WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 32 | 33 || 35 |

«Andrés Gregor Zelman The University of Amsterdam 2002 ii Mediated Communication and the Evolving Science System: Mapping the Network Architecture of ...»

-- [ Page 34 ] --

The Luhmann mailing list provides for discussion about the sociologist Niklas Luhmann’s theory of the society which transfers the traditional paradigms of systems theory to sociological theory formation. One of the core thoughts of Luhmann’s theory is the strict separation between the psychological and the social arena. Society is therefore no longer regarded from the point of individuals, but rather the communication between individuals. The theory of autopoietic social systems developed by Luhmann also considers that communication about society falls only within the society it takes place, thus there is no Archimedean point for their observations can lodge a complaint. The aim of this list is to discuss these and other aspects of Luhmann’s theory.

Web Archives: http://sti1.uni-duisburg.de/Luhmann/home.html Period of Observation: 17 / 9 / 90 – 6 / 11 / 98

–  –  –

List Name: prncyb-l@bingvmb.cc.binghamton.edu Listserver: listserv@bingvmb.cc.binghamton.edu

Description:

Principia Cybernetica is the discussion list for the Principia Cybernetica Project (PCP) It provides an open forum for all participants in the project, allowing direct discussions about all related issues. Issues discussed include entropy increase and self-organization, causality as co-variation, thermodynamics and evolution of mortality, memetics and the evolution of cooperation, formal expression, criteria for reality, values and religion, definitions of "control", complexity and the edge of chaos, Rosen’s theory of anticipatory systems, etc. A selection of relevant information (e.g. congress announcements, publications, hypertext, electronic publishing, evolution of the brain, etc.) from other electronic forums is regularly cross-posted on the list.

Web Archives: http://www.cpm.mmu.ac.uk/~bruce/prncyb-l/ Period of Observation: 10 / 5 / 94 – 6 / 11 / 98

–  –  –

264 Appendix D.8 – SIMSOC Mailing List List Name: simsoc@mailbase.ac.uk Listserver: mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk

Description:

This list is for announcements, news and discussion related to the use of computer simulation in the social sciences, including approaches based on micro-simulation and multi-agent modelling.

Web Archives: http://www.mailbase.ac.uk/lists/simsoc/archive.html Period of Observation: 14 / 4 / 97 – 6 / 11 / 98

–  –  –

List Name: sois@thrace.ee.duth.gr Listserver: listproc@thrace.ee.duth.gr

Description:

SOIS is a discussion list about the Self-Organization of the Information Society. The aim of the list is to promote discussion and collaboration and to contribute to a dissemination of information on emergent phenomena and the study of complexity concerning the Information Society. Special emphasis will be given to a critical analysis of theories of social constructivism and other Science and Technology Studies, social simulation and sociological/cultural discussion of the virtual environments created by the mediation of information and communication technologies.

Web Archives: http://platon.ee.duth.gr/data/maillist-archives/sois/ Period of Observation: 22 / 4 / 98 – 6 / 11 / 98

–  –  –

266 Appendix D.10 – STS Mailing List List Name: sts@kant.ch.umkc.edu Listserver: listserv@utkvm1.utk.edu

Description:

STS-L is a moderated discussion group sponsored by the Science and Technology Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries and it uses the revised LISTSERV software. All messages are received by the moderators and then distributed to the group. The purpose of the list is to provide a forum for the discussion of issues of primary interest to science and technology librarians, to provide a quick communication link between STS leaders and list members, and to serve as a distribution point for STS publications. It is a public list, open to all interested persons.

Web Archives: http://vest.gu.se/vest_mail/ Period of Observation: 1 / 1 / 97 – 6 / 11 / 98

–  –  –

List Name: xaos@demokritos.cc.duth.gr Listserver: listproc@demokritos.cc.duth.gr

Description:

The purpose of the XAOS List is to share information among the list members on a variety of topics as: Nonlinear Dynamics, Chaos, Fractals, Criticality, Self Organization, Emergent Behaviour, Artificial Life, Neural Networks, Learning Systems, Complexity, Biocomplexity, Cellular Automata, Neural and Artificial Evolution, Virtual Worlds, Cyberspace. Many of the postings at the Xaos list originate from USENET Newsgroups and as such they are in English. However, the Greek speaking list members are encouraged to write in Greek, if they choose to do so. The members of the Xaos list can freely post messages expressing their opinions, ask questions about the posted topics, announce important information or events on these topics, and contribute to the discussions about them.

