«P.H.REANEY Litt.D., Ph.D., F.S.A. Third edition with corrections and additions by R.M.WILSON M.A. LONDON AND NEW YORK First published as A Dictionary ...»
John Brother 1272 AD i (Mx); Nicholas le Bruthre 1279 AssSo; Adam (le) Brother 1280 ib.; John Brothers 1621 Bardsley. ON Bróðir, ODa Brothir or OE brōðor ‘brother’, used in ME of a kinsman (1382) and a fellow-member of a guild or corporation (1362).
: Daniel de Burg’ 1219 AssY; William de Bruggh 1275 RH (Nf); Arthur Browghe 1567 Bardsley. From Brough (Derby, Notts, Westmorland, ERYorks, NRYorks), all ancient camps (OE burg), usually Roman, and pronounced Bruffor Broof.
: Brun, Brunus 1066 DB; Bmn 1185 Templars (Wa); Conan filius Brun 1209 AssL;
Richard Brun, le Brun le mercer 1111–38, c1 140 ELPN; William le Brun 1169 P (Nth);
William Brun 1182–1205 BuryS (Sf); Hugh Bron 1274 RH (Sa); Agnes Broun 1296 SRSx; John le Browne 1318 FFC. Occasionally we may have a personal name, OE Brun or, possibly, ON Brúnn, but neither was common after the Conquest. Usually we have a nickname, OE brūn, or, perhaps occasionally, OFr brun ‘brown’, of hair or complexion.
Brownbfll, Brumell, Brummell, Brumhill : Adam Brownbyll 1401 AssLa; Elizabeth Browmbell 1561, Joane Brownbell 1565, Nicholas Brombill 1608 Bardsley. ‘Brown bill’, i.e. chopper, axe, OE brūn, bill. Used also of a long-bladed slashing weapon. Metonymic for a maker or user of this.
: Alan de Brunhale 1275 RH (L); William de Bronehill 1329 YDeeds I; Adam Bronhulle 1441, Nicholas Brownell 1566 ShefA. ‘Dweller by the brown hill or corner of land’, OE brūn, hyll/healh.
: Richard Brunote, Brounnhote (Brounote) 1310 LLB D, 1327 SR (Ess); Robert Brunet, John Brownet 1674 HTSf. Brun-ot, Brun-et, diminutives of OFr brun ‘brown’.
: Warin Brunftet 1289 FFSf; Roger Brounflete 1379 PTY; Thomas Brounflete 1426–7 FFWa. ‘Dweller by the brown stream, estuary, or inlet’, OE brūn, flēot.
: Bruning’de Cestretona 1086 InqEl (C); Robertus filius Bruning 1203 AssSt; Brunyng Dypres, Brounyng, Otelond 1296, 1327 SRSx; Hugo, Robert Bruning’ 1198, 1199 P (Nf, Sf); William Brouning 1291 FFC; Richard Brownyng 1522 FrY. OE Brūning, a derivative of Brun, not uncommon after the Conquest, surviving in use until the 14th century.
: John Browneion 1349 ERO. ‘Brown John’. cf. Brun Edrith (i.e. Edrich) 1255 RH (Sa), Adam Brounadam 1329 ColchCt, and v. DUNBABIN, HORRABIN.
Brownlea, Brownlee, Brownlees, Brownless, Brownley, Brownlie, Brounlie, Brunlees : Robert de Brownlegh 1310 AssSt; Cuthbert Brownles 1485 FrY; Wedow Brounlees 1563 Black; John Brownelesse 1636 FrY. From Brownlee (Ayr, Lanark), or ‘dweller at the brown clearing’, OE brūn, lēah.
: Alexander, Robert Brunenote 1279–94 RamsCt (Hu). ‘Brown as a nut’, OE brūn, hnutu.
cf. NUTBROWN, and John Beribroun 1505–6 FFWa ‘brown as a berry’.
