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«P.H.REANEY Litt.D., Ph.D., F.S.A. Third edition with corrections and additions by R.M.WILSON M.A. LONDON AND NEW YORK First published as A Dictionary ...»

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: Henry Erburgh 1332 SRSx. From Arbury (La), Arbury Banks in Ashwell (Herts), or ‘dweller by the earthwork’, OE eorð-burh.

A dictionary of english surnames 84

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: Erneber, Ernebernus, Gernebern 1066 DB (Y, L, Db); Arbernus 1190–5 DC (L); Roger Arborn 1279 RH (C); William Arbon 1329 Rams (Nth). ON ODa, OSw Arnbiorn.

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: John Arnbukle, Arbukile 1499, 1511 Black. From Arbuckle (Lanarkshire).

Archambault, Archanbault, Archbald, Archbell, Archbold, Archbould, Archbutt, Archibald, Archibold, Archibould : Archembold Wiverun 1130 P; Robert Archenbold 1210 P (Gl); William Erchebaud 1239 FFSf; Thomas Herchebaud 1302 SRY; Agnes Archebald 1327 SRSf; Seath Archbutt 1616 FrY. OFr Archamboult, from OG Ercanbald ‘precious-bold’, found in DB (1086) as Erchenbaldus, Arcenbaldus and Arcebaldus.

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: Walter le Ercedekene, le Ercedeiakene, le Archedekene 1268–71 AssSo; Roger le Arcedekne 1297 MinAcctCo. OE arce-, erçedīacon, OFr arc(h)ediacne ‘the chief deacon, The dictionary 85 chief of the attendants on a bishop’.

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: (i) Argentina 1196 FFO, 1258 Acc; Argenten Roost, Argintyne Twiggs 1642 PrD. OFr Argentin (f), a dirainutive of OFr argent ‘silver’ used as a personal name. (ii) Reginald de Argentein 1274 PN Ess 392; William Argenten 1439–40 Paston. From Argenton (Indre).

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: Arnketel 1019 Rams (Nf); Archetel, Archel, Archil 1066 DB; Archil de Corebr’ 1159 P (Nb); Richard Arkill 1256 AssNb; Roger Arketyl 1279 RH (Hu); William Harkill, Arkel 1316, 1331 Wak (Y); John Arcle 1455 FrY. ON Amkell, ODa Arnketil, OSw Arkil.

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: Gilbert de (sic) Arkewright 1246 AssLa; John de (sic) Arcwryt Hy 3 DbCh; Thomas the Arkewrytte 1286 AssCh; George Arkewright 1450 FrY; William Hartwright 1494 GildY;

George Arthwright 1582 PrGR; Thomas Artwright 1649 LaWills; Alice Arthricke 1670 ib.; Christopher Arkrick 1673 ib. OE arc ‘ark’ and wyrhta, ‘a maker of arks, chests, etc.’.

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: Thomas Attenerlette 1276 MELS (Sx); Philip atte Arlette, Robert aten Erlette 1296 SRSx. A metathesized form of OE *alrett, *elrett, ‘alder-grove’. v. ALDRITT.

The dictionary 89

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: (i) William de Arle 1275, Thomas de Arleye 1332 SRWo. From Arley (Ch, La, Wo), or Areley Kings (Wo). (ii) Thomas de Erlyde 1332 SRSt. Arley (St), Erlide 1221.

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: Geoffrey Herlol 1193 P (Nf); Ralph le Harlot 1246 AssLa; John le Harlet 1276 RH (C);

Muriel Arlot 1279 RH (C). OFr herlot, harlot, arlot ‘lad, young fellow’, found in English as a masculine noun in the 13th century in the sense ‘vagabond, beggar, rogue’ (c1230 MED). It was used by Chaucer both as a term of derision ‘ye false harlot’, and also playfully for a good fellow, ‘he was a gentil harlot and a kynde’. In the 14th century it was used of an itinerant jester, buffoon or juggler, and also of a male servant, attendant, menial. The modern sense is not found before the 15th century.

A dictionary of english surnames 90

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: David de A Armen teriis 1169 P (St); Henry de Armentiers 1204 FFSt; John de Armenters 1298 LLB A, Darmenters 1299 LLB C. From Armentières (Nord).

