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«Andrés Gregor Zelman The University of Amsterdam 2002 ii Mediated Communication and the Evolving Science System: Mapping the Network Architecture of ...»

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104 Figure 6.8: Research Policy Cited 1996 8 Figure 6.9: Scientometrics Cited 1996 9 Cited 1997 In the Research Policy cited environment for 1997, Research Policy again loaded with Scientometrics. Research Policy appeared near the Management and Innovation clusters, whereas Scientometrics did not appear close to any other significant journal clusters. As with the Cited environment for Research Policy in 1996, there was a significant Economics cluster apparent here, and this time with a large Industrial Economics cluster. Similarly, in the Scientometrics cited environment for 1997, Scientometrics and Research Policy again loaded together, this time both with the Innovation literature. Scientometrics appeared near the Information Society and STS clusters, and again Research Policy appeared near economics. A psychology cluster was also visible in the citation environment of this year, and was more closely associated with Research Policy. We find evidence of a pattern forming over these two years whereby Scientometrics is associated with the STS and Information Science Literature, and Research Policy is associated with the Economics literature, and in the case of the Research Policy environment, with the Management Literature.

8 Research Policy – Cited 1996 – Abbreviation / Journal Name: A: ACAD MANAGE J; B: ADMIN SCI QUART; C: AM ECON REV; D: AM J SOCIOL; E: CALIF MANAGE REV; F: ECON J; G: ENVIRON

PLANN A; H: ENVIRON PLANN C; I: HARVARD BUS REV; J: IEEE T ENG MANAGE; K: IND

MARKET MANAG; L: INT J TECHNOL MANAGE; M: J ECON LIT; N: J IND ECON; O: J INST

THEOR ECON; P: J LAW ECON; Q: J POLIT ECON; R: J PROD INNOVAT MANAG; S: MANAGE

SCI; T: R&D MANAGE; U: RAND J ECON; V: REG STUD; W: RES POLICY; X: RES TECHNOL MANAGE; Y: REV ECON STAT; Z: SCI TECHNOL HUM VAL; a: SCIENTOMETRICS; b: SLOAN

MANAGE REV; c: SMALL BUS ECON; d: SOC STUD SCI ; e: SOCIOL TRAV; f: SOZ WELT; g:

STRATEGIC MANAGE J; h: TECHNOL FORECAST SOC; i: WORLD DEV.

9 Scientometrics – Cited 1996 – Abbreviation / Journal Name: A: AM ECON REV; B: AM J SOCIOL;

C: AM SOCIOL REV; D: ANNU REV SOCIOL; E: EVALUATION REV; F: HIGH EDUC; G: HUM

COMMUN RES; H: IEEE T ENG MANAGE; I: INFORM PROCESS MANAG; J: INT FORUM

INFORM DOC; K: J AM SOC INFORM SCI; L: J DOC; M: J ECON LIT; N: J INFORM SCI; O:

LIBR TRENDS; P: MINERVA; Q: RES HIGH EDUC; R: RES POLICY; S: RES TECHNOL MANAGE;

T: REV ECON; U: REV SAUDE PUBL; V: SCI TECHNOL HUM VAL; W: SCIENTIST; X:

SCIENTOMETRICS; Y: SOC FORCES; Z: SOC SCI INFORM; a: SOC STUD SCI; b: TECHNOL FORECAST SOC.

105 Cited 1998 In the Research Policy cited environment for 1998, Research Policy again loaded with the Management Literature, close to the Regional Planning cluster (as in 1996) and with Business Studies and Organizational Management clusters. There was also a large economics cluster again in 1998. Here Scientometrics loaded with Sociology, and near the STS cluster (again). It would appear that in the Research Policy cited environment for 1998, Research Policy and Scientometrics moved further apart.

However, in the Scientometrics cited environment for 1998, the opposite was true.

Here, Scientometrics loaded with Library Sciences and appeared close to the Information Sciences which clustered with some Library Science journals. As before, Research Policy loaded with the Management literature, but interestingly, this cluster not only overlapped with STS, but both Economics and Psychology clusters were absent from this environment. In the Scientometrics cited environment for 1998, Research Policy and Scientometrics therefore appeared closer than ever.

Figure 6.10: Research Policy Cited 1998 10 Figure 6.11: Scientometrics Cited 1998 11

10 Research Policy – Cited 1998 – Abbreviation / Journal Name: A: ADMIN SCI QUART; B: AM

ECON REV; C: CALIF MANAGE REV; D: CAMBRIDGE J ECON; E: ECON J; F: ECONOMETRICA;

G: ENVIRON PLANN A; H: HARVARD BUS REV; I: IEEE T ENG MANAGE; J: INT J IND ORGAN;

K: INT J TECHNOL MANAGE; L: J AM SOC INFORM SCI; M: J ECON BEHAV ORGAN; N: J

ECON LIT; O: J INT BUS STUD; P: J POLIT ECON; Q: J PROD INNOVAT MANAG; R: MANAGE

SCI; S: ORGAN STUD; T: POLICY STUD J; U: Q J ECON; V: R&D MANAGE; W: REG STUD; X:

RES ORGAN BEHAV; Y: RES POLICY; Z: REV ECON STAT; a: SCI TECHNOL HUM VAL; b:

SCIENTOMETRICS; c: SMALL BUS ECON; d: SOC STUD SCI; e: STRATEGIC MANAGE J; f:

TECHNOL FORECAST SOC.

