«P.H.REANEY Litt.D., Ph.D., F.S.A. Third edition with corrections and additions by R.M.WILSON M.A. LONDON AND NEW YORK First published as A Dictionary ...»
: Bumellus de Aumeivill 1200 Cur (Y); Robertus burnellus 1130 P (O); Roger, William Burnel Hy 2 DC (L), 1197 FF (Sa). ME burnel, a metathesized form of OFr brunel, a diminutive of OFr brun ‘brown’. A nickname for one of brownish complexion, used also as a personal name. Brunell is probably recent, Fr Brunel.
: (i) Robert, Gervase Brenhus 1208 P (Y), 1275 RH (Nf). A nickname, ‘burn house’. cf.
BRENNAN. (ii) David Burnis 1526 Black. The forefathers of Robert Burns migrated from Burnhouse in Taynuilt to Forfarshire where they were called Campbells of Burnhouse, and later Burness or Burns (MacBain, Inverness Names). The stress in Burness was on the first syllable and as the name was pronounced in Ayrshire as if written Burns, Robert and his brother agreed to drop Burness and to assume Burns in April 1786 (Black).
Burnet, Burnett, Burnitt
: Robert Burnet 1219 AssY; Richard Bornet 1279 RH (Bk); Cristina Burnete 1365 LoPleas. OFr burnete, brunette, a diminutive of brun ‘brown’, ‘dark brown’ (c1200 NED), used like Burnell of complexion. Burnete was also used of a wool-dyed cloth of The dictionary 519 superior quality, originally of dark-brown colour (1284 NED). cf. ‘pro…caligis de burneta; caligas de burneto’ 1200 Oseney i, 64,66 ‘hose of burnet or coloured cloth’ (Ed.). The surname might denote a maker or seller of this.
: Thoraas de Burnul 1212 Fees (La); Peter de Burnil, de Burnhill 1281 AssLa; Thomas Burnehill 1373 IpmNt. From Brindle (La), Burnhull 1206. The name probably usually fell in with BURNEL.
: Hugo, Samson Burre 1185 Templars (Y), 1206 Cur (C). ME burre ‘a bur’ (c1330 MED), used by Shakespeare of one who sticks like a bur, a person difficult to ‘shake off’.
This sense may well be older.
: Robert Borard’ 1219 AssY; Simon Borhard, Borart 1235, 1242 Fees (Lei); Nicholas Burhard 1327 SRSf. OE Burgheard. v. BURCHARD. This may also have become Borrett, Burrett, etc.
The dictionary 521 Biirrel, Burrell, Burrells, Borel, Borell : Roger, William Burel 1194, 1196 P (W, L); Simon Borel 1296 SRSx. ME borel, OFr burel ‘reddish-brown’, used of a coarse woollen cloth of this colour (a 1325 MED). The surname might refer to dress or complexion, or it may denote a maker of borel, a bureller. cf. Alfred le Buretter 1277 LLB A; John Burelman 1311 LLB D. Borel had also in ME the meaning ‘belonging to the laity’ (c1390 MED), ‘unlearned, rude’ (1513 NED).
It was also used as a personal name, perhaps an original nickname in the sense ‘dark’:
Johannes filius Borelli 1205 Cur (R); Burellus de Rathesnese 1274 RH (Nf).
Burrett, Borrett, Borritt, Boret
: (i) Burredus 1114–18, Burret 1161–77 Rams (Hu); Hugo filius Buret 1199 FF (R);
Koleman Burred 1133–60 Rams (Hu); Nicholas Bured 1275 SRWo. OE ‘fortresscounsel’, found in DB as Burghered, Burgret, Burred, Burret, Borgered, Borred and Borret. (ii) John Bureheued 1219 AssY; William Burreheud 1308 Wak (Y); Agnes Borheued 1327 SRSf; William, Robert Borhed, Borrett 1403, 1577 Shef (Y); Robert Borhed, Herry Boret 1524 SRSf. OFr bourre ‘rough hair, flock of wool’ and OE hēafod ‘head’, a nickname for one with rough, shaggy hair.