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: Ermyn Donetoun 1327 SRC; Hervicus Ermin 1279 RH (O); Thomas Armyn 1481 FrY.

Ermin, a hypocoristic of names in Ermen-, Ermin-, such as OG Ermenald, Ermingaud.

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: Laurence del Armetsted 1379 PTY; William Armistead 1642 PrGR. ‘Dweller by or at the hermitage,’ OFr ermite, and OE stede ‘place’.

A dictionary of english surnames 92

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: v. HERMITAOE Arnald, Arnall, Arnatt, Arnaud, Arnell, Arnhold, Amold, Arnoll, Arnot, Arnott, Arnould, Amout, Arnull, Harnett, Harnott : (i) Ernold, Rogerus filius Ernaldi 1066 DB; Arnoldus, Hernaldus de Bolonia 1212 RBE; Puntius Arnaldi 1196 P (D); William Arnold 1277 FFSf; John Arnoud 1279 RH (C). OFr Arnaut, Ernaut, Hernaut, from OG Arnald, Arnold, Arnolt ‘eagle-power’. (ii) Richard de Ærnhale 1191 P (Y), from Arnold (ERYorks); Roger de Arnhal’ 1212 Fees (Nt), from Arnold (Notts).

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: Erniet, Ernet 1066 DB; Ærnyeth Hachchebuters 1185 P (Gl); Arnet le Mercer 1279 RH (O); John, Lecia Arnet 1279 RH (C). OE Earngeat (m), or OE (f).

A dictionary of english surnames 94

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: Ernui, Emeuui, Arnui 1066 DB; Ernwi, c1 150 DC (Nt); Arnwi Hy 2 ib. (L); Peter Ernewy 1243 AssSo; Richard Arnwy c1272 HPD (Ess); Hugo Emawey, Walter Ernowey 1279 RH (Bk). OE Earnwīg ‘eagle-warrior’.

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: John de Aroz 1296; Adam de Airwis 1328; Adam de la Arus 1333; John Arres 1525 Black. Probably, as suggested by Black, from Airhouse in Channelkirk (Berwicks), Aras 1655, Arreis 1630.

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: (i) Simon de Araz 1202 P (L); Robert de Arras 1281 LLB A. From Arras (France). (ii) Hugo de Erghes 1347 FrY; John Aras 1421 FrY. From Arras (ERYorks), Herges 1156.





For Aries, cf. ‘One bede coveringe of aries (i.e. arras) worke’ 1562 Bardsley.

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: Ralph de Arnregg 1296 SRSx; William a Rygge 1525 SRSx. From Eridge (Sx), but the second form may be for atte Rigge ‘dweller by the Ridge’. RIDGE.

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: Roger le Aruesmuth 1278 AssSt; William le Arwesmyth 1324 FFEss; Richard Arsmith Eliz Bardsley. OE arwe ‘arrow’ and smith. A smith who makes arrows, especially iron arrow-heads (1278 MED). Harrismith and Harrowsmith are rare but exist side by side with Arrowsmith in Yorks and Lancs.

The dictionary 97

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: (i) William de Ardescote 1255 RH (Sa). From Arscott (Salop). (ii) John Aryscote, Adescote, Addyscote, Adescote or Addyscoote 1513 LP (D); John Arscot 1523 ib. From Addyscote in South Tawton (Devon), Arscott alias Addiscott 1656, with a surname Atherscote in 1297 (PN D 448). (iii) William de Hassecote 1201 Pl (Co); Alnet Arscot 1642 PrD. From Arscott in Ashwater or Arscott in Holsworthy (Devon).

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: Erturus 1130 P (Ha); Henricus filius Arturi, Artur 1187 P, 1212 Cur (Cu); Ærturus 1192 P (Y); Normannus filius Arcturi 1196 P (Y); Geoffrey Artur 1135 Oseney (O);

Robertus Arcturi 1197 P (He); Adam Arthur 1246 AssLa. The DB forms Artor, Azer, Azor, given by ODCN, are wrongly assigned. They are for ON Arnþórr, ODa Azur respectively. Artur(us) 1086 DB (Ess, Wo) is probably for Arthur, the well-known Celtic name, of disputed etymology.

