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«P.H.REANEY Litt.D., Ph.D., F.S.A. Third edition with corrections and additions by R.M.WILSON M.A. LONDON AND NEW YORK First published as A Dictionary ...»

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William Boyer 1279 RH (Hu); Henry le Bowyere 1296 FFSf. ME bowyere ‘maker of or trader in bows’ (c1300 MED), from OE boga ‘a bow’. v. BOWER. Box: (i) Adam Box 1276 LLB A, 1317 AssK; John Box 1327 SRC. OE box ‘box-tree’, ‘box-wood’ was used in ME of colour, or of teeth yellow as box, and associated with jaundice. (ii) From Box (Glos), William Box 1181 P (Gl); Box Hall (Herts), Alan de Boxe 1198 P (Herts); or Box (Wilts), Ebrard de La Boxe 1182 P (W). Or from residence near a box-tree: Thomas atteboxe 1263 PN Sr 270.

–  –  –

: John de Bokeselle 1296, John Boxole, Vmfrid Boxholt 1525 SRSx. From Bugsell Fm in Salehurst (Sx), Bokeselle c1260, or a lost Boxholte in Kirdford (Sx).

–  –  –

: (i) John Boyde 1301 SRY. Gael, Ir buidhe ‘yellow’. The Manx name is from Mac Giolla Buidhe ‘the yellow-haired youth’s son’: Conn Mac Gillabhuidhe 1100, McOboy,

McBooy 1511, Boid 1617 Moore. (ii) In Scotland and Ireland, from Bute (Gael Bod):

Robert de Boyd 1205 Black; Walter de Boht c1272 ib.

–  –  –

: Hugh de Boldel c1200 WhC; William Boydeli 1382 AssL; Laurence Boydell 1401 AssLa. From an unidentified place of this name, probably in Lancashire.

–  –  –

: (i) Nicholas del Bois 1201 P (L); Thomas Boys 1296 SRSx; Roger du Boys 1327 SRSf;

John Boyse 1396 FrY. Fr bois ‘wood’; equivalent to atte Wode. v. WOOD. (ii) Godui Boie filius c1095 Bury (Sf); Stephanus filius Boie 1202 P (Nth); Aluuinus Boi 1066 DB (Sr); William Boie 1166 P (Nf); Ivo le Boye 1232 Pat (L). The personal-name may be OG Boio or OE *Boia, derived from the ancestor of boy which is not recorded before 1300.

This is common in place-names and is probably of native origin. In ME it meant ‘young man’ or ‘servant’ (c1300 MED). Boie was the name of a ‘border’ 1221–26 AD iv (So).

cf. LADD. It may also have been used as a nickname, ‘knave, rogue, wretch’ c1300 MED.

–  –  –

: (i) Ralph de Boilund 1198 FFNf; John Boilonde 1349 FFW; Robert de Booylond 14th Hylle. From Boyland (Nf), or Boyland in Dunsford (D). (ii) Irish Boylan is from Ó Baoighealldin, the meaning of which is unknown.

–  –  –

: John Boyle 1340–1450 GildC; William Boyle 1378 LoCh; Robert Boyll 1545 SRW.

Perhaps from Boyville, Boeville (Seine-Maritime). In the 17th century used as a christian name: Boyle, Boyell Hall 1642 PrD. In Scotland from Boyle (Ayr, Wigtown). It is also a common Irish name, the derivation of which is uncertain. v. MacLysaght.

A dictionary of english surnames 404

–  –  –

: Walter de Bouyngton 1210–26 YCh; Ernulf de Boynton 1243 FFK; William Bointon 1365 IpmW; Thomas Boynton 1408 FrY. From Boynton (ERY), Bovintone DB, Bovington Court in Swingfield (K), Bointon 1207, or Boyton (W), Boynton 1366.

–  –  –

: Richard de Boitona 1198 FFSf; Robert de Boyton 1268 AssSo; Ralph de Boytone 1317 AssK. From Boyton (Co, Ess, Sf), or Boyton Court in East Sutton (K).

–  –  –

: Richard Braban 1260 AssC; Heliseus de Brabayn 1275 RH (L); Raban de Braban 1281 LLB A; John le Braban 1283 LLB A; John Brabon 1296 SRSx; Richard Brabyn 1549 FrY. Flemish Brabant ‘a native of Brabant’ (Flanders), alternating with the name of the The dictionary 405 Duchy.

