«P.H.REANEY Litt.D., Ph.D., F.S.A. Third edition with corrections and additions by R.M.WILSON M.A. LONDON AND NEW YORK First published as A Dictionary ...»
: Dameta 1130 P (O); Dametta 1279 RH (Beds); Alan Damet 1280 IpmY; Elias Damet 1298 AssL; Simon Damet 1327 SRSf. OFr Damette, a feminine personal name of unknown origin.
: Ralph Damisel, Dameisele 1191, 1204 P(Y); Henry Damisel 1204 P(G1); Roger Damisele 1214 Cur (Bk). OFr dameisele, damisele (f) ‘a maiden’, originally of noble birth and OFr dameisel (m) ‘a young squire, page’. Both seem to be represented, the former, probably, in the sense ‘effeminate’.
: Geoffrey Dammessune 1186 P (Nth); Henry Dameson 1276 AssSo. OFr dame, earlier damme, ‘the dame’s son’.
A dictionary of english surnames 850
: Damianus 1199 MemR (Nf), 1206 Cur (Mx); William, John Damyen 1294 FFEss, 1327 SRSf. St Damianus was martyred in Cilicia in 303 under Diocletian. His name, perhaps to be associated with the goddess Damia, was not common in England.
: William, Robert Daunce 1247 AssBeds, 1301 SRY. ME, OFr dance (c1300 NED), metonymic for a dancer or dawnceledere (c1440). Robert de la Daunce 1305 LoCt was probably a professional dancer, chief of ‘a dancing party’, a meaning recorded c1385 NED.
: Godwin Dancere 1130 P (Herts); Ralph (le) Dancere 1240 Rams (Nf), le Dauncer 1327 SRSx. A derivative of ME dancen ‘to dance’, ‘a dancer, especially a professional dancer in public’.
Dancey, Dancy, Dansey, Dansie, Dauncey : William de Anesi 1086 Winton (Ha); Milo de Dantesia 1177 P (W), de Andesie, de The dictionary 851 Dantesie, de Dantesia 1208 Cur (W); Richard Danesi 1210 Cur (K), de Anesye 1236 Fees (W), de Danteseia 1242 ib., de Anesy alias Daneseye 1249 Ipm (W); Thomas de Aunteseye 1269 AssNb. From Anisy (Calvados). de Anesi became Danesi and, with an intrusive t, Dantesi. This was identical in form with the DB and later forms of Dauntsey (Wilts) where Roger Dantesie held of a fee in 1242 (Fees). The surname was often thought to derive from the Wiltshire place and an additional de inserted (de Dantesie).
The confusion was increased as the family also left its name in Winterbourne Dauntsey in the same county. The raodern surname may derive independently from Dauntsey.
Dand, Dandie, Dandy, Dandison
: Dande de Hale, de Leuer 1246 AssLa; Dandi ballivus 1275 RH (L); Richard Dande 1279 RH (Hu); Adam Dandy 1312 FrY; Thomas Dandisone 1332 SRLa. Dand and Dandie, pet-forms of Andrew, are generally regarded as Scottish, but the English examples are much earlier than Black’s earliest: Dand or Andrew Kerr (1499), Andrew alias Dandie Cranston (1514).
: Maurice Daundelin a1290 CartNat; William Dawndelyon 1363 FrY; William Daundeleyn 1425 FFHu. A nickname from the dandelion, OFr dent-de-lioun ‘lion’s tooth’, so named from the toothed outline of its leaves.
: William de Alno 1086 DB (Sf); John de Alnai 1150–60 DC (L); Robert del Aunei Hy 2 Gilb (L); Henry de Launei 1159–85 Templars (Lo); Helias de Aunou 1201 AssSo;
William del Alnei 1206 P (Nf), del Aune 1212 Cur (Ess); Geoflfrey de Alno, de Alneto, Dauno 1225–54 AssSo; Jordan del Aunney 1225 AssSo; Reginald de Auney 1242 Fees (D); Mathew Dauney 1251 Whitby (Y); Alexander, Richard Dando 1274 RH (So), 1296 SRSx. The Somerset family came from Aunou (Orne) and has left its name in Compton Dando (Som). The surname may also derive from Aunay (Calvados, Eure-et-Loir, Seineet-Oise, etc.) or Laulne (La Manche), from Lat alnetum, Fr aunaie ‘alder-grove’.
