«P.H.REANEY Litt.D., Ph.D., F.S.A. Third edition with corrections and additions by R.M.WILSON M.A. LONDON AND NEW YORK First published as A Dictionary ...»
: Ascelinus de Wudecroft 1162 P (Nth); Acelina de Stanfelde 1195 P (Nf); Wzherus filius Aceltni, Ascelini 1206 Cur (Nth); Ascelina 1214 Cur (Mx); Henricus Ascelinus 1204 P (W); Nicholaus Asceline 1255 Rams (Hu); Richard Asselyn 1279 RH (Bk); Henry Asshelyn 1374 LLB G. OFr Acelin, Ascelin (m), from OG Azilin, a double diminutive of Azo. cf. ASLET. There was also a feminine A(s)celine. The surname survives in Ashlyns and Ashlings in High Ongar which occur as Astelyns 1456–9, Astlynge 1568 (PN Ess 72).
: Geoffrey de Asphal 1275 RH (Sf); Alan Aspal 1320, John de Aspale 1330 LLB E. From Aspall (Sf), Aspal (La), or ‘dweller by the land overgrown with aspens’, OE æspe, healh, or ‘dweller on aspen hill’, OE æspe, hyll.
: Outi filius Azer, Ulf filius Azor 1066 DB (L, Nth); Ascherus 1143–7 DC (L); John ap Asser 1218 Bardsley; John Asser, Richard Aseyr 1249 AssW; John Asser 1331 Rams (Hu); Ralph Asher 1674 HTSf. ON Qzurr, ODa, OSw Azur, Welsh Asser. But some of the forms appear to represent OE ALschere found only once, in Beowulf.
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: Simon de Astell c1225 Lichfleld (St); Richard de Asthul (Astell) 1349 FrY. From Astle (Ches) or from residence near the east hill (OE ēast, hyll). v. also ASKELL.
Hune 1190 P (Y); Lewin Adstan 1221 ElyA (Nf); Thomas Astan 1276 RH (L). Adestan may be from OE Æðelstān. v. ATHELSTAN and ALLSTON. Robertus filius Adestani and Walterus filius Alstan 1206 Cur (Sf), both mentioned in the same document relating to the same parish were both probably sons of Æðelstan. Or we may occasionally have the less common OE Eadstan ‘prosperity-stone’, DB Edstan. The DB Æstanus, Estan may represent either name. (ii) Very often, this surname is local in origin, from one of the numerous places named Aston. cf. Richard de Aston’ 1206 Cur (Gl). (iii) William Stone, Astone 1494, 1500 WBCinque; Thomas A Stone 1525 SRSx; Thomas A Stone, John a stone 1569 Musters (Sr). This is probably for atte stone ‘dweller by the stone’, cf.
AMOORE, AVANN, AGATE.
: William Aster 1275 RH (L); John Aster 1327 SRC; Nicholas Aster 1356 FFEss.
Probably forms of EASTER. Used as a christian name in the 17th century: Aster Foxe 1642 PrD.
: John atte Cliue 1327 SRSo; William Attclyff 1470 Paston; George Atclyff 1496 LLB L.
‘Dweller by the cliff or slope’, OE clif.
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: Adehtanus 1195 P (K); Hugo filius Athelstan, Adelstan’ 1218, 1219 AssL; Herbertus filius Edelstani 1240 Rams (Nf); William Athelston c1198 Bart (Lo); Geoffrey Athelstan 1219 AssL. OE Æðelstān ‘noble stone’. v. ALLSTON and ASTON.
: John atter Smythe (1330 PN D 386) lived at the smithy (OE smiþþe) and was presumably a blacksmith. The surname might also derive from ME at ther smethe ‘dweller at the smooth, level place’ (OE smēðe). cf. William del Smethe 1327 SRSf.
: The obvious derivation of the last two names would be from ME at ther siche ‘dweller by the brook or drain’. As Athersytch is found in Sheffield, where siche occurs as Sykes, all the names are probably dialectal pronunciations of Hathersage, a Derbyshire village some ten miles distant. cf. HATHERSICH.
