«P.H.REANEY Litt.D., Ph.D., F.S.A. Third edition with corrections and additions by R.M.WILSON M.A. LONDON AND NEW YORK First published as A Dictionary ...»
: Vkke de Crikelawa 1176 P (Nb); John de Cruchelowe 1342 LaCt; William Chrichlowe 1642, Critchley 1682 PrGR. From Critchlow (La). Perhaps also one source of CRUTCHLEY.
Crichton, Crighton, Chrichton, Creighton : Turstan de Crectune c1128 (Black); Thomas de Creitton c1200 ib.; William de Crichton c1248 ib.; Alisaundre de Creightone 1296 ib.; Margaret Chrightone 1685 ib. From Crichton (Midlothian).
: Robert Crike 1189 Sol; Walter Cricke 1276 RH (BK); Thomas Cricke 1364 ColchCt;
William Atkrik 1379 PN ERY 220. From Crick (Nth), or ‘dweller at the inlet’, ON kriki.
But the usual lack of any preposition would suggest that there is also another source of the surname.
: Geoffrey, Ralph le Criur 1221 Cur (Herts), 1221 AssWo; Robert le Crieur 1269 AssNb.
ME criere, OFr criere, nominative of crieur ‘crier’, ‘officer of the court of justice who makes public announcements’ (1292 NED), ‘common or town crier’ (1387 NED).
: Benedictus Crispus c1030 OEByn; Henry le Cresp c1200 ELPN; Walter Crips 1273 RH (Hu); Richard Crysp 1275 SRWo; Richard Crispe, Crips 1289 AssCh; Joan le Crypse 1297 MinAcctCo; Gilbert le Crispe 1311 Battle (Sx); John Chrispe 1589 SfPR. OE crisp, cryps, Lat crispus ‘curly, curly-haired’ or OFr crespe ‘curled’. Crisp may also be a short form of Crispin. cf. Odin Crispi filius c1095 Bury (Sf), Roger filius Crispi c1150–60 DC (L). Scripps is for Cripps, with inorganic initial S as in STURGE.
Crispin, Chrispin, Crepin, Crippen, Crippin
: Stanmer Crispini filius c1095 Bury (Sf); Crespinus 1207 Cur (L); Willelmus filius Crispian 1273 RH (O); Creppimts le Seller 1319 SRLo, Crispin la Seeler 1336 LLB E;
Milo Crispinus 1086 DB; Turstin’ Crispin 1166 P (Y); Ralph Crespin 1169 P (D); Ralph Crispun 1208 Cur (Y); Elias Crepun 1208 P (W); Roger le Crespin 1268 AssSo;
Edmund, Walter Crepyn 1312, 1317 FFC. Crispinus, a Roman cognomen from Lat crispus ‘curly’, was the name of the patron saint of the shoemakers who was martyred at Soissons c285 along with Crispinianus, in French, SS. Crépin and Crépinien. The former survives as Crepin or Crippin which may also be nicknames from OFr crespin, a derivative of crespe ‘curly’. cf. Ralph de Alegate called Crepyn, Ralph Crepyn called de Alegate 1306 LLB B. Crispun and Crepun are hypocoristics of Crispin, Crépin and cannot be associated with OFr crespon, Fr crépon ‘crape’, a material with a crisped or minutely wrinkled surface which is unknown before the 16th century. The surnames may derive from the saint or from a nickname ‘curly-haired’. According to Lanfranc (d. 1089), Gilbert Crispin was the first man to receive this nickname and two of his sons adopted it as their surname. His grandson Gilbert Crispin was abbot of Westminster.
: John le Crockare 1275 SRWo; Simon le Crockere 1279 RH (O); Henry le Crokere 1288 MESO (Sx). A derivative of OE croc(c), crocca ‘an earthen pot’, hence ‘potter’ (a1333 MED). The surname might also be identical with CRAWCOUR.
: Margeria Croket 1332 SRSt; Richard Croket 1403 IpmNt; Thomas Crokket 1461 PN Ch iv 69. A nickname from AFr croket, OFr crochet ‘a curl or roll of hair’. In Scotland, the Galloway Crockett is said to be from MacRiocaird ‘son of Richarct’. v. Black.