Web Archives: http://platon.ee.duth.gr/data/maillist-archives/xaos/ Period of Observation: 14 / 1 / 97 – 6 / 11 / 98

–  –  –

0.5 0 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 270

Mediated Communication and the Evolving Science System:

Mapping the Network Architecture of Knowledge Production Summary The advent of electronic media into the academic environment has forever changed the way that academics communicate, perform their research, and contribute to the production of knowledge. These relatively recent changes in the mode of knowledge production have been theorized by Gibbons (et.al.;1994) as a shift from Mode I to Mode II which indicates a move away from knowledge produced in traditional research contexts to an environment in which knowledge is created in broader, transdisciplinary social and economic contexts. Similar arguments have been made in two significant OECD publications (1996, 1997), where the advent of electronic media is considered part and parcel of this shift in the predominant mode of knowledge production. The increasing use electronic media for communication and the current changes in the ways that knowledge is produced are mutually implicated phenomena, and this introduces a problematic: what is the relationship between print and electronic media with respect to how knowledge is produced in academic environments? In part, this problematic motivates the thesis.





To adequately address the complexities of this problematic, several distinct literatures were reviewed. Chapter I: Introduction – Key Concepts introduces the complexities between media difference and distinct modes of knowledge production, and articulates the problematic in terms of the centrality of media to human communication, and in terms of the ability as an analyst to adequately assess the impact upon the academic environment, given their overlap. The chapter provides a review of dominant metric approaches which are used in a variety of ways to map networks of human communication. Bibliometrics is introduced as a burgeoning academic tradition that stretches back to the middle ages, scientometrics as a technique to monitor publication patterns and discipline formation, and cybermetrics as an umbrella term meant to incorporate a myriad of different types of analyses on data such as web-traffic, credit card transactions, and the like. The metric analyses situate the present study, and are introduced as a means through which the problematic of media overlap and its impact on processes of knowledge production could be addressed.

Chapter II: Theoretical Grounding served to review a variety of theoretical positions from Science & Technology Studies and Communication Studies, inasmuch as they dealt with issues of mediation or knowledge production. The central proponents of Medium Theory (Innis, McLuhan, Ong, Meyrowitz) were reviewed to provide the theoretical grounding of the research project. Stucturalism (Saussure, Lévi-Strauss, Ricoeur), Postructuralism (Derrida), and Structuration Theory (Giddens) were then reviewed as symbolic approaches to the problematic of mediated human communication, in light of where they respectively placed the ‘locus’ of meaning.

Finally, Actor Network Theory (Callon, Latour, Wise) and Second Order Cybernetics (Luhmann, Leydesdorff) were reviewed as modelling approaches to mapping human communication. The theory chapter served to bind these diverse approaches into a single dissertation heuristic of Architecture – Network – System through which the subsequent analyses would be performed. Architecture isolates the parameters of

–  –  –

Chapter III: Materials & Methodologies introduces the EU Research Project selected for the case study. It was selected precisely because it exhibited both Mode I and Mode II types of knowledge production, and because it simultaneously used both print and electronic media in its manifestation. The chapter outlines the different SOEIS project communicative domains selected for analysis (print communication, electronic communication, publication behaviour, and mailing list dynamics), and details the methodology of each of the metric analyses performed in each stage of the dissertation. The chapter sought to combine a variety of metric approaches to deal with the central problematic of media centrality in academe; here the different metric approaches are interwoven with the different theoretical positions that make up the heuristic triad. In this way a general schema is outlined, and the study contextualized.

Finally, the chapter specifies several overriding assumptions of the dissertation;

including: ‘ICTs affect the ways that scientists communicate’, ‘metric analyses can help understand the print / electronic media difference’, and the ‘theoretical triad can be used to organize, contextualize, interpret and understand the results of the analysis’. A formal research question was then asked: “Given that media and knowledge production are mutually implicated phenomena, and that changes can be attributed in part to media difference, can metric analyses informed by theoretical grounding show these differences?” The Analysis section of the dissertation consists of four chapters. Each chapter has as its focus an empirical analysis of one of four isolated communicative domains of the SOEIS research project: print communication, electronic communication, journal publication, and mailing list environment, respectively. Chapter IV: Analysis of Print Communication examines the dynamics of print exchange in the context of the SOIES project and reveals patterns of codification of scientific information, networks of cognitive orientation, and the systemic dimensions of print word distribution.

