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«HOME VEGETABLE GARDEN Lassen-Plumas-Sierra Counties Cooperative Extension University of California HOME VEGETABLE GARDENING Your home vegetable ...»

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STORAGE -- Can be held for 1 to 2 months in cool, moist location.

CARROTS HARDINESS -- Not injured by light freezes.

BEST TIME TO GROW -- Spring and fall.

VARIETIES -- Fresh: Long Imperator, Gold Pak, Nantes.

Processing: Royal Chantenay, Red Core, Chantenay Danners.


PLANT I NG DATES --Apri1, May and July.

DAYS TO MATURITY -- 75 to 90 days.

ROW SPACING -- Beds 20 inches, center to center. Two rows per bed with rows 10 inches apart on bed. Use 15 inches between rows for flat planting.


AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 10 feet of bed, 15 feet of row.

PLANT SPACING IN ROW -- 1 to 2 inches. However, sow 6 to 8 seeds per inch.

IRRIGATION -- Several light irrigation's may be necessary to germinate seeds. After the plants are up, lengthen the interval between irrigation's.

After a month, water every 7 to 14 days. Carrots root to a depth of 4 feet and the soil should be moistened to this level.

CULTURE -- In hot weather, shading the young plants for a few days after they come up will help prevent plant losses.

HARVESTING -- Start using when largest carrots are as large as a finger. Do as much of the thinning as possible while harvesting.

STORAGE -- Store in ground until used.

CUCUMBERS HARDINESS -- Easily injured by frost. Require warm weather.

BEST TIME TO GROW -- During spring, after danger of frost is past.

VARIETIES -- Slicing: Ohio MR, Marketer, Ashley, Le mon.

Pickling: SMR-58, Pioneer, Chipper.



DAYS TO MATURITY -- 75 days. Pickling, 60 days.

AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 2 to 3 hills of 3 plants each for fresh use per family, 15 hills for pickles.

ROW SPACING -- 4 feet.

PLANT SPACING IN ROW-- 2 feet between hills.


IRRIGATION -- Keep soil moist until seeds germinate. Then irrigate every 7 to 10 days.

Apply sufficient water to wet soil to a depth of 3 feet.

CULTURE -- Plant 5 to 7 seeds per hill. Thin to 3 plants, when plants have 3 or 4 leaves.

Handle vines no more than necessary.

HARVESTING -- Keep cucumbers picked off in order to keep the plants bearing. Use soon after harvest.

INSECTS-PESTS -- Diabrotica (cuc umber beetle), aphids, thrips, cutworms and slugs, DO NOT use sulfur on cucumbers.

CROSSING-- Cucumbers will not cross with melons or squash.

GARLIC HARDINESS -- Hardy, will stand extreme cold.

BEST TIME TO GROW -- Fall, plant before ground freezes.

VARIETIES -- California Early, California Late, Creole.

WHAT TO PLANT -- Cloves.

PLANTING DATES -- September, March.

DAYS TO MATURITY -- 240-300 days.

AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 10-20 foot row.

PLANT SPACING IN ROW -- Place cloves three inches apart.

IRRIGATION -- Garlic is shallow rooted and requires frequent watering. Keep top foot of soil moist at all times.

FERTILIZER -- Garlic will respond to a band of fertilizer such as 16-20 side dressed to the side of the plants in early spring.

CULTURE -- Keep weed free for maximum production. Work soil between rows and around plants for weed control.

HARVEST AND STORAGE -- Plants can be harvested when tops begin to die. If only a few plants, tops can be braided and the rope of the garlic hung in a cool dry place for use as needed.

LETTUCE HARDINESS -- Hardy, will stand slight frost.

BEST TIME TO GROW -- Leaf lettuce: Fall and spring.

VARIETIES -- Leaf Lettuce: Prizehead, Black Seeded, Simpson, Salad Bowl, Romaine (Cos.). Leaf lettuce is the most satisfactory for home gardens.

PLANTING DATES -- Leaf Lettuce: April, May, August.

DAYS TO MATURITY -- Leaf Lettuce: 50 days.

AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 10 to 15 feet of row. Successive plantings may be made at 3week intervals.

BED OR ROW SPACING -- Plants on beds or on flat. Plant 2 rows per bed with rows 10 inches apart.

DEPTH OF SEEDING -- 1/4 to 1/2 inch.

IRRIGATION -- Keep surface soil moist until seed germinates. After the lettuce is up, irrigate every 7 to 10 days.

INSECTS - PESTS -- Cutworms and slugs.

HARVESTING -- Leaf Lettuce: Pick large outer leaves and allow center leaves to continue to grow.


HARDINESS -- Tender, are killed by frost.

BEST TIME TO GROW -- Late spring.

VARIETIES -- Muskmelons: Cantaloupe -- Top Mark, King Henry, Hales Best No. 45 Pumpkins: Kentucky Field, Sugar Pie, Jack-O-Lantern Squash (small): Table Queen, Butternut.

Squash (Large): Banana, Hubbard.

PLANTING DATES -- April, May DAYS TO MATURITY -- Melons: 90 to 110 days.

