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«P.H.REANEY Litt.D., Ph.D., F.S.A. Third edition with corrections and additions by R.M.WILSON M.A. LONDON AND NEW YORK First published as A Dictionary ...»

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: v. BAIL Bain, Baine, Baines, Bains, Baynes, Bayns : (i) William Banes 1246 AssLa; Hewerard Ban, Cristiana Bane 1279 RH (C, O); Thomas Baynes 1446 FrY; Alexander Banys 1541 Black; Andrew Baines 1676 ib. OE bān ‘bone’ in the North and in Scotland became ME bān and later bain; in the Midlands and the South it became ME bon, modern bone and survives as BONES. A nickname, probably usually plural. (ii) Richard Beine 1279 RH (C); John Bayne 1301 SRY; William Bayn 1323 AssSt. ME beyn, bayn, ON beinn ‘straight, direct’, also ‘ready to serve, hospitable’.

Always singular. (iii) Thomas Ban 1324 Black (Perth); David Bane or Bayn 1456–60 ib.;

Ewir Bayne alias Quhyte 1623 ib. Gael bàn ‘fair, white’. Always singular. (iv) Serlo Baynes 1219 AssY; John de Bayns 1275 RH (L); Roger Bayns 1277 AssLa; Thomas de Bainnes 1333 FrY. ME bayne, Fr bain ‘bath’. Probably ‘attendant at the public baths’.

The forms without a preposition are too early to be regarded as northern forms of bān ‘bone’.

–  –  –

: Osgode on Badingtune 972 BCS (Nth); Turstan de Baynton’ 1219 AssY; William de Baynton’ 1361 FFWa; William Baynton 1597 SRY. From Bainton (Nth, O, ERY), or Baynton (W).

–  –  –

: William Barnefader 1246 AssLa, 1260 AssY; Henry Bamefathir 1392 Shef (Y); Adam Barnisfader 1502 Black. OE bearn ‘child’ and ƒæder ‘father’. cf. ON barnfaðir ‘a child’s alleged father’, which might well be the direct source of the second form.

–  –  –

: William Basbroun 1332 SRCu; Christopher Baysbrown 1494 FrY; Laurence Besbrowne 1595 LaWills; Hugh Bisbrowne 1667 ib. From Baisbrowne (Westmorland).

–  –  –

: (i) Hamelinus de Baalon 1176 P (D); John Balum 1212 Cur (W); Rosa Balam 1275 The dictionary 161 SRWo. From Baalon in Meuse. (ii) John Balam 1568 SRSf; Eliza Baalam 1830 LitWelnethamPR (Sf); Sophia Baylham 1834 ib. From Baylham (Suffolk).

–  –  –

: Williara Balcok 1263 FFL; Henry Balcok 1332 SRWa; Richard Bakock 1440 ShefA.

From Bald, a short form of the common OG Baldwin, or from OE *Beald, plus the diminutive—cock. v. also BAWCOCK.

–  –  –

: (i) Simon le Bald’ 1178 P (Ess); Hugo Catvus 1198 FF (Herts); John Balde 1221 AssWo; William le Ballede c1248 Bec (W). ME ballede, used first of rotundity or corpulence (1287 NED), later, of baldness (c1386 ib.). cf. Madoc le Balled 14th AD vi (Ch), whose seal was inscribed s. MADOCI CAL[VI], and v. BALLARD. (ii) Balde c1150 DC (L), 1191 P (Lo), 1198 P (Beds); Bald’filius Bald’ 1199 P (Herts); Boold 1332 SRLa. A short form of the common OG Baldwin or Baldric or of OE *Beald. Balt 1066 DB (Y) may be OE or continental. cf. BALDING. Survives occasionally as BOLD.

–  –  –

: William Baldith 1204 P (Gl); Simon, John Baldy 1274 RH (Sf), 1332 SRSx. OE (f) ‘bold combat’, a woman’s name not recorded before the Conquest but noted once in Baldith uxor c1170 Rams (Hu) and, possibly, in a corrupt form in Baldethiva 13th AD iv The dictionary 163 (Wa). In Suffolk, we may have ON Baldi. In Scotland, Baldie is a pet-form of Archibald or Baldwin and, as a surname, late: Thomas Baldy 1540 Black.

