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«P.H.REANEY Litt.D., Ph.D., F.S.A. Third edition with corrections and additions by R.M.WILSON M.A. LONDON AND NEW YORK First published as A Dictionary ...»

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: (i) Blackstan 1086 DB (Ess); William Blacston’, Blakeston’, Blackstan 1235–42 Fees (Bk). OE Blæcstān ‘black stone’. (ii) Philip Atteblakeston’ 1275 SRWo; William de Blakstan 1316 FFK. ‘Dweller by the black stone’ as at Blackstone Edge (Lancs) or Blaxton (WRYorks).

–  –  –

: Simon atte Blakestrode 1296 MELS (Sx). ‘Dweller by the black marshy land’, OE blæc, strōd.

A dictionary of english surnames 318

–  –  –

: About two generations ago, two branches of a family of Greystones (Sheffield) adopted different forms of their surname, originally Blackden: (i) Blagden, (ii) Blacktin.

–  –  –

: Leofric æt Blacewellan 1012 OEByn (Wo); Mauricius de Blacwella 1175 P (Db);

Benedictus de Blakewelle 1243 AssDu; Robert atte Blakewell 1296 SRSx. From Blackwell (Derby, Durham, Worcs) or from residence near a dark well or stream.

The dictionary 319

–  –  –

: Blacchewynus monachus c1125 Bury; Blakewinus de Thornham 1198 FFNf; Henry Blacwin’ 1199 P (Wo); Roger Blakwyne 1327 SREss. From an unrecorded OE *Blæcwine.

–  –  –

: Jacke Blade 1297 Wak (Y); Robert Blades 1460 FrY; James Blaydes 1506 ib.

Metonymic for Blader or Bladesmith. Also topographical in origin, from some unidentified place: Alan, Hugh de Bladis 1230 P (Lei), 1258 AssSt; William de Blades 1301 SRY.

A dictionary of english surnames 320

–  –  –

: Thomas Blages 1286 AssCh; Robert Blage 1500 FFEss; Thomas Blages 1642 PrD.

Possibly, as suggested by Harrison, a voiced form of BLACK. cf. Blagdon (D, Do, So), all meaning ‘black hill’.

–  –  –

: (i) Andrew Blayn, Bleyn 1219 AssY; Nicholas Bleyne 1275 RH (Sf); John Blayne 1507 FFEss. OW Bledgint, Middle Welsh Blethyn. v. PNDB 204. (ii) Hamo del Blein 1219 Cur (K). OE blegen, ME bleyne ‘an inflamatory swelling on the surface of the body’, here in some topographical sense. (iii) Patrick Blane 1561, John Blain 1674 Black. For MacBLAIN.

–  –  –

: Robert Blase 1272 FFY; Robert le Bleys 1297 MinAcctCo; William Blase 1403 TestEbor; John Blaze 1642 PrD. OE blase, blæse, ME blase, blese, bleis ‘a torch, firebrand’. cf. FLAMBARD. v. also BLOIS.

–  –  –

: Thomas de Blakenia 1201 Pleas (Gl); Peter de Blakenheye 1332 SRDo; John Blakeneye 1392 LoCh. From Blakeney (Gl, Nf), or Blackney Fm in Stoke Abbott (Do).

–  –  –

: Nigellus Blanpein 1184 Oseney (O); Henry Blancpain 1191 P (Nth); Thomas Plampeyn 1496 SIA xii; John Plampen 1564 EA (OS) i (Sf); Robert Plampin 1568 SRSf; Thomas Blampyn 1662 DWills. OFr blanc pain ‘white bread’, a niekname for a baker.

–  –  –

: Alexander Blanche 1208 FFL; Matilda Blaunche 1270 FFO; Thomas Blanch 1312 ColchCt; Matilda Blanache 1379 PTY. OFr blanche (f) ‘fair, white’. Used as a personal name in France where it was fairly common.