: Henry Bithedane Edw l Battle (Sx); William de la Dane 1275 RH (K); William atte Dane 1327 SR (Ess). OE denu ‘valley’, found as dane in place-names in Essex, Herts, Beds, Kent and Sussex. Roger ate Dene (1294) and Walter ate Dane (1296) both lived at Dane End (PN Herts 79). v. DEAN.
: Nicholas de Darneford 1279 RH (C); Robert de Derneforde 1327 SRSf; James Danford 1568 SRSf; Robert Danforth 1524 SRSf. From Darnford (Suffolk) or Dernford Fm in Sawston (Cambs); or for DURNFORD.
: Alric Dangier c1200 ELPN; Reginald Danger 1223–5 ib.; Alexander Daunger 1246 AssLa. OFr dangier, danger in one of its early senses: ‘power, dominion’ or ‘hesitation, reluctance, coyness’. cf. Gerard Daungerous 1275 RH (L).
: Richard Dangerus 1201 Pleas (Co); Robert le Dangerus 1243–4 IpmY; Gerard Daungerous 1275 RH (L). A derivative of OFr dangier, danger, in one or other of its early senses ‘power, arrogance, reluctance’.
A dictionary of english surnames 854 Daniel, Daniels, Daniell, Daniells, Danniel, Danell, Danels, Dannel, Dennell, Denial : Eudo filius Daniel 1121–48 Bury (Sf); Roger Daniel 1086 DB (Sx); Walter Danyel 1268 FFSf; Cecilia Denyel 1279 RH (C); John Danyeles 1319 SRLo; Matthew Danel 1327 SRSx. Hebrew Daniel ‘God has judged’. Denial is pronounced Denyel.
: Norman de Adreci, de Areci 1086 DB (L); William Daresci 1166 P (L); Roger Arsi 1173–82 DC (L); Thomas Darcy 1276 Gilb (L). From Arcy (La Manche). The Irish Darcy derives from John d’ Arcy (14th) but is also an anglicizing of Ó Dorchaidhe ‘descendant of the dark man’.
: Osbern de Arches, de Arcis, William Arcs 1086 DB; Juelina de Arches 1201 Cur;
Walter Darch, William Darche 1642 PrD. From Arques-la-Bataille (Pas-de-Calais), or Argues (Eure, Seine-Maritime. cf. Thorpe Arch (WRY), William de Arches c1150. v.
: John le Darkere 1349 AD i (Wa); John Darker 1524 SRSf. This must be an occupational name, ‘one who darkens’. cf. BLACKER, WHITER, and ‘Every coriar shall well and sufficiently corie and blacke the said Lether tanned’ (1532–3 NED), ‘Noircisseur, a blacker…darkener, obscurer’ 1611 Cotgrave.
: Derechin de Acra 1159 P; Derkyn de Wyflingham 1228–32 Gilb; Derkin 1279 RH (C);
William Derkyn c1250 Gilb (L); Henry Derkyn 1379 PTY; Richard Darkyng 1524 SRSf;
An’ Darkin 1674 HTSf. Der-kin, a diminutive of OE Dēor. Darknell: v. DURTNALL
: Oter Dirlinges sunu 1100–30 OEByn (D); Derling 1133–60 Rams (Beds), 1177 P (D);
Derling de Arfdift a1177 Black (Berwick); Durling atte Forde 1330 PN D 433; Ælmaer Deorlingc, Dyrling 1016 ASC E, D; William Dierling, Derling 1195–6 P (D); Henry Durling 1242 Fees (W); Emma Derlyng 1244 Rams (Beds); Ralph Durlyng 1327 SRSo;
Richard Dorling, Dorlynges 1327 SRWo; Adam Darlyng 1379 PTY. OE Dīerling, Dēorling, from OE dēorling ‘darling’, ‘one dearly loved’, both as a personal name and as an attribute.