Squash (small): 70 days.

Squash (large): 120 days.

AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 5 to 10 hills.

DEPTH OF PLANTING -- 1 to 1- 1/2 inches.

ROW SPACING -- Muskmelons 6 ft., pumpkins 8 ft., small squash 5 ft., large squash 8 ft.

PLANT SPACING -- Muskmelons 3 ft., pumpkins 6 ft., small squash 4 ft., large squash 6 ft.

IRRIGATION -- These plants root deeply. Water should penetrate to 5 feet. Irrigate at 1 to 2 week intervals depending on temperature. Plant 5 seeds per hill.When third leaf appears, thin to 2 per hill. Vines can be turned away from irrigation furrow.

STORAGE -- Squash and pumpkins can be stored for 2 to 3 months in a dry place at about 50 degrees F.

OKRA HARDINESS -- Tender, killed by frost.

BEST TIME TO GROW -- Late spring.

VARIETIES -- Perkins Spineless, Clemson Spineless, Dwarf Green Long Pod.



DAYS TO MATURITY -- 60 days. Slightly longer for April plantings.

DEPTH OF PLANTING -- 1 to 1-1/2 inches.

AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 20 to 25 feet of row.

ROW OR BED SPACING -- 30 inches. Plant one row per bed or on flat.

PLANT SPACING IN ROW -- Thin to one plant 12 to 15 inches apart.

IRRIGATION -- Irrigate at 1 to 2 week intervals. Keep soil moist to 3 feet depth INSECTS - PESTS -- Aphids, Mites.

DISEASE -- Verticillium Wilt.

HARVESTING -- Pick pods when young. Plants stop producing if pods are allowed to ripen.

STORAGE -- Can be held a week in refrigerator.

DRY ONIONS HARDINESS -- Will stand light freezes when young.

BEST TIME TO GROW -- Early spring plantings for summer and fall harvest.

VARIETIES -- Early: California Early Red, Grano, Early Yellow Globe.

Late: Sweet Spanish, Southport White Globe, Southport Red Globe WHAT TO PLANT -- Use transplants or set for early varieties. Use seed for late varieties.

PLANTING DATES -- Early: March, April (transplants).

March, April (sets).

March, April, May (seed).

DAYS TO MATURITY -- Early: 150 days; Late: 200 to 240 days.

AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 300 transplants or 2 pounds of sets will produce about 100 pounds of onions.

ROW OR BED SPACING -- Plant 2 rows on 30- inch bed with 10 inches between the rows or on flat, 15 inches between the rows.


IRRIGATION -- Onions are shallow rooted and require frequent waterings. Keep top foot of soil moist at all times.

CULTURE -- Cultivate very shallow. Don't bend or break over tops before bulbs are full grown.

INSECTS-PESTS -- Onion thrips.

HARVESTING -- The tops will break over when mature. Allow soil to become fairly dry before pulling. Pull cut off tops, and spread onions in a well ventilated place to cure for 10 days.

STORAGE -- Can be stored for several months in a cool, dry location. Late varieties are best for storage.


HARDINESS -- Will stand light freezes when young.

BEST TIME TO GROW -- Fall, and early spring.

VARIETIES -- Any white variety: Evergreen Bunching, Crystal White Wax, White Sweet Spanish.

WHAT TO PLANT-- Seed, Sets, or Transplants.

PLANTING DATES -- Seed: April, May Sets: April, May, July, August DAYS TO MATURITY-- Bunching - 75 to 100 days from seed.

AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 10 feet of bed or 20 feet single row.

ROW OR BED SPACING -- Plant 1, 2 or 3 rows per bed with 4-6 inches between rows.

PLANT SPACING IN ROW -- 1/2 to 1 inch.

IRRIGATION-- Onions are shallow rooted and require frequent waterings. Keep top foot of soil moist at all times.

FERTILIZER -- Onions will respond to a band of fertilizer, 3 inches directly under or 1 to 2 inches to the side of the seed at planting time.

CULTURE -- Cultivate very shallow. Don't bend over tops. Pulling soil around stem as they grow will produce more white stem.

INSECTS-PESTS -- Onion thrips.

HARVESTING -- Plants can be pulled by hand if soil is moist, or under-cut the plants with a knife or shovel. Tie in bunches.

STORAGE -- Green onions can be stored under cool, moist conditions for a week.

PEAS HARDINESS -- Young plants are hardy to frosts, but blossoms and pods are injured.

BEST TIME TO GROW-- This is a cool season crop. Grow only during spring.

VARIETIES -- Bush: Progress #9, Little Marvel, Pole: Alderman Edible Pod: Melting Sugar WHAT TO PLANT -- Seed. Seed usually is treated with Arasan or Spergon.

PLANTING DATES -- March, April.

DAYS TO MATURITY -- 90 to 130 days.

AMOUNT TO PLANT -- Plant 25 feet of row.

ROW OR BED SPACING -- 2 rows per bed (30 inches center to center) or 1 row each 15 Inches on flat plantings.



IRRIGATION -- Irrigation necessary only when rains are insufficient.

