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«P.H.REANEY Litt.D., Ph.D., F.S.A. Third edition with corrections and additions by R.M.WILSON M.A. LONDON AND NEW YORK First published as A Dictionary ...»

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: Joane Botfishe, John Botefyshe, Alice Bootefishe 1523–41 ArchC 41. ME butte (c1300 MED), cognate with Sw butta ‘turbot’, Du bot ‘flounder’, flatfish, as sole, fluke, plaice, turbot, etc. cf. But, fysche, Pecten PromptParv, Butte fysshe, plye Palsgrave. It would appear that butfish was used as a generic term and the surname probably denotes a seller of flatfish. cf. butt-woman ‘a fish-wife’ 1620 NED.

–  –  –

: Bodin 1066 DB (St); Bodin prior de Parco, prior Boydin de Parco Hy 2 DC (L); Bodinus or Boydinus 1156–80 Bury (Sf); Turstan, Robert Bodin 12th DC (L), 1200 P (O);

Mainard Boidin 1208 Cur (Sx); John Boydon 1401 FrY. OFr *Bodin, OG Baudin.

The dictionary 349

–  –  –

: Robert Bodekin 1274 FFO; Robert Bodekyn 1297 MinAcctCo; Peter Bodekyn 1331 AssSt. ME bodkin, bodekin ‘a short pointed weapon or dagger’. Metonymic for a maker or seller of these. Badkin may also be a variant of Batkin, a diminutive of Bat, a pet-form of Bartholomew. cf. John Badekyn 1312, Batekyn 1327 PN K 492.

–  –  –

: Ralph, Thomas Bodeman 13th Guisb, 1316 Wak (Y). OE boda ‘messenger’ or OE (ge) bod ‘message’ and mann. ‘Servant of the messenger’ or equivalent to BODER.

–  –  –

: Hugh Body 1219 AssY; Richard Body 1277 FFEss; Roger Body 1340 AssSt. A nickname from OE bodig ‘trunk, frame, bodily presence’. cf. GOODBODY, TRUEBODY.

–  –  –

: Robert le Buef 1169 P (L); Walter Beof, le Boef, le Bof 1219 Cur (K). OFr boef ‘bullock’, a nickname for a big, powerful man, a great lubberly fellow.

–  –  –

: (i) Giles Bog 1327 SR (Ess); Robert Bogge 1504 FrY. Probably early examples of bog, adj., ‘bold, proud, saucy’ (1592 NED). (ii) John atte Bogge 1327 SRSo. ‘Dweller by the bog’ (a1450 MED).

The dictionary 351

–  –  –

: Elyas, John Bogeys 1260 AssY, 1327 SR (Ess); John Bogays 1301 SRY, 1327 SRSf;

William Bogace 1309 Wak (Y); William Bogges 1327 SRSf; Richard Bogas 1366 FrY.

ME bogeys ‘inclined to bluster or brag, puffed up, bold’; cf. ‘bogeysliche as a boy’ a1375 MED.

–  –  –

: Reginald Bulax 1202 FFNf; John Bolax 1296 SRSx; William Bolasse 1379 PTY, Bulasse 1418 IpmY. ON bol-oPx ‘poleaxe’. Probably metonymic for a butcher. cf. John Handax 1327 SRY; Euerard Brodax 1197 P (Y) ‘broad axe’; William Brokax’ 1226 Cur (Sx) ‘broken axe’.

–  –  –

: (i) Richard Bolde 1206 P (La); Henry Bolde, le Bolde 1317 AssK, 1327 SRSx; William Boulde 1428 FrY; Robert Bowde 1563 FrY. ME bold, OE bald (WS beald) ‘stoutA dictionary of english surnames 352 hearted, courageous’. v. also BALD. (ii) Heremer de la Bolde 1176 P (St); Geoffrey de Bold 1199 AssSt; Herbert de la Boude 1200 Cur (Sa); Robert Attebolde 1332 SRSt. OE bold ‘dwelling-house’. From Bold (Lancs), The Bold (Salop), or local. ‘At the house’ is not particularly distinctive. It might refer to residence at a small farm or to employment at the manor-house.