: Brunesune 1066 DB (K); Alric Brunesune 1066 InqEl (C); Alstan Brune sune c1095 Bury (Sf); William Brounsone 1297 MinAcctCo (Y); Arnulph Brounessone 1318 FFEss;
John Brunnisson 1327 SRC; Hugh Brouneson 1327 SRDb. Brune sune is ‘son of OE Brūna or of ON Brúni’, and has probably not contributed to the surname. The InqEl form is OE *Brūnsunu ‘brown son’, a personal name not recorded before the Conquest and rare thereafter. Brounessone is ‘son of Broun’. The later forms with a single s may be from the personal name but more probably mean ‘son of a man named Brown’.
: William Brounesword 1662 PrGR; Joyce Brownsward 1673 ER 54. Probably late forms of Brownsworth from Brownswolds in Congleton (Ch). cf. Thomas Brownsworth 1593 PN Ch ii 297.
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: Robert de Bruis 1086 DB (Y), 1185 Templars (L); Robert de Brus c1110 Whitby (Y), 1152 Clerkenwell (Mx); John de Briwes, de Brues 1225, 1277 AssSo; Richard le Brewys 1275 SRWo; Robert le Brus, Richard de Brus 1274–5 RH (Ess). This is usually derived from Brix (La Manche), a derivation accepted without reserve by the Complete Peerage.
There are certainly some remains of an old castle but no early forms of the place-name have been found. L.C.Loyd cancelled his entry for Brus and discarded the derivation from Brix as the evidence ‘hardly seems sufficient’ (ANF viii). Tengvik called attention to Le Brus (Calvados), early forms of which (Bruis 1177, Bruix 1234) fit in with the DB form, though nothing is known of the early history of the place. The son of the Domesday A dictionary of english surnames 478 baron, a friend of David I, king of Scotland, was granted by him in 1124 the Lordship of Annandale and his second son Robert became the founder of the Scottish house of Bruce.
Later forms of the name have become inextricably confused with BREWIS.
: William Bruin 1209 Pl (Nf); Patrick le Bruin 1269 AssNb; William, Maurice Bruyn 1330 IpmW, 1425 FFEss. The name suggests connexion with Dutch bruin ‘bear’, but it may simply show attempts to indicate the pronunciation of Fr brun ‘brown’.
: Margery le Bruzre 1278–9 CtH; William le Bruser 1332 FFY; John le Brusere 1333 ChertseyCt (Sr). ‘The bruiser, breaker’, from a derivative of OFr bruiser ‘to break’.
: Brumarus, Brumerus 1066 DB (Sf); Ulmerus Brumari filius c1095 Bury (Sf); Robert Brommer 1510 Butley (Sf). OE ‘brown-fame’, of which the above are the only examples known.
: Brungar(us) 1066 DB (Do), 1111–38 ELPN; Brunger atte Yate 1327 SRSo; Thomas, William Brunger 1275 RH (Nf), SRWo; Robert, Simon Brungor 1311 ELPN, 1327 SRSf; William Brunker 1572 PN W 127. OE Brūngār ‘brown spear’. Brunger may be from OG Brunger.
: Brunstanus blachebiert 1066 Winton (Ha); Brunstan(us) c1095, 1121–48 Bury (Sf);
Ralph Brunston 13th Rams (Hu); Roger Brunstan 1230 P (Nf). OE Brūnstān ‘brown stone’, recorded before the Conquest only in the 11th century as the name of a lay brother of Hyde and of a moneyer.
A dictionary of english surnames 484
: Robert de Bruntun c1160–74 YCh; Edmund de Brunton 1234 FFSf; Marke Brunton 1672 HTY. From Brunton (Nb), or from one or other of the places called Brompton. In Scotland from Brunton (Fife).
: Brunwinus, Brunnuinus 1066 DB (Sf); Laurence, Richard Brunwyn 1247 AssBeds, 1276 RH (L); William Brounwyne, Geoffrey Bronwyne 1327 SRSf. OE Brūnwine ‘brown friend’, a late and rare OE name.