–  –  –

: Hugh de Baldoca 1185 Templars (Beds); Thomas Baldac c1280 SRWo; Robert Baldec 1331 IpmW; William Baldocke 1460 IpmNt. From Baldock (Herts), a town founded in the 12th century by the Knights Templar, and given the name of Baghdad in its OFr form.

–  –  –

: Joscius filius Balding’ Ric 1 Cur (L); Gilebertus. filius Balding 1212 Cur (L); William, Joan Bolding 1255 RH (Sa), 1327 SRSf; Alice, John Baldyng 1327 SRSx; Robert Beldyng 1332 SRSx. OE *Bealding, a derivative of Beald, not recorded before the Conquest. In 1674 HTSf Anthony Baldin and Bartholomew Baldinge occur side by side with Baldwin, so that Balding is sometimes a late development of Baldwin. A possible earlier example is Alexander Baldyne 1251 Rams (Hu).

Baldree, Baldrey, Baldry, Baldrick, Baudrey, Baudry, Baldery, Boldero, Bolderoe, Boldra, Boldry : Baldric 1066, 1086 DB; Baldricus 1127–54 Holme (Nf); Baldri de Grendal Hy 2 DC (L); Baudricus de Lawdecote 1208 Cur (Sr); William Baldri 1185 Templars (Herts);

Aluredus Baltriht 1197 P (W); Henry Belrich 1203 P (O); Alexander Baudri 1205 Cur (Sf); Richard Balrich 1238 Oseney (O); Walter Baldrich 1275 SRWo; Robert Baldrik, Henry Baudrik 1327 SR (Ess); Francis Baldry, Boldery, James Baldery 1674 HTSf; Mrs Balderoe, Stephen Bolderowe ib.; Martin Boldroe, Widow Boldery, Boldry ib. OG Baldric ‘bold rule’, common in the French forms Baldri, Baudri. The cognate OE *Bealdrīc is unrecorded but such forms as Belrich, Balrich and Baldrich suggest that it did exist and was used after the Conquest.

A dictionary of english surnames 164

–  –  –

: Baldewinus c1095 Bury (Sf); Randulfus filius Balduini Hy 2 DC (L); Stephen Baldewin 1200 P(Ha); John Baudewin 1260 AssC. OG Baldwin ‘bold friend’, a popular Flemish name, common in England both before and after the Conquest.

–  –  –

: (i) Godwin Balle 1137 ELPN; Norman Balle 1183 P (Nth). Balle is here disyllabic and may be from Balle, an ODa personal-name found in Scandinavian place-names in England and possibly surviving as Balla 1250 Fees (Ha). If a nickname, it might be OFr balle or OE *bealla ‘ball’, or an adjective ball might have developed from ball ‘a bald place’, balle being the weak form. In later examples, balle became monosyllabic and is a form of bal. (ii) Robert, Matilda le Bal 1296, 1327 SRSx. Either ME bal, ball(e) ‘the The dictionary 165 rotund one’ or an adjective ball in the sense ‘bald’ from ball ‘a white streak, a bald place’. v. NED s.v. ball and ELPN 137. (iii) Alfwin’ attebal 1166 P (Nf); Henry atte Balle 1327 SRSo. From residence near a ball, ‘a knoll’, ‘a rounded hill’ (1166 MED). v.





MELS 5–6, PN W 422.

–  –  –

: Roger Balance, Balaunce 1196 FF (Wa), 1221 AssWa. Metonymic for ‘balancer’ from AFr balancer, OFr balancier ‘one who weighs with a balance’. cf. Thomas le Balauncer 1283 LLB A.

–  –  –

: Peter, Adam Ballard 1196 Cur (Nth), 1210 Cur (C). ME ball plus -ard, ‘a bald-headed man’. Where Wyclif has ‘Stye up, ballard!’, Coverdale translates, ‘Come vp here thou balde heade’. cf. Robert Balheved 1316 FFEss, Thomas Balhefd 1402 FA (Sf).

–  –  –

: Alan le Batter 1243 AssSo; Geoffrey Ballar 13th Rams (C). A derivative of ME ball, either ‘maker of balls’ or ‘dweller by a rounded hill’ v. BALL.