–  –  –

: William de Bulingbroc 1170–8 P (L); John de Bolingbrok 1275 RH (Y); John Bullyngbroke 1476 IpmNt; William Bolyngbroke 1503 CorNt. From Bolingbroke (L).

–  –  –

: John de Bolland 1237 HPD; John de Boughland 1351 FrY; William de Bowland 1370 FrY; John Bolland 1482 FFEss. From Bolland (Devon), Bowland (Lancs, WRYorks), or Bowlands (ERYorks).

–  –  –

: (i) Robert de Bolling c1246 Calv (Y); Thomas Bollyng 1459 Kirk; John Bowlinge 1662, Ann Bowlin 1737 Calv (Y). From Bowling (WRY). (ii) William bolling 1189 Sol; Robert Bolling 1264 Eynsham, 1273 RH (So). A nickname, either from ME bolling ‘pollard’, v.

POLLARD, or from ME bolling ‘excessive drinking’.

–  –  –

: Adam de Bolesouer 1202 AssL; Nicholas de Bolisouere c1250 Glapwell (Db); John de Bollesore 1384 FrY. From Bolsover (Db). Bolt, Bolte, Boult: Godinc Bolt 1066 ICC (C);

Walter, Roger Bolt 1202 Cur (Sr), c1248 Bec (W). OE bolt, ‘bolt, bar’. For the first example, Tengvik compares the ON nickname Boltr, which might have been applied to a short, heavy person. Later instances are probably metonymic for BOLTER, a maker of bolts. cf. John Boltsmith 1346 MESO.

–  –  –

: Roger le Buleter, le Buletor, le Bolter 1246, 1248, 1253 Oseney (O); Roger le Boletere 1261 Oriel (O); Geoffrey le Bolter 1276 RH (Berks). OFr buleteor ‘a sifter of meal’.

Bolter, which is the most common form, is probably often a derivative of OE bolt, ‘a maker of bolts’. cf. BOLT.

–  –  –

: Robert de Boulton’ a1191 YCh; Thomas de Bolton 1262–3 FFWa; Robert Bolton 1371 AssL. From one or other of the many places of this name, or from Boulton (Derby).

Boltwood, Boultwood, Boughtwood, Boutwood : Adam Bolthod 1265–72 RegAntiquiss; Robert Bolthoud’ 1332 SRDo; John Bolthood 1430 FFEss. OE bolt ‘a roll of woven fabric’, often apparently a fabric suitable for sifting, and OE hōd ‘hood’. Presumably for the wearer of a hood made from this particular kind of cloth.





–  –  –

: William Bonaylay c1570 Black; Robert Bonalay 1637 ib.; David Bonallo 1818 ib.

Black derives these surnames from Bonaly (Midlothian) or a lost Banaley (Fife). They are probably a Scottish equivalent of the English Drinkale, from MScots bonalai, bonnaillie, from Fr bon ‘good’ and atter ‘to go, going’, ‘good speed, farewell!’ as in ‘to drink one’s bonallie’ (c1470 NED).

–  –  –

: Emma Boneauenture c1215 Clerkenwell; John Bonauenture 1316 AssNth; John Bonaunter 1406–7 Hylle. Fr bon aventure ‘good fortune’, a phrase name. used as a christian name in the 17th century: Bonaventure Cowle 1642 PrD.

–  –  –

: Stephen Bonecristien 1200 Cur, Bonecristian 1209–10 FFSr. ‘Good Christian’, OFr bon, crestien. cf. Nequam Christianum 1206 Cur ‘hardly Christian’; Mal Christien 1206 Cur (L) ‘bad Christian’.

–  –  –

: Philip Boncherche 1327 SRSx; John Bonechurche 1363 IpmGl. From Bonchurch (Wt).

Bond, Bondi, Bonds, Bondy, Bound, Bounds, Boundy, Bunday, Bundey, Bundy : Bonde, Bondi, Bunde, Bundi 1086 DB; Albertus filius Bund’, Bonde 1199, 1202 FFNf;

Norman le Bonde 1180 P (Wa); William Bonde 1185 Templars (Wa); Robert Bunde 1198 P (Beds); Henry le Bounde 1297 MinAcctCo (Herts). le Bonde is clearly from OE bōnda, būnda, ON bónde, bóndi ‘husbandman, peasant, churl’, later ‘unfree tenant, serf. The simple Bonde may be from the same source or from ON Bondi, ODa Bondi, Bundi, OSw Bonde.