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: v. ARKWRIGHT Arundale, Arundel, Arundell, Arondel, Arrandale, Arrundale, Arndell The dictionary 99 : (i) Rogerius Arundel, Harundel 1086 DB (Do, So); Robert, Roger Arundel 1130, 1159 P (Do, So); Osbert Arundel, Harundel 1154 Riev (Y). (ii) Roger de Arundelle 1148 Eynsham (O); Thomas Arundel (de Arundel) 1178 P (Y); John de Arundel c1198 Bart (Lo); Roger Arundel (de Arundet) 1204 AssY; Nicholas (de) Arundel, Roger de Arundel 1225, 1268 AssSo; Robert Arundel, Robert de Arundell 1327, 1332 SRSx; Richard Arrandell, Arrendale 1631, 1638 RothwellPR (Y). The most usual source of these surnames must be Arundel (Sussex), Harundel 1086 DB, Arundell’ 1087 France, Arndle 1788, locally pronounced Arndell. The earliest bearer of the name, Roger Arundel, the Domesday tenant-in-chief, has left his name in Sampford Arundel (Som) which he held in 1086. His byname cannot derive from the Sussex place but must be a nickname from OFr arondel ‘little swallow’. So, too, with Osbert Arundel. Though they were, presumably, the respective ancestors of the Somerset and Yorkshire families, the later de introduced into their name suggests a Sussex origin. The problem is further complicated by the fact that Arundel itself early lost its initial H, whilst the nickname equally early acquired an inorganic initial H. The influence of Arundel with its castle was probably too strong for the nickname, the meaning of which was soon forgotten.

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: v. ASHCROFT Ash, Ashe, Asch, Asche, Dash, Daish, Daysh, Nash, Rasch, Rash, Tasch, Tash, Esh, Tesche, Tesh, Aish, Aysh, Naish, Nayshe : Richard del Eshe 1221 AssWo; Ralph de Asche 1296 SRSx; Alice aten Eysse ib.;

William atte Nasche ib.; John ater Aysse ib.; Henry Aten Assche 1301 MELS (Wo);

Richard Dasche, de Ayssh 1320 LLB E, 1327 LoPleas; Roger ate Assh 1327 SRSx; Alan Tassh 1327 SRSf; John atte Naysshe 1349 LLB F; William Rash 1381 SRSf; William Teshe 1599 FrY. From a place called Ash or Nash or ‘dweller by the ash-tree’ (OE æsc).

The dictionary 101 v. Introd., p. xiv and NESS. Dash retains the French de.

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: William de Asseberia 1190 P (Berks); Godfrey de Asseberge 1221 AssWo; Thomas de Asshebury 1349 FFY. From Ashbury (Berks, D), Ashborough in Bromsgrove (Wo), or Ashberry Hill in Old Byland (NRY).

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: Robert Archpoole 1523 RochW (K); Edward Archepoll, Archepole 1591,1595 ChwWo;

Nicholas Archepoll, Archebold 1591, 1593 ib. Ashbolt is probably a corruption of Archbolt, i.e. Archibald, through Archpoll, which also became Ashpole.

Ashborn, Ashbourn, Ashbourne, Ashburn : Robert de Assheboume 1311 LLB D; John de Ascheburn 1349 FrY; Henry Assheburn 1469 FFEss. From Ashbourne (Db), Ashburnham (Sx), Esseborne DB, or Ashburton (D), Æscburnan 1008.

A dictionary of english surnames 102

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: Robert, William le Askebrenner 1278 AssLa, 1308 Wak (Y); Robert Askbrinner 1332 SRCu; Thomas Asbomer 1332 SRSx; Edward Ascheburner 1532 FrY. ON aska ‘ashes’ plus a derivative of ON brenna or OE brinnan ‘to burn’, ‘a burner of ashes’ or maker of potash from the ashes of wood, bushes, straw, etc. In Sussex we have the native OE æsc plus a derivative of OE beornan, which had replaced the Scandinavian word in York by the 16th century.

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: Robert de Aschebi 1200 Pl (Nf); Alexander de Assheby 1309–10 FFWa; Richard Assheby 1332 SRSx; William Ashbee 1633, Eashbee 1637, Eshbee 1639 LeiAS xxiii.

From one or other of the many places of this name, or from Asby (Cumb, Westmorland).

