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«P.H.REANEY Litt.D., Ph.D., F.S.A. Third edition with corrections and additions by R.M.WILSON M.A. LONDON AND NEW YORK First published as A Dictionary ...»

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Barthorp, Barthorpe, Bartrap, Bartrip, Bartrop, Bartropp, Bartrup, Bartrupt, Bartup, Bathrup, Barlthrop, Barltrop : William de Baretorp 1200 P (L); William de Barkentorp’ 1219 AssY; Walter Berthrop 1327 SRWo; John, William Baltrip 1341 LLB F, 1351 AssEss; Bartholomew Balthroppe 1586 DenhamPR (Sf); Jonathan Barthrope 1673 Shef (Y); Hester Bartrap 1687 Bardsley;

Christopher Barthrup 1706 FrY. From Barthorpe Bottoms (ERYorks).

The dictionary 195

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: Bartill Laurenson 1625 Black; Bartholomew Chastiloun and Sarah his wife had a son known as John Bartyll and a daughter known as Alice Busche 1384 Husting; William Bartle 1672 HTY. A shortened form of Bartilmew, i.e. Bartholomew. Sometimes, perhaps, local: John of Bartale 1401 AssLa.

Bartlet, Bartlett, Bartleet, Barttelot, Bertalot : Godricus, Walter Bertelot c1157 Holme (Nf), 1296 SRSx; Thomas Bartelot 1294 FFC, 1327 SRSx; Thomas Bartlot 1379 PTY. Bart-el-ot, Bert-el-ot, double diminutives of Bart-, Bert-, from Bartelmew, Bertelmew (Bartholomew).

A dictionary of english surnames 196

–  –  –

: Francis Bartley 1571 Oxon (So); Richard Barkeley or Bartley 1592 Oxon (Gl); Andrew Bartley 1642 PrD. The forms are late and could be local from Bartley Regis (Ha), Bartley Fm in Wadhurst (Sx), or Bartley Green (Wo). They could also be late forms of BARCLAY, or from BARTHOLOMEW.

–  –  –

: Ælfric at Bertune 1015 OEByn; Paganus de Barton 1163 P; John de Barton’ 1300 FFY;

Thomas Barten, Bartyn 1586, 1609 Shef. From one or other of the many places of this name.

–  –  –

: Bertrannus 1086 DB; Bertram c1150–60 DC (L), identical with Bertrannus a1183 ib.;

William Bertram 1086 DB (Ha); Henry Bertran c1155 DC (L); John Bartram 1278 LLB A; John Bartrem 1332 SRSt; Mariota Berteram 1332 SRSx; Nycolas Bartrum 1524 SRSf; William Battram, George Bartrom, Bateram 1674 HTSf. OFr Bertran(t), OG Bertram, Bertran(d) ‘bright raven’.

–  –  –

: Basilia 1134 40 Holme (Nf), Hy 2 DC (L); Willelmus filius Basilie 1219 AssY; Basill’ Vidua 1296 SRSx; Ralph Basille 1251 Rams (Hu); John Basyly 1252 Rams (Hu); Walter Basely 1275 SRWo; Thomas Bazill 1674 HTSf. OFr Basile, Bazile, Basyle, Basille (f), from Lat Basilia, feminine of Basilius, from Greek βaσíλεioς ‘kingly’. The English form was Basil or Bassilly. The masculine Basilis found occasionally: Ricardus filius Basilii The dictionary 199 1252 Rams (Hu).

–  –  –

: (i) Besing c1150–60 DC (L); Basing de Blaikemare c1200 DC (L); Robert filius Basing 1202 AssL. OE Basing. (ii) Cola de Basinga 1066 DB (Ha); John de Basing’ 1200 P (Ha); Henry de Basyng’ 1297 MinAcctCo. From Basing (Ha).

–  –  –

: Henry, Roger Baske 1332 SRSt; 1357 AssSt. ME baisk, bask, ON beiskr ‘bitter, acrid’, ‘ungrateful or irritating to the senses’.