: Alice Brusch 1327, John Brosche, Robert Brusshe 1524 SRSf; Richard Brush 1665 FrY. OFr brosse ‘brushwood’, ME brush ‘brush’. Metonymic for a maker of brushes.
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: (i) Mariedoc Bohhan, Lewelin Bochan 1160, 1198 P (Sa). Welsh bychan ‘small’. (ii) Richard de Buchan 1207–8 Black (Aberdeen). From Buchan (Aberdeenshire).
: (i) Godwig se Bucca c1055 OEByn (So); Herbert Bucke 1195 P (Sx); Robert Buc 1200 P (Sf); Walter le Buk 1243 AssSo. A nickname, OE bucca ‘he-goat’, ‘as wild as a buck’, or bucc ‘a male deer’, perhaps denoting speed. The surnames may also be metonymic for longer occupational names: Roger le Bucmanger ‘1221 AssWa, a dealer in bucks or venison; Walter Bucswayn 1327 SRSo, perhaps a goat-herd. (ii) Hugo (del) Buc 1221 ElyA (Nf); Peter atte Buk 1327 SRSf. ‘Dweller by the beech-tree’, OE bōc.
: Geoffrey bucherellus 1130 P (Lo); Richard Bukerelle 1222 FFO; Richard Bokerel 1340 NIWo. cf. Fr Bouquerel which Dauzat explains as a double diminutive of bouc ‘he-goat’, in the sense ‘lecherous, wanton’.
Buckett The dictionary 489 : Ralph Bukat 1275 RH (Herts); Godfrey Bucket 1279 RH (C); John Boket 1327 SRWo.
These forms are too early to be derived from Burchard. They may be identical with Fr Bouquet, Bouquerel, which Dauzat explains as dirninutives of bouc ‘he-goat’ in the sense ‘lecherous, wanton’. Buckerel is also found in England: Gaufridus bucherellus 1130 P (Lo); Andrew Bukerel 1174 ib.; William Bukerel 1276 LLB A; and these London merchants may well have borne occupational-names. ME buk means both ‘he-goat’ and ‘deer’ and both Bukerel and Bucket may be synonymous with Buckskin (v. BUSKENS), a worker or dealer in buck-skin or leather-goods. cf. CHEVERALL.
: Ælfgyð of Boclande c970 BCS (D); Hugh de Boclanda 1169 P (Berks); William de Bocland 1219 FFO; Thomas de Boukeland 1362 IpmW; Richard Buklond 1427–8 FFWa.
From one or other of the many places of this name which, apart from a single example in Lincs, is found only in the south.
: John Bokele 1296 SRSx; Wymark Bokel 1327 SRSf; John Bukle 1524 SRSf. ME bokel ‘buckle’, metonymic for Buckler.
A dictionary of english surnames 490
: Anschetil buclar’ 1148 Winton (Ha); Peter le Bucler 1203 Cur (Y); William Bokeler 1317 AssK. OFr bouclier ‘maker of buckles’. cf. John Bokelsmyth(e) 1384 LLB H.
Perhaps also metonymic for bokeler-player ‘fencer’ (1339 MED). cf. Nicholas Bokelereplayere and Ralph Bokelerpleyer 1379, 1381 AssWa.
: Alan de Buckeleg’ 1235–6 FFWa; William de Bockeleye 1332 SRWa; John Buckley 1545 SRW. A common minor place-name, cf. Buckleigh in Abbotsham (Devon), Buckley Heath (Sussex), Buckley Green (Warwicks), etc.
: (i) Roger Bukkeman 1278 Ewen (Cu). OE bucca ‘goat’ and mann, ‘goat-keeper’. (ii) Alan Bokeman 1279 RH (O); Adam Bocman 1294 AD ii (Sf). OE bōc ‘book’ and mann, ‘a scholar, student’ (1583 NED). Perhaps also ‘a copier of books, a bookbinder’. cf.
William le Bokmakere 1293 MESO (Y).
: Walter de Buketon’ 1206 Cur (Nt); William de Bucton’ 1303 FFY; Peter de Bukton 1340–1450 GildC. From Buckton (He, Nb, WRY).