–  –  –

: Thomas le Brabacum c1200 Gilb (L); Thomas Brabezon 1276 RH (Y); Thomas le Brabazun 1294 AssSt; Roger le Brabanzon 1301 LLB C; Adam Brabson 1381 AssWa;

Geoffrey Brabysson, Brabbesson 1472 NorwW (Sf); Richard Bropson 1531 KentW. AFr Brabanfon ‘a native of Brabant’. cf. BRABAN. In the 13th century, les brabançons were companies of adventurers of various nationalities who devasted several French provinces.

Brabban, Brabben, Brabbins, Brabham : v. BRABAN

–  –  –

: John Brachgyrdyll or Brecchegirdle 1544 Oxon; Roger Brachegirdle or Brasgirdell 1556 ib.; John Bretchgirdle 1561 Pat (Wa); Timothy Brasegirdell 1620 Bardsley; Roger Bracegirdle 1649 ChW. Metonymic for ‘a maker of breech-girdles’, cf. William Brigerdler 1281 LLB B. ME brēc, OFr braie ‘breeches’ and OE gyrdel.

–  –  –

: Peter de la Breche 1221 AssSa; Peter de la Brach 1248–52 AD iii (Sr); Philip atte Breche 1296 SRSx; Rose atte Brache 1309 SRBeds. From residence near a piece of newly cultivated land (OE ), as at Breach in Maulden and Brache in Luton (Beds).

–  –  –

: Ralph, Richard Brachet 1214 Cur (C), 1327 SR (Ess); William Braket 1524 SRSf. OFr brachet, a diminutive of brach, from which braket was also formed. v. BRACK.

–  –  –

: Relicta le Brak 1296 SRSx; William Brak 1327 SRSx; Thomas Brakke, Braxez, Brax 1484, 1496, 1532 FrY. ME braches plur. is probably OFr braches, plur. of brachet. From this plural was apparently educed an English singular brache ‘a hound which hunts by scent’ (c1340 NED). braches occurs as brackes in 1490.

–  –  –

: Ranulph de Brachingberge c1163 Gilb; Jordan de Brakenberge 1202 AssL; Thomas Brakenborgh 1388 PN Mx 35; Jacobus Brakenbury 1478 FrY. From Brackenborough (L), or Brackenbury Fm in Harefield (Mx).





–  –  –

: Nicholas de Bracanrig 1332 SRCu; John Brakanryg, Breckinrig 1454, 1634 Black;

William Braikinrig 1629 ib. ‘Dweller by the bracken-covered ridge.’ There are five places named Brackenrigg in Cumberland and one in Lanarkshire.

–  –  –

: Richard de Brackele 1202 AssNth; Robert de Brackeley 1332 SRSt; Richard Brackley 1672 HTY. From Brackley (Nth), or ‘dweller at the clearing in the bracken’, OE bracu, lēah.

–  –  –

: John de Bradeburn 1275 RH (K); Roger de Bradeburn 1286 AssSt. From Bradbourne (Db), Brabourne (K), or ‘dweller by the broad stream’, OE brād, burna.

–  –  –

: Richard de Bradecote 1275, Thomas Bradecote 1332 SRWo. ‘Dweller by the spacious cottage, or shelter for animals’, OE brād, cot.

A dictionary of english surnames 410

–  –  –

: (i) William de Bradden’ 1297 MinAcctCo, de Braddon 1330 PN D 128; John Braddon 1642 PrD. From Bradden (Nth), or Braddon in Buckland Brewer, in Ashwater (D). (ii) Richard Bradhand 1202 AssL. A nickname, ‘broad hand’, OE brād, hand.

–  –  –

: Matthew, William Braz deƒer 1205 P (Gl), 1230 P (Berks); Matthew Bradefer 1212 Rams (Hu). Fr bras de ƒer ‘Iron arm’. Now largely absorbed by Bradford.

–  –  –

: Richard de Bradefeld 1182–98 BuryS (Sf); William de Bradefeld 1256–7 FFEss;

Thomas Bradfeld 1454 IpmNt. From Bradfield (Berks, Ess, Nf, Sf, WRY).

