«P.H.REANEY Litt.D., Ph.D., F.S.A. Third edition with corrections and additions by R.M.WILSON M.A. LONDON AND NEW YORK First published as A Dictionary ...»
: Mac Ciarain 1136, McCarrane 1430, Carran 1648, Carine 1729. Manx names from Mac Ciarain ‘son of Ciaran’, one of the twelve great saints of Ireland, from ciar ‘mousecoloured’ (Moore).
: William Careaway 1332 SRSr; Stephen Caraway c1405 FS; Robert Carrawey 1524 SRSf. OFr carvi, caroi, ME carewei ‘caraway’. Probably for a seller of spices.
: (i) Stephen Caryl 1332 AssD; William Carell’ 1379 PTY; William Carrell 1642 PrD.
OFr carrel ‘pillow, bolster’. Metonymic for a maker or seller of these. (ii) Duncan Carrol 1663 Black. Olr Cearbhail.
: (i) Thomas de Karington 1219 AssLa; John de Carrington 1294 AssCh; Richard Carington 1523 CorNt. From Carrington (Ches). (ii) Wautier de Keringtone 1296 Black;
William Keringtoun 1506 ib. From Carrington (East Lothian).
: Ailw’ Karet 1193 P (Nth); John Carrat 1642 PrD; Robert Carritt, Widow Carrett 1672 HTY. OFr carotte, ME carete, carote, carat ‘carrot’. Metonymic for a grower or seller of these.
: v. CARO Carruthers, Carrothers, Carothers, Carradice, Carrodus, Cardis, Cardus, Crothers, Crowdace, Cruddace, Cruddas : John de Carutherys c1320 Black; William of Carruderys 1460 ib.; William Corrodas 1625 RothwellPR (Y); Bertha Cruddas 1888 Bardsley. From Carruthers (Dumfriesshire), pronounced Cridders.
: v. KEARSLEY Carswell, Casewell, Casswell, Caswall, Caswell, Caswill, Crasswell, Craswell, Cressall, Cressell, Cresswell, Creswell, Crisswell, Criswell, Crissell, Kerswell, Kerswill : Basilia de Caswella 1165 P (D); Tomas de Cressewella 1190 P (St); Reginald de Kersewell’ 1212 Cur (O); William de Kereswell’ 1221 AssWo; Richard de Carswall, William de Karswille 1275 RH (D); Robert de Carswell 1327 SRSo; John and Alice Cresshills, Creswell 1816, 1822 ShotleyPR (Sf). ‘Dweller by the water-cress-stream’, OE cærse, wiella, surviving in Carswell (Berks, Devon), Carsewell (Renfrew), Caswell (Dorset, Northants, Som), Crasswall (Hereford), Cresswell (Derby, Staffs), Kerswell (Devon, Worcs) and Kerswill (Devon).
: (i) William Cart 1176 P (W); John Cart 1524 SRSf. OE cræt, ON kartr ‘cart’.
Metonymic for CARTER. (ii) Bartholomew atte Carte 1327 SRSx. ‘Dweller at the rough ground’, OE ceart.
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: (i) Fulco carettarius 1177 P (C); Rannulfus carettator 1191 P (Hu). (ii) Rannulf carettier, le caretier 1192–3 P (Hu); Odo le careter 1210 Cur (Nth). (iii) Hugh Karter 1225 Lewes (Nf); Robert le Carter 1240 FFEss, 1275 SRWo. (iv) Henry le Chareter 1222 Cur (So), 1225 AssSo (le careter 1225 ib.); William le Chareler, John le Charetter, le Charter, Walter le Charettier 1275 SRWo. NED derives carter from ME cart(e), of native or Scandinavian origin, plus -er (a1250). The history of the name is more elaborate. Of the above forms, (i) is MedLat (carettarius 1213 in MLWL, which does not contain carettator); (ii) is ONFr caretier, not in NED, but surviving in the modern French surnames Carratier, Carretier and Cartier of Norman and Picard origin; (iii) as in NED;
(iv) OFr charetier ‘charioteer’ (c1340 NED), but clearly used in English for ‘carter’.