–  –  –

: (i) Cristina Balet 1327 SRSo; John Ballett 1641 PrSo. A diminutive of OG Ballo. (ii) Robert Balheved 1316 FFEss; Richard Balleheved 1327 SRSo; Thomas Balhefd 1402 FA (Sf). ‘Round-headed’, OE *beall, hēafod.

–  –  –

: (i) Richard Balli 1176 P (K); Margaret Bally 1314 LLB D. ON Balli, an original nickname from ON ballr ‘dangerous’. (ii) Ralph de Battey 1327 SRSf. Probably for BAILEY.

–  –  –

: Rainald de Balgiole 1086 DB (St); John de Ballio, de Baillio a1187 DC; Ely de Bailleul 1235 FFEss. From Bailleul (Somme), or Bailleul-la-Gouffern (Orne). v. OEByn 70.

The dictionary 167

–  –  –

: Lewin Balloc c1110 Winton (Ha); Simon Ballok 1227 Cur (Sx); William Ballok 1381 AssL. OE Balloc, probably an original nickname from OE bealluc ‘testicle’. cf. Robert Blakehalloc 1243 AssSo ‘black testicle’; Roger Gildynballokes 1316 Wak (Y) ‘golden testicles’.

Ballon, Balon

: Baloun, Balun 1276 RH (Lei); John le Balun 1275 RH (He); John Ballon 1297 MinAcctCo; Thomas le Balon 1327 SRWo; Walter Ballun, Ballom 1296, 1327 SRSx.

OFr Ballon, cas-régime of OG Ballo. The le proves we have also a noun, OFr balon ‘little ball or pack’ (Cotgrave), ‘package’, which may be metonymic for ‘a packer’ or a nickname for a little man of rotund form.

–  –  –

: Pinna de Belesham 1086 InqEl; Margaret de Balsham 1260 AssC; William Balsham 1317 AssK.; Alan Balsam 1523 ArchC 41; John Balson 1642 PrD. From Balsham (C), or Balstone (D).

–  –  –

: Malger de Banburc 1190, de Bamburc’ 1202 P (L); John Bamburgh 1428 FFEss;

William Bamber 1524 SRSf. From Baumber (L). Sometimes, perhaps, from Bamborough (Nb).

–  –  –

: Richard de Bamfeld 1272 PN Herts 56; Thomas Bamfeld 1462, Matthew Bampfeld 1492 FFEss; John Bampfyld 1642 PrD. From Bamville Fm in Wheathampstead (Herts), Bampfylde Lodge in Poltimore (D), or ‘dweller by the bean field’, OE bēan, feld.

A dictionary of english surnames 170 Bamford, Bamforth, Bampford, Bampforth : William, Thomas de Bamford 1228 Cur (Sf), 1312 WhC; Christopher Bamfurth 1539 CorNt. From Bamford (Derby, Lancs).

–  –  –

: Stephen de bancroft 1222 DBStP; John atte Bencrofte 1296 SRSx; Thomas Bancrofte 1481–2 FFWa. From Bancroft in Ardeley (Herts), Bancroft Field in Soham (C), or ‘dweller by the bean field’, OE bēan, croft.

–  –  –

: Walter del Banck’ 1297 SRY; Matthew Banke 1327 SRSf. ‘Dweller by a slope, bank, hillside’ (ME banke). The plural form may conceal an original -hous: William Bankhous 1482 FrY; Robert Bancus 1513 Gild Y.

–  –  –

: Brucstan Banne 1066 Winton (Ha); Richard Banne 1249 AssW; William bann 1327 SRLei. Probably an unrecorded OE *Banna, v. OEByn 150. Sometimes, perhaps, from OFr bane, banne ‘hamper, pannier’, metonymic for a maker of these.

–  –  –

: Turstan, Richard Banastre 1149–53 EngFeud (L), 1186 Eynsham (O); Richard Banester 1459 AD vi (St); John Banyster 1554 FrY. OFr banastre ‘basket’. Metonymic for a The dictionary 173 basket-maker.

–  –  –

: Ralph Baignard, Bangiard, Baniardus 1086 DB (Herts); Robert Baniard, Bainard 1207, 1208 Cur (Nf); William Banyard 1346 FA (Sf). A variant of Baynard, due to the Englishman’s difficulty in pronouncing the French n mouillé. cf. the English onion from the French oignon.