–  –  –

: Blanchardde Morba 1180 P (D); Rotbertus blancard, Rotbertus quippe blancard 1086 InqEl (Sf); Richard Blanchard’ 1177 P (L); William Blanchart 1198 P (L); Thomas Blansherde 1552 FrY. OFr Blancart, Blanchart, OG Blankard, Blanchard. The 1086 The dictionary 325 example is, however, certainly a nickname, probably identical with Robertus Blancardus (1086 DB, Nf), who is probably identical with Robertus Blundus, Albus, Flavus. OFr blanchart ‘whitish’, probably with reference to the hair. Only one example of the personal name has been noted.

Blanchet, Blanchett, Blanket, Blankett, Branchett

: (i) Robert, John Blanket 1275 SRWo, 1365 LLB G. OFr blankete, ME blankett ‘white or undyed woollen stuff used for clothing’, first recorded in MED c1300, but much older.

cf. ‘ix ulnis de blanchet’ 1182 P. A nickname for a maker or seller of this white cloth. (ii) Jocelin Blancheved 1203 Cur (L). A hybrid from OFr blanc and OE hēafod ‘white head’.

Rare.

–  –  –

: Cecilia Blaunchflur 1228 Cl (He); John Blanchflur’ 1275 SRWo; Jeffrey Branchflower 1654 SfPR. OFr blanche flour’ white, fair flower’, a suitable nickname for a woman.

Applied to a man, it was probably derogatory, fair as a woman, of effeminate appearance.

–  –  –

: William de (sic) Blakestere 1199 AssSt; Richard le Blakestare 1275 SRWo; John Blakestre ib. The feminine form of ME blaker ‘bleacher’, but applied to men. v.

BLACKER, BLATCHER.

–  –  –

: Ælfstanes ðys Blerian 901 BCS 591 (W); Richard Blere 1181 P (Nth); Walter le Bler 1316 IpmGl; William Blere 1450–2 Pleas (K). ME blere ‘bleary-eyed’.

–  –  –

: Alice Bleregh, Blereheye 1276 AssLo; John Blary 1327 SRSo; Siraon Bleri 1375 AssL.

ME bleri ‘bleary-eyed’, but the London example is probably for ME blere and OE ēage ‘eye’, with the same meaning. Bleasby: Alexander de Bleseby c1155 Gilb. From Bleasby (L, Nth).

–  –  –





: Rogert Blenc 1153–68 Holme (Nf); Thomas, Richard Blench 1178 P (Y), 1214 Cur (Ess). OE *blenc ‘a trick, stratagem’ (a1250 NED). Blencowe, Blenko, Blinco, Blincoe, Blincko, Blincow, Blancowe, Blankau, Blanko: Adam de Blencow 1332 SRCu; Thomas Blincoe 1623 ERO. From Blencow (Cumb).

–  –  –

: John Blenkynson 1553 FrY. The etymology of Blenkinsop is obscure. The first element may be a personal name which these names suggest continued in use.

–  –  –

: Alicia Iblessed 1297 MinAcctCo; John le Blessed 1327 SRSt; John le Blest 1332 SRSx;

Thomas Blesset 1380 SRSt. ME iblescede, past participle of OE blētsian ‘to make sacred’, in the sense ‘happy, fortunate’ (c1175 NED). From 1300 onwards the word occurs as blisced, blissed, a form surviving, no doubt in Blissett, which may also derive from a woman’s name: Blissot atte Pole 1327 SRSo. Bletcher: Either for BLATCHER or for BLEACHER, with a shortening of the vowel.

Bletchingdon, Bletchingden, Blissingham : Elizabeth Blechenden, Blissingham, Blisinggum 1727 ER 52. From Bletchingdon (O).

–  –  –

: Michael de Blechelai 1181–2 NLCh; Robert de Blecheleg’ 1254 RH (Sa); Ralph de Blecheleghe 1317 AssK. From Bletchley (Bk, Sa), or Bletchingley in Staplehurst (K), Blecchelegh’ 1334.

Blethyn, Blevin, Blevins, Pleaden, Pleavin, Pleven, Plevin, Plevins The dictionary 333 : Blebgent 1063 ASC D; Bledienus filius Keneweret’ 1173 P (Sa); Madoc son of Bledena 1246 AssLa; Hugh son of Bleuin ib.; Blethin ap Maddoc 1287 AssCh; Robert Blevyn 1275 RH (Nf); Llewellyn ap Bledyn 1313 ParlWrits; William Blethyn 1366 SRLa; Dauid ap Plethyn 1391 Chirk; Hugh Plethen 1524 SRSf; William Plevin 1685 Bardsley (Ch).