: Henry de Athertone 1332 SRLa; William de Atherton 1384 IpmLa; Humphrey Addertone alias Athurton 1470 Combermere (Ch). From Atherton (Lancs), Aderton 1212.
: Robert Atte lee 1275 SRWo; John Attele 1276 RH (Berks); William atte Leye 1296 SRSx; Thomas Attlee 1327 Pinchbeck (Sf). ‘Dweller by the wood or clearing’, OE lēah.
: Cecil’ Atemer’ 1279 RH (C); John Atmer 1524 SRSf; Edmund Attmear 1568 SRSf.
‘Dweller by the mere or pool’ (OE mere) or near the boundary (OE (ge) ).
: Robert Attehal’ 1212 Cur (L); William atte Hale 1235 Ass (Ess). ‘Dweller by a nook or in a remote valley’ in the South and Midlands, or by flat, alluvial land near a river in the North (OE healh). v. HALE.
: John ate Wey 1279 RH (C). ‘Dweller by the road’ (OE weg) or at a place called Atteweye, the name in 1306 of Way in Thorverton (Devon), or at Atway (Devon). v. PN D 573,468.
: v. ATTWELL Attenbarrow, Attenborough, Attenborrow, Attenbrough, Attenbrow, Attenburrow : These surnames can hardly derive from Attenborough (Notts), earlier Adinburcha, which was not a village in the Middle Ages, the name being that of a church only. They are probably all from ME atten plus the dative of OE bearu ‘a grove’ or beorg ‘hill, mound’. The second element was, as often, changed to borough through association with burh. Hence ‘dweller by the grove, hill or mound’.
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: Thomas Attere 1272 PN C 15; Walter at Reghe 1287 PN Sr 330; Thomas Atry 1320 FFHu; Matthew atte Ry 1389 PN Ess 387; Richard Atre 1545 SxWills. ‘Dweller by the stream (OE ēa) or low-lying land (OE ēg).’ v. REA. Also ‘dweller by the enclosure’ (OE (ge)hæg), Simon ater Hegh 1296 SRSx; or ‘by the tree’ (OE trēo), John A’Tree 1558 SxWills. v. TREE.
: John at Ride (1446) and Henry at Ryde (1524) took their name from a clearing (OE *rīed, ), but Thomas at Ride (1524) and John Attryde (1588) owed theirs to a streamlet (OE rīþ, rīðe). v. PN Sr 242, 148.
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: Walter atter Hille 1330 PN D 477; John at Ryll 1524 ib. 562. ‘Dweller by the hill’, a not uncommon Devon development, surviving in place-names as both Rill and Rull.
: Hugo de la Truwe 1250 Fees (So); Agnes atte Trewe 1333 PN D 595. ‘Dweller by the tree’, OE trēow. v. TRUE. Also from OE ræw ‘row, hedgerow’, used also of a row of houses, a street or hamlet: Maurice atte Rewe 1333 PN D 464.
: Gilbert Attewell 1274 RH (Ess); Richard atte Wille 1333 PN D 450. ‘Dweller by the stream or spring’, OE wiella. Atwill is a Devon and Somerset form, Attwool a Dorset one.
: John atte Tye 1327 SR (Ess); Thomas Attye 1568 SRSf. ‘Dweller by the enclosure, close or common pasture’, OE tēag. Also from OE (ge)hæg ‘enclosure’: Geoffrey Atteheg 1327 SRDb.
: A Huguenot name from a family from Metz (Lorraine). On the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes the original emigrant fled to Switzerland, and his great-grandson came to England c1767. The name is a diminutive of Aubert, the popular form of Albert.