: Hugo de Croft 1162 P (He); Richard de la Croft 1230 P (Ha); William del Croft 1288 AssCh; Robert del Croftes 1332 SRSt; Richard atte Crofte, William Craft, Cruft 1353 ColchCt; John Craft, Croft 1361, 1367 ib. From Croft (Hereford, Lin’cs, NRYorks) or ‘dweller by the croft(s),’ OE croft. In ColchCt, Craft is the almost invariable form. It must often be for Croft, but sometimes, probably, for CRAFT.
: (i) Robert le Crumbe 1199 AssSt; Maud le Crombe, John Croume 1275 SRWo; Simon Crumbe 1296 SRSx; Luke Croom 1309 FFEss; Geoffrey Crombe 1327 SRSx. OE crumb ‘bent, crooked, stooping’ or OE *cramb, *cromb, ME crome, cromb ‘a hook, crook’, also in the forms crownbe, cromp, As we also find Richard le Crombere 1327 SRSf, the surname may be either a nickname ‘bent, stooping’ or occupational ‘maker of hooks or crooks’. (ii) Adam de Crumbe 1199 MemR (Wo); Simon de Crombe 1275 SRWo;
Stephen de Crome 1275 RH (W); John de Crome 1349 FrY. From Croom (ERYorks) or Croome (Worcs).
: A Huguenot name. Louis Crommelin from Armancourt near St Quentin, settled in Holland, and was invited by Williara III in 1698 to superintend the linen industry in Ireland, the family having been linen manufacturers in France for over 400 years (Smiles 296–8, 380).
: (i) Rainald filius Croc, Rainald Croc 1086 DB (Ha); Crocus venator Wm 2 (1235) Ch (Ha); Lefwin Croc 1066 DB (Sf); Walter Chroc c1130 EngFeud (W); Matthew Croc 1158 P (Ha); John le Cruk 1269 AssSo; Philip le Crok 1288 Pat. ON Krókr, ODa Krōk, which may have been introduced into England from Denmark or Normandy, or the ON nickname Krókr ‘hook, something crooked’, referring to crook-backed or sly and cunning persons. The surname may also derive from the common noun krókr, a Scandinavian loan-word in English, in the latter sense. (ii) John, William del Crok 1310–33 InqLa, 1332 SRLa. ‘Dweller at a nook or bend’, ME crok, ON krókr.
: Arkil Crocfot 1190 P (Y); Bartholomew Crocfot 1231 Cur (Herts). ‘Crooked foot’, ON krókr, OE fōt. cf. John Bightfoate 1642 PrD ‘bent foot’; John Crocbayn 1246 AssLa ‘crooked bone’.
A dictionary of english surnames 802
: Ailwin Crop 1205 P (Sx); Hervey Crappes 1219 AssY; William Croppe 1327 SRSf, 1534 FFEss. Usually metonymic for CROPPER, but sometimes, perhaps, local: Isabella del Crop 1327 SRSf. ‘Dweller on the hill-top’, ME cropp. v. EPNE.
: (i) Gillemichel de Crossebi 1176 P (We); Adam de Crosseby 1227 Cur (L); Henry Crosseby 1383 AssWa. From Crosby (Cumb, Lancs, Lincs, Westmorland, NRYorks). (ii) Iuo de Crosseby 1178–80 Black; Richard de Crossebi c1249 ib.; Robert de Crosby 1347 ib. From Crosbie or Corsbie (Ayr, Kirkcudbright, Berwick).
: William le Croyser 1264 Eynsham (O); William le Crocer 1305 MEOT (Sf); Thomas Croser 1393 FFEss. OFr crosier, crocier, crosser ‘crosier’, the bearer of a bishop’s crook or pastoral staff, or of the cross at a monastery. The name might also denote a seller of crosses or a dweller by a cross. Croyser is the common early form.