CULTURE -- The soil should be moist at the time of planting. If necessary, pre-irrigate.

INSECTS-PESTS -- Aphids, and thrips.

HARVESTING -- Harvest when pods are well- filled and use immediately.

LIMA BEANS (Large) Can be grown about the same as snap beans; should be planted in May. Fordhook, Henderson Baby Bush and Early Thorogreen are good bush varieties and King of Garden is a good pole type.

PEPPERS HARDINESS -- Tender, easily injured by frost.

BEST TIME TO GROW -- During summer after danger of frost is past.

VARIETIES -- Sweet: California Wonder, Yolo Wonder B.

Hot: Anaheim Chili, Floral Gem, Jalapeno.

WHAT TO PLANT -- Transplants.

PLANTING DATES -- April and May.

DATES TO MATURITY -- 90 to 110 days.

AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 12 to 15 plants.

ROW OR BED SPACING -- Plant on beds or on flat. Use 1 row per bed or 30 inches between rows on flat.

PLANT SPACING IN ROW -- 15 inches.

IRRIGATION -- Irrigate thoroughly after transplanting. Then irrigate at 1 to 2 week intervals. Moisten soil to depth of 3 feet.

FRUIT SET -- Peppers may be set poorly when night temperatures are low or the days very hot.

INSECTS-PESTS -- Cutworms, fruit worms.

DISEASES -- Mosaic: Avoid use of tobacco while working with peppers. Handle plants no more than necessary.

HARVESTING -- Harvest fruits either green or red.

STORAGE -- Can be held for 4 to 6 weeks in a cool place.


HARDINESS -- Fairly tender, but will endure light frosts when young.

BEST TIME TO GROW -- Early spring.

VARIETIES -- White: White Rose, Russet Netted Gem, Kennebec Red: Red Lasoda, Pontiac.

WHAT TO PLANT -- Use certified seed, if possible. (By seed we refer to potato sections.) PLANTING DATES-- April, May DAYS TO MATURITY -- 80 days to creamer size, 120 to full maturity.

AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 10 pounds per 100 feet of row. Cut seed potatoes into pieces which weigh 1 to 2 ounces with each piece having one eye or more.


ROW SPACING -- 30 inches.

SEED SPACING IN ROW -- 10 inches.

PLANT AND FERTILIZE -- Make a trench 6 inches wide and 4 inches deep.

Spread evenly inside of trench 1 pint of 16-20-0, or 1 1/2 pints of 10-10-5 fertilizer to 25 feet of trench. Place 2 inches of soil in trench. Place seed pieces in center of trench.

Cover with soil. As plants begin to emerge, ridge soil over seed about 8 inches.

IRRIGATION -- Irrigate twice a week after the plants are up.

CULTURE -- Maintain ridges so that the now potatoes will be kept covered.

HARVESTING -- Dig as soon as they reach edible size. Dig as needed until they are fully mature. When mature, withhold the water for 10 days, then dig and store.

STORAGE -- Can be held for 2 to 3 months in a cool, moist place.

RADISH HARDINESS -- Will stand light frosts.

BEST TIME TO GROW -- Cool weather- late fall, early spring.

VARIETIES -- Cherry Belle, Comet, French Breakfast, Crimson Giant, Sparkler.


PLANTING DATES -- March, April, May, September DAYS TO MATURITY -- Fertilized - 22-30 days.

Unfertilized - 40-60 days.

AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 10 feet of bed, or 20 feet of row.

ROW OR BED SPACING -- Plant 1,2, or 3 rows per bed, with 4 to 6 inches between rows on the bed.


IRRIGATION -- Keep bed moist. Irrigate once or twice a week. Plants have shallow roots.

CULTURE -- Cultivate very shallow for weed control.

INSECTS-PESTS -- Sometimes aphids, slugs or snails.

HARVESTING -- Pull sized roots from moist soil. Tie into bunches or clip tops.

STORAGE -- Can be stored about 1 week in cool moist conditions.


HARDINESS -- Tender, and are killed by frosts.

BEST TIME TO GROW -- During warm weather. May through August.

VARIETIES -- Zucchini, Yellow Crookneck, Early Prolific, Straightneck, White Bush Scallop.


PLANTING DATES -- May and June DAYS TO MATURITY -- 60 days.

AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 4 to 5 hills of any variety. Plant 5 or 6 seeds per hill.

ROW SPACING -- Space rows 4 feet apart.

PLANT SPACING -- 1 plant per hill, hills 30 inches apart.

DEPTH OF SEEDING -- 1- 1/2 inches.

IRRIGATION -- Keep soil moist around seed until plants emerge, then irrigate every 2 weeks moistening soil to a depth of 3 or 4 feet.

CULTURE -- Thin plants to 1 per hill after they have 3 true leaves. Use shallow cultivation to control weeds. Protect early plantings from frost with caps.

HARVESTING -- Keep all fruits picked to keep new blossoms forming. Allowing a few squash to mature will stop blossoming and shorten harvest period.

STORAGE -- Squash may be held for a few days in refrigerator.


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