–  –  –

: Barberella c1210 Cur (Nt); Geoffrey Barberell’ 1192 P (K); William Barberel 1225 AssSo. Barbar-el, a diminutive of Barbara. William Barbet 1212 is also called William Barberel 1219 Fees (Berks).

A dictionary of english surnames 174

–  –  –

: Alan, John le Barbur 1221 AssWa, 1248 FFEss; Thomas, Richard le Barber 1281 LLB A, 1298 LoCt; Seykin, Robert le Barbier 1299 LLB C. Barbour is from AFr barbour, OFr barbeor (c1320 NED), Barber from OFr barbier ‘barber’. The barber was formerly a regular practitioner in surgery and dentistry.

–  –  –

: Barbetta 1190, Barbeta 1191 P (K); Barbota (f) 1240 FFEss; William Barbette 1195 P (Berks); Henry Barbot 1206 Cur (L); Richard Barbot 1303 FFY. Barb-et, Barb-ot, diminutives of Barb, a pet-form of Barbara. Occasionally, perhaps, a diminutive of OFr barbe ‘beard’.

Barbon, Barebone

: Robert Barebayn 1301 SRY; Thomas Barbon 1494–5, Wyllyam Barebone 1569 LedburyPR (He). The first example makes it clear that this is a nickname, ‘bare bone’, OE bær, ON beinn/OE bān, presumably for a thin man. Sometimes, perhaps, from Barbourne (We). But the surname is usually Huguenot from a refugee family living at Wandsworth. Praise-God Barebone belonged to this family (Smiles 361).

–  –  –

: Roger de Berchelai, de Berdeia 1086 DB (Gl, So); Henry de Barcley 1327 SRDb;

Helewys’ de Berkele 1327 SRSx. From Berkeley (Glos), Berkley (Som), or Barklye in Heathfield (Sussex). William de Berchelai, Chamberlain of Scotland in 1165, and the Scottish Barclays probably came from Berkeley (Glos).

–  –  –

: (i) Ralph Bard c1155 DC (L); Hugh Bard’ 1219 P (Y); John Barde 1327 SRSo. OFr barde ‘horse armour’. Metonymic for a maker of this. (ii) Simon le Bard 1364 Black.

Gaelic bàrd ‘poet’.

–  –  –

: Aschetill Bardel 1159 P; William Bardell 1327 SRC. Perhaps OFr bardelle ‘packsaddle’, and metonymic for a maker or user of this. But late forms are probably for BARDOLPH.

–  –  –

: (i) Hugh Bardur 1202–3 FFWa; Nicholas le Barder 1328 KentRecs 18; OFr barde ‘armour’, hence a nickname for an armourer. (ii) Herbert Barbe de Auril 1187 P (R);

William Barbe de Or 1230 P (C); Roger Barbeder, William Barbedor 1279 RH (C).

‘Golden beard’, OFr barbe, or. v. also GOLDBARD.

–  –  –

: Bardolfus de Fotipoi 12th DC (Nt); Hugo Bardulfus, Bardol 1142–53 DC (L); Thomas Bardolf 1184 Gilb (L); William Bardoul 1418 DKR 41. OG Bartholf.

–  –  –

: Robert barefot c1160 EngFeud (Nth); Reginald Berfot 1203 P (Cu); John Barfot 1317 AssK. OE bær and fōt ‘with bare feet’, ‘barefooted’, used of friars, pilgrims and those doing penance. cf. Simon Barleg 1297 MinAcctCo, Emeloth Baresanke 1221 ElyA (Nf) ‘bare-legged’.

–  –  –

: Nigel de Bereuile 1086 DB (Bk); Robert de Bereuili 1204 P (D); Philip de Bardefeld 1275 SRWo; Simon de Berdefeld 1312 LLB D. The first two examples are perhaps from Berville-la-Champagne (Eure), but there are six Bervilles in Normandy, three in Eure, two in Seine-Maritime, and one in Calvados. Other possible sources are Barfield Copse in Godalming (Sr), or Bardfield (Ess).

A dictionary of english surnames 180

–  –  –

: Henry de Bereford 1204 P (Gl); William de Berford 1325, John Berford 1419 FrY.

From Barford (Beds, Nf, Nth, O, Sr, W, Wa), or Barforth (NRY).



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