: John le Cartwereste 1275 SRWo; Richard the Cartwrytte 1290 AssCh; William le Cartewryght 13th Guisb (Y). OE cræt or ON kartr ‘cart’ and OE wyrhta ‘wright’, a maker of carts.
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: Robert del Karhouses 1332 SRLa; Thomas de Carrehous’ 1379 PTY; James Carous 1555 FrY; William Caras 1619 ib.; Robert Carus 1709 ib. ‘Dweller at the marsh-house.’ cf. CARR, and ‘road from Balby to Carhouse’ 1638 Shef.
: Roger de la Keruel c1204–14 Black; Alexander Carvayl 1318 FFSf; Thomas Carvell 1524 SRSf. ME carvel, kervel ‘a small ship’. A nickname for a sailor.
: (i) Peter le caruier 1203 P (Nt); Gerard le Carver 1209 FFEss. OFr charuier, caruier ‘ploughman’. (ii) Richard le Kerver(e) 1275 RH (L), 1277 FFC; William Keruer 1327 SRSx. A derivative of OE ceorfan ‘to cut, carve’, one who carves, usually in wood, sometimes in stone; ‘wood-carver, sculptor’ (c1385 MED). This would later become Carver.
: Hamo de Kari 1205 Pl (So); Richard de Kary 1242 Fees (D); Robert Karye 1296 SRSx;
Thomas Cary 1375 AssLo. From Carey Barton (Devon), Castle, Lytes Cary, Cary Fitzpaine, or Babcary (Som).
: William, Richard Case 1274 RH (Sf), 1327 SRC. Metonymic for ‘a maker of boxes, chests, or receptacles’, ONFr casse, cf. Clais Case-maker 1367 MEOT. v. also CASS.
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: v. KEARSLEY Casement: Mac Casmonde 1429, Casymound, Casmyn 1540, Casement
1612. From Mac Asmundr, from Celtic Mac ‘son’ and ON Ásmundr ‘god protector’ (Moore).
: Mariota Chash 1277 Ely; Roger Cashe 1560 RothwellPR (Y); William Cash 1642 PrD.
OFr casse ‘box, chest to keep wares in’. Metonymic for a maker of these.
: Caschin (Db), Elsi filius Caschin (Nt) 1066 DB; Henry Cassekyn 1332 SRSx. Perhaps an original nickname from ME cask ‘joyful, lively’, with the diminutive suffix -in. But it could equally well be a diminutive of Cass, a short form of Cassandra.
: Wolfren Cawson, Ro. Caston, Cason, Stephen Corson 1674 HTSf; Elizabeth Casen, Cawston 1788, 1793 LitWelnethamPR (Sf). A local pronunciation of Cawston (Norfolk).
: Casse Rumpe 1279 RH (C); John, William Casse 1170 P (Y), 1200 P (Ess). A pet-form of Cassandra, a common 13th-century woman’s name: Cassandra 1182–1211 BuryS (C), 1208 Cur (Y), 1275 RH (Nf).
: William Casson 1601 FrY. (i) Ralph Cattessone 1115 Winton (Ha), John Catessone 1366 FFSf. ‘Son of Catt.’ (ii) Robert Casseson 1327 SRC. ‘Son of Cass.’
: (i) Hugh le Chastelein 1235 FFEss; Osbert Casteleyn c1240 ArchC viii; Walter Castelyn 1255 Ass (Ess); Warin Castellan 1311 ColchCt. ME, ONFr castelain, OFr chastelain ‘governor or constable of a castle’, also ‘warden of a prison’. (ii) William de castellon 1086 DB (Bk); Hugo de Castelliun 1206 Cur (Bk); Robert de Chastellun 1220 Cur (Lo). From Castellion (Eure).