Similarly, Chapter V: Analysis of Electronic Communication examines the dynamics of electronic writing as exhibited by the SOEIS community – here the results are compared with the results of the print analysis and are shown to exhibit different modes of scientific information codification, different networks of cognitive bias, and different overall word distributions.

Chapter VI: Analysis of Journal Publication examines the changes in the publication patterns of the SOEIS community on both the project level (article generation) and field level (the journal environment) and reveals both similarities and differences in the collective cognitive orientation of both the cited dimension (comprised of publications by the SOEIS community) and the citing dimension (those that cite SOEIS relevant materials) over the five year scope of analysis. Finally, in Chapter VII: Analysis of Mailing List Environment the network dynamics of eleven Science & Technology Studies and Self-Organization Theory oriented mailing lists are compared in terms of their individual threaded messaging behaviour to reveal that the SOEIS 272 related project mailing lists function like field level lists, despite exhibiting project level dynamics.

The final section of the dissertation serves to reflect upon the reviewed literature and the analyses performed, and it is comprised of two chapters. Chapter VIII: Integration & Conclusions establishes a central line of commensurability between the theoretic lens and empirical methods employed herein. The chapter directly reviews and answers the original research questions, and appraises the expectations. Finally, Chapter IX: Discussion & Relevance describes the challenges associated with integrating symbolic and modelling approaches, provides suggestions for future researchers in the field as well as suggests the design parameters of a modularized software program to aid in future analyses. The central question of the dissertation is thereby addressed and answered: do print and electronic media foster unique types of media environment, and are different modes of knowledge production and meaningful exchange thereby implied with each medium and its use? Yes, print and electronic media do foster distinct types of knowledge production, and it is in the context of their interrelation that the general import of media, and of media difference, becomes clear.

–  –  –

Samenvatting De uitbouw van elektronische communicatie in de academische wereld heeft de manier veranderd waarop wetenschappers samenwerken, hun onderzoek verrichten, en bijdragen aan de productie van kennis. Deze relatief recente veranderingen in de wijze van kennis-productie zijn door Gibbons (et. al. 1994) beschreven als een verschuiving van Mode I naar Mode II. Het gaat hier om een verschuiving van de productie van kennis in traditionele onderzoekscontexten, naar een omgeving waarin kennis voortgebracht wordt in bredere, transdisciplinaire, sociale en economische contexten. Soortgelijke argumenten werden aangedragen in twee belangrijke OECD publicaties (1996, 1997), waarin de ontwikkeling van het Internet beschouwd werd als een intrinsiek onderdeel van deze verschuiving in de dominante wijze van kennisproductie. De hypothese is dat het toenemende gebruik van elektronische media voor communicatie en de huidige veranderingen in de wijze waarop kennis wordt geproduceerd, ontwikkelingen zijn die elkaar wederzijds impliceren en versterken. Dit roept een vervolgvraag op: wat is dan de relatie tussen geschreven en elektronische media met betrekking tot de manier waarop kennis voortgebracht wordt in de wetenschappen? Deze theoretische vragen worden in de dissertatie empirisch onderzocht door gebruik te maken van scientometrische technieken.



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 32 | 33 || 35 |


Similar works:

«LOUISVILLE MALE HIGH SCHOOL 2016/2017 REGISTRATION INFORMATION Welcome to the Home of the Bulldogs!!! This information has been designed especially for you! Everything you need to know about registration is included: • Registration Dates Seniors Tuesday, August 2 8:30 am - 11:00 am Juniors Tuesday, August 2 12:00 am - 3:00 pm Sophomores Wednesday, August 3 12:00 pm - 3:00 pm Freshmen Friday, August 5 8:30 am - 11:15 am (Last Names A thru L)...»

«Studies in Gothic Fiction Volume 2 Issue 1 Zittaw Press Studies in Gothic Fiction ISSN: 2156-2407 © 2011 Zittaw Press Editor: Franz J. Potter, National University Associate Editor: Colin Marlaire, National University Editorial Board Curt Herr, Kutztown University Melissa Bradshaw, Loyola University Chicago Katherine D. Harris, San Jose State University Dale Townshend, University of Stirling Jamieson Ridenhour, University of Mary Roy Bearden-White, Southern Illinois University Margarita...»