: (i) Gamel Burri 1166 P (Y); Beatrix Burry 1279 RH (Beds). ME burry ‘rough, shaggy’.
(ii) Hugh de Burhey 1260 CtSt; William Burry 1332 SRSt. ‘Dweller by the borough enclosure’, OE burg, (ge)hæg.
: Burcheric, Burchricus, Burricus, Buric 1066 DB; Burrich de Bradefeld 1203 AssNth (Sf); William Burrich 1327 SRSf; Henry Borrich 1327 SRSo; John Burrage 1568 SRSf;
William Burrydge 1587 FFHu. OE Burgrīc ‘fortress-powerful’.
A dictionary of english surnames 522
: John atte Boroghe, Thomas Burewe 1327 SRSo; Henry Borowe 1527 FrY. ‘Dweller by the hill’ (OE beorg), as at Burrow (Devon, Som), or from Burrow (Leics, Lancs), OE burg ‘fort’.
: John de Burhus 1440 ShefA; Margaret Burrous 1564 ib.; William Burrowes 1585 ib.;
William Burrosse 1572 ib.; William Burroughs 1742 Bardsley. ‘Dweller at the bowerhouse’, or one employed there, OE būr, hūs. cf. Bourhouse Edw 4 EA (OS) i, a manor of Waltham Abbey.
: Geoffrey Burser, Alan Bursarius 1168 P; Roger Borser 1253 Acc; Robert le Burser The dictionary 523 1311–2 FFWa. OFr borsier ‘treasurer, bursar’, or, perhaps, ‘a maker of purses’.
: (i) Serlo de Burci 1084 GeldR (W); Serlo Borci 1086 DB (So); Hugo de Burci 1185 Templars (So). From Burcy (Calvados), (ii) Rannulf Bursi 1195 P (He); Hugh Bursey 1275 RH (Nf). These forms are from OE Beorhtsige, found as Birhsie in Devon (BCS 1248). v. BRIXEY.
: Peter de Burstall’ 1206 Cur (Sf); Robert de Burstall’ 1230 P (Bk); Richard de Birkestalle 1316 Wak (Y). From Burstall (Sf, St, ERY), Birstal (WRY), Birstale (Lei), or Boarstall (Bk), Burcstala 1161.
: William le Bustlere 1319 FFC; Robert Burstlere 1336 FFEss; Richard Bustlere 1355–9 AssBeds. A derivative of OE byrst ‘bristle’, a maker of things from bristles.
: Nicholas de Burgeston 1199 AssSt; Stephen de Briddesthorn’ 1230 P (Bk); William de Burstone 1275 RH (Nf). From Burston (Bk, Nf, St). Sometimes, perhaps, from an A dictionary of english surnames 524 unrecorded personal name, OE *Burgstān: Burstanus 1171–2 MedEA (Nf); Godric filius Burstan 12th Rams (Hu).
: Ioluard in Burhtun c1 150 YCh; Gerard de Burton 1178 P (Wa, Lei); William de Borton’ 1275–6 RegAntiquiss; William Burton 1327 SRSx; John Borton 1332 SRWo.
From one or other of the many places called Burton or Bourton.
: Burewardus 1206 P (Sf); Ralph Borgward 1299 LLB E; Robert Boreward 1327 SRSf;
William Burghward, Austen Burward 1524 SRSf. OE Burgweard ‘fortress-guard’.
: William de Burwash 1291 QW (K); Bartholomew de Burghersh 1355 PN K 31;
Richard Burwish, William Burwash 1525 SRSx. From Burwash (Sx), Burgersa 12th.
: Eustace de Buskeby 13th Guisb; Robert Busby 1379 PTY; Andrew Busby, Busbe, Bushby or Bussheby 1509 LP (St). From Busby (Lei, NRY). In Scotland from the lands of Busby in Carmunnock (Renfrew).