OW Bledgint, MW Blethyn. Ap Blethyn was assimilated to ap Plethyn.

–  –  –

: Ralph Bloiet, Blouet, Bloet 1086 DB (Ha, So); Tedbald Blauel 1185 Templars (Herts);

Walter Blohet ib. (So); William le Blut ib. (L); Robert Bluet 1196 Cur (W); Geoffrey le Bleuit 1327 SRC. OFr bleuet, blouet ‘bluish’, a diminutive of bleu ‘blue’.

–  –  –

: Aluin Blic 1185 Templars (Ess); John le Blyk 1249 IpmY; John le Blyke 1327 SRSo;

Richard Blyk 1333 ColchCt. Obviously a nickname, perhaps connected with OE blīcian ‘to shine, gleam, glitter’.

–  –  –

: William Blisse 1240 Rams (Hu); Thomas Blysse 1260 AssY. OE blīðs, ME blisse ‘gladness, joy’. Also occasionally from Blay (Normandy): Hugo de Blez 1275 SRWo. cf.

Stoke Bliss (Worcs).

The dictionary 335

–  –  –

: Robert Bloc 1199 Cur (W); Benedict Blok 1327 SRSf. Probably metonymic for blocker.

Henry le Blocker 1212 Cur (Y); Deodatus le Blokkere 1275 RH (Nf); one who blocks, especially in shoemaking and bookbinding.

–  –  –

: Reginald de Blockeleg’ 1221 Cur (Wo); John Blokley 1340–1450 GildC; John Blokle 1364, de Blockeley 1368 LLB G. From Blockley (Wo).

A dictionary of english surnames 336

–  –  –

: Tedbalde de Blais 1116, Stephen de Blais 1135 ASC E; Robert de Bloy 1205 Cur (Ess);

Robert de Bleys 1219 Cur (Lei); John Blosse 1327 SRSf; John Bloyce or Blowes 1497 Bardsley (Nf). From Blay (Calvados), or Blois (Loir-et-Cher).

Blomefield, Blomfield, Bloomlield, Blumtield : William de Blunuill’ 1207 Cur (Sf); Thomas de Blumuill’ 1230 P (Nf); John Blumfeilde 1582 EA (NS) i (Nf). From Blonville-sur-Mer (Calvados).

The dictionary 337

–  –  –

: Blumlel 1115 Winton (Ha), c1150 DC (Nt); Waltetus filius Blundelli 1203 Cur (L); John Blundelel 140 StCh; John Blondel 1297 MinAcctCo. OFr blondel, a diminutive of blond ‘fair’, of hair or complexion. cf. BLUNT. Also used as a personal name.

–  –  –

: William, John Blod 1256 AssNb, 1328 LLB E. OE blōd ‘blood’, used as a term of address in Chaucer: ‘Now beth nought wroth, my blode, my nece’; also ‘child, near relative’, ‘one dear as one’s own offspring’. Also metonymic for a blood-letter. Uluric, Walter Blodletere c1095 Bury (Sf), 1221 ElyA (Nf), OE or for blooder. Adara Blodyr 1441 GildY, from ME blōden ‘to let blood’. In Ireland, for ab Lloyd ‘son of Lloyd’.

–  –  –

: William Blomere 1202 P (Db); Robert le Blomere 1279 AssSt. A derivative of OE blōma ‘an ingot of iron’, hence ‘maker of blooms, iron-worker’.

–  –  –

: Walter Blosme 1195 P (Wa); Peter Blostme 1297 MinAcctCo. OE blōstm(a), blōsma ‘blossom’, used in the 15th century of one lovely and full of promise.

–  –  –

: William le Blowerre 1199 P (Sr), Blouer 1219 AssY; Lucia Blowere 1317 AssK;

Reginald le Blawere 1327 SR (Ess). OE blāwere ‘blower’ of the horn or bellows. cf.

Gilbert Blouhorn 1275 RH (L).