11 Scientometrics – Cited 1998 – Abbreviation / Journal Name: A: ACAD MANAGE J; B: AM

PSYCHOL; C: AM SOCIOL REV; D: ANNU REV INFORM SCI; E: CAMBRIDGE J ECON; F: IEEE T

ENG MANAGE; G: INFORM PROCESS MANAG; H: INT FORUM INFORM DOC; I: J AM SOC

INFORM SCI; J: J DOC; K: J INFORM SCI; L: KNOWL ORGAN; M: LIBR QUART; N: LIBR RESOUR TECH SER; O: LIBR TRENDS; P: LIBRI; Q: MINERVA; R: P ASIS ANNU MEET; S: R&D

MANAGE; T: RES POLICY; U: RES TECHNOL MANAGE; V: SCI COMMUN; W: SCI TECHNOL





HUM VAL; X: SCIENTIST; Y: SCIENTOMETRICS; Z: SOC SCI INFORM; a: SOC STUD SCI; b:

TURK PSIKOL DERG

106 Cited 1999 In the Research Policy cited environment for 1999 Research Policy loaded with Economics journals, and appeared near the Innovation, Management, Economic Management, Economics, and Regional Planning clusters. Scientometrics appears to be of diminishing relevance to the Research Policy cited environment from 1996 to

1999. Again, precisely the opposite trend was identified in the Scientometrics cited environment for 1999, where Scientometrics loaded with the Sociology literature and appeared very close to Research Policy (which loaded on a single factor). There was also a significant Library and Information Sciences cluster here, as well as periphery STS and Psychology clusters. The earlier observation is therefore reinforced – in the environment of Research Policy, Research Policy and Scientometrics appear to be drifting apart, and in environment of Scientometrics, Research Policy and Scientometrics come together.

Cited 2000 In the Research Policy cited environment for 2000, Research Policy loaded with the Research & Development literature, and Scientometrics with the Innovation literature.

Interestingly, these two clusters overlapped significantly; indeed, the Research & Development cluster was encapsulated within the Innovation Management Literature cluster suggesting that at the end of the five years under analysis, Research Policy and Scientometrics began to move together. Also evident here were significant Management, Industrial Management and Economics clusters. In the Scientometrics cited environment for 2000, Scientometrics again loaded with Research Policy.

Scientometrics appeared near the STS and Information Sciences clusters (the latter now without any Library Sciences). Research Policy again appeared more closely aligned with the Economics and Sociology clusters, which is similar to its positioning in 1996.

Figure 6.12: Research Policy Cited 2000 12 Figure 6.

13: Scientometrics Cited 2000 13 12 Research Policy – Cited 2000 – Abbreviation / Journal Name: A: ACAD MANAGE J; B: ADMIN

SCI QUART; C: AM ECON REV; D: CALIF MANAGE REV; E: ECON J; F: ECONOMETRICA; G:

107 Taken together, the Research Policy and Scientometrics Cited environments for 1996 through 2000 tell an interesting story. There are some remarkable changes over the years and this is most marked in the relationship between Research Policy and Scientometrics. In the cited environment 1996-2000 for Research Policy, we witness Scientometrics and Research Policy progressively moving away from each other, with the exception of 2000 where they appeared closer. In the cited environment 1996for Scientometrics, however, we witness Scientometrics and Research Policy beginning as disparate, and over the course of 5 years becoming closer.

With respect to the changing nature of relationships between the journal clusters in each year, additional features of the SOEIS cited environment were identified. For example, in the overall cited environment of Research Policy, we saw the STS literature just barely hanging in with appearances in 1996 and again in 1998.

Economics and Management literature appeared to be the stable features of the cited environment for Research Policy. And despite not featuring in 1997, the Innovation literature appears to become more central. By contrast, in the overall cited environment of Scientometrics, the STS literature, Information Sciences (which are notably Library Information Sciences in 1998 and 1999), and Economics appear to be the stable features in this environment. The more volatile features of this environment include Education (which appeared only in 1996), Sociology (which appeared in 1996, 1998 and again in 2000), and Psychology (which appeared only in 1997 and 1999).

It would seem that the SOEIS project itself appears to be positioned precisely in the middle of these developments between Research Policy and Scientometrics. On the side of Research Policy we witness a general move away from Scientometrics in 1996 through 1999, only to shift back again in 2000. The dynamics here suggest that this shift may be related to the increasing role of the Innovation literature on the side of Research Policy. On the side of Scientometrics it is clear that Scientometrics and Research Policy grew closer over the years; however, note that the Research Policy / Management cluster relationship is evident in 1996 and again in 1998. In 1998, where Management and Research Policy overlapped considerably with the STS literature, it is clear that the relationship between Scientometrics and Research Policy was stronger than before.