–  –  –

: Edward le Bon 1204 Cur (O); Rocelin le Bun 1255 RH (W); Walter le Bone 1296 SRSx;

Thomas Bonne 1379 LLB H. OFr bon ‘good’. For Bone, v. also BOON.

–  –  –

: Bonhom Luscus 1177 P (Lei); Bonhom fullo 1219 AssY; Randulfus bonus homo 1148 Winton (Ha); Nigel Bonhume 1247 AssBeds; William Bonum (Bonhom) 1327 SR (Ess).

OFr bon homme ‘good man’. cf. GODMAN. This may also occasionally be local in origin: William de Bonham 1225, 1269 AssSo.

Boniface, Bonifas, Bonniface

: Bonefacius uinitor 1193 P (Y); Bonifacius 1208 Cur (Ha); Tomas Boniface 1190 P (Y);

Alis Boneface 1200 P (Ha). Contrary to the common opinion, this name derives not from Latin bonifacius ‘well-doer’, but from bonifatius, from bonum ‘good’ and fatum ‘fate’.

The change to Bonifadus was due to the pronunciation and from this was deduced a false etymology. Bonifatius is frequent on Latin inscriptions. Bonifacius is found only twice and these late (Thesaurus). In Latin the name was given chiefly to ecclesiastics, rarely to men of the lower orders. In ME the form was Boniface, but the name was never very popular in England, though it had enough vitality to produce a surname.

Bonifant, Bonafont, Bullivant A dictionary of english surnames 364 : William Bonenfant, Bonenfand 1207–8 Cur (O); Henry Bonefant 1279 RH (Bk); John Bon Effaunt 1332 SRSx; Roger Bonyfaunt 1472 LLB L; Henry Bolyvaunt 1524 SRSf;

William Bonyvant 1540 RochW; Elizabeth Bullivant 1707 SfPR. Fr bon enƒant, identical in meaning with GOODCHILD.

–  –  –

: John Boneyre 13th Rams (Hu); Thomas Boner 1281 Black (Aberdeen); Walter Boneyre 1297 FFEss; Robert Boner 1332 SRSx; Alexander Bonour 1413 FrY; William Bonare, Bonere, Bonour 1451–3 Black (St Andrews); Walter Bonnar 1527 ib. ME boner(e), bonour, OFr bonnaire ‘gentle, courteous’, shortened from debonnaire (c1300 MED).

–  –  –

: (i) Roger de Boninton 1222–3 FFK; John de Bonnington 1353 IpmNt; John Bonyngton 1393 CtH. From Bonnington (K). (ii) William de Bondington 1258 (Glasgow), Andrew de Bonynton 1442 (Linlithgow) Black. From Bonnytoun (West Lothian), or Bonnington, formerly Bondington, (Peebles).

–  –  –

: William Bonuaslet 1086 DB (Bk); Nigel Bonvalet 1199 Cur; Wiliam Bonvadlet 1232 Pat (L); John Bounvallet 1327 SRSo. OFr bon, vaslet/valet ‘good servant’.

–  –  –

: Walter Bonwyk, William de Bonwyk 1296, 1332 SRSx; John de Bonnewyk’ 1363 AssY.

From Bonwick (ERYorks). Walter probably gave his name to Bonwicks Place in Ifield (Sussex).

–  –  –

: Robert, John atte Bothele 1327 MELS (So), 1330 PN D 484. From Buddle Oak in Halse (Som), Buddle in Fordingbridge (Hants), Buddle in Niton (Isle of Wight) or Budleigh in Moretonhampstead (Devon), all from OE *bōðl, cognate with OE botl, bold. cf. BOLD.

*bōðl ‘dwelling-house’ probably denoted a homestead of some size.

–  –  –

: (i) William le Bocer 1255 RH (Sa), 1296 SRSx; John Boker 1275 RH (Nf). OE bōcere ‘writer of books, scribe’. (ii) Robert le Bukere 1229 FFsx; William le Buker 1246 AssLa;

Elias le Boukere 1296 SRSx. A derivative of ME bouken ‘to steep in lye, to bleach’ (1377 NED), a bleacher.