: Sigar Buzecarl 1111–38 ELPN; Nicholas Buscecarle 1205–6 FFEss; John Buscarl 1326 PetreA; Robert Buskell 1680 CWNS 57. OE butsecarl ‘boatman, mariner’. The bulsecarls stand in the same relation to the scip-fyrd that the housecarls occupy to the land-fyrd, i.e. they are the king’s standing force as opposed to the national levies.
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: Richard de la Busce 1181 P (Y); Henry del Busk 1275 RH (Nf); Roger atte Buske, del Bushe 1305 SIA iii; Richard Bussh 1309 FFSf; Roland atte Bushe 1384 LoPleas.
‘Dweller by the bush’, ME busk, busche. Bush is from OE *busc (v. MELS), Busk (less common), from ON buskr.
: Roger Buissel 1086 DB (So); Alan Buscel c1140 YCh; Richard Bussell 1200 P (Beds);
Richard Buschel 1243 AssSo. ME buyscel, busshel, bysshell, OFr boissell, buissiel ‘bushel’, probably for one who measured out corn, etc., in bushels, or for a maker of bushel-vessels. cf. Stephen Busselman 1327 SRSo, Robert le Busselar 1243 AssSo, Peter Boseler 1305 MESO (L), OFr boisselier ‘maker of vessels (baskets) holding a bushel’.
This may survive in the very rare BISLER. Bussell may also be from OFr bucel ‘small barrel’, for a maker of these.
: (i) Nicholas atte Busken, atte Bosken 1329–30 PN D 140. From Buskin (Devon) or ‘dweller by the bushes’, from the dative plural of OE *busc. (ii) Roger Buckeskyn 1281 FFEss; Walter Buskyn 1281 Cl; Katharine Bukeskyn 1295 Ipm (Nf). ‘Buck-skin’, skin of a buck, used particularly of ‘breeches made of buckskin’ (1481–90 NED), and as a surname, for a maker of these or for a worker in buckskin or leather. Richard de Gravele called Bokskyn was an apprentice of Walter Polyt fuyster 1311 LLB D. v. FEWSTER.
Buckskin would inevitably come to be pronounced Buskin.
: Robert de Buci, de Boci 1086 DB (Nth); Robert Buscy 1208 Cur (Sx); William Bussy 1310 EAS xx. The DB under-tenant came from Bouce (Orne). v. ANF. Others may have come from Boucey (La Manche) or Bucy-le-Long (Aisne).
: Ailwardus le Bochere 1184 P (Lo); Richard le Bucher 1240 FFEss; William Bochier, Alan le Boucher 1327 SRSx; Thoma.s le Bouker 1332 SRLa. AFr bocher, boucher, OFr bochier, bouchier ‘butcher’.
: John de Botemont 1172 ANF; Hugh de Buttemund 1212 Cur (Lei); Nicholas Botemund 1327 SRSf; William Botyman 1525 SRSx; John Booteman 1609 SfPr. From Le Boutimont (Pas-de-Calais), or Boutement (Calvados).
: Hugo Buteiller 1055 France; Alexander le butiller 1174–84 Seals (Hu); Baldwin le Buteilier 1200 P (K); William le Boteller 1260 AssC; Henry le Butler 1327 SRWo. AFr butuiller, OFr bouteillier ‘servant in charge of the wine-cellar’, usually the head servant (c1250 NED). In some early examples, an officer of high rank nominally connected with the supply and importation of wine (1297 NED). Forms like Boteller may occasionally be for BOTLER.
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: Robert Butevilain 1130 P (Nf); Robertus Buleuillanus archidiaconus 1147–53 DC (Nt);
Ernis Buteuilein 1205 P (D); William Butveleyn 1429 Pat (Nth). OFr boute-vilain ‘hustle the churl’.