: Peter de Crosseley 1298 IpmY; Johamma de Crosselay 1379 PTY; Richard Crossley 1481 FrY. From Crossley in Mirfield (WRY), or ‘dweller at the clearing with a cross’, ON kross OE lēah.
: Henry de Crostweyt 1242 Fees (Nf); John de Crosthuaite 1332 SRCu. From Crostwight, Crostwick (Norfolk) or Crosthwaite (Cumb, Westmorland, NRYorks).
: Gilbert Cruche 1221 Cur (D); William Attecruche 1290 Ass (Ess); Laurence atte Crouch 1327 SRSx; Thomas Crouch 1327 SR (Ess). ‘One who lives near a cross’, from OE Crūc, cf. CROUCHER, CROUCHMAN.
: Dauid Crucher 1220 Cur (So); Christina le Crochere 1297 MinAcctCo (Beds); John Crouchere 1383 AssC. ‘Dweller by the cross.’ v. CROUCH, CROUCHMAN.
: Ailwin Crawe 1180 P (Wa); Nicholas Crowe 1187 P (Nf); John le Crowe 1332 SRSx.
OE crāwe ‘crow’. In Ireland and the Isle of Man Crow(e) is a translation of Mac Fiachain ‘son of Fiachan’, ‘the crow’.
: Richard de Crowell 1275 RH (L); Deonisia de Crawel 1276 RH (Beds); William Crowell 1416 IpmY. From Crowell (O), or a lost Crowell in Spofforth (WRY).
: Godfrey Crowfote 1524 SRSf. ‘Crow-foot’, OE crāwe, fōt, though ME crou-fot was also a name for the buttercup. But cf. John Hennefot 1306 IpraGl ‘hen-foot’; John Cayfot 1275 SRWo ‘jackdaw-foot’; Roger Pefot 1202 Pleas (C) ‘peacock-foot’.
: Walter de Crul 1201 P (L); Hugo de Croul’ 1221 AssWo; Richard de Crol, Richard Croll 1275–6 RH (L). From Crowle (Lincs, Worcs). v. also CURL.
A dictionary of english surnames 808
: (i) Wido de Credun 1086 DB (L, Lei); Maurice de Creun Hy 2, de Creona c1190, de Croun c1200 DC (L); Peter de Croun 1230 P (Nth); Thomas Crowne, William Croune 1327 SRWo. From Craon (Mayenne). v. OEByn 84. (ii) Richard Attecroune 1420 LLB I.
‘Dweller at the sign of the crown’, OFr corone, corune.
: Henry le Coroner 1255 AssSo; Alice le Crounor 1323 AD iv (He); John Crownere 1327 SRLei; John Crouner 1458 FrY. ‘An officer charged with the supervision of the pleas of the Crown’.
: v. CRAWSHAW Crowther, Crowder, Crother, Crewther : Richard le Cruder 1275 RH (K); Hugo le Crouder 1278 FrLeic; Kenwrick le Cruther 1289 AssCh; Adam le Crouther 1296 Wak (Y). A derivative of ME crouth, croude ‘fiddle’, a fiddler.
: Godric de Crocestuna 1086 ICC (C); Richard de Croxton 1277–8 FFEss; John Croxton 1403 IpmY. From Croxton (C, Ch, L, Nf, St), Croxton Kerrial, South Croxton (Lei), or Croxton Green in Cholmondeley (Ch).
A dictionary of english surnames 810
: William Crude 1201 Pleas (So); Hervey Crudde 1327 SRSf; Thomas Crudd’ 1379 PTY. ME crud ‘curds, cheese’. Metonymic for a maker or seller of these.
: John Crokeshanks 1296 CalSc (Haddington); Christin Cmkschank 1334 Black (Aberdeen). A Scottish name, from ON krókr ‘hook, something bent’, and OE sceanca ‘shank, leg’, ‘crooked leg’, in early forms always singular.
Cruise, Cruse, Crewes, Crews, Cruwys, Crouse : (i) Nicholas le Criuse 1213 Cur (Beds), le Cruse 1279 RH (Beds); Robert Creuse ib.
