«P.H.REANEY Litt.D., Ph.D., F.S.A. Third edition with corrections and additions by R.M.WILSON M.A. LONDON AND NEW YORK First published as A Dictionary ...»
Peter Kerderey 1332 SRSr; Robert Querderey 1347 WhC (La). Corderoy corresponds to Fr cæur-de-roi ‘(with the) heart of a king’; the early forms have AFr rei ‘king’ which survives as -ray, -r(e)y. Cordcr(c)y. Cordray and Cordrey may also derive from OFr corderie ‘rope-walk’: John de la Cordene 1292 Bardsley, a worker at the ropery.
: (i) Randolf se Cordewan’ 1100–30 OEByn (D); Richard Cordewaner 1170 P (St);
Walter Lecordewaner 1173 P (Gl); Maurice le corduaner 1221 AssWo; Bartholomew le Cordenewaner 1281 MESO (L). AFr cordewaner, OFr cordoanier ‘cordwainer, shoemaker’. Corduaner, no doubt, became Cord(e)ner. (ii) Peres, Stephen le Cordener 1292 SRLo, 1312 Gardner (Sf). A derivative of OFr cordon ‘cord, ribbon’. v. CORDER.
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: Adam, Geoffrey le Corker 1297 Wak (Y), 1338 MESO (La). A derivative of ME cork ‘a purple or red dye-stuff, one who sells purple dye; or synonymous with (William) le Corklittster 1279 MESO (Y), a dyer of cloth with ‘cork’.
: Donald MacCorkyll 1408, Edward Corkhill 1532 Moore. A Manx contraction of Mac porketill, Macporkill. cf. the Gaelic MCCORQUODALE, MCCORKELL, and v.
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: Gozelin, Anfrid de Cormelies, de Cormeliis, de Cormel 1086 DB (Ha, He); Ralph de Cormeilles 1197 P (Gl); Roger de Cormell’ 1222 Cur (Ess). The DB tenants derive from Cormeilles (Eure) but other families may have come later from Cormeilles-en-Vexin. v.
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: Obbe Corne 1203 Pleas (Sa); William Corns 1250 RegAntiquiss; John Corn 1332 SRSx. Either a nickname from OE corn ‘crane’, or a variant of OE cweorn ‘hand-mill’, metonymic for a maker or user of this.
; all common in Lancs, derive from a lost place in Lancs. cf. William de Cornay 1332 SRLa; John Cornall of Cornall (1672), Adam Corney (1666), Richard Corney of Greenhall (1571), Richard Cornah of Greenall (1737 LaWills).
: William de Corneburc 1204 P (Y); Nicholas de Cornbury 1260 AssC; Auery Cornburght p1462 Paston. From Cornbrough in Sheriff Hutton (NRY), or Cornbury Park (0).
: Leuekyn Cornelys (a Flemish weaver) 1354 ColchCt; Richard Cornelius, Thomas Cornellis 1568 SRSf; Lambert Cornelius 1662- HTDo. Lat Cornelius, not found as an English name until the 16th century, when it was brought back by returning sectaries A dictionary of english surnames 748 from the Low Countries, where it was a popular name. v. ODCN.
: A weakened form of CORNALL, CORNHILL, CORNWALL or CORNWELL.
Cornhill (Nb) is Cornhale 12th, Cornelle 1539 FeuDu. Henry de Cornell’ (1229–31 StP) took his name from Cornhill (London). Thomas Cornell (1722 HorringerPR) is also called Comwall (1736), Cornwell (1140) and Comhill (1766). A further source is Fr corneille ‘rook, crow’, a nickname for a chatterer: Herbert corneilla 1148 Winton (Ha);
William Corneille 1206 Cur.