–  –  –

: Roger Bradeie, Bradege, Brodege 1170, 1184, 1200 Oseney (O); Geoffrey Bradege 1188 P (K); Walter Bradeye 1243 AssDu; Simon Brodhegh 1247 AssBeds; Robert Brody 1275 RH (Nt); William Brodeie 1279 RH (C); Agatha de Brodheghe, Peter Brodeye 1327 A dictionary of english surnames 412 SRSf; Richard Brady 1430 Black (Dundee). Clearly a nickname, ‘broad eye’, OE brād, ēage; also ‘dweller by the broad island’ (OE ēg), or the broad enclosure (OE (ge)hæg).

Bradie is Scottish. cf. BROAD.

–  –  –

: Robert de Bradlawe 1275 RH (Db); Godfrey Bradlaugh alias Jacob, William Jacobo alias Brodleye 1568 SRSf. From Bradley (Derby).

Bradley, Bradly, Bratley, Broadley, Brodley : William de Bradelai 1170 P (L); William Brodelegh 1379 PTY. From Bradley (Lincs, WRYorks, etc.). v. BRADLAUGH.

–  –  –

: Roger atte Brodmed 1327 MELS (So); Richard Bradmead, Thoraas Brodmeade 1642 PrD. ‘Dweller at the broad meadow’, OE brād, cf. William Brodemedowe 1340–1450 GildC; John Bradmedowe 1356 LLB G, with the same meaning.

–  –  –

: Ælfger de Brademere c1095 Bury (Sf); Aluredus de Brademor 1185 Templars (Wa).

From Bradmore (Notts) or residence near a broad lake (OE mere).

The dictionary 413

–  –  –

: William de Bradesaghe 1246 AssLa; Simon de Bradeshaghe 1303 FFY; Roger Bradschawe 1418 IpmNt; Wylliam Bradsha 1554 DbAS xxiv; Robert Bradshey 1646 RothwellPR (Y). From Bradshaw (Derby, Lancs, WRYorks).

–  –  –

: Filbert Bradewei 1212 P (Nth); Jordan de Bradewey 1235–50 Hylle; John Bradeweye 1332 SRWo. From Bradway (Db), or ‘dweller by the broad road’, OE brād, weg.

–  –  –

: Walter Bragge 1243 AssSo; Henry Brag 1260 AssC, 1275 RH (W). ME brag(ge) ‘brisk, lively, mettlesome’ (c1325 MED).

Braham, Brahame, Braime, Brame, Bramham, Bramman, Brayham, Bream, Breem : Eustace de Braham 1189–99 Colch (Ess); Matthew de Bramham, de Braham 1219 AssY; Agnes de Brame 1379 PTY; Elizabetha Bramam 1628 RothwellPR (Y). From Bramham (WRYorks), Braham (ib.), Bram DB, Braham 1242 Fees, Braham Fm in Ely (C) or, occasionally, from Brantham (Suffolk), Braham 1200 Cur et freq. Braham Hall (Essex) is Braham 1314, Brames 1429, Bream 1777, and Bream’s Fm (Essex) is Braham 1314, Braeme 1540, Breame’sfarm 1680 (PN Ess 333, 257). For the development, cf.

GRAHAM.

Braid. Braide, Bread

: (i) Henry de Brade 12th Black; Helen Braid 1638 ib. From Braid Hills near Edinburgh.

In Fife and Perthshire, this is now Bread. (ii) Geoffrey Braid’ 1198 FFNf; William Breyd 1275 RH (L). These forms are too early to be regarded as forms of BRADE ‘broad’. We must have OE brægd ‘a sudden jerk’, used in 1530 for ‘a plait, braid’, a sense which must have developed much earlier as in the verb. Metonymic for BRADER.

A dictionary of english surnames 416

–  –  –

: Roger le Braeler 1275 RH (Lo); William le Braeler 1281 LLB B; Stephen le Brayeler 1311 LLB D. A derivative of OFr braiel ‘a belt, girdle’, for a maker of these.

–  –  –

: Ketell’ Brain 1166 P (Nf); Walter Brayn 1275 SRWo; John Braine 1379 PTY; Thomas Brayne 1462, David Brane 1477 Black. Perhaps a nickname from ME brain ‘furious, mad’. In Scotland for MACBRAYNE.