«elephant tree Chapman University Volume 4 Spring 2009 Editors Laurel Baltic ˆ ˆ ´ Nidzara Pecenkovic Courtney Wadman Ryan Wirick Faculty Advisor Dr. Logan Esdale We would like to thank the Department of English, as well as the Office of Publications and Creative Services for their help in creating this project. Elephant Tree appears annually, and is open to submissions from any Chapman student. All rights revert to author upon publication. Cover drawing by Lara Odell Dear reader, you are...»

«Version française Convention Plus Issues Paper on Targeting of Development Assistance Draft, June 2004 Introduction 1. In the High Commissioner´s Forum meeting of 12 March 2004, Denmark and Japan reiterated their readiness to facilitate the work on targeting of development assistance within the framework of Convention Plus. To spur further discussion, they provided a discussion paper describing their respective experiences on including refugee needs in development assistance policies and...»

«San Martín. En torno a sus orígenes Jorge G. Paredes M. jgparedesm@yahoo.com Julio 2008 Lima-Perú ♦ Agradecimiento 1 ♦ Introducción 1 ♦ La fecha natal 3 ♦ Sus progenitores 9 ♦ La familia Alvear 13 ♦ El manuscrito de doña Joaquina 15 ♦ La tradición oral 19 ♦ Testimonios que pretendidamente hacen referencia a una herencia indígena 22 ♦ Racismo y culto al héroe 24 ♦ Inconclusión 27 ♦ Bibliografía 28 Agradecimiento Este pequeño ensayo, como otros trabajos míos, fue...»

«Allicin and Vitamin C Power, Performance, Proof By Peter Josling HRC Publications P Allicin &VitaminC Power, Performance, Proof By PETER JOSLING P HRC Publications Allicin and Vitamin C  Power, Performance, Proof Copyright © 20 Peter Josling The right of Peter Josling to be identified as the Author of the Work has been asserted by him in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. First published in 20 by HRC Publications All rights reserved. No part of this publication may...»

«Page 1 of 5 Insect Bites and Stings Most stings from bees, wasps and hornets cause pain and slight swelling, but have little other effect. But, some people are allergic to stings and can develop reactions that can be life-threatening. Call an ambulance immediately if you suspect an allergic reaction soon after being stung. If you are stung by a bee and the stinger remains in the skin, then scrape out the stinger as quickly as possible. Do not pluck it out as this may squeeze more venom into the...»

«Insted Consultancy (www.insted.co.uk) Bullying in Schools around Racism, Culture and Religion – How to prevent it and what to do when it happens A set of workshop papers, 2007 LIST OF PAPERS 1. A JIGSAW ACTIVITY 2. RACIST BULLYING AND OTHER FORMS OF BULLYING 3. CRITICAL INCIDENTS 4. NOTES ON THE INCIDENTS 5. STARTING POINTS FOR SCHOOL SELF-EVALUATION 6. CLARIFYING TERMS AND CONCEPTS 7. ASPECTS OF LANGUAGE 8. FIVE KEY PRINCIPLES 9. TEACHING ABOUT THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY 10. SOME CURRENT...»

«DEFIANCE SILVER CORP. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION & ANALYSIS For the period ended December 31, 2013 The following Management Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) of Defiance Silver Corp. (the “Company”) for the six months ended December 31, 2013 has been prepared as of February 27, 2014, and is intended to be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended June 30, 2013, together with the notes thereto, which are available on the SEDAR...»

«UC Berkeley Phonology Lab Annual Report (2006) Submitted to the Proceedings of the Rara & Rarissima Conference, Leipzig, March 29-April 1, 2006 Affixation by Place of Articulation: Rare AND Mysterious Larry M. Hyman University of California, Berkeley 1. Introduction As is well known, certain phonological, morphological and syntactic properties occur with great frequency in the world’s languages, while others are quite rare. To account for this difference, linguists have generally assumed that...»

«A Unifying Methodology for Handovers of Heterogeneous Connections in Wireless ATM Networks C-K T OH Mobile Special Interest Group Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge King's College Cambridge, CB2 1ST, England E-mail: Chai-Keong.Toh@cl.cam.ac.uk Abstract The aim of Wireless ATM is to provide multi-media services to mobile users. While existing research on Wireless ATM are focussed on handovers of unicast connections, handovers of multicast connections have not been investigated. While...»

«Distribution Agreement In presenting this thesis or dissertation as a partial fulfillment of the requirements for an advanced degree from Emory University, I hereby grant to Emory University and its agents the non-exclusive license to archive, make accessible, and display my thesis or dissertation in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known, including display on the world wide web. I understand that I may select some access restrictions as part of the online submission of...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.