A dictionary of english surnames 492
: Brihtmerus Budde c1025 OEByn (C); Leofwinus Budda 1135 Oseney (O); Ralph Budde 1170 P (Ha). OE Budda, from OE budda ‘beetle’, is not recorded in independent use after the Conquest, but may have been used. BUDDING may well be an OE derivative ‘son of Budda’ and BUDDY is probably ‘servant of Budda’. We have also Siraon Budecok 1275 RH (Nf) and William Budekin 1279 RH (C), both surnames regularly formed diminutives of a personal name, though -kin is also added to common nouns. Beetle is a frequent school-boy nickname. The root meaning of budda is ‘to swell’, as in bud, and the nickname might also denote a fat, corpulent individual. The first example above is glossed pro densitate sic cognominatus ‘so called because of his thickness’.
: William Buggi 1242 Fees (W); Thomas Buggy 1275 SRWo; John Bogi, 1327 SRSx.
The ON byname Buggi, with hard g cannot be the source of this surname, pronounced with a j-sound, all the early examples of which are from the south. We have ME bugee, bug(g)e, buggye, a dissyllable, of obscure origin, ‘a kind of fur, lamb’s skin with the wool dressed outwards’ (1382 NED s.v. budge sb. 1). cf. ‘gounes…furryd with bogey’ (1465 ib.) The surname probably denotes a maker of bugee. BUGGE may also sometimes belong here. cf. BOUCH, BUGG.
: Richard, Reginald Buffard 1221 AssSa, 1274 RH (Sa). OFr bouffard ‘often puffing, much blowing, swelling vp, strouting out; also swelling with anger’ (Cotgrave), c1430 NED.
: Robert Bouggeleghe 1327 SRSo. From Bugley (W, Do). The exclusively Dorset names Bugler, Buglar, Buglear, probably derive from Bugley (Do).
A dictionary of english surnames 496
: Robert de Bulkelegh 1259 AssCh; Richard de Bulkele 1339 CorLo; Thomas Bulkley 1489 FFEss. From Bulkeley (Essex).
A dictionary of english surnames 498
: Wulfwin Bule 1170 P (Ha); Hulle le Bule 1201 P (St); William le Bole 1214 Cur (Sr);
William Bull Hy 3 Gilb (L); Ralph le Bulle 1288 Ipm (Nth); Robert le Bool 1327 SRSx;
Robert Boole, Butt 1524 SRSf. OE bula ‘bull’. Occasionally from a sign: Simon atte Bole 1377 LLB H.
: Thomas le Bulur 1203 AssSt; John Botur, Bolour, le Bulur 1296, 1327, 1332 SRSx;
Philip Boler 1348 DbAS 36; Hugh Bullour 1354 FrY. OFr bouleur, ME bullere ‘a publisher of false bulls, a deceiver, cheat’ (a1300 NED). v. BULLARD.
: Henry Buliard 1198 FFSf; Fulco Bulard 1275 RH (K); Geoffrey Bolhard 1275 RH (W);
Marke Buller, Bullard 1653, 1672 FrY. These forms can have no connection with bullherd as commonly explained. That word developed into bullard very late (1825 NED).
The surname might occasionally be from bullward(1614 NED): John Bulward 1524 SRSf. The early forms are probably from OFr boul(e), bole, ME bole ‘fraud, deceit’ (c1300 MED) with the addition of the suffix -(h)ard and may be a synonyra for BULLAR, a common early surname. NED records the verb bul and bulling ‘fraudulent scheming’ in 1532. Or we may have a similar derivative of OFr boule ‘round, rotund’.
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: John de la Bulehuse 1224 Pat (Ha); Henry de Bolus 1327 SRDb; William Bolehouse 1327 SRSo; Thomas Bulluse, John Bolouse 1478 ShefA (Y); William Bullos, Thomas Bullus 1502, 1564 ib.; Robert Bullas 1673 ib. ‘One employed at the bullhouse’ (1807NED).