Baskerville, Baskerfield, Basketfield, Baskeyfield, Basterfield, Baskwell, Paskerful, Pasterfield, Pesterfield : Roger de Bascheruilla 1127 AC (Gl); James Baskerfield, Baskervyle 1530 StarChSt.

From Boscherville (Eure).

–  –  –

: (i) William, Henry Basket 1191 P (Sr), 1198 CurR (Ess). ME basket, here used of a basket-maker. cf. BASKETTER. Or used for one who carried the baskettes full of stones to the lime-kiln (Building 151). (ii) Basilia de Besecot’ 1221 AssWa; Adam de Baskote 1373 Oriel (O). From Bascote (Warwicks). (iii) Margeria atte Bascat 1319 SRLo;

Thomas Kent atte Basket beside Billyngesgate 1424 LondEng 184. One who lived or worked at the sign of the Basket. Probably a basketmaker.

–  –  –

: (i) Aelizia Bass’ 1180 P (Wa); Dauid le Bas 1205 P (Gl); Geoffrey Base 1274 RH (L).

OFr bas, basse, ME bass 1393, bace c1440, base 1425 ‘low, of small height’. A man with short legs. cf. BASSETT. (ii) Osbert Bars 1207 P (Gl); Richard le Bars 1327 SRSx.

OE bærs, now bass, a fish; cf. Bace, fysche c1440 PromptParv.

Basset, Bassett

: Ralph Basset 1086 DB (Herts, Beds), 1115 Winton (Ha); Milo Basseth 1139 Templars (O); Philip le Basset 1260 LLB B. OFr basset ‘of low stature’, a diminutive of bas ‘low’;

‘a dwarf or very low man’ (Cotgrave). According to Ordericus Vitalis, Ralph Basset was raised by Henry II from an ignoble stock and from the very dust, ‘de ignobili stirpe ac de pulvere’.

A dictionary of english surnames 202

–  –  –

: Robert Bastard 1086 DB (D); William le Bastard 1201 AssSo. OFr bastard (1297 NED). Not always regarded as a stigma. The Conqueror himself is described as ‘William the Bastard’ in state documents.

–  –  –

: Bastianus a1200 Dublin, 1221 AssWo; Colin Bastin 1225 Pat; John Bastian 1317 AssK.

A pet-form of Sebastian, from Lat Sebastianus ‘man of Sebastia’, a city in Pontus.

–  –  –

: (i) Ernaldus, Richard Bastun 1191 P (Sf), 1203 AssNth; Nicholas Baston 1279 RH (O).

A nickname from OFr bastun ‘a stick’, used as a personal-name in the first element of Bassenthwaite (Cumb). (ii) Turstan de Baston’ 1191 P (L). From Baston (Lincs).





–  –  –

: Basuin 1066 DB; Basewlmis 1203 P (Nth); Richard Baswyn 1160 RegAntiquiss; Robert Basewin 1202 AssL; Osbert Basewine 1208–9 Pleas. OG Basuin. v. Forssner 282.

–  –  –

: (i) Bate 1275, 1286 Wak (Y); Rogerus filius Bate 1327 SRDb; Roger Bate 1275 SRWo;

Richard Bates 1297 MinAcctCo (Y); John Bat, Bate 1394, 1396 LLB H. A pet-form of Bartholomew, found also as Batt. For the variation between Bat and Bate, cf. Add and Ade for Adam, and Pat and Pate for Patrick. (ii) Thomas del Bate 1270 Ipm (Nb);

William of Ye Bate 1297 SRY. This might be OE bāt, Northern ME bat ‘boat’, used for a boatman. More probably we have ON bati ‘dweller by the fat pasture’. v. BATT. It can have no connexion with the common Northern bait ‘food’, etc., which always appears as bayt, beyt.

–  –  –

: Bathemanus de Staunford’ 1222 Cur (R); Bateman le Keu 1267 Pat; Batman d’ Appleton 1313 FrY; Alexander Bateman 1260 AssC; William Batemon 1275 SRWo;

A dictionary of english surnames 206 John Baytman 1553 FrY. Bateman ‘servant of Bartholomew’ is a type of surname formerly common in Yorkshire. cf. ADDYMAN, HARRIMAN, etc. Here it is used early and often as a christian name, perhaps on the analogy of such names of Blæcmann, Dēormann, etc. Pateman was similarly used in Scotland in the 15th century as an alternative for the christian name Paton (Patrick).