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: Richard, Robert Castel 1148–54 Bec (Sx), 1201 P (Lei); John del Castel 1307 Wak (Y);
William ate Castele 1317 AssK. ME, ONFr castel ‘castle’. One who lived near or was employed at a castle. Sometimes from services or rent due to a castle. Henry de Castell (1260 AssC) owed rent to Cambridge Castle.
: John Castlehow 1667 BamptonPR (We); Elizabeth, Mary Castley 1683, 1685 ib. There are seven places of the name in Westmorland, usually recorded very late, the earliest The dictionary 591 being Castle Howe in Kendal (1577) and Castlehow Scar in Crosby Ravensworth (1629).
de Castello, not infrequent in medieval sources, is probably a latinization of CASTLE, but may have contributed to these names.
: Reginald Casteloc 1202 P (Y); Wolnet Castelok 1317 AssK; Robert Castelok 1388 FrY.
‘Cast lock’, ON kasta, OE locc. Perhaps for one who was losing his hair.
: (i) Geoffrey de Caston 1327 SRSf; John de Caston 1350 FFSf. From Caston (Nf). (ii) Amabli Casteyn 1327 SRC. ‘Dweller by the chestnut tree’, AFr casteyn.
: Osgod on Castre 972 OEByn; Odbert de Castra 1134–40 Holme; Adam de Castre 1219 AssL; Robert Caister 1446 FrY. From Caistor (L), Caister (Nf), or Castor (Nth).
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: v. CARSWELL Catanach, Catnach, Cattanach, Cattenach : Thomas Kethirnathie 1407 Black; Arthur Catanache 1623 ib. Gael Catanach ‘belonging to (Clan) Chattan’ which claims descent from Gillacatain ‘servant of (St) Calan’, ‘little cat’.
: Godfrey Cacch’ 1225 AssSo; Margery Cach 1326 SRC. ME cache ‘the act of catching’, from AFr cachier ‘to chase’, in the sense of ‘chase, pursuit’, metonymic for Catcher.
: (i) Richard Kaccher 1200 P (L); Jordan Cachere 1221 AssWa. ME cachere ‘one who chases or drives’, ‘a huntsman’ (c1340 NED). It is probably also used in the same sense as the diminutive cacherel which is common both as a name of office and as a surname in Norfolk in 1275 (RH): Alexander le Cacherel, Hugh le Chacherel, Adam Kacherel, Richard Wyche, cacherel. The cacherels were the bailiffs of the hundred and had an unpleasant reputation for extortion and oppression. (ii) William Kacchehare 1204 P (C);
Edhiva Cachehare 1240 Rams (Hu). ‘Catch hare’, perhaps ‘speedy as a hare’, cf.
CATCHPOLE and TURNER.
: William Cachepeni 1278 AD v (W). ‘Chase penny’, Afr cachier, OE penig. Perhaps a nickname for an avaricious man. There were a good many such names, but only Catchlove and Catchpole have survived. cf. Thomas Chacchehors 1304 Shef ‘chase horse’; Walter Cachemayd 1392 LoPleas ‘chase maid’; William Caccheroo 1315–16 FFWa ‘chase roe’; Robert Kachevache 1221 ElyA (Sf) ‘chase cow’.
Catchpole, Catchpoll, Catchpool, Catchpoole, Catchpoule
: Aluricus Chacepol 1086 DB (Mx); Robert le Chachepol Hy 2 AD i (Mx); Hugo le Cachepol 1221 AssSa. ME caccepol, cachpol, OFr (central) chacepol, ONFr cachepol ‘chase fowl’, ‘a collector of poultry in default of money’; ‘a tax-gatherer’ (a1050); ‘a petty officer of justice, a sheriff’s officer or sergeant, especially a warrant officer who arrests for debt’ (1377 NED). cf. CATCHLOVE and Geoffrey Cacemoine 1198 Cur (Y) ‘chase monk’, Robert Kachevache 1221 ElyA (Sf) ‘chase cow’, Walter Chacefreins 1195 P (D), Emma Cachefrensh 1327 SRSx ‘get hold of the reins’, Robert Chacecapel 1201 P (D) ‘chase nag’, Peter Cachefis 1279 RH (C), ‘catch fish’.