: (i) John de Cornera 1204 P (Ess); Dyonisia Attecornere 1297 MinAcctCo; Agnes de la Cornere in Bredstrate 1299 LoCt. AFr, ME corner ‘angle, corner’ (a1300 NED), ‘place where two streets meet’ (1382). ‘One who lived near the corner’, as, no doubt, did Roger Cornirer 1218–22 StP (Lo). cf. BRIDGER. Alys or Agnes Acorner gave a close called Cornerwong to the Abbey of Shelford a1483 (NottBR). (ii) Herueus Cornur 1179 P (Sf);
William le Cornur 1185 RotDom (L); Agnes le cornier 1209 P (Nt); Augustine le corner 1230 P (Db). AFr cornier, OFr corneor ‘hornblower’, from OFr corn ‘a musical instrument, horn’ (c1477 NED).
: Durand, Alured cornet 1148 Winton (Ha), 1195 P (Co). OFr cornet ‘a wind instrument made of horn or resembling a horn’ (a1400 NED), a diminutive of corn. cf. CORNER (ii). ‘A player of the cornet.’
: Thomas de Corneford 1242 AssDu; Michael de Cornford 1339 CorLo; William Cornefurth 1469 FrY; Richard Corneforth 1514 FFEss. From Cornford (Durham).
: Geruase de Cornhill’ 1179 P (K); William Cornhel 1214 Cur (Y); Henry de Comhell’ 1229–31 StP (Lo); Bartholomew ate Cornhell 1311 ColchCt. From Cornhill (London) or one of the many places of that name, some of which are no longer remembered. This often becomes CORNELL and has been confused with CORNALL, CORNWALL and CORNWELL.
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: Badekoc Korneys 1296 SRSx; John Corneys 1327 SRSf; Henry Cornysh 1375 LoPleas.
Cornish ‘a Cornish man’ is first recorded in NED in 1547. There must have been a ME Cornish formed on the analogy of English which was usually Normanized as Corneys.
Adam Cornys (1300 LoCt) is probably identical with Adam le Cornwalais 1275 RH. v.
: Henry le Cornwaleys 1256 Ass (Ha); Stephen le Cornewalleys 1260 AssC; Walter le Cornwallis 1280 LLB A. A Normanizing of an unrecorded ME Cornwalish. Walter le Comewaleys, sheriff of London in 1277 (LLB A), is also called Walter de Cornwall in 1280 and Walter le Engleys in 1277. As Ekwall notes, his real name must have been English (Engleys) which was changed to Cornwaleys or Cornwall after his removal to London. Cornwell: Roger de Cornwelle 1161 Eynsham. From Cornwell (Oxon). v.
: Walter, William le Corp 1177 P (Y), 1231 Oseney (O); James Corp 1297 MinAcctCo (Sf). In Yorks and Suffolk, the source is ON korpr ‘raven’, in Oxfordshire, probably OFr corp ‘raven’.
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: M’Corrane 1422, M’Corrin, Corrin 1504 Moore. A Manx contraction of Mac Oran from Mac Odhrain ‘son of Odhran’ pale-faced, Ir Odar. St Odhran was St Patrick’s charioteer.
: (i) Walter Correye 1279 RH (C); John Corry 1389 FrY. ‘Dweller at the shepherd’s hut’, ME cori. Perhaps also for CURREY. (ii) In Scotland from the lands of Corrie (Dumfries).
: (i) Wandring de Curcel, Wandregesil de Curcelles 1201 AssSo. From Courcelles (Aisne). (ii) Also Huguenot, from Nicholas Corcellis, son of Zeager Corcellis of Ruselier (Flanders), who fled to England from the persecution of the Duke of Alva.
: Ceallach Mac Curtin 1376, Cortin 1652, Corteen 1659 Moore. A Manx contraction of Mac Cruitin ‘son of Cruitin’ (hunch-backed), metathesized to Mac Curtin.