Bater

: Edmund, Robert le batur 1199 P (Gl), 1210 P (Ha). OFr bateor ‘one who beats’ has been taken to mean a beater of cloth or fuller, or as a short form of orbatour, a beater of metals. It probably means ‘a coppersmith or dealer in baterie, i.e. beaten copper or brassware’ (LoCt). Stephen le Coperbeter (1286) was identical with Stephen le Batur (1292 LLB A). v. BEATER.

Bateson, Baitson, Batson, Battson, Bason : John Batessone 1327 SRDb; Richard Bateson 1327 Wak (Y); John Battson 1467 GildY;

William Baitson 1662 PrGR. ‘Son of Bate or Batt’. v. also BEATSON.

–  –  –

: Atha ap Aiha, William ap Atha 1327 SRSa; Atha Gogh 1332 Chirk; Jevan ap Atha, ap Adda 1391 ib.; John Bathowe 1537 Morris (Haverfordwest); Jevan ap John ap Gryffyd Batto 1538 Chirk; Humffrey Bathowe, John Batowe 1538 SaAS 3/viii; Richard Bathaw 1574 Bardsley (Ch); William Batha, Adam Batho 1610, 1613 ib.; Elizabeth, Hannah Bather 1683, 1782 ib. Morris (155) gives Batha, Batho, Bather as Shropshire and Cheshire variants of Batha, i.e. ap Atha ‘son of Atha’, probably correctly, since the Welsh personal name was common in Shropshire and Chirkland in the 14th century.

Badder may be from the by-form ap Adda, and the variation in the unstressed final syllable can be paralleled in other names.

–  –  –

: Richard de Batesford 1182–1211 BuryS (Sf); Everard de Bateford’, de Batesford’ 1202 FFSf; John de Batesford 1300 Eynsham. From Batsford (Glos), Batsford in Warbleton (Sussex), or Battisford (Suffolk).

–  –  –

: (i) Reginald, Richard le Bat 1275 RH (Y), 1296 SRSx. A nickname from the bat, a form first found c1575 and replacing an earlier bakke. v. BACK. (ii) William, Herbert Bat 1170-87 ELPN, 1182 P (Sa); Matilda Battes 1279 RH (C); John Bate or Batt 1570 Oxon.

Without the article, the surname is common and may be a nickname ‘the bat’ or a petname of Bartholomew. Both Gascoigne and Gabriel Harvey addressed their friend Bartholomew Withypoll as Batt(e). We have also to take into account the byname of a Winchester monk: Ælfricus qui Bata cognominabatur (c1051 OEByn). This has given rise to various conjectures, none wholly satisfactory. Tengvik suggests a nickname from OE batt ‘a cudgel’, as does Ekwall for the first form above. Tengvik considers the reference is to a person of stout heavy appearance. For the byname Bata Ekwall suggests a personal name OE *Bata which he finds as the first element in Batcombe (Dorset, Som), and other place-names, but, in view of the triple occurrence of Batcombe, he suggests also the possibility of a common noun bata, corresponding to ON bati, OFris bata ‘profit, gain’, in some transferred sense such as ‘fat pasture’ (v. below), or even ‘good husbandman’. With this surname we must also take BATTOCK. This is clearly a diminutive, either OE *Batuc, from *Bata, or a noun *batuc ‘the little good husbandman’. OE *Battoc is the source of Battisborough (Devon). (iii) Walter atte Batte 1327 SRSo. This form seems to confirm Ekwall’s derivation of Batcombe (Som) from a topographical term. ‘Dweller by the fat pasture’.

A dictionary of english surnames 210

–  –  –

: Balin Bythemore, Bathon Mayster 1327 SRSo; Walter Batun 1248 FFEss; Robert Batin 1261 AssSo; William Baton 1275 SRWo; John Batten 1327 SRSt. Diminutives in -in, -un of Bat (Bartholomew).