: (i) Walterus filius Alberici, Albrici, Alberi 1086 DB (Sf); Albricus de Capella 1214 Cur (C); Aubri Bunt 1279 RH (C); John Aubri ib.; Robert Aubri 1308 FFSf; Adam Albry 1327 SRSf; Geoffrey Aubry 1380 AssC. OFr Aubri, Auberi, OG Albericus ‘elf-ruler’. (ii) Osbertus filius Alberade 1115 Winton (Ha); Albreda 1198 Cur (Herts), 1205 Cur (Wa);
Ricardus filius Albrei 1199 FrLeic; Aubreda 1219 AssY; Albreda, Albree de Jarpenvill’ 1221 Cur (Bk); Johannes filius Aubre 1279 RH (O); Albray, Aubray 1379 PTY; John Atbre 1243 AssSo; Robert Aubrey 1279 RH (Bk); William Aubray 1324 Wak (Y); John Aubery, Awberry, Aubry 1460 Bardsley (Nf). OFr Albree, Aubree, Auberee, OG Alb(e) rada ‘elf-counsel’ (f).
: Aldreda 1066 DB (Nf), 1219 AssY; Robert Audrey 1279 RH (O). The DB personalname may be for OE or all feminine. Of these the most common was the second, ‘noble strength’, popular through the reputation of St. Etheldreda, Queen of Northumbria and foundress of the convent at Ely. This became Audrey and is found in the 14th century in Essex and Suffolk as Etheldreda (1304 AD i (Ess), 1381 SRSf).
: Augustinus cantor 1153–68 Holme (Nf); Nicholas Augustin 1275 SRWo. Lat Augustinus, from augustus ‘venerable’. The christian name is very common, usually in the Latin form, but as a surname is rare, both in ME and today. The medieval surname is common in the vernacular form Austin. v. AUSTEN.
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Austen, Austin, Austing, Austins, Auston : Austinus de Bernardeston 1224 FFSf; Austinus de Beston’ 1230 P (Nf); Ostin atte Putte 1327 SRSo; Henry Austin, Edith Austines 1275 SRWo; Avice Augstyn (Austynes) 1327 SR (Ess). OFr Aoustin, the vernacular form of Augustine. v. AUGUSTIN.
: Auti, Alti, Outi 1066 DB; Outi de Lincol’ 1166 P(Nf); Walterus filius Aulti 1177 P (L);
Willelmus filius Auti 1200 P (Y); John Oty 1251 Rams (Hu); John Awty 1524 AD vi (Sf).
ODa Auti. Avann: John Avanne 1527 SxWills. ‘Dweller by the fen.’ v. FANN.
: Auel de Wappeham 1176 P (Nth); Peter Auel 1296 SRSx. A diminutive of OG Avo.
Aveley, Avely: William de Auele 1202 P (So). From Aveley (Ess), or Avely Hall (Sf).
: Auelina 1175–86 Holme (Nf), 1327 SRC; Henry Avelin 1279 RH (C); Reginald Auelyn 1296 SRSx. OFr Aveline, OG Avelina (f), a double diminutive of OG Avo.
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: Avenel 1086 DB (Sa), 1166 RBE (Ess); Auenellus 1190 P (Y), 1196 Eynsham (O);
Robert, Paganus Auenel 1139 Templars (O), 1195 P (He). A double diminutive of OG Avo. Both christian name and surname are common. Avent: Avenant de Twipp’ 1204 Cur (D); Osbert, Ralph Auenant 1156–80 Bury (Sf), 1198 FFNf. OFr auenant, pres. part. of avenir ‘to arrive, happen, befit, become’; ‘suitable’ (1300 NED), ‘handsome, comely’ (1340). Used also as a personal-name. Averay, Avery, Avory, Averies: Rogerus filius Alvredi 1166 RBE (Y); Hugo filius Auveray 1275 RH (Nt); Willelmus filius Averay 1275 SRWo; Alvrei venator 1294 Ch (Y); Nicholas Auverey 1273 RH (Wo); William Auure 1275 RH (W); Walter Averay 1275 SRWo; Cust Alvere 1279 RH (C); Edmund Avered 1279 RH (C); Walter Averey 1279 RH (O); Richard Avore 1428 FA (Sx). A French pronunciation of ALFRED.
: Avina 1221 Cur (Nt); Avin’ de Eyton’ 1255 RH (Sa). Avina, wife of Robert de Turuill’ (1221 AssGl) was also called Auicia. Avina is therefore probably a hypocoristic of Avis.