: Robert Cori 1266 FFEss; Henry Cory 1297 MinAcctCo (W), 1327 SRC. This might be ON Kori, the first element of Corby (Lincs, Northants), or ON Kari. cf. Cari 1066 DB (Lei), Walter Carl 1200 P (Sf), and Corton (Suffolk), DB Karetun, 1266 Corton. Coryat, Coryot: Nicholas Coryot 1328 IpmW; Walter Coriot 1361 IpmGl; John Coryat 1545, Anne Corriett 1576 SRW. From Coryates (Do).
: Lucas de la Kosche 1248 Ass (Ess); Roger de Coyssh 1296 SRSx; Robert Cosh Ed l AD ii (Lei); Philip atte Cossh 1327 SR (Ess). ME cosche, cosshe ‘small cottage, hut, hovel’ (c1490 NED).
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: v. COUSEN Cosson, Cossons, Cossom The dictionary 755 : Robert le Marescal ‘Cossun’ 1280, Hugh Pope ‘cossun’ 1292 LLB A; John de Kent ‘cozon’ 1306 LLB B. Probably a dealer in horses. Robert de Kent 1311 LLB B is styled mercator equorum Husting, and Robert le Marescal in 1280 owed 66s.8d. for a horse. v.
: Costane, Costan 1583 ODCN (Y); Costaine or Constantine 1586 ib. (Y); Hen Costen, Costein 1182, 1197 P (Lei); Alex Costein 1219 Cur (Lei). Costein is from Costetin by dissimilatory loss of t. cf. CONSTANTINE. In the Isle of Man, the surname is a contraction of Mac Austeyn, from Mac Augustin ‘son of Augustin’: Costeane 1507, Mac Coisten, Mac Costen, Coisten, Costen 1511, Costain 1715 Moore.
Costard, Coster, Custard, Custer
: Alan filius Costard c1160 RegAntiquiss; Alexander filius Costard 1203 P (L); Roger Costardus 1175–86 Holme (Nf); Richard Costard 1249 AssW; Fraunceys Costard 1449 Paston. ME costard ‘a prominently ribbed apple, a kind of large apple’. In the 16th century used of the head. But the word was evidently also known as a personal name.
: Coste de Widkale 1175 P (L); Costus Falconarius 1180 P (Nt); Osbert, Hugo Coste 1218 AssL, 1317 AssK. A short form of Constantine, common as Costantin, Costetin. v.
: Herbert filius Conslantini, Costin 1207 Cur (Nf); Costinus 1221 ElyA (Sf); William Costin ib. (Nf); Elycia Costantyn, Costyn 1311, 1329 ColchCt. A short form of CONSTANTINE. v. also COSTAIN.
: William de Cotes 1190 P (L); Walter de la Cote 1210 Cur (O); Godfrey Cote 1214 Cur (K); Roger atte Kote 1296 SRSx. From Coat (Som), Cote (Oxon), Coates (Lincs), Cotes (Leic), or one of the numerous similarly named places, all from OE cot, cote ‘cottage’, also ‘shelter’, sometimes ‘a woodman’s hut’. In ME, when the term was common, the surname may denote a dweller at the cottage(s) or, as it was used especially of a sheepcote, one employed in the care of animals, a shepherd.
: Robert de Cotegraue 1202 FFL; Thomas de Cotegrave 1259 AssCh; Richard Cotgrave 1458 IpmNt. From Cotgrave (Notts), or Cotgreave in Mapperley (Derby).
: Ulkillus cotmannus 1183 Boldon (Du); William Cotman, Coteman, Mercator 1206–8 P (Sx); William Coteman 1275 RH (Nf). OE cot ‘cottage’ and mann ‘a cottager’, ‘cotset’, ‘coterell’, in Scotland ‘a cottar’ (cotmannus DB, cotman 1559 NED), corresponding to MedLat bordarius. cf. COTTER, COTTEREL. The equation with Mercator points to an alternative origin. OFr, ME cote ‘outer-garment, coat’ (c1300 NED), ‘seller of coats’. cf.
Capman ‘maker or seller of caps’ MESO 116.