HARVARD BUS REV; H: IEEE T ENG MANAGE; I: INT J OPER PROD MAN; J: INT J TECHNOL

MANAGE; K: J ECON BEHAV ORGAN; L: J ECON LIT; M: J IND ECON; N: J POLIT ECON; O: J PROD INNOVAT MANAG; P: MANAGE SCI; Q: ORGAN STUD; R: Q J ECON; S: R&D MANAGE;

T: RAND J ECON; U: REG STUD; V: RES POLICY; W: REV ECON STAT; X: SCIENTOMETRICS;

Y: SMALL BUS ECON; Z: STRATEGIC MANAGE J.

13 Scientometrics – Cited 2000 – Abbreviation / Journal Name: A: AM ECON REV; B: AM J SOCIOL;

C: AM SOCIOL REV; D: DRUS ISTRAZ; E: HUM COMMUN RES; F: INFORM PROCESS MANAG;

G: INTERLEND DOC SUPPLY; H: J AM SOC INFORM SCI; I: J DOC; J: J ECON LIT; K: J INFORM

SCI; L: J OPER RES SOC; M: PUBLIC OPIN QUART; N: RES POLICY; O: SCI TECHNOL HUM

VAL; P: SCIENTOMETRICS; Q: SOC STUD SCI.

108Citing Environment:

Citing 1996 In the Research Policy citing environment for 1996, Research Policy loaded with a Sociology journal (Sociologie Du Travail), as does Scientometrics (American Journal of Sociology). Similar to the cited environment of Research Policy, the citing environment has significant Management, Economics and Regional Planning literatures. Here Scientometrics remained distant from Research Policy and appeared near the STS cluster. In the Scientometrics citing environment for 1996, Scientometrics loaded with the Journal of Documentation and appeared near the Information Science cluster. Here Research Policy loaded with the Management literature and appeared near to the Economics, Sociology and Education literatures.

STS was present in the Scientometrics environment, but appeared more distant than expected. Finally, Minerva loaded here on a single factor and was positioned in between Scientometrics and Research Policy; this latter observation suggests that in 1996 the Scientometrics citing environment appears to be divided into two camps with Scientometrics near Information Science, and Research Policy near Economics, Sociology and Education – Minerva remains precisely on the cusp between these two camps.

Figure 6.14: Research Policy Citing 1996 14 Figure 6.15: Scientometrics Citing 1996 15

14 Research Policy – Citing 1996 – Abbreviation / Journal Name: A: ACAD MANAGE J; B: ADMIN

SCI QUART; C: AM ECON REV; D: AM J SOCIOL; E: CALIF MANAGE REV; F: ECON J; G:

ENVIRON PLANN A; H: ENVIRON PLANN C; I: HARVARD BUS REV; J: IEEE T ENG MANAGE; K:

IND MARKET MANAG; L: INT J TECHNOL MANAGE; M: J ECON LIT; N: J IND ECON; O: J INST

THEOR ECON; P: J LAW ECON; Q: J POLIT ECON; R: J PROD INNOVAT MANAG; S: MANAGE

SCI; T: R&D MANAGE; U: RAND J ECON; V: REG STUD; W: RES POLICY; X: RES TECHNOL MANAGE; Y: REV ECON STAT; Z: SCI TECHNOL HUM VAL; a: SCIENTOMETRICS; b: SLOAN

MANAGE REV; c: SMALL BUS ECON; d: SOC STUD SCI ; e: SOCIOL TRAV; f: SOZ WELT; g:

STRATEGIC MANAGE J; h: TECHNOL FORECAST SOC; i: WORLD DEV.

15 Scientometrics – Citing 1996 – Abbreviation / Journal Name: A: AM ECON REV; B: AM J

SOCIOL; C: AM SOCIOL REV; D: ANNU REV SOCIOL; E: EVALUATION REV; F: HIGH EDUC; G:

HUM COMMUN RES; H: IEEE T ENG MANAGE; I: INFORM PROCESS MANAG; J: INT FORUM

INFORM DOC; K: J AM SOC INFORM SCI; L: J DOC; M: J ECON LIT; N: J INFORM SCI; O:

109 Citing 1997 In the Research Policy citing environment for 1997, Research Policy loaded with Economics literature and near another Economics Cluster. A Management cluster and an Industrial Economics cluster were also evident here, while Scientometrics loaded on its own factor and was not positioned near any significant clusters. This observation confirms the results of the Research Policy cited environment, which revealed that Research Policy and Scientometrics were not tightly coupled. However, in the Scientometrics citing environment for 1997, Scientometrics loaded with Research Policy; again, this reinforces the results found in the previous section. In this environment Scientometrics appeared near the Information Science and STS clusters, whereas Research Policy appeared near Psychology and Economics clusters.



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