: (i) But (a moneyer) Wm 2; his son was Robertus filius But’ 1137 ELPN; Godlambus filius But 1133–60 Rams (Nf); But 1170 P (Ha); Walter, Hubert But 1114–30 Rams (Nf), c1 150 ELPN; Leuricus Butte 1185 Templars (Beds); Robert, William le But 1198 P (Sx);
1214 ELPN; Margery Buttes 1275 SRWo. OE *Butt is found in Butsash (Hants) and *Butta in Butley (Ches, Suffolk), a personal name which, though unrecorded in OE, was in use in the 12th century. It is one source of the surname, particularly of the early examples without the article. cf. Richard Buttyng 1327 SRSo ‘son of Butt’. We have also clearly a nickname from ME butt ‘thicker end, stump’, probably used of a thickset person. (ii) William de Butte 1200 Oseney (O); Henry atte Buttys 1380 NorwW (Nf). ME butt, OFr but ‘a goal; mark for shooting’. One who lived near the archery butts or, perhaps, an archer. cf. FURLONG.
: (i) Henry Butor 1169 P (Y); Henry le Butor Cur (D). ME botor, OFr butor ‘bittern’, noted for its ‘boom’ in the breeding season and called ‘bull of the bog’, hence, perhaps, the nickname. (ii) William le Buter 1243 AssSo; John le Buttare 1275 SRWo; William le Buttere 14th AD v (Wa). ‘Keeper of the buttery.’ v. BOTTERELL. (iii) Turchetillus, William Butere 1130 P (Do), 1198 FF (Nth); Geoffrey Butter 1327 SRWo; John Buttere 1327 SR (Ess). OE butere ‘butter’, metonymic for a maker or seller of butter. cf. William le Buterar’ 1327 SRSx, John Butercharl c1192 HPD (Ess), Thomas Butterman 1302 SRY, Henry Botreman 1327 Pinchbeck (Sf), Margaret le Buttermonggere 1306 LoCt.
Forms for (ii) and (iii) cannot always be distinguished.
: Hugh de Buteresfeld’ 1199 Pl (Bk); Philip, Adam de Butterfeld’ 1231 Cur (Bk), 1379 PTY; William Boterfdd 1423 LLB K. From Butterfield (WRYorks), or from other minor places of the name.
: Eduuin de Buterleio 1084 OEByn (D); Roger de Buterle 1221 AssSa; Stephen de Butterleye 1329 WoCh; John Butterlegh 1375 FFW. From Butterley (Db, He), or Butterleigh (D).
: Gusa de Buttirwic c1155 Gilb; William de Boterwyk’ 1262 FFL; Hugh de Buterwyk 1327 SRY; Thomas Boterwyk 1392 LoCh. From Butterwick (Du, L, We, ERY, NRY).
: William Buteri 1177 P (Bk); Reginald Boteri 1211 Cur (He); William de Buteri 1219 Cur (Sf); John de la Boterye 1334 FFSt. OFr boterie, originally ‘place for storing liquor’, but early used of a ‘room where provisions were laid up’ (1384 MED). ‘Keeper of the buttery.’ v. also BOTTERELL
: (i) Henry de Bucstanes 1230 P (Db). From Buxton (Derby). William Buckeston 1279 RH (Hu). Probably from Buxton (Norfolk), DB Bukestuna. (ii) Ailricus Bucstan 1170 P (L); John Bucstan 1221 AssWa; Richard Bocston (Bokston) 1327 SR (Ess); John Bucstone 1377 LLB H. The distribution and the frequency of this name, regularly in the singular and without sign of a preposition, suggest a personal-name otherwise unknown, perhaps OE *Bucstān, a combination of OE Bucca and the common theme -stān. cf.
PICKSTONE. Or we may have an OE *Burgstān, with early loss of r as in Burgheard.
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: (i) From Buzzacott in Combe Martin (D), Bursecot 1399, Bussacott 1667. (ii) Mlle Anne Boursequot, fiancee of Jacques Fontaine, a Huguenot refugee from Bordeaux, landed at Appledore on 11 Dec. 1685. In the BarnstaplePR the marriage is given as that of Mr James Fontaine and Mrs Ann Bursicott.
: Robert Boszart 1177 P (He); William Bozard 1258 AD vi (W); Peter Busard 1274 RH (Sf). OFr busart, ME busard, bosard‘buzzard’, an inferior kind of hawk, useless for falconry, used also of a worthless, stupid, ignorant person (1377 NED).