: Randulf de Cotton’ 1185 P (Wo); Ralph de Cottum 1212 Cur (Y); Stephen de Coten’ 1297 MinAcctCo (L); John de Cotome 1310 LLB B; John de Cotun 1325 ib. D; Brian Cotham, Cotam 1569, 1596 FrY. OE æt cotum (dweller) ‘at the cottages’, as at Coton (Cambs), Cotton (Ches), Coatham (Durham, NRYorks), Cotham (Notts), Cottam (Notts, ERYorks). The -um is preserved only in Durham, Lancs, Notts and Yorks; Cot(t)on is found in the midlands, in Cambs, Ches, Derby, Leic, Lincs, Northants, Salop, Staffs, Oxon, Warwicks. cf. COTE.
: Cota atte Stapele 1296 SRSx; Adam filius Cote 1307 Wak (Y); Olmenus Cota 1066 DB (D); Blakeman Cot 1202 FFNf; Thomas Cote 1312 ColchCt. OE Cotta.
A dictionary of english surnames 758 Cottel, Cottell, Cottle, Cuttell, Cuttill, Cuttles : Beringarius Cotel 1084 GeldR (W); Adam Cotella 1167 P (Do); Eilwinus Kutel, Cutel 1185 Templars (Ess); Walter Cotel 1206 Cur (O). The first form is probably, as suggested by Tengvik, OFr cotel ‘coat of mail’. The later examples may also derive from OFr cotel, coutel ‘a short knife or dagger’ and are probably metonymic for a cutler.
: Robert le Cotier 1198 P (Sx); William le Coter(e) 1270 HPD (Ess), 1297 MinAcctCo.
OFr cotier ‘cottager’ (1386 NED), DB cotarius ‘villein who held a cot by labourservice’. v. COTMAN, COTTEREL. Both names are found in Isle of Man, pronounced Cotchier (MacCotter, MacCottier 1504, Cottier 1616, Cotter 1625 Moore), from Mac Otlar, ‘son of Ottar’ (ON Óttarr).
: William, Gerard Coterel 1130, 1170 P (Lo, Berks); Honde Cotrell 1288 AssCh. OFr coterel, a diminutive of OFr cotier ‘cottager’ (1393 NED), DB coterellus. cf. COTTER.
Coultas, Coultass, Coultous, Coultish, Cowtas : William Cowthus 1562 FrY; John Coultas, Coultus, Cowtus 1657, 1671, 1691, 1733 FrY. ‘Worker at the colt-house’, colt-keeper.
: William Cunseil 1208 P (Berks), Consell 1208 Cur (Bk); John Counseil 1310 LLB D.
AFr counseil, OFr conseil, cunseil ‘consultation, deliberation’ (c1290 NED).
: Ralph le Cunte 1196 P (Du); Walterus Comes, le Conte 1204–5 Cur (Sf); William Counte 1225 AssSo. AFr counte, OFr conte, cunte, Lat comitem ‘count’ (1553 NED).
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: Matthew Cunter 1250 Fees (Ha); John le Cuntur, le Cunter, le Counter 1289, 1301 AssSt. AFr countour, OFr conteor ‘one who counts, reckons’, ‘accountant, treasurer’ (1297 NED).
: Agnes Cuntasce 1279 RH (C); John Cuntesse 1279 RH (Beds); John le Contesse 1327 SRSf. OFr contesse ‘countess’, when applied to a woman, probably ‘proud, haughty as a countess’; applied to a man as a nickname for an effeminate dandy.
: (i) Walter, William Curage 1254, 1260 FFEss. ME corage, OFr corage, curage, used as an adjective, ‘stout’ of body. cf. Corage or Craske, Crassus, coragiosus c1440 PromptParv. (ii) John de Courugge 1309 SRBeds. From Cowridge End in Luton (Beds) which came to be pronounced Courage and is now pronounced Scourge End. v. also KERRICH.