–  –  –

: William de Bathresby c1170–89 YCh; Roger de Batersby 1401 AssLa; John Badersby 1428, Edmund Batlersby 1501 FrY. From Battersby (NRY), or Battersby Fm in Slaidburn (WRY).

Batterson, Batteson, Battison, Battisson : Andrew Batenson 1561 Bardsley (Du); Abraham Battison 1699 FrY; George Battison alias Pattison, son of John Pattison 1758 FrY. ‘Son of Batten’, later confused with Patterson. Also, no doubt, ‘Son of Batty’.

The dictionary 211

–  –  –

: Hubert Bataile c1140 AD i (Ess); William de la Bataille 1196 Cur (Nth); John de Labatil c1245 Black (Inchaffray); Simon le Batel 1327 SRSx. OFr de la bataile ‘(man) of the battle-array, warrior’.

–  –  –

: Baudechon le Bocher 1274 RH (Lo); Baudechon le Chaucer 1311 LLB B; Robert Baudechum 1249 AssW; John Baudechon 1325 CorLo. OFr Baudechon, a hypocoristic of BALDWIN.

–  –  –

: Madog, Jevan Bach 1391 Chirk: Madog Lloit Bach 1391–3 ib.; Geoffrey Bagh’ 1450 SaG; Rychard Bawgh 1545 SRW. Probably Welsh bach ‘little’.

A dictionary of english surnames 214

–  –  –

: Geoffrey Balcok 1276 RH (Y); Alan Balkok 1279 RH (Hu); Walter Boucok 1297 MinAcctCo; Ibbot Bolkok 1379 PTY; Sara Bawcoke 1627 Bardsley; William Bo(o)cocke 1627, 1641 RothwellPR (Y). Bald, a short form of Baldwin or Baldric (v. BALD, BALDREE) and the diminutive suffix -cock.

–  –  –

: Liueger se Bacestere a1093 OEByn (D); Hanne Bakestre 1260 AssCh; William le Baxtere 1333 FFSf. OE bæcestre, fem. of bæcere ‘baker’. Baxter is found mainly in the Anglian counties and is used chiefly of men. Only two examples have been noted with a woman’s christian name. Fransson found only four.

Bay

: (i) Roberl filius Bay 1275 RH (Y). OE Bēaga (m), Beage (f). (ii) Gilbert le Bay 1317 AssK; Agnes le Bay 1332 SRWa. OFr bai ‘reddish-brown’, of hair or complexion. (iii) John ate Bey 1279 RH (C); Roger Attebege 1327 SRY; William Bay 1373–5 AssL.

‘Dweller at the bend’, OE bēag.

Bayard

: Ralph baird (baiart) 1086 InqEl (Herts); Godfrey Baiart, Baiard 1161–2 P (Y); Simon Bai(h)ard 1203, 1206 Cur (Herts). OFr baiart, baiard ‘bay-coloured’, used generally of a bay horse, but in particular of the bright-bay-coloured magic steed given by Charlemagne to Renaud and hence as a mock-heroic allusive name for any horse. cf. Chaucer’s ‘proud Bayard’. Later, ‘Bayard’ was taken as the type of blindness or blind recklessness. As a surname, this may be used of reddish-brown hair or complexion, but more probably of a proud, haughty or reckless disposition. cf. ‘ blustered as blynde as bayard’ (c1325 NED); ‘But as Bayard the blinde stede …He goth there no man will him bidde’ (1393 ib.). The surname may also be occupational in origin, from OFr bayard, baiart ‘a handbarrow used for heavy loads’ (1642 NED), used by metonymy for OFr, AFr baïardeur ‘a mason’s labourer’. NED doubts the use of this in England. Bayardours, however, is found in 1359 (Building 439) and baiard ‘hand-barrow’ in 1278 (ib. 243). In the Vale Royal accounts of 1278 the bayarders or bairdores are defined as ‘men carrying with barrows large stones to be carved into the workshop and out’ (Building 353).

Bayer, Beyer



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