–  –  –

: Hunfridus de Bohum 1086 DB (Nf); Wnfridus de Bowhun 1120–3 EngFeud; William de Boun 1119 Colch (Ess); Matildis de Bohun Hy 2 DC (L); John de Bown 1275 RH (Sx).

Reginald Boon’ 1279 RH (C). From Bohon (La Manche). Bohun’s Hall (Essex) is Boneshall 1540, Bowneshall 1604 (PN Ess 305) and is now pronounced Boon’s Hall.

–  –  –

: Gilbert Bothe, del Both’ 1274, 1297 Wak (Y); John de la Bouthe 1287 AssCh; William atte Bothe 1297 Coram (Nf). ME bōþ(e), from ODa both ‘cow-house, herdsman’s hut’.

An occupational name for a cowman or herdsman, identical with BOOTHMAN.

–  –  –

: cf. Boose’s Green in Colne Engaine (Ess), Robert, John de Burser, Bousser 1285, 1303, Burghcher 1349; Bourchier’s alias Bouchier’s Hall in Aldham (Ess), John de Bourchier 1311; Bouchier’s Grange in Great Coggeshall (Ess), John de Bousser 1326; Bouchiers Chapel in Tollesbury (Ess), John de Bousser 1328; Bourchier’s Hall in Messing (Ess), John de Busser 1309; Boarstye Fm and Bowser’s Hall in Rivenhall (Ess), Robert de Bouser, Boussier, Bourchier 1327, 1339. Perhaps ‘dweller in the place planted with bushes’, Fr bussière.

–  –  –

: Maurice de Borham 1192 P (Ess); Adam de Borham 1249 AssW; John Boram 1429 AssLo; Daniel Borham, Henry Borum 1674 HTSf. From Boreham (Ess), Boreham Wood in Elstree (Herts), Boreham Street in Wartling (Sx), or Boreham in Warminster (W).

–  –  –

: Robert Burguignon 1160 P; John (le) Burguinun 1173 P (Lo); John le Burguinn 1214 P (Mx); John le Burgenun 1259 Acc; John Burgoynoun 1330 Trentham (St). OFr Bourguignon, Bourgoin ‘the Burgundian’. v. BURGOIN.

–  –  –

: Henry Borrich 1327 SRSo; Hugh Borage 1546 FFEss; Walter Borrage 1642 PrD.

Perhaps OFr bourgage ‘a freehold property in a town’, for the holder of such a property.

cf. Borrage Green in Ripon (WRY). It could also be a plant-name from OFr bourage ‘borage’.

–  –  –

: John Burgman de Eboraco 1219 AssY; William Burman (Burghman) 1221 AssGl;

Robert le Borekman 1279 RH (Bk); John Burgman, Burkman 1281, c1284 NottBR;

Geoffrey Borughman 1309 ib.; Thomas Burghman 1314 FFK; William Borovman 1437 A dictionary of english surnames 376 Black (Montrose); Alexander Burowman 1468 ib. (Edinburgh); Lokky Barrowman 1570 ib. (Aberdeen). OE burhmann ‘townsman, citizen, burgess’, in some Yorkshire boroughs ‘a burgage tenant’. Both meanings are found in Scotland. Black explains Barrowtnan, also found as Barraman, as ‘one who helps to carry a handbarrow’, but, apart from his first example which is found as Baroumane and Borrowman in two different MSS, his earliest evidence is in 1570, whilst the first example in NED is c1675. There can be no doubt that this is a late variant of Burowman. v. also BOWERMAN. Borshell: Walter de Borselle 1296 SRSx. From Boarzell in Ticehurst (Sussex).

–  –  –

: John and David Bosanquet of Lunel in Languedoc came to England as Huguenot refugees in 1685. Their surname is probably the Languedoc Bouzanguet ‘dwarf’.

–  –  –

: Bosse filius Edrici 1196 P (Sx); Radulfs filius Bosse 1210 P (Nf); Hugo, Walter, William Bosse 1179 P (C), 1191 P (Y), 1227 AssBeds. A common surname in the 12th and 13th centuries, with more than one origin. The personal name is OG Boso ‘wicked’, Fr Bos, Boson. (ii) A nickname from ME boce, bos, OFr boce ‘protuberance, swelling’;



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