–  –  –

: Rodbertus Blon, Blondus, Blundus 1086 DB; Robert se Blund c1100–30 OEByn (D);

Ralph le Blund Hy 2 DC (Lei); John le blunt c1194 StCh; Hamelin Blund 1201 AssSo;

Richard le Blount 1279 RH (O). OFr blund, blond (Lat blondus) ‘blond, fair, yellowhaired’, used also of complexion (1481 NED). cf. BLONDEL and Joce Blonthefed 1195 P (L) ‘fair head’. In DB, Robert Blundus is also called Albus, ftauus and blancard.

–  –  –

: (i) William de Blida 1177 P (Ess); Gilbert de Blie 1200 P (Nt). From Blyth (Northumb, Notts) or Blythe (Warwicks). Bly is due to Anglo-Norman loss of th. (ii) Blide 1101–7 Holme (Nf); Willelmus filius Blie 1188 P (La); Blithe de Ryseford 1276 RH (Y); Robert Blithe 1221 ElyA (Nf); John Blythe 1296 SRSx. Either a nickname from OE blīðe ‘gentle, merry’ or from an unrecorded personal name, OE *Blīoa, derived from this. The adjective is found as bliht and bligh in the 13th century(NED).

–  –  –

: Æilmar Bar c1095 Bury (Sf); Godwin bar 1148 Winton (Ha); Walter Bor 1255 Rams (Hu); Robert le Bor 1287 Ipm (Bk); John le Boor 1312 AD iv (D). OE bār ‘boar’.

A dictionary of english surnames 344

–  –  –

: Thomas le Border 1201 AssSo; Robert le Bordere 1296 SRSx. Bardsley and Thuresson derive this from OFr bordier ‘bordar, cottager’, a word found only in the medieval Latin form bordarius in DB and, as an English word, only in modern historians (1776 NED).

The surname may be a derivative of OE bord’board, plank,? table’, ME *border ‘maker of boards or tables’. cf. Robert Bordmakere 1356 LLB G, William le Bordhewere 1327 MESO, Richard Bordwreghte 1332 SRSx. Or it may be from ME bourd(e)our, AFr bourd(e)our, OFr bordeor ‘a jester, joker, buffoon’ (1330 NED), though we should have expected some examples of bourder. cf. Bordyoure, or pleyare. Lusor, joculator c1440 PromptParv (bordere 1499).

–  –  –

: Walter Bost 1279 RH (O); Walterus dictus Bost c1300 Balliol (O); Ralph Boste 1327 SRSf; Walter Boost 1327 SRSx. ME bōst ‘vaunt, brag, “tall talk”; vain-glory’.

–  –  –

: Wicing Batswegen 1050–71 OEByn (D); Peter Botsweyn, le Botsweyn 1327, 1332 SR (Ess). Late OE bātswegen, from ON bátsveinn ‘boatman’ (1450 NED). Used also as a personal name: Batsuen 1055 DB (Sa), Walterus filius Batsuein 1190 P (L).

–  –  –

: Alice, William atte Bote 1327, 1332 SRSx. Richard Beselin atte Bote MELS (Sx) had to ‘ferry the Bishop and his carriages and all the men in his service and all avers coming from Busshopestone Manor’, thus owing his attribute to the services due from his holding. The surname might also be occupational, ‘boatman’, ‘ferryman’.

–  –  –

: Hugh de Botendune c1160–7 RegAntiquiss; Robert de Botenden’ 1202 AssNth; Adam de Bodington 1291 AssSt. From Boddington (Gl), Botingtune DB, or Boddington (Nth), Botendone DB.

–  –  –

: Boda 1066, 1086 DB (Ha); Bode 1066 ib. (W); Hugo filius Bode 12th Raras (Nf);

Walter Bode 1220 Fees (Berks); Robert Bode 1221 ElyA (Nf); William le Bode 1296 SRSx. OE boda ‘herald, messenger’. Also used as a personal name (Redin).

–  –  –

: Andrew le Bodere 1296 SRSx; Bartholomew Bodyr 1327 SRC. OE bodere ‘announcer, messenger’. Ralph le Bodere 1212 Fees (Ess) is called le Criur 1227 ib. cf. CRIER.

–  –  –



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