Cater, Cator, Chater, Chaters, Chaytor
: William le Chatur, identical with William Emptor 1220 Cur (Beds); Robert le Achatour 1229 Rams (C); Amicia Lakature, Elias le Katur 1271 RamsCt (C); William le Catour, le Chatur, le Katour 1310 Balliol (O); John Chayter 1667 FrY. AFr acatour, early OFr acateor, central OFr achatour ‘buyer’ (c1386 NED), ME catour, aphetic form of acatour, acater ‘buyer of provisions for a large household’ (c1400 NED). Cator is also local, from Cator (Devon): Laua de Cadatrea 1167 P(D).
A dictionary of english surnames 594
: Thurstan Cati c1095 Bury (Sf); Osbert Kate 1183 Boldon (Du); Geoffrey Cates 1332 SRSx. ON Kati (nickname) ‘the merry one’, or, less likely, ODa Kati, OSw Kate (pers.
: Alexander de Cateford 1275 RH (K); John of Catford 1401 AssLa; Robert Catford 1642 PrD. From Catford (K), Catforth (La), or Catfords Fm in Halberton (D).
: William de Chateleia 1148 Winton (Ha); John de Catteley 1275 SRWo; William de Cattele 1339 CorLo. From Catley (He, L), or Catlees, a tenement in Froyle (Ha).
: Katelina de Walcote 13th Rams (Hu); Katerina, Katelina de Sauston 1275 RH (Hu);
Gervase, Robert Caterin Hy 2 Seals (Sr), 1247 AssBeds; William Catelin, Katelin 1198 FFNf; Robert Catyln 1441 ShefA; Richard Catlyng 1653 EA (OS) iv (C). OFr Caterine, Cateline, the French form of Catharine, introduced into England in the 12th century when it became popular, usually in the form Catelin(e).
: Adam de Catmera 1165 P; Henry de Catmere 1317 AssK; William de Cattemere 1327 SRSf. From Catmore (Berks), Catmere DB.
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: Lufmancat 1066 DB (Ha); Robert le Cat 1167 P (Nf); Geoffrey Chat 1190–1200 Seals (Sf); Margaret Kat 1202 AssL; Adam le Chat 1203 P (W). A common nickname from the cat (OE catt, ONFr cat, OFr chat). Catt is probably also a pet-form of Catelin, from which were formed the diminutives Catell, Caton, Katin.
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: Cattle Bagge 1279 RH (C); Hervey, Geoffrey Catel 1275, 1279 RH (Nf, Hu); John Cattle 1653 FrY; John Cattell, Cattall 1683, 1707 ib. A diminutive of Cal, a short form of Catelin. cf. CATON, KATIN and Fr Catelet.
: v. CATTON Catterall, Catterell, Catterffl, Catteroll, Cattrall, Cattrell, Cattroll, Catherall, Cathrall : Robert de Caterell’ 1222 Cur (Ha); John de Caterhale 1332 SRLa; Lawrence Cattrall 1462 Calv (Y); Richard Caterall 1500 FrY. From Catterall (Lancs) and, apparently, also from a place in Hants with a second element -hill William Katerel 1203 AssSt suggests also a pet-form of Caterin.
: Roger de Cateric 1185 Templars (Y); Thomas Catryk 1400 FrY; William Catryk 1452– 3 IpmNt. Frora Catterick (NRY).
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: William Cakyrmoll 1478 SIA xii; John Cakytmoll, Catermoll 1524 SRSf; Guy Cackamoule 1668, Elizabeth Cackamole 1743, Sarah Cattermole 1749, Susan Catermoul 1780 SfPR; Thomas Cattermoul 1748 FrYar; Benjamin Calmull 1786 SfPR. The late appearance of this name which seems to be found only in Suffolk would suggest a foreign origin for it, probably Dutch or Flemish.