: Auicia c1175–86 Holme (Nf), 12th DC (Nt), 1199 FFEss; Auizia Hy 2 DC (Lei);
Ricardus filius Avice 1332 SRSt; Walter Auices 1186–1210 Holme (Nf); Thomas Avyce 1220 Fees (Berks); Thomas Avis 1524 SRSf; Ralph Avyson 1674 FrY. OFr Avice, sometimes derived from OG Aveza but Michaelsson (ii. 79–82) has shown that it probably derives from Lat Avitia which, with the masculine Avitius, was used in Gaul. cf.
Amis s.n. AMES.
: Roger, Alexander le Avener 1230 P (Ha), 1231 Pat (Lo). OFr avenier, avener ‘oatmerchant’. Used also of the chief officer of the stable who had charge of the provender for the horses (1282 NED).
: John de Eskelby 1327 SRY; Richard Exilby 1490 FrY; Thomas Eshleby 1672 FrY.
From Exelby (NRYorks), a metathesized form of Eskelby. A similar metathesis of the DB Aschilebi would become Axleby. Both surnames might also derive from Asselby (ERYorks) which is found as Askelby 1282, Eskilby 1199 and Axilbye 1551. v. PN ERY 248, PN NRY 226. Axon: Thomas Acson 1561, Thomas Axon 1635, John Ackson 1641 Bardsley (Ch). This might be ‘son of Acke’, OE Acca. But forms are late and we may equally well have a metathesis of Askin, giving Aksin, Akson. v. also AXTEN.
: Elizabeth Axtell, John Axstell, Richard Axtill 1683–90 Bardsley. These forms, though late, are almost certainly from ON Asketill, with loss of the unstressed medial vowel to Asktill, and metathesis to Akstill, Akstell. v. ASHKETTLE.
: Agnes Axton 1524 SRSf, Laurence Axton, Axon 1561 Bardsley. It is impossible to decide whether Axton is from Axon (a metathesis of Askin), with intrusive t, or whether Axon is a simplified form of Axton. An original Axton would be a metathesized form of Ashton. The Northants Ashton is Axton in 1253 (PN Nth 229).
Ayer, Ayers, Ayr, Ayre, Ayres, Ayris, Aiers, Air, Aires, Airs, Aers, Eayrs, Eayres, Eyer, Eyers, Eyre, Eyres, Hair, Haire, Hayer, Heyer, Hoyer : (i) Ralph le Eir 1208 FFEss; Robertus Heres 1220 Cur (C); Robert leyre 1245 FFC;
Richard le Heyer 1274 RH (Gl); Henry Ayer, le Eyer 1275 RH (L, O); Adam le Hayre 1275 Wak (Y); Robert le Heir 1281 Eynsham (O); Robert Air 1281, John Ayr 1296 Black; William Hoyre 1302 SRSf; Francis Eyre alias Eare alias Aire 1724 DKR 41 (Co).
ME eir, eyr, etc., OFr eir, heir, CentFr oir, hoir, AFr heyr, Lat heres ‘heir’ (c1275 NED).
Also leyre is one source of LAYER. (ii) Occasionally we may have a personal name:
Robertus filius Aier 1166 RBE, filius Aer, Aier 1180, 1196 P (Sa), the latter being identical with Robert Aier 1201 P (Sa). cf. Aston Eyre (Salop), held in 1212 by Robert, grandson of Aer, a name which Ekwall suggests may be derived from that of the DB tenant Alcher, i.e. OE Ealhhere. v. ALGER. v. also HAIR. (iii) Reginald of Ayr 1287 Black (Ayr); Albinus de Are 1315–21 ib. From the royal burgh of Ayr.
: Richard le Eyel 1275 SRWo; Ralph Ayl 1279 RH (C); Richard Aylis 1302 FA (St).
Either OE Ægel, found only in place-names, or a nickname from OE egle ‘loathsome, troublesome’.
: Richard de Æilesberia 1188 Eynsham; John de Aylesbury dictus le Tauerner de Oxonis 1307 Balliol. From Aylesbury (Bk).