: Goduine Dernel c1095 Bury (Sf); Godwin Darnel 1177 P (Sf); Tomas Darnele 1193 P (Nf). OFr darnel ‘darnel’ (c1384 MED), a plant formerly believed to produce
intoxication (Weekley). Occasionally also local, from Darnall in Sheffield (Yorks):
William de Darnale 13th Shef.
: William Darri, Derri 1200 Cur (Nth); Nicholas Darre 1288 FFSf; Robert Darre, John Dary, John Deree 1327 SRSf. AFr darree, OFr denree ‘penny-worth’. cf. Fr Danré, Danrée ‘surnom probable de marchand’ (Dauzat).
: (i) Walter Dert 1221 AssGl; Hugh Dart 13th, Guisb; John Dart 1524 SRD. OFr dart ‘a pointed missile thrown by hand’, perhaps metonymic for a soldier or a hunter. (ii) Ralph de Derth 1242 Fees (D); Juhelinus de Derte 1275 RH (D). From Dart Raffe in Witheridge (D).
: Robert de Durevill 1201 AssSo; Hugh Durival 1300 Eynsham; Sibill Doryual 1332 SRSx; Thomas Deryvall 1577 ER 56; William Derrivall 1662 HTEss. From Orville A dictionary of english surnames 862 (Orne, Pas-de-Calais), Urville (Auche, Calvados, La Manche), or Orival (Charente, Seine-Maritime, Somme). It is impossible to separate out the forms.
: Derwen 1170 P (Ess); Derewinus Purs 1176 P (Bk); John Derewin 1219 Fees (Ess);
William Derwyne c1248 Bec (Bk). OE Dēorwine ‘dear-friend’, recorded in the 10th century, but rare. In 1225 (AssSo) Mabel, daughter of Derwin’, had as pledges William, Nicholas, Henry and Hugh Derwin’, probably her brothers, who owed their surname to their father.
: Henry Duzepers 1203 P (Nth); Alb(e)ricus Duzepers, Duzeper 1221 Cur (Nth), 1221 AssGl; William Duzeper 1279 RH (O); Roger Dozeper 1293 Fees (D). OFr doce, duze pers ‘twelve equals, twelve peers’ (dyssypers 1503, duchepers a1400 NED, of which Dashper is a corruption). The reference is to the twelve peers or paladins of Charlemagne, said to be attached to his person as being the bravest of his knights. Later, the term was applied to other illustrious nobles or knights (c1330 MED) and a singular was formed some 200 years before the earliest example in MED (c1380).
: Nigel de Albengi, de Albingi, de Albinie, de Albinio 1086 DB (Beds, Berks, Bk);
Willelmus Brito 1086 DB (Hu), William de Albinneio 1115 Winton (Ha), Willelmus Albineius Brito 1116–20 France; Nigel de Albuniaco 1100–23 Rams (Hu), de Albeni 1114–23 ib.; William de Aubeneio 1124–30 Rams (Beds), de Aubini, de Aubeni 1199 MemR (Ha, Bk); William Daubenny 1212 Fees (Berks); Ralf de Dabeney 1269 AssSo;
Thomas Dabeney 1524 SRSf. William, founder of the line of Aubigni, earls of Arundel, and Nigel of that of Cainhoe (Beds) came from Saint-Martin d’ Aubigny (La Manche).
The family of Aubigny (Brito) of Belvoir came from Saint-Aubin d’ Aubigny (Ille-etA dictionary of english surnames 864 Vilaine). v. ANF. There is also another Aubigny in Calvados, of identical origin, which may have contributed to the surname.