The dictionary 103

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: John de Essedon’ 1294 KB (O); John de Asshesdoune 1327 SRSx; Thomas Asshedon 1363 FFEss. From Ashdown (Berks), Ashdon (Ess), or Ashdown Forest (Sx).

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: Thomas Aisher 1641 PrSo. Probably ‘dweller by the ash-tree’, from a derivative of OE æsc ‘ash-tree’. v. also ASSER.

A dictionary of english surnames 104

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: v. ASKIN Ashkettle The dictionary 105 : Asketillus de Kedham 1101–25 Holme (Nf); Aschetillus Bardel 1158 P (Ess); Robert Asketill’ 1200 P (Ha): Alexander Asketell’ 1205 Cur (Nf); Sarah Ashkettle 1785 SfPR.

ON Ásketill, common before the Conquest and found in DB as Aschil. It survives as ASKELL. Ash- is a late dialectal development. v. also AXTELL.

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: Assemanus 1066 DB (Sf); Asseman, Asman 13th Rams (Hu); Robert Asheman 1275 RH (Sf); Roger Asman 1279 RH (C); John Essheman 1317 AssK. OE Æscmann, perhaps an original byname from OE æscmann ‘shipman, sailor, pirate’. As the surname is found at Gorleston and in Rochford Hundred (Essex), it may sometimes be an occupation-name.

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: John de Essheton 1306 IpmY; John de Ashtone 1323, 1326 CorNth; Thomas Assheton 1431 FFEss. From one or other of the many places of this name, or from Aston (Glos, Hereford, Salop).

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: William Ashwyne 1332 SRSr. OE Æscwine ‘ash-, spear-friend’, the name of a King of Wessex (674–6). It was not common in OE but clearly survived the Conquest.

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: Aschil, Osketel, Anschil 1066 DB; Robertus filius Askel 1180 P (Y); Alanus filius Askil 1186–1211 BuryS (Nf); Astillus 1202 AssL; Ricardus filius Eskill’ 1219 AssY; William Astil 1227 AssBeds; Thomas Askil c1248 Bec (O); Robert Astel 1260 AssC; Hugo Astyl pro Asketyl Ed 1 Battle (Sx). ON Askell, ODa Eskil, OSw Æskil, a contracted form of A dictionary of english surnames 108 Ásketill (v. ASHKETTLE), common both before and after the Conquest. The name was also popular in Normandy in the forms Anschetill and Anketill (v. ANKETELL) and elsewhere in northern France as Anquetin and Asketin (v. ASKIN). The various forms are often used of the same man in England. In the Whitby cartulary Aschetillus de Houkesgard (c1155) is also called Aschetinus (c1145), Astillus (c1170) and Astinus (12th). In DC (Lei), in the late 12th century, Anketinus persona de Prestwalda appears also as Asketinus filius Hugonis de Prestewalda and as Anketillus de Prestwalda. cf. also Aschetillus, Ancatillus, Anquetlllus Malore(i) Hy 2 DC (Lei). The name is found in Scotland as MACASGILL and in the Isle of Man as CASTELL. v. alSo AXCELL.

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: William de Aykescoghe 1366 SRLa; Robert Ascowe 1390 LLB H; Simon Ascogh 1488 FrY; John Ascow, William Askew 1488 GildY; Richard Askoo 1533 FrY; Amy Askie 1618 Bardsley; William Ayscough 1675 FrY; John Ashkey 1674 HTSf. From Aiskew (NRYorks).

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: v. ASKAM Askin, Askins, Astin, Astins, Ashken, Haskin, Haskins, Hasking, Haskings, Hastin, Hastins The dictionary 109 : Asketinus filius Od 1163 DC (L); Robertus filius Astin 1219 AssY; Hastinus caretarius 1223 Pat (Y); John Astin 1230 P (D); Hugh Astyn 1297 AssY; John Asketyn, William Hastin 1317 AssK; John Haskyn 1524 SRSf; John Askin 1674 HTSf. A Norman form of ON Ásketill. v. ASHKETTLE, ASKELL.

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: Rogerus filius Aselot’ Ric 1 Cur (L); Johannes filius Ascelot 1221 Cur (O); Hugh Asselote 1327 SRSf; William Asselot 1327 SRSx. OFr Ascelot (m), a double diminutive of OG Azo. v. ACE and ASLIN.

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