ME crus(e), northern crous(e) ‘bold, fierce’. (ii) Richard de Crues 1214 Cur (D). Perhaps from Cruys-Straëte (Nord).
: John de Crumbok 1379 PTY. ‘Dweller by the twisted oak’, OE crumb ‘crooked’ and āc ‘oak’.
Crummay, Crummey, Crummie, Crummy : Robert ate Crundle 1279 RH (O); Thomas de la Crundle 1280 AssSo. From Crondall (Hants), Crundale (Kent) or from residence near a chalk-pit or hollow (OE crundel).
: Aquila Crusoe 1635 SxAS 86; Francis Crusoe 1682 NorwDep. From John Crusoe, a refugee from Hownescourt (Flanders), who settled in Norwich.
A dictionary of english surnames 814
: Herveus Cruste 1109 Rams (C); Robert Crust 1208 FFL; Nicholas Crouste 1275 SRWo. OF crouste ‘crust of bread’, used by metonymy of one hard as crust, obstinate, stubborn.
: William filius Corbucion 1086 DB (Wo); Peter Corbezun Hy I EngFeud; Peter Corbisoun 1316 FA (Wa), Corbyson 1329 AD vi (St). Evidently from a personal name, and Tengvik suggests an OFr *Corbucion, otherwise unrecorded. v. OEByn 178.
: Uluric Cucuold c1095 Bury; William Cucuel 1221 AssGl; Henry Cokewald 1324 CoraraLa. OFr cucuald, cucualt, ME cukeweld, cokewold ‘a cuckold’.
The dictionary 817
: Walter Cuf 1210 P (W); Roger Cuffe 1275 RH (Nf); Kateryne Cuffe 1524 SRSf. Either OE Cuffa, or from ME cuffe ‘mitten’, metonymic for a maker or seller of these.
: Cudulf, Codolf, Cuulf, Coolf 1066 DB; Thomas Couthulf 1275 SRWo; William Cuttwlf 1299 Ipm (L); Richard Culfe 1327 SRWo. OE Cūðwulf ‘famous wolf.
: Richard Cullebene 1275 RH (Nf); Sarah Cullabme 1765 PN Gl ii 11. A nickname, ‘pick bean’, OFr cuille, OE bēan. cf. John Cullebole 1332 SRSt ‘pick bull’; William Culfis 1230 Pat ‘pick fish’.
: Bertram de Coloigne 1307 LLB D; John de Coline 1340 ib. F; John de Culayn 1447 FrY; John Cullan 1487 ib.; John Cullen 1524 SRSf. From Cologne. The Scottish Cullen is from Cullen (Banffshire): Henry de Culane 1340 Black. In Ayrshire and Galloway it is probably Irish MacCullen.
: Hunfrid de Cuelai 1086 DB (Nf); Hugh de Cuilly 1313, de Cully 1314, Roger de Kuly 1318, de Kuylly 1322 ParlWrits. From Culey-le-Patry (Calvados).
A dictionary of english surnames 820
: Culling 1086 DB, 1198 P (Nb); Warner Culling 1196 P (W); Tresmund Culling’ 1207 ChR (Do). A personal name not recorded before 1086, perhaps to be identified with Colling.
: Godwinus filius Cumine 1173 P (Nf); Eustachius filius Cumini 1219 AssL; Petrus filius Kymine 1301 SRY; William Comyn 1133 Black; Hugh Coumini 1157 France; Walter Cumin 1158 P (Wa); John Comin 1175–9 DC (L); William Cumyn 1230 P (Ha). These forms lend no support to the common derivation from Comines given by the Scots Peerage, the Dictionary of National Biography and Freeman. This derivation must be based on the form of the name in Ordericus Vitalis, Rodbertus de Cuminis, the only form noted with the preposition apart from Balduinus de Comminis (1197 France), who may have been of a different family. Robert (d. 1069), one of the companions of the Conqueror and ancestor of the Scottish Comyns, is elsewhere named Rod bearde eorle (ASC D s.a. 1068) and Robertus cognomento (cognomine) Cumin (Symeon of Durham).