: Hugo Daubur 1219 AssY; Robert le Daubar 1221 Cur (Berks); Nicholas le Doubur 1260 AssLa; Walter Dobere, le Daubere 1319, 1327 SR (Ess); Peter, Roger le Daber 1332 SRSx; Joseph Dauber, Douber 1346 ColchCt. AFr daubour, OFr *daubier ‘whitewasher, plasterer’. In the Middle Ages walls of ‘wattle and daub’ were extremely common. Wattling consisted of a row of upright stakes the spaces between which were more or less filled by interweaving small branches, hazel rods, osiers, reeds, etc. On one side, or more usually on both sides of this foundation, earth or clay was daubed and thrust well into the interstices, the surfaces being smoothed and usually treated with plaster or at least a coat of whitewash. Closely allied to daubing was pargetting or rough-casting in which mortar or a coarse form of plaster was used instead of clay or loam. At Corfe in 1285 there is a reference to ‘Stephen the Dauber who pargetted the long chamber’ and it is not always possible to decide whether the daubers were really daubing or whitewashing (Building 188, 190, 191). cf. PARGETER.
: Katheryn Doctor 1570 ChwWo is, no doubt, from OE dohtor ‘daughter’. The surname is ill-documented, the modern forms chiefly colloquial spellings or dialectal pronunciations, and the reference may be to a sole heiress who would ultimately inherit her father’s land. Early examples clearly indicate an actual relationship: Joan Tomdoutter, Rose Anotdoghter, Alice Wilkynsondoghter 1379 PTY, but these were not likely to survive though they were used as men’s surnames, cf. Richard Wryghtdoghter, Robert ffelisdoghter 1379 PTY.
The dictionary 865
: (i) Walter de Davidisvilla 1107 ANF; Robert de Aiuilla, de Daiuill’ 1175, 1195 P (Y);
Walter Daiville 1184 Templars (L), de Daeuill’ 1190 P (R); Roger de Divill’ 1198 Cur (Nf); Hugh Davilla c1200 Riev (Y); Roger Deyvill 1251 AssY; John de Eyvill 1260 AssY; Robert de Hevill’, de Heyvill’, de Deyvill’, de Aivill’ 1235, 1242 Fees (Lei, Nt);
Richard Divill 1553 WhC (La); Francis Devall 1571 FrY. From Deville (SeineThe dictionary 867 Inférieure). The correct form was de Daiville. When the preposition was omitted, Daiville was taken to be for de Aiville. Hence Evill, from de (H)eville. John le Deyvile, an alternative name for John Devile (1305 SIA) is probably an error for de Deyvile. For Devall, Davall, cf. Cotes de Val (Leics), Cotesdeyvill 1285 FA, held by a family from Déville. All the modern forms may be of topographical origin but some of them are also undoubtedly due to a desire to dissociate the name from devil which was certainly used as a nickname. (ii) Aluuinus Deule 1066 DB (Beds, Hu); Roger le Diable 1230 P (Ess);
Laurencius dictus diabolus alias Stanford 13th St John (Ess); Robert Dyvel 1301 SRY;
William Deuel 1310 ColchCt; John le Deuyle 1327 SRSf; John Deuile 1327 SRC. OE dēofol ‘devil’, which may be a nickname as a pageant name.
: Robert de Alvers 1086 DB (Nth); Ralph de Auuers 1205 P (Berks); Geoffrey Dauuers 1209 Fees (O); Ralph de Avers 1235 Fees (Mx). From Auvers (La Manche) or Auvers-leHamon (Sarthe).
A dictionary of english surnames 868
: Daui Capriht 1292 SRLo; Walter dauy 1198–1212 Bart (Lo); Richard Davy 1275 SRWo. In Scotland, Davie is a pet-form of David. Here it is rather the French popular form which still survives as Davy and was common in England from the 13th century.
: Dauid clericus 1150–60 DC (L); Davit Burre 1278 RH (C); Thomas Davit 1275 RH (Nf); Robert David 1276 RH (Lei). Hebrew David ‘darling, friend’, a name common in both England and Scotland from the 12th century and in Wales much earlier.
: Dawe 1212 Fees (La), 1219 AssY; Ralph Dawe 1211 Cur (Wo), 1275 RH (D); Lovekin Dawes 1279 RH (O). Dawe is a pet-name for David which shares this common surname with OE *dawe, ME dawe ‘jack-daw’ (1432 NED).