–  –  –

: Robert Braynwod 1327 SREss; John Braynwode 1345 PN Ess 235; John Braynwode 1488 FFEss. ME brainwod ‘frenzied, mad’.

A dictionary of english surnames 418

–  –  –

: Adam de Braythewell’ 1379 PTY; John Braythewelle 1401 IpmY. From Braithwell (WRY).

Braithewaite, Braitbwaite, Breathwaite : Reginald de Braidewad 1185 P (Y); Adam de Braythwayt 1301 SRY; Peter Braytwayt 1364 AssY; Robert Braithwaite 1642 PrD. From Braithwaite (Cumb, ER, NR, WRYorks).

–  –  –

: David de Brakefeld 1275 RH (Nf). ‘Dweller by the bracken-covered open land’, ME brake, corresponding to the northern bracken.

The dictionary 419

–  –  –

: v. BREAKSPEAR Bramah, Bramald, Bramall, Bramalt, Brameld, Bramhall, Brammall, Brammer : Robert de Bramhal’ 1221 AssWo; Thomas Bramall, Brammall 1543, 1566 ShefA.

‘Dweller by the broom-covered nook’, OE brōm, shortened to bram, and healh, as at Bramhall (Ches). In Sheffield, where there is a Bramall Lane, Bramah, Bramall and Brammer are common.

–  –  –

: Thomas Brembel 1296 SRSx; Mabel Bremeles 1327 SRSo; Henry Bremble 1641 PrSo.

cf. John le Brembestere 1297 MinAcctCo. The regular absence of any preposition suggests that this is probably a nickname for someone as prickly as a bramble, OE rather than for ‘dweller among the brambles’.

–  –  –

: Hermer de Branton’ 1198 FFNf; Michael de Brampton 1275 RH (Y); Thomas Brampton 1476 Paston. From Brampton (Cu, Db, He, Hu, L, Nf, Nth, Sf, We, WRY).

–  –  –

: Hugh Branche 1169–87 P (Sf); William Branche 1238 AssSo; Peter Braunche 1331 ChertseyCt (Sr). OFr branche, braunche ‘branch’, probably in the sense ‘descendant, offspring’.

A dictionary of english surnames 422

–  –  –

: Brand 1193 P (Lo); Jacobus filius Brand 1206 AssL; William Brant 1086 DB (Nf);

Ralph Brand 1184 P (Lo); Hamo Brand, Brant, Braund 1203–P, StP (Lo), 1219 Cur (Beds); Richard Brawne 1661 Bardsley. ON Brandr, ODa Brand, ‘fire-brand, sword’, found also in Normandy.

–  –  –

: Osbert de Braneforda 1175 P (St); Hubert de Branford 1200 P (Nf); Henry de Branford 1230 P (Mx). From Bramford (Sf), Branfort DB, or Brampford Speke (D), Branford DB.

–  –  –

: Brangwayna 1250 FFSf; Adam Brangwyne 1283 SRSf; Robert Brangwayn 1300 LoCt.

Welsh Branwen, Brangwain (f), from bran ‘raven’ and (g)wen ‘fair’. Branwen, daughter of Llyr, is one of the legendary heroines of Wales. In the Tristan legend Brangwain the Fair was the handmaid and companion of Queen Isolde.

–  –  –

: Bran 1154–86 Black (Galloway); Philip Bran 1275 RH (Sf); William Bran 1275 SRWo, 1629 Black. Gael, Ir, Welsh bran ‘raven’. The name was also used in Brittany, hence, probably, the Suffolk surname.

–  –  –

: Walter de Brandesby 1296 Riev; William Braunceby 1369 LLB G; William Brandesby 1410 GildY. From Bransby (L), or Brandsby (NRY).

A dictionary of english surnames 424

–  –  –

: Gilbert de Branteston’ 1200 P (Sf); Haim de Branzton’ 1202 FFL; Helte de Brandeston’ 1210 P (Sf); Richard de Braunteston’ 1221 AssSa (St); Robert Braunston, William Branston, Adam Branson, Roger Bramston 1568 SRSf. From Branston (Leics, Lincs, Staffs), Brandeston (Suffolk), Brandiston (Norfolk), or Braunston (Leics, Northants). v.

also BRIMSON.

–  –  –



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