2.0 AND

3.0) PRIOR TO SPECIFIC APPLICATION INFORMATION IN ANY LABEL

SECTION.

This product can be used to control annual and perennial weeds and woody brush and trees listed on this label in areas such as railroad, pipeline, highway, power and telephone rights-of-way, petroleum tank farms and pumping installations; roadsides; storage areas;

lumberyards; fence rows; military impact zones; artillery/small arms ranges; troop training areas; ammunition storage bunkers; industrial plant sites; parking areas; school yards, parks, golf courses, other public areas; airports and similar industrial or non-crop areas.

NOTE: For all industrial, military bases, rights-of-way, recreational and public areas, repeat treatments may be necessary to control regeneration or new growth.

–  –  –

*Aerial application may be used for brush and tree control in industrial, rights-of-way only. See “Aerial Application” (sections 3.3.2 and 5.3.5).

5.3.2 APPLICATION INFORMATION FOR INDUSTRIAL, RIGHTS-OF-WAY,

RECREATIONAL, AND PUBLIC AREA USES

FOLIAR APPLICATIONS

Spray coverage should be uniform and complete. Do not spray to the point of run-off.

Do not allow spray drift to contact desirable vegetation as severe injury or destruction may occur. For woody brush and trees, early season applications may take 30 to 45 days for symptoms to develop on target species. Late season application may be made to species that have some autumn colours provided no major leaf drop has occurred.

Control will be observed the following spring.

EXTREME CARE MUST BE EXERCISED TO AVOID CONTACT OF SPRAY

WITH FOLIAGE OF DESIRABLE TURF GRASSES, TREES, SHRUBS, OR

OTHER DESIRABLE VEGETATION SINCE SEVERE DAMAGE OR

DESTRUCTION MAY RESULT.

This product does not provide residual weed control. For subsequent weed control, follow a label approved herbicide program. Read and carefully observe the cautionary statements and all other information appearing on the labels of all herbicides used.

5.3.3 SURFACTANTS The following is a list of approved surfactants for use with VisionMAX Silviculture Herbicide for control of quackgrass for ground applications on industrial, rights-of-way,

recreational and public areas uses when water volumes exceed 150 litres per hectare:

–  –  –

Always refer to surfactant label for